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Government and politics of Seattle


Seattle, Washington, is a charter city, with a mayor–council form of government, unlike many of its neighbors that use the council–manager form The mayor of Seattle and two of the nine members of the Seattle City Council are elected at large, rather than by geographic subdivisions The remaining seven council positions are elected based on the city's seven council districts The only other elected offices are the city attorney and Municipal Court judges All offices are non-partisan Seattle is a predominantly liberal city and tends to elect left-leaning politicians to office Ed Murray is the current mayor of Seattle, serving since 2014

Contents

  • 1 Government
  • 2 Politics
    • 21 Crime and criminal justice
    • 22 Official nickname, flower, slogan, and song
    • 23 Seattle mayors of note
    • 24 Sister cities
    • 25 Sister ports
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Notes
  • 5 External links

Governmentedit

The city government provides more utilities than many cities; either running the whole operation, such as the water and electricity services, or handling the billing and administration, but contracting out the rest of the operations, like trash and recycling collections

Politicsedit

Seattle's politics lean famously to the left compared to the US as a whole In this regard, it sits with a small set of similar US cities such as Madison, Wisconsin, Berkeley, California, and Cambridge and Boston in Massachusetts where the dominant politics tend to range from center-left to social democratic Seattle politics are generally dominated by the liberal wing in the US sense of the word "liberal" of the Democratic Party; in some local elections, Greens and even, on at least one occasion, a member of the Freedom Socialist Party have fared better than Republicans There exist pockets of conservatism, especially in the north and in affluent neighborhoods such as Broadmoor, as well as scattered libertarians, but for the most part Seattle is primarily a Democratic city, as exemplified by Congressman Jim McDermott, who represents the Seventh Congressional District of Washington, made up of most of Seattle and also including semi-rural Vashon Island McDermott has been reelected to his seat in every election since 1988, when he replaced fellow liberal Democrat Mike Lowry, who had held the seat since 1979

Crime and criminal justiceedit

Line graph of reported crime in Seattle from 1985 through 2016 Population shown in green, total reported crimes in blue, and rate of reported crimes per 1,000 people in orange12

As with most US cities, the county judicial system handles felony crimes — the Seattle Municipal Court deals with parking tickets, traffic infractions, and misdemeanors Seattle does not have its own jail, contracting out inmates it convicts to either the King County Jail which is located downtown, the Yakima County Jail, or for short-term holdings the Renton City Jail3 After reaching its highest murder rate in 1994 with 69 homicides, Seattle's murder rate declined to a 40-year low with 24 homicides in 20044 By 2006, Seattle's murder rate had increased, with thirty murders that year5 Auto theft is another matter: Seattle has until recently ranked in the top ten "hot spots" for auto theft; the Seattle Police Department has responded by nearly doubling the number of auto theft detail detectives, and started a "bait car" program in 20046

Seattle has suffered two mass-murders in recent history: the 1983 Wah Mee massacre 13 people killed in the Wah Mee gambling club7 and the March 25, 2006 Capitol Hill massacre when 28-year-old Kyle Aaron Huff killed six at a rave afterparty8 Later in 2006, an attempted spree killing by Naveed Afzal Haq left one dead at the Jewish Federation building9

In 2016, a prostitution scandal involving Seattle City Councilors was uncovered by the King County investigators

Official nickname, flower, slogan, and songedit

In 1981, Seattle held a contest to come up with a new official nickname to replace "the Queen City" "Queen City" had been devised by real estate promoters and used since 1869,10 but was also the nickname of: Cincinnati;11 Denver;12 Regina, Saskatchewan;13 Buffalo;14 Bangor, Maine;15 Helena, Montana;16 Burlington, Vermont,17 Charlotte,18 and several other citiesThe winner of this contest, selected in 1982, was "the Emerald City" Submitted by Californian Sarah Sterling-Franklin, it referred to the lush, thickly forested surroundings of Seattle that were the result of frequent rain19 Seattle has also been known in the past as "the Jet City"—though this nickname, related to Boeing, was entirely unofficial19 It has also been known as the "Portal to the Pacific", a phrase enscribed on the arches of the tunnel leading westward into the city from the Interstate 90 floating bridge over Lake Washington

Seattle's official flower has been the dahlia since 1913 Its official song has been "Seattle the Peerless City" since 1909 In 1942, its official slogan was "The City of Flowers"; 48 years later, in 1990, it was "The City of Goodwill", for the Goodwill Games held that year in Seattle20 On October 20, 2006, the Space Needle was adorned with the new slogan "Metronatural" The slogan is a result of a 16-month, $200,000 effort by the Seattle Convention and Visitor's Bureau21 The official bird of Seattle is the great blue heron, named by the City Council in 200322

Seattle mayors of noteedit

Main article: List of mayors of Seattle
  • Bertha Knight Landes, mayor from 1926 to 1928 She was the first woman mayor of a major American city23 She is to date the only female mayor of Seattle
  • Bailey Gatzert was mayor from 1875 to 1876 He was the first Jewish mayor of Seattle, and narrowly missed being the first Jewish mayor of a major American city Moses Bloom became mayor of Iowa City, Iowa in 1873 He has been the only Jewish mayor of Seattle to date24
  • Arthur B Langlie, 1938–1941, three term Governor of Washington 1941–45, 1949–57, the only Seattle mayor to become governor25
  • Robert Moran mayor from 1888 to 1909, was instrumental in the rebuilding after the 1889 fire that destroyed much of Downtown A successful shipbuilder, most famous for the Battleship Nebraska built in Seattle between 1902 and 1907, Moran eventually donated what became Moran State Park, over 5000 acres 20 km2, including Mt Constitution on Orcas Island26

Sister citiesedit

Seattle, Washington, USA, has 21 sister cities through Sister Cities International27

City Region Country Year
Kuching Sarawak Malaysia
Kobe Hyogo Japan 195728
Bergen Hordaland Norway 196729
Tashkent Tashkent Province Uzbekistan 19733031
Beersheba Southern District Israel 197732
Mazatlán Sinaloa Mexico 197933
Nantes Pays de la Loire France 198034
Christchurch Canterbury New Zealand 198135
Mombasa Coast Province Kenya 198136
Chongqing Chongqing Municipality China 198337
Limbe Southwest District Cameroon 198438
Galway Connacht Ireland 198639
Reykjavík Reykjavík Iceland 198640
Daejeon Chungcheongnam-do South Korea 198941
Cebu City Cebu Philippines 199142
Kaohsiung Kaohsiung City Taiwan 199143
Pécs Baranya Hungary 199144
Perugia Umbria Italy 199145
Surabaya East Java Indonesia 199246
Gdynia Pomeranian Voivodeship Poland 199347
Sihanoukville Sihanoukville Cambodia 199348
Haiphong Haiphong Vietnam 199649

Sister portsedit

Port Region Country Year
Kobe Hyogo Japan 1957
Rotterdam South Holland Netherlands 1959

See alsoedit

  • Democracy voucher, unique Seattle public-financing system for election campaigns

Notesedit

  1. ^ 1985-2007:
    • "Crime - Local Level; Single Agency Reported Crime", UCRDATATOOLgov, US Department of Justice, January 26, 2017, retrieved February 23, 2017 
    2008-2016:
    • Crime Dashboard, Seattle Police Department, February 2017, retrieved February 23, 2017 
  2. ^ Seattle Police Department SPD 2012 Major Crimes a 25 Year Review
  3. ^ Municipal Court of Seattle "Jail Locations and Visitations" City of Seattle Retrieved 2007-10-04 
  4. ^ Walter F Roche Jr 2006-09-11 "Homicides, gun violence up nationwide last year" The Seattle Times Archived from the original on 2007-11-04 Retrieved 2007-09-28 
  5. ^ Office of the Mayor 2007-02-07 "Major crimes down in Seattle in 2006" City of Seattle Retrieved 2007-10-01 
  6. ^ Jessica Blanchard 2004-11-24 "Area car-theft ranking falls" The Seattle Times Retrieved 2007-09-28 
  7. ^ Tracy Johnson 2002-04-30 "Mak spared death for Wah Mee killings" Seattle Post-Intelligencer Retrieved 2007-10-04 
  8. ^ "Capitol Hill rampage worst since Wah Mee Massacre" The Seattle Times 2006-03-26 Retrieved 2007-10-01 
  9. ^ "One dead in hate-crime shooting at Jewish center" CNN 2006-07-29 Retrieved 2007-10-01 
  10. ^ Greg Lange 1998-11-04 "Seattle receives epithet Queen City in 1869" HistoryLink Retrieved 2007-10-26 
  11. ^ "How did Cincinnati come to be known as the Queen City" Cincinnati Frequently Asked Questions Cincinnati Historical Society Library Retrieved 2007-10-27 
  12. ^ Lyle W Dorsett; Michael McCarthy 1986 The Queen City: A History of Denver Pruett ISBN 0-87108-704-9 
  13. ^ "The town is named" Let's Learn About Regina City of Regina Archived from the original on 2007-10-13 Retrieved 2007-10-27 
  14. ^ "Healthy Infrastructure for Queen City Livability" City of Buffalo Archived from the original on 2007-08-13 Retrieved 2007-10-27 
  15. ^ "Business Development: Major Development Initiatives: Waterfront Redevelopment" City of Bangor Archived from the original on 2008-02-22 Retrieved 2007-10-27 
  16. ^ "Home Page" Queen City News Retrieved 2007-10-27  Queen City News is a Helena, Montana newspaper
  17. ^ "Welcome to Burlington, Vermont" City of Burlington Police Retrieved 2007-10-27 
  18. ^ "Welcome to Charlotte, North Carolina" City of Charlotte, North Carolina Retrieved 2007-10-27 
  19. ^ a b "We're not in Washington Anymore" Seattlest 2005-10-27 Retrieved 2007-09-27 
  20. ^ "Seattle City Symbols" City of Seattle Retrieved 2007-09-29 
  21. ^ Gene Johnson 2006-10-21 "Seattle Unveils Slogan: 'Metronatural'" Comcast News Retrieved 2007-09-27 
  22. ^ Seattle City Council 2003-03-17 "Seattle Names Great Blue Heron "Official Bird"" City of Seattle Archived from the original on 2007-11-03 Retrieved 2007-09-29 
  23. ^ Mildred Andrews 2003-03-02 "Landes, Bertha Knight 1868-1943" HistoryLink Retrieved 2007-10-03 
  24. ^ Lee Micklin 1998-10-30 "Jewish mayor of Seattle Bailey Gatzert is elected on August 2, 1875" The Seattle Times Retrieved 2007-09-28 
  25. ^ Kit Oldham 2004-01-11 "Langlie, Arthur B 1900-1966" HistoryLink Retrieved 2007-10-04 
  26. ^ Cassandra Tate 2004-09-23 "Voters re-elect businessman Robert Moran as mayor of the City of Seattle on July 8, 1889" HistoryLink Retrieved 2007-10-03 
  27. ^ "Interactive City Directory: Seattle, WA" Sister Cities International Retrieved August 28, 2012 
  28. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Kobe, Japan" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  29. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Bergen, Norway" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  30. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Tashkent, Uzbekistan" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  31. ^ Kesting, Piney January–February 2016 "The Unlikely Sisterhood of Seattle and Tashkent" AramcoWorld Aramco Services Company 67 1: 10–23 
  32. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Beer Sheva, Israel" City of Seattle Archived from the original on May 29, 2007 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  33. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Mazatlán, Méjico" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  34. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Nantes, France" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  35. ^ "Seattle-Christchurch Sister City Association" Seattle-Christchurch Sister City Association Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  36. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Mombasa, Kenya" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  37. ^ "Seattle-Chongqing Sister City Association" Seattle-Chongqing Sister City Association Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  38. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Limbe, Cameroon" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  39. ^ "Seattle Galway Sister City Association" Irish Heritage Club of Seattle Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  40. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Reykjavík, Iceland" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  41. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Taejon, Korea" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  42. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Cebu, Philippines" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  43. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Kaohsiung, Taiwan" City of Seattle Retrieved August 9, 2012 
  44. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Pécs, Hungary" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  45. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Perugia, Italy" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  46. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Surabaya, Indonesia" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  47. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Gdynia, Poland" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 26, 2007 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  48. ^ "About Us" The Seattle-Sihanoukville Sister City Association Archived from the original on October 10, 2008 Retrieved November 26, 2007 
  49. ^ "Seattle International Sister City: Haiphong, Vietnam" City of Seattle Archived from the original on September 23, 2006 Retrieved November 26, 2007 

External linksedit

  • Seattle City Council Members Arranged Chronologically by Term, on the city's official website
  • "Seattle" US City Open Data Census UK: Open Knowledge Foundation 
  • Data portal


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