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Grafton, New Hampshire

grafton new hampshire cemetaries, grafton new hampshire tent city
Grafton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 1,340 at the 2010 census1


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Government
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Sites of interest
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


Originally granted in 1761, and re-granted in 1769, Grafton, like the county it resides in, takes its name from Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton,2 a relative of colonial governor Benning Wentworth Grafton was incorporated in 1778citation needed

Historically, Grafton's economic base consisted of subsistence farming, small-scale industry, and mining Several mica mines and granite quarries once dotted the town's landscape, most notably Ruggles Mine

The United Mica Company operated this mill between 1909 and 1916 Image c 1909


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 426 square miles 1103 km2, of which 417 square miles 1080 km2 is land and 09 square miles 23 km2 is water, comprising 219% of the town3 The highest point in Grafton is the summit of Melvin Mountain, at 2,177 feet 664 m above sea level Grafton Pond is in the western part of town Grafton lies mostly within the Merrimack River watershed, though the western edge of town is in the Connecticut River watershed4


Historical population
1790 403
1800 682 692%
1810 931 365%
1820 1,094 175%
1830 1,207 103%
1840 1,201 −05%
1850 1,259 48%
1860 1,150 −87%
1870 907 −211%
1880 934 30%
1890 787 −157%
1900 748 −50%
1910 641 −143%
1920 554 −136%
1930 539 −27%
1940 552 24%
1950 442 −199%
1960 348 −213%
1970 370 63%
1980 739 997%
1990 923 249%
2000 1,138 233%
2010 1,340 178%
Est 2015 1,339 −01%
US Decennial Census6

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,340 people, 564 households, and 372 families residing in the town The population density was 321 people per square mile 124/km² There were 839 housing units at an average density of 201 per square mile 78/km² The racial makeup of the town was 967% White, 03% African American, 02% Native American, 04% Asian, 01% some other race, and 22% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15% of the population1

There were 564 households out of which 241% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 544% were headed by married couples living together, 71% had a female householder with no husband present, and 340% were non-families 264% of all households were made up of individuals, and 74% consisted of someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 238, and the average family size was 2841

In the town, the population was spread out with 188% under the age of 18, 52% from 18 to 24, 237% from 25 to 44, 365% from 45 to 64, and 146% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 456 years For every 100 females there were 1087 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1121 males1

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the town was $38,654, and the median income for a family was $41,875 Males had a median income of $30,074 versus $23,750 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,944 About 42% of families and 79% of the population were below the poverty line, including 100% of those under age 18 and 41% of those age 65 or over

In continuous operation since the 1840s, this store is now known as the Grafton Country Store Image c 1919


Grafton is governed by a three-person select board


Grafton is an active hub for libertarians in the Free State Project Grafton's appeal as a favorable destination is due to its absence of zoning laws and a very low property tax rate7

Grafton was the focus of the "Free Town Project", a movement begun by members of the Free State Project that sought to encourage libertarians to move to the town Despite the fact that the project became defunct after controversy8 between organizers and local residents, many libertarians continue to move as part of the overall Free State Project Since then, Grafton has become a center of libertarian activism with a strong focus on homesteading, marijuana legalization and agorism9

Sites of interestedit

  • Ruggles Mine


  1. ^ a b c d "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Grafton town, Grafton County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved July 10, 2012 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 140 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 – Grafton town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 10, 2011 
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "FAQ's about Property Taxes and Assessments" Town of Grafton, NH 
  8. ^ Roche, BJ 20 June 2004 "Grafton's Messy Liberation" Boston Globe Retrieved 5 April 2011 
  9. ^ Barskey, Mike "What is the Grafton Free Market" freegraftoncom 

External linksedit

  • Town of Grafton official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Grafton, New Hampshire Historical Society
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