Government of Sri Lanka


The Government of Sri Lanka GoSL is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution The GoSL administers Sri Lanka from both its commercial capital of Colombo and the administrative capital of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte1

Contents

  • 1 Constitution
  • 2 Executive branch
  • 3 Elections
  • 4 Legislative branch
  • 5 Judicial Branch
  • 6 Sri Lankan Law
  • 7 Notes
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Constitutionedit

Main article: Constitution of Sri Lanka

The Constitution of Sri Lanka has been the constitution of the island nation of Sri Lanka since its original promulgation by the National State Assembly on 7 September 1978 It is Sri Lanka's second republican constitution, and its third constitution since the country's independence as Ceylon in 1948 As of April 2015 it has been formally amended 19 times

Executive branchedit

Main article: President of Sri Lanka Presidential Secretariat, Colombo 1

The President, directly elected for a five-year term, is head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces The election occurs under the Sri Lankan form of the contingent vote Responsible to Parliament for the exercise of duties under the constitution and laws, the president may be removed from office by a two-thirds vote of Parliament with the concurrence of the Supreme Court

The President appoints and heads a cabinet of ministers responsible to Parliament The President's deputy is the prime minister, who leads the ruling party in Parliament A parliamentary no-confidence vote requires dissolution of the cabinet and the appointment of a new one by the President

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Maithripala Sirisena Sri Lanka Freedom Party 9 January 2015
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe United National Party 17 August 2015

Electionsedit

Main article: Elections in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature The president is elected for a five-year term by the people The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a five-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies through proportional representation system where each party is allocated a number of seats from the quota for each district according to the proportion of the total vote that party obtains in the district

Legislative branchedit

Main article: Parliament of Sri Lanka The Parliament of Sri Lanka

The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a six-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies and 29 by proportional representation The President may summon, suspend, or end a legislative session and dissolve Parliament any time after it has served for one year Parliament reserves the power to make all laws

The primary modification is that the party that receives the largest number of valid votes in each constituency gains a unique "bonus seat" see Hickman, 1999 Since its independence in 1948, Sri Lanka has remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations

Judicial Branchedit

Main article: Judiciary of Sri Lanka Supreme Court Complex, Hultsdorf

The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the country It is set out in the constitution, which defines courts as independent institutions within the traditional framework of checks and balances The Sri Lankan courts are presided over by professional judges, judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President with the nomination of the Parliamentary Council, others by the Judicial Service Commission2

Sri Lankan Lawedit

Main article: Law of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has a legal system which is an amalgam of English common law, Roman-Dutch civil law and Customary Law

Notesedit

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Boxall, Sheryl 2008 DeRouen, Karl; Bellamy, Paul, eds International Security and the United States: An Encyclopedia, Volume 2 Westport, Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group p 728 ISBN 978-0-275-99255-2  |access-date= requires |url= help
  2. ^ "Judicial System of Sri Lanka" Commonwealth Governance Retrieved 17 November 2013 

External linksedit

  • Sri Lanka portal
General
  • Government of Sri Lanka
  • The Official Website of the Data and Information Unit of the Presidential Secretariat, Sri Lanka
Law
  • Official site of the Judicial Service Commission Secretariat
  • Sri Lanka's Legal Information Network
Executive Branch
  • Official site of the Presidency
  • Official site of the Presidential Secretariat
Legislative Branch
  • Official site of the Parliament of Sri Lanka
Judiciary
  • Official site of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka
  • Official site of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka
Others
  • Official Government News Portal


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