Government of Kazakhstan


The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Үкіметі, Qazaqstan Respuwblïkasınıñ Ükimeti; Russian: Правительство Республики Казахстан, Pravitel'stvo Respubliki Kazakhstan oversees a presidential republic The President of Kazakhstan, currently Nursultan Nazarbayev, is head of state and nominates the head of government Executive power is exercised by the government Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament

In July 2015 Kazakhstan was ranked 50th in the Government Efficiency Index compiled by World Economic Forum1 The efficiency index considers expenditures, workload regulations and political transparency1 Kazakhstan beats of a number of European countries in government efficiency, according to the list1 In particular, Kazakhstan is ahead of Belgium and France1

According to the 2016 World Development report prepared by the World Bank Group, Kazakhstan ranks 28th among 193 countries in the e-Gov development rating The “Information Kazakhstan – 2020” state program approved in 2013 helped the country transition to the information society2

Contents

  • 1 Executive branch
    • 11 President
    • 12 Agencies and committees
  • 2 Legislative branch
  • 3 Judicial branch
  • 4 Administrative divisions
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Executive branchedit

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Nursultan Nazarbayev Nur Otan 16 December 1991
Prime Minister Bakhytzhan Sagintayev Nur Otan 8 September 2016

Presidentedit

The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term3 The prime minister and first deputy prime are appointed by the president Council of Ministers is also appointed by the president President Nazarbayev expanded his presidential powers by decree: only he can initiate constitutional amendments, appoint and dismiss the government, dissolve Parliament, call referendums at his discretion, and appoint administrative heads of regions and cities

The president is the head of state He also is the commander in chief of the armed forces and may veto legislation that has been passed by the Parliament President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has been in office since Kazakhstan became independent The prime minister, who serves at the pleasure of the president, chairs the Council of Ministers and serves as Kazakhstan's head of government There are three deputy prime ministers and 17 ministers in the Council Daniyal K Akhmetov became the Prime Minister in June 2003 He was succeeded by Karim Massimov who assumed office in January 2007

In the 2005 Presidential elections Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for a seven-year term 5 candidates participated in the elections 9115% of voters supported Nazarbayev The participation in the election made up 77% A presidential election was held on April 26, 2015

Agencies and committeesedit

Kazakhstan's National Security Committee NSC was established on 13 June 1992 It includes the Service of Internal Security, Military Counterintelligence, Border Guard, several Commandos units, and Foreign Intelligence Barlau The latter is considered by many as the most important part of NSC Its director is Major General Adil Shayahmetov

Legislative branchedit

The legislature, known as the Parliament Parliament, has two chambers The Assembly Mazhilis has 77 seats, elected for a four-year term, 67 in single seat constituencies and 10 by proportional representation The Senate has 47 members, 40 of whom are elected for six-year terms in double-seat constituencies by the local assemblies, half renewed every two years, and 7 presidential appointees In addition, ex-presidents are ex-officio senators for life Majilis deputies and the government both have the right of legislative initiative, though most legislation considered by the Parliament is proposed by the government

Judicial branchedit

There are 44 judges on the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan There are seven members of the Constitutional Council

Administrative divisionsedit

Kazakhstan is divided into 14 regions and the two municipal districts of Almaty and Astana Each is headed by an Akim provincial governor appointed by the president Municipal Akims are appointed by Province Akims The Government of Kazakhstan transferred its capital from Almaty to Astana on 10 June 1998 The Province or oblystar singular — oblys and cities kalalar, singular — kala are : Almaty Taldykorgan, Almaty, Akmola Kokshetau, Astana, Aktobe Aktobe, Atyrau Atyrau, West Kazakhstan Oral, Baykonur, Mangystau Aktau, South Kazakhstan Shymkent, Pavlodar Pavlodar, Karagandy Karaganda, Kostanay Kostanay, Kyzylorda Kyzylorda, East Kazakhstan Oskemen, North Kazakhstan Petropavl, Zhambyl Taraz The administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses; in 1995 the Governments of Kazakhstan and Russia entered into an agreement whereby Russia would lease for a period of 20 years an area of 6,000 km2 2,317 sq mi enclosing the Baikonur space launch facilities and the city of Baikonur

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d "Kazakhstan beats Belgium and France in government efficiency ranking of World Economic Forum" http://entengrinewskz  External link in |website= help
  2. ^ "Expect no lines in front of the digital counters" blogsworldbankorg 
  3. ^ Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan

External linksedit

  • Government of Kazakhstan English
  • US Relations With Kazakhstan at the US Department of State


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