Government of North Korea


In the government of North Korea, the cabinet is the administrative and executive body1 The North Korean government consists of three branches: administrative, legislative, and judicial However, they are not independent of each other2

Contents

  • 1 Institutions
    • 11 Judiciary
    • 12 Workers' Party of Korea
    • 13 State Affairs Commission
  • 2 State leaders
    • 21 State Affairs Commission of DPRK12better source needed
    • 22 Presidium of the SPA of the DPRK
      • 221 Supreme People's Assembly
      • 222 Cabinet
    • 23 WPK Central Committee September 2010-May 2016
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Notes
  • 5 External links

Institutionsedit

The government is also confirmed by the Supreme People's Assembly SPA The SPA chooses a Premier, who appoints three Vice Premiers and the government's ministers The government is dominated by the ruling Workers' Party of Korea WPK and has been since North Korea's inception in 1948

The Cabinet now has the right to supervise and control the Local People's Committee LPC with regard to local economies and administration As the State Administrative Council SAC was replaced by the Cabinet, the Local Administrative and Economic Committee LAEC was abolished and its functions regarding local politics transferred to the LPC

A party chief secretary no longer concurrently holds the post of LPC chairman Hyun Seo-yeo, which has been taken over by a former LAEC chairman Thus, the LPC is theoretically independent of the local party and is under the control of the Cabinet The status of the LPC as the local executive organ, in principle, became higher than before

The Economist Intelligence Unit listed North Korea in last place as a totalitarian regime in its 2012 Democracy Index assessing 168 countries3

Judiciaryedit

Main article: Judiciary of North Korea

North Korea's judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, which consists of a Chief Justice and two People's Assessors; three judges may be present in some cases4 Their terms of office coincide with those of the members of the Supreme People's Assembly Every court in North Korea has the same composition as the Central Court The judicial system is theoretically held accountable to the SPA and the Presidium of the SPA when the legislature is not in session

The judiciary does not practice judicial review The security forces so often interfere with the actions of the judiciary that the conclusion of most cases is foregone; experts outside North Korea and numerous defectors confirm this to be a widespread problem5 Freedom House states that, "North Korea does not have an independent judiciary and does not acknowledge individual rightsreports of arbitrary detentions, 'disappearances,' and extrajudicial killings are common; torture is widespread and severe"6

North Korea's fifth and current constitution was approved and adopted in September 1998, replacing the one previously adopted in 1972 The former constitution had last been amended in 1992 Under the new constitution, North Korea is a socialist state representing the interests of all the Korean people7 Criminal penalties can be stiff; one of the basic functions of the system is to uphold the power of the regime Because so little information is available concerning what actually occurs inside of the country, the extent to which there is any rule of law is uncertain In any case, North Korea is known for its poor human rights situation and regularly detains thousands of dissidents without trial or benefit of legal advice According to a US Department of State report on human rights practices, the government of North Korea often punishes the family of a criminal along with the perpetrator5

Workers' Party of Koreaedit

Main article: Workers' Party of Korea

The Workers' Party of Korea is organized according to the Monolithic Ideological System and the Great Leader, a system and theory conceived by Kim Yong-ju and Kim Jong-il The highest body of the WPK is formally the Congress, which last convened as the 7th Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea in May 2016 Although the WPK is in theory organizationally similar to communist parties, in practice it is far less institutionalized and informal politics plays a larger role than usual Institutions such as the Central Committee, the Secretariat, the Central Military Commission CMC, the Politburo and the Presidium have much less power than that formally bestowed on them by the party's charter Kim Jong-un is the current WPK leader, serving as First Secretary and CMC chairman

  • First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea: Kim Jong-un
  • Chairman of the Central Military Commission: Kim Jong-un

State Affairs Commissionedit

Main article: State Affairs Commission of North Korea

In June 2010, Kim appointed his uncle by marriage, Chang Sung-taek, as vice-chairman of the NDC, in a move seen as propping his own position Chang was already regarded as the second-most powerful person in North Korea and his appointment strengthened the probability that Kim's third son, Kim Jong-un, would succeed him8 However, in December 2013 Chang was fired from all government posts and subsequently executed Kim Jong Un ordered for his uncle to be executed9

In June 2016, following the 7th WPK Conference, the Constitution of North Korea was updated, renaming the National Defence Commission as the State Affairs Commission and placing Kim Jong-un as the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission10 This places Kim Jong-un as the official head of state 11

  • Minister of People's Security: Choe Pu-il
  • Minister of People's Armed Forces: Pak Yong-sik

State leadersedit

Eternal President: Kim Il-sung

Supreme Leader: Kim Jong-un

State Affairs Commission of DPRK12better source needededit

  • Chairman: Kim Jong-un
  • Vice Chairmen:
    • Vice Marshal of the KPA Hwang Pyong-so, Director of the KPA General Political Bureau
    • Pak Pong-ju, Premier
    • Choe Ryong-hae, WPK Vice Chairman for Social Organizations
  • Members of the Commission:
    • Kim Ki-nam, WPK Vice Chairman for Propaganda
    • General of the Army Ri Yong-gil, Minister of the People's Armed Forces
    • Ri Su-yong, WPK Vice Chairman for International Relations
    • Ri Man-gon, WPK Vice Chairman for Machine Building
    • Kim Yong-chol, WPK Vice Chairman for United Front Work
    • General of the Army Kim Won-hong, Minister of State Security
    • General of the Army Choe Pu-il, Minister of People's Security
    • Ri Yong-ho, Foreign Minister
    • Ri Ryong Nam, Foreign Trade

Presidium of the SPA of the DPRKedit

  • President: Kim Yong-nam
  • Vice presidents: Yang Hyong Sop and Kim Yong Dae
  • Honorary vice-president: Kim Yong Ju, and Choe Yong Rim since April 2013
  • Secretary general of the Presidium: Hong Son Ok since April 2013

Supreme People's Assemblyedit

  • Chairman: Choe Thae-bok
  • Vice-chairpersons: An Tong Chun and Ri Hye Jong April 2014

Cabinetedit

  • Premier: Pak Pong Ju April 2013
  • Vice Premiers: Ro Tu Chol from April 2009, Ri Mu Yong April 2014, Kim Yong Jin April 2014, Ri Chol Man since April 2012, Kim Tok Hun April 2014
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs: Ri Su Yong April 2014
  • Minister of Finance: Choe Kwang Jin

WPK Central Committee September 2010-May 2016edit

Main article: 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea
  • Eternal General Secretary: Kim Jong-il
  • First secretary of the WPK: Kim Jong-un
  • Presidium of the Political Bureau of the Workers' Party of Korea Central Committee since September 2010:
    • Kim Jong-il
    • Kim Jong-un since April 2012
    • Kim Yong-nam
    • Choe Yong Rim
    • Jo Myong-rok
    • Ri Yong-ho
    • Choe Ryong Hae since April 2012
    • Hwang Pyong-so February 2015
  • Members and Alternate Members of Political Bureau September 2010: Kim Jong-il, Kim Jong-un 2012, Kim Yong-nam, Jo Myong Rok, Ri Yong Ho, Choe Yong Rim, Choe Ryong Hae, Kim Yong Chun, Jon Pyong Ho, Kim Kuk-thae, Kim Ki Nam, Choe Thae-bok, Yang Hyong Sop, Kang Sok Ju, Pyon Yong Rip, Ri Yong Mu, Ju Sang Song, Hong Sok Hyong and Kim Kyong Hui, and since April 2012: Kim Jong-gak, Jang Song-thaek, Pak To Chun, Hyon Chol Hae, Kim Won Hong, Ri Myong-su, and March 2013: Pak Pong Ju, February 2015: Hwang Pyong-so members,Kim Yang Gon, Kim Yong Il, Ju Kyu Chang, Ri Thae Nam, Kim Rak Hui, Thae Jong Su, Kim Phyong Hae, U Tong Chuk, Kim Jong-gak, Pak Jong Sun, Kim Chang Sop and Mun Kyong Dok and since April 2012: Kwak Pom Gi, O Kuk Ryol, Ro Tu Chol, Ri Pyong Sam and Jo Yon Jun and March 2013:, Hyon Yong Chol, Kim Kyok Sik and Choe Pu Il, and April 2014 O Su Yong, Ri Yong-gil alternate members
  • Secretariat of WPK Central Committee September 2010: Kim Jong-il, Kim Jong-un 2012, Kim Ki Nam, Choe Thae-bok, Choe Ryong Hae, Mun Kyong Dok, Pak To Chun, Kim Yong Il, Kim Yang Gon, Kim Phyong Hae, Thae Jong Su, Hong Sok-hyong and April 2012: Kim Kyong Hui and Kwak Pom Gi, Kang Sok Ju April 2014, O Su Yong April 2014, Vice Marshal Hwang Pyong So, An Jong Su, Kim Su Gil April 2014 
  • Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea: Chairman Kim Jong-un since 2012, Vice Chairmen Choe Ryong Hae - Vice Marshal and Hyon Yong-chol - Vice Marshal since 2012, Hwang Pyong-so since 2014, Members Kim Yong Chun - Vice Marshal, Kim Jong Gak - Vice Marshal, Kim Myong Guk, Kim Kyong Ok, Kim Won Hong, Jong Myong Do, Ri Pyong Chol, Choe Pu Il, Kim Yong Chol, Yun Jong Rin, Ju Kyu Chang, Choe Sang Ryo, Choe Kyong Song, U Tong Chuk, Jang Song Thaek, and since April 2012: Hyon Chol Hae - Vice Marshal, Ri Myong Su and Kim Rak Gyom, February 2013: Kim Kyok Sik, Ri Yong Gil

7th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea:

  • Presidium of the Political Bureau: Kim Jong Un, Kim Yong Nam, Hwang Pyong So, Pak Pong Ju and Choe Ryong Hae
  • Members of the Political Bureau: Kim Jong Un, Kim Yong Nam, Hwang Pyong So, Pak Pong Ju, Choe Ryong Hae, Kim Ki Nam, Choe Thae Bok, Ri Su Yong, Kim Phyong Hae, O Su Yong, Kwak Pom Gi, Kim Yong Chol, Ri Man Gon, Yang Hyong Sop, Ro Tu Chol, Pak Yong Sik, Ri Myong Su, Kim Won Hong and Choe Pu Il Alternate Members of the Political Bureau: Kim Su Gil, Kim Nung O, Pak Thae Song, Ri Yong Ho, Im Chol Ung, Jo Yon Jun, Ri Pyong Chol, No Kwang Chol and Ri Yong Gil
  • Executive Policy Bureau of the Party Central Committee:
    • Chairman of the WPK: Kim Jong Un
    • Vice-Chairmen of the Party Central Committee: Choe Ryong Hae, Kim Ki Nam, Choe Thae Bok, Ri Su Yong, Kim Phyong Hae, O Su Yong, Kwak Pom Gi, Kim Yong Chol and Ri Man Gon
  • Central Military Commission:
    • Chairman: Kim Jong Un
    • Members: Hwang Pyong So, Pak Pong Ju, Pak Yong Sik, Ri Myong Su, Kim Yong Chol, Ri Man Gon, Kim Won Hong, Choe Pu Il, Kim Kyong Ok, Ri Yong Gil and So Hong Chan
  • Department Directors of the CC, the WPK: Kim Ki Nam, Ri Su Yong, Kim Phyong Hae, O Su Yong, Kim Yong Chol, Ri Man Gon, Ri Il Hwan, An Jong Su, Ri Chol Man, Choe Sang Gon, Ri Yong Rae, Kim Jong Im, Kim Jung Hyop, Kim Man Song and Kim Yong Su
  • Chairman of the Control Commission of the Party Central Committee: Hong In Bom

See alsoedit

  • North Korea portal
  • Politics portal
  • Politics of North Korea
  • Government of South Korea

Notesedit

  1. ^ "North Korea names Kim Jong-un army commander" BBC News 2011-12-31 Archived from the original on 2012-01-14 
  2. ^ Teen Life in Asia By Judith J Slater
  3. ^ "SKorea Outranks US in Democracy Index" Chosun Ilbo 2013-03-22 Archived from the original on 2014-05-06 Retrieved 2013-04-15 
  4. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2013-04-08 Retrieved 2013-05-15 
  5. ^ a b "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices" US Department of State March 8, 2006 Archived from the original on March 21, 2006 Retrieved 2006-02-22 
  6. ^ "Freedom in the World, 2006" Freedom House Archived from the original on 2007-07-14 Retrieved 2007-02-13 
  7. ^ Teen Life in Asia By Judith J Slate
  8. ^ Fading Kim sets the stage for power play Archived 2012-06-12 at the Wayback Machine, Donald Kirk, SCMP, 11 June 2010
  9. ^ "North Korea executes Kim Jong Un's uncle" Associated Press 12 December 2013 Archived from the original on 13 December 2013 Retrieved 12 December 2013 
  10. ^ "DPRK Constitution Text Released Following 2016 Amdendments" https://nkleadershipwatchwordpresscom/2016/09/04/dprk-constitution-text-released-following-2016-amdendments/ Archived from the original on 18 April 2017 Retrieved 18 April 2017  External link in |website= help
  11. ^ "NKorea updates constitution expanding Kim Jong Un’s position" NK News NK News Archived from the original on 6 October 2016 Retrieved 18 April 2017 
  12. ^ "State Affairs Commission of North Korea" https://enwikipediaorg/wiki/State_Affairs_Commission_of_North_Korea Wikipedia Archived from the original on 18 April 2017 Retrieved 18 April 2017  External link in |website= help

External linksedit

  • Government of North Korea at DMOZ


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