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Government of Hungary

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The Government of Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország Kormánya exercises executive power in Hungary1 It is led by the Prime Minister, and comprises ministers2 It is the principal organ of public administration The Prime Minister miniszterelnök elected by the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and exercises executive power The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the most seats in parliament The Prime Minister selects Cabinet ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them Cabinet nominees must appear before consultative open hearings before one or more parliamentary committees, survive a vote in the National Assembly, and be formally approved by the President The cabinet is responsible to the parliament

Since the fall of communism, Hungary has a multi-party system The last Hungarian parliamentary election took place on 6 April 20143 This parliamentary election was the 7th since the 1990 first multi-party election The result was a victory for Fidesz–KDNP alliance, preserving its two-thirds majority with Viktor Orbán remaining Prime Minister4 It was the first election according to the new Constitution of Hungary which went into force on 1 January 2012 The new electoral law also entered into force that day The voters elected 199 MPs instead of previous 386 lawmakers56

List of cabinets since 1989:

Governments of Hungary
Name of Government Duration of Government Prime minister Parties Involved
Németh October 23, 1989 – May 23, 1990 Miklós Németh MSZP MSZP
Antall May 23, 1990 – December 12, 1993 József Antall MDF MDF, FKgP, KDNP
Boross December 12, 1993 – December 21, 1993 Péter Boross MDF MDF, EKgP, KDNP
December 21, 1990 – July 15, 1994
Horn July 15, 1994 – July 6, 1998 Gyula Horn MSZP MSZP, SZDSZ
Orbán I July 6, 1998 – May 27, 2002 Viktor Orbán Fidesz Fidesz, FKgP, MDF
Medgyessy May 27, 2002 – September 29, 2004 Péter Medgyessy Ind MSZP, SZDSZ
Gyurcsány I September 29, 2004 – June 9, 2006 Ferenc Gyurcsány MSZP
Gyurcsány II June 9, 2006 – April 14, 2009 Ferenc Gyurcsány MSZP MSZP, SZDSZ
Bajnai April 14, 2009 – May 29, 2010 Gordon Bajnai Ind MSZP
Orbán II May 29, 2010 – June 6, 2014 Viktor Orbán Fidesz Fidesz, KDNP
Orbán III June 6, 2014 – Viktor Orbán Fidesz Fidesz, KDNP

Notes
Traditional colours
Hungarian Socialist Party Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP
Hungarian Democratic Forum Magyar Demokrata Fórum, MDF
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party Független Kisgazda-, Földmunkás- és Polgári Párt, FKgP
United Smallholders' Party Egyesült Történelmi Kisgazda és Polgári Párt, EKgP
Christian Democratic People's Party Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt, KDNP
Alliance of Free Democrats Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége, SZDSZ
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség, Fidesz

Contents

  • 1 Current government
  • 2 Government history, since 1990
    • 21 Prime ministers
    • 22 Minister of the Interior
    • 23 Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
    • 24 Minister of National Economy
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

Current governmentedit

Main articles: Third Orbán Government and Hungarian parliamentary election, 2014

Following the Hungarian parliamentary election, 2014, the current prime minister, Viktor Orbán is serving with his government since 6 June 2014

Name Office Party Period
Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Fidesz 06062014 -
Zsolt Semjén Deputy Prime Minister
Minister without portfolio for National Politics
KDNP 06062014 -
János Lázár Minister of the Prime Minister’s Office Fidesz 06062014 -
Antal Rogán Minister of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office Fidesz 07102015 -
Tibor Navracsics Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fidesz 06062014 - 22092014
Péter Szijjártó Fidesz 23092014 -
Sándor Pintér Ministry of Interior Independent 06062014 -
László Trócsányi Minister of Justice Independent 06062014 -
Mihály Varga Minister of National Economy Fidesz 06062014 -
Zoltán Balog Minister of Human Resources Fidesz 06062014 -
Miklós Seszták Minister of National Development KDNP 06062014 -
Sándor Fazekas Minister of Agriculture Fidesz 06062014 -
Csaba Hende Minister of Defence Fidesz 06062014 - 07092015
István Simicskó KDNP 10092015 -

Government history, since 1990edit

Prime ministersedit

Minister of the Interioredit

Sándor Pinter Ministry of Interior

The Minister of Interior of Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország belügyminisztere is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Interior The current foreign minister is Sándor Pintér Between 2006 and 2010 the ministry was split into the Ministry of Local Government and the Ministry of Justice and Law In 2010 the prior organization was restored

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Balázs Horváth 23051990 - 21121990 MDF Antall
Péter Boross 21121990 - 21121993 MDF
Imre Kónya 21121993 - 15071994 MDF Boross
Gábor Kuncze 15071994 - 06071998 SZDSZ Horn
Sándor Pintér 06071998 - 27052002 Independent Orbán I
Mónika Lamperth 27052002 - 09062006 MSZP Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Sándor Pintér 29052010 - Independent Orbán II, Orbán III
Ministry of Local Government 2006-2010
Minister In office Party Cabinet
Mónika Lamperth 09062006 - 30062007 MSZP Gyurcsány II
Gordon Bajnai 30062007 - 30042008 Independent
István Gyenesei 30042008 - 14042009 Somogyért
Zoltán Varga 14042009 - 29052010 MSZP Bajnai
Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement 2006-2010
Minister In office Party Cabinet
József Petrétei 09062006 - 31052007 Independent Gyurcsány II
Albert Takács 01062007 - 17022008 Independent
Tibor Draskovics 18022008 - 14122009 Independent Gyurcsány II, Bajnai
Imre Forgács 14122009 - 29052010 Independent Bajnai

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Tradeedit

Péter Szíjjártó

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország külügyminisztere is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs The current foreign minister is Péter Szijjártó

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Géza Jeszenszky 23051990 - 15071994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Kovács 15071994 - 08071998 MSZP Horn
János Martonyi 08071998 - 27052002 Independent Orbán I
László Kovács 27052002 - 01112004 MSZP Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
Ferenc Somogyi 01112004 - 09062006 Independent Gyurcsány I
Kinga Göncz 09062006 - 14042009 Independent Gyurcsány II
Péter Balázs 14042009 - 29052010 Independent Bajnai
János Martonyi 29052010 - 06062014 Fidesz Orbán II
Tibor Navracsics 06062014 - 23092014 Fidesz Orbán III
Péter Szijjártó 23092014 - Fidesz

Minister of National Economyedit

Mihály Varga Ministry of National Economy

The Minister of National Economy of Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország nemzetgazdasági minisztere is a member of the Hungarian cabinet and the head of the Ministry of National Economy The current minister of national economy is Mihály Varga

Minister In office Party Cabinet
Minister of Finance
Ferenc Rabár 23051990 - 19121990 Independent Antall
Mihály Kupa 20121990 - 11021993 MDF
Iván Szabó 24021993 - 15071994 MDF Antall, Boross
László Békesi 15071994 - 28021995 MSZP Horn
Lajos Bokros 01031995 - 29021996 MSZP
Péter Medgyessy 01031996 - 07071998 Independent
Zsigmond Járai 08071998 - 31122000 Fidesz Orbán I
Mihály Varga 01012001 - 27052002 Fidesz
Csaba László 27052002 - 15022004 MSZP Medgyessy
Tibor Draskovics 15022004 - 24042005 Independent Medgyessy, Gyurcsány I
János Veres 24042005 - 16042009 MSZP Gyurcsány I, Gyurcsány II
Péter Oszkó 16042009 - 29052010 Independent Bajnai
Minister of National Economy
György Matolcsy 29052010 - 03032013 Fidesz Orbán II
Mihály Varga 03032013 - Fidesz Orbán II, Orbán III

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Website of the Government of Hungary" Government of Hungary Retrieved 8 December 2014 
  2. ^ Fundamental Law of Hungary Article 15
  3. ^ "Áder sets date of 2014 election for April 6" 18 January 2014 Retrieved 18 January 2014 
  4. ^ "Hungary election: PM Viktor Orban heads for victory" bbc 
  5. ^ Az országgyűlési képviselők választásáról szóló 2011 évi CCIII törvény In: Magyar Közlöny 2011 évi, 165 sz, 41095-41099 p
  6. ^ "Életbe lép az új választójogi törvény" Magyar Nemzet in Hungarian 29 December 2011 Retrieved 2 January 2012 

External linksedit

  • Hungarian Government

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