Government of the Republic of Abkhazia


The Government of the Republic of Abkhazia governs the partially recognised Republic of Abkhazia

Contents

  • 1 Executive branch
    • 11 Current cabinet
  • 2 Legislative branch
  • 3 Judicial branch
    • 31 Military Court
    • 32 Prosecutor General
    • 33 Arbitration Court
    • 34 Supreme Court
  • 4 Ombudsman
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Executive branchedit

The Republic of Abkhazia is headed by the President, a post held since 25 September 2014 by Raul Khajimba, who is supported by the Vice President Vitali Gabnia, inaugurated together with Khajimba They are served by a cabinet of ministers, headed by a Prime Minister, a post currently held by Artur Mikvabia

Current cabinetedit

For more details on this topic, see Government of President Khajimba
Office Incumbent Since
Prime Minister Artur Mikvabia 20 March 2015
First Vice Premier Shamil Adzynba 15 October 2014
Vice Premier Dmitri Serikov 8 April 2015
Chief of the Cabinet Staff Diana Pilia 26 May 2015
Minister for Internal Affairs Beslan Khagba 14 May 2015
Minister for Health Andzor Goov 28 October 2014
Minister for Foreign Affairs Viacheslav Chirikba 11 October 2011
Minister for Culture and the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Heritage Elvira Arsalia 15 October 2014
Minister for Defence Mirab Kishmaria 10 May 2007
Minister for Education and Science Adgur Kakoba 15 October 2014
Minister for Agriculture Timur Eshba 8 April 2015
Minister for Labour, Employment and Social Security Suren Kerselyan 15 October 2014
Minister for Finance Amra Kvarandzia 17 October 2014
Minister for Economy Adgur Ardzinba 8 April 2015
Minister for Justice Marina Pilia 17 October 2014
Minister for Emergency Situations Lev Kvitsinia 21 July 2014
Minister for Resorts and Tourism Avtandil Gartskia 13 March 2015
Minister for Taxes and Duties Rauf Tsimtsba 8 April 2015
Chairman of the State Committee for Repatriation Vadim Kharazia 11 April 2015
Chairman of the State Committee for Ecology and the Environment Saveli Chitanava 21 October 2014
Chairman of the State Committee for Standards, Consumer and Technical Supervision Erik Rshtuni 23 October 2014
Chairman of the State Customs Committee Daur Kobakhia 21 October 2014
Chairman of the State Committee for Management of State Property and Privatization Konstantin Katsia 3 April 2007
Chairman of the State Committee for Youth Policy Alias Avidzba 11 April 2015
Chairman of the State Committee for Physical Culture and Sports Bagrat Khutaba 11 April 2015

Legislative branchedit

The People's Assembly is the parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia

Judicial branchedit

Military Courtedit

The Military Procuracy and Military Court were founded in March 1993 On 11 July 1993, the Military Court was turned into the Military Tribunal, but it was changed back on 1 July 19981

Prosecutor Generaledit

The Prosecutor's Office was founded on 15 April 1994 The first Prosecutor General was Anri Jergenia After Jergenia became Prime Minister in 2001, he was succeeded by Rauf Korua2

Following the October 2004 presidential election, lost by the pro-government candidate, outgoing Prime Minister Raul Khajimba, outgoing President Vladislav Ardzinba dismissed Korua on 17 October, for unspecified public statements and for failing to act against supposed violations during the elections It was reported that Korua's dismissal was motivated by his support for opposition candidate Sergei Bagapsh, and for starting an investigation against Khajimba The People's Assembly, controlled by supporters of Bagapsh, subsequently restored Korua to office On 17 December, Ardzinba again suspended Korua and appointed his deputy Omiani Logua as acting Prosecutor General, this time following complaints by Abkhazian Railways head Rita Lolua3 People's Assembly Speaker Nugzar Ashuba again rejected Ardzinba's decision and called upon Korua to continue his work4

In February 2007, Saferbei Mikanba was appointed as Prosecutor General2

Following the May 2014 Revolution, on 5 June the People's Assembly voted to dismiss Mikanba as Prosecutor General5 The following day, acting President Valeri Bganba appointed Deputy Prosecutor General Zurab Agumava as Acting Prosecutor General6 On 9 September, Bganba extended Agumava's temporary appointment until 7 October 20147 That day, the People's Assembly elected Deputy Minister for Internal Affairs Aleksei Lomia to become the new Prosecutor General with 26 votes in favour, 3 against and 1 abstention8

Lomia resigned on 26 July 2016, coinciding with the resignation of Prime Minister Artur Mikvabia, and his resignation was accepted on the following day by the People's Assembly9 Lomia's successor, Nuri Tania, was only appointed on 28 September, after Summer recess10 Tania was elected as Constitutional Court judge and released from the office of Prosecutor General less than four months later, on 18 January 2017, following an agreement between the government and the opposition whereby the opposition could nominate a new Prosecutor General11 That same day, it elected with 23 votes in favour and 3 abstentions the opposition's nominee to succeed Tania, Zurab Achba, who had served as prosecutor in Gagra District until 201412

Arbitration Courtedit

On 16 July 2014, Parliament elected Fatima Kvitsinia Chairman of the Arbitration Court of Abkhazia13

Supreme Courtedit

On 1 June 2015, Supreme Court Chairman Roman Mushba announced his resignation, co-inciding with the end of his current mandate14 On 30 July, Parliament elected as new Chairman Zurab Agumava, who had previously served as Supreme Court Judge, Interior Minister, Security Service Head, Military Prosecutor and Acting Prosecutor General In addition, it elected Oksana Pilia as Supreme Court Judge15

Ombudsmanedit

On 3 March 2007, Gueorgui Otyrba was appointed as the first Commissioner for Human Rights Ombudsman, serving under the President of Abkhazia, by President Sergei Bagapsh16

On 11 February 2016, the People's Assembly adopted a law which instituted a new, independent office of Ombudsman The Ombudsman is elected by the People's Assembly by a simple majority for a term of five years Candidates may be nominated by a group measuring at least one third of the total number of deputies The Ombudsman must be a citizen and a permanent resident of Abkhazia, between 35 and 65 years of age and having completed higher education, and may not have a criminal record No person may fulfill more than two consecutive terms as Ombudsman17

Accordingly, on 4 May Otyrba was released as Ombudsman by President Raul Khajimba18 and on 22 November, the lawyer Dmitri Marshan was elected as the new Ombudsman by Parliament, with eighteen votes in favour, one against and one abstention, out of 28 deputies present, after having been nominated by a group of 26 deputies19

See alsoedit

  • Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
  • Politics of Abkhazia

Referencesedit

  • in English/in Russian/in Abkhazin Turkish/ President of the Republic of Abkhazia Official site
  • in English/in Russian/in Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Abkhazia Official Site


  1. ^ "Органам военной юстиции Республики Абхазия исполнилось 20 лет" Apsnypress 29 March 2013 Retrieved 5 April 2013 
  2. ^ a b "Генпрокуратура Абхазии отметила своё 19-летие" Apsnypress 16 April 2013 Retrieved 5 May 2013 
  3. ^ Sergeev, Konstantin 17 December 2004 "Президент Абхазии уволил генпрокурора" Good Morning Russia Retrieved 5 May 2016 
  4. ^ "ОБЗОР АПСНЫПРЕСС ЗА 27122004" Apsnypress 27 December 2004 Retrieved 5 May 2016 
  5. ^ "Генеральный прокурор Сафарбей Миканба отстранен от должности" Apsnypress 5 June 2014 Retrieved 8 June 2014 
  6. ^ "Зураб Агумава назначен исполняющим обязанности Генерального прокурора РА" Apsnypress 6 June 2014 Retrieved 8 June 2014 
  7. ^ "Исполнение Зурабом Агумава обязанностей генерального прокурора РА продлено до 7 октября" Apsnypress 9 September 2014 Retrieved 8 October 2014 
  8. ^ "Алексей Ломия назначен Генеральным прокурором Республики Абхазия" Apsnypress 7 October 2014 Retrieved 8 October 2014 
  9. ^ Poluyan, Elena 28 September 2016 "Парламент утвердил на должность генпрокурора Абхазии Нурия Тания" Apsnypress Retrieved 25 October 2016 
  10. ^ Poluyan, Elena 27 July 2016 "Утверждена отставка Генпрокурора Абхазии Алексея Ломия" Apsnypress Retrieved 30 July 2016 
  11. ^ "НУРИЙ ТАНИЯ ИЗБРАН СУДЬЕЙ КОНСТИТУЦИОННОГО СУДА РЕСПУБЛИКИ АБХАЗИЯ" Abkhazia Inform 18 January 2017 Retrieved 26 February 2017 
  12. ^ "ЗУРАБ АЧБА НАЗНАЧЕН ГЕНЕРАЛЬНЫМ ПРОКУРОРОМ" Abkhazia Inform 18 January 2017 Retrieved 26 February 2017 
  13. ^ "Председателем Арбитражного суда РА избрана Фатима Квициния" Apsnypress 16 July 2014 Retrieved 25 July 2014 
  14. ^ "Роман Мушба объявил о своей отставке" Apsnypress 1 June 2015 Retrieved 2 June 2015 
  15. ^ "Зураб Агумаа избран на должность Председателя Верховного Суда Республики Абхазия" Apsnypress 30 July 2015 Retrieved 13 September 2015 
  16. ^ "Необходимо разработать законодательство в области защиты прав человека — Полпред по правам человека при Президенте" Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия 7 March 2007 Retrieved 5 February 2009 
  17. ^ "ДЕПУТАТЫ ПАРЛАМЕНТА ПРИНЯЛИ В ОКОНЧАТЕЛЬНОМ ЧТЕНИИ ЗАКОНОПРОЕКТ "ОБ УПОЛНОМОЧЕННОМ ПО ПРАВАМ ЧЕЛОВЕКА В РЕСПУБЛИКЕ АБХАЗИЯ"" Abkhazia Inform 11 February 2016 Retrieved 14 February 2016 
  18. ^ Jopua, Irena 7 April 2016 "Повторные выборы по 21 и 23 избирательным округам Сухума пройдут 29 мая" Apsnypress Retrieved 9 April 2016 
  19. ^ "ЮРИСТ ДМИТРИЙ МАРШАН ИЗБРАН НА ДОЛЖНОСТЬ УПОЛНОМОЧЕННОГО ПО ПРАВАМ ЧЕЛОВЕКА В АБХАЗИИ" Abkhazia Inform 22 November 2016 Retrieved 22 November 2016 


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