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Gorsedh Kernow

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Gorsedh Kernow Cornish Gorsedd is a non-political Cornish organisation, based in Cornwall, United Kingdom, which exists "to maintain the national Celtic spirit of Cornwall"citation needed It is based on the Welsh-based Gorsedd, which was founded by Iolo Morganwg in 1792

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 The first bards of Gorsedh Kernow at Boscawen-Un
  • 2 Lists of Cornish bards and venues
    • 21 1899 – 1928
    • 22 Venues in Cornwall since 1929
    • 23 List of Grand Bards of the Gorsedh Kernow since 1928
    • 24 List of Deputy Grand Bards of the Gorsedh Kernow since 1928
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historyedit

The Gorsedh Kernow Gorsedd of Cornwall was set up in 1928 at Boscawen-Un by Henry Jenner, one of the early proponents of Cornish language revival, who took the name "Gwas Myghal", meaning "servant of Michael" He and twelve others were initiated by the Archdruid of Wales It has been held every year since, except during World War II 1,000 people have been Cornish bards, including Ken George, R Morton Nance "Mordon" and Peter Berresford Ellis1

After 1939 the Council of the Gorsedd of Cornwall approved additional regalia, and asked Francis Cargeeg to design and execute new regalia for the Grand Bard, the Deputy Grand Bard and the Secretary, and two headpieces for the Marshal's staves Over time, and up to 1970, additional pieces were added, including Plastrons for past Grand Bards, also produced by Francis Cargeeg2

Lady of Cornwall and flower girls at the 2007 Gorsedh Penzance

The Gorsedh Kernow has now opened up to all forms of revived Cornish language, and states its aim as "to maintain the national Celtic spirit of Cornwall" The Gorsedh also encourages the study of the arts and history It has been held annually since and has become an important institution in Cornwall's cultural and civic life Its competitions attract many applicants and the "open Gorsedh" is attended by many Cornish people There is also extensive coverage on local media

An important part of the open Gorsedh is the awarding of bardships to individuals for meritorious work for Cornish culture Thus the Gorsedh acts in many ways as a form of "honours system"citation needed Bardships are awarded for study in the language, services to Cornish music, encouraging the arts especially amongst children amongst other things Initiate Bards are given Bardic names by the Grand Bard who welcomes them into the College of Bards These names are in Cornish and will often refer somehow to the reason for their bardship: other Bardic names refer to the Bard's personal or family name, or describe the Bards themselves,citation needed

The three major Gorsedhs in Britain are recorded in an ancient Welsh triad as being held at Moel Merw and Bryn Gwyddon in Wales and Boscawen-Un in Cornwall ref: Craig Weatherhill After domination of the Brythonic Celts by the Saxons the Bardic tradition fell into disuse and despite attempts at revival over the centuries lost all its prestigecitation needed

The Gorsedh for 2008 was held in September 2008 in Looe which coincided with the Dehwelans Kernow festival The 2009 Gorsedh began on 18 April at Saltashcitation needed

The first bards of Gorsedh Kernow at Boscawen-Unedit

  • Michael Ambrose Cardew, Myghal An Pry
  • Charles G Henderson, Map Hendra
  • William Benjamin Tregoning Hooper, Bras y Golon
  • James Dryden Hosken, Caner Helles
  • Kenneth Hamilton Jenkin, Lef Stenoryon
  • Arthur Quiller-Couch, Marghak Cough
  • Edgar Algernon Rees, Carer Losow
  • George Sloggett, Gwas Petrock
  • Thomas Taylor, Gwas Ust
  • Herbert Thomas, Barth Colonnek
  • James Thomas, Tas Cambron
  • John Coulson Tregarthen, Mylgarer

Morton Nance became the second Grand Bard in 1934 He said, "One generation has set Cornish on its feet It is now for another to make it walk" Although the early Gorsedh used the Unified form, in June 2009, members voted overwhelmingly to adopt the new Standard Written Form as their standard3

Lists of Cornish bards and venuesedit

1899 – 1928edit

1899, Wales
  • John Hobson Matthews Mab Cernyw
  • Reginald Reynolds Gwas Piran
  • Hettie Tangye Reynolds Merch Eia
1903, Brittany
  • Henry Jenner Gwas Myghal
1904, Wales
  • Katherine Lee Jenner Morvoren
  • L C R Duncombe Jewell Bardd Glas
1928, Wales
  • Albert Marwood Bluett Gwryghonen Vew
  • James Sims Carah Gwas Crowan
  • Gilbert Hunter Doble Gwas Gwendron
  • Robert Morton Nance Mordon
  • Annie Pool Myrgh Piala
  • Trelawney Roberts Gonader A Bell
  • Joseph Hambley Rowe Tolzethan
  • William Charles David Watson Tirvab

Venues in Cornwall since 1929edit

  • 1929 Karnbre / Carn Brea
  • 1930 The Hurlers
  • 1931 Pensans / Penzance
  • 1932 The Merry Maidens, St Buryan
  • 1933 Roche Rock
  • 1934 Padderbury Top, Menheniot
  • 1935 Pensans / Penzance
  • 1936 Kelly Rounds, Wadebridge/Pons War Wlan
  • 1937 Boscawen-Un
  • 1938 Trippet Stones, Blisland
  • 1939 "Chylason", Carbis Bay, Grand Bard's house
  • 1940–1945 Royal Institution of Cornwall Truro Museum
  • 1946 Perran Round, Perranzabuloe
  • 1947 Lannstefan / Launceston
  • 1948 Carwyen, Cambron Camborne
  • 1949 Mount Charles Menhyr
  • 1950 Boscawen-Un
  • 1951 Padstow/Lodenek
  • 1952 Trethevy Quoit, St Cleer
  • 1953 Trencrom, Lelant
  • 1954 Castle Dore, Golant
  • 1955 The Merry Maidens, St Buryan
  • 1956 Castle Canyke, Bodmin
  • 1957 Predannack Cross, Mullion
  • 1958 Perran Round, Perranzabuloe
  • 1959 Kelliwik, Callington
  • 1960 Cambron/Camborne
  • 1961 Bude Castle Bude
  • 1962 Barrowfield, Newquay
  • 1963 Giant's Rock, Zennor
  • 1964 Tintagel
  • 1965 Goodern, Kea
  • 1966 Porthya/St Ives
  • 1967 Essa / Saltash
  • 1968 Lanust / St Just in Penwith
  • 1969 Lyskerrys / Liskeard
  • 1970 Perran Round, Perranzabuloe
  • 1971 The Merry Maidens, St Buryan
  • 1972 Launceston Castle / Dunheved
  • 1973 Mount Charles Menhyr
  • 1974 Glasney, Pennrynn / Penryn
  • 1975 Bude Castle
  • 1976 Heyl / Hayle
  • 1977 Nine Maidens, St Columb Major
  • 1978 Boscawen-Un
  • 1979 Bosvenegh / Bodmin
  • 1980 Essa / Saltash
  • 1981 Nance, Illogan
  • 1982 Lanust / St Just in Penwith
  • 1983 St Kew
  • 1984 Kelliwik / Callington
  • 1985 Perran Round, Perranzabuloe
  • 1986 The Merry Maidens, St Buryan
  • 1987 Antony House, Torpoint
  • 1988 Poldhu, Mullion
  • 1989 Lostwydhyel/Lostwithiel
  • 1990 Marhasvean/Marazion
  • 1991 Roche, Cornwall| Roche Rock
  • 1992 Perran Round, Perranzabuloe
  • 1993 Bude Castle
  • 1994 Cambron / Camborne
  • 1995 Marhasvean / Marazion
  • 1996 Lyskerrys/Liskeard
  • 1997 Bosvenegh/Bodmin
  • 1998 Lanust/St Just in Penwith
  • 1999 Heyl/Hayle
  • 2000 Aberfal/Falmouth
  • 2001 Sen Colom / St Columb
  • Gwaynten/Spring 2002 Castel Pendynas, Aberfal / Pendennis, Falmouth
  • Autumn 2002 Pensilva
  • 2003 Lannstefan/Launceston
  • 2004 Truru / Truro
  • 2005 Ponswad / Wadebridge
  • 2006 Resruth / Redruth
  • 2007 Pensans/Penzance
  • 2008 Logh / Looe
  • 2009 Essa / Saltash
  • 2010 Porthia / St Ives
  • 2011 Hellys / Helston
  • 2012 Reskammel / Camelford
  • 2013 Glasney, Pennrynn / Penryn
  • 2014 Penntorr / Torpoint
  • 2015 Sen Austel / St Austell
  • 2016 Lannaghevran / St Keverne
  • 2017 Lannstefan/Launceston

List of Grand Bards of the Gorsedh Kernow since 1928edit

  • Gwas Myhal Henry Jenner 1928–1934
  • Mordon Robert Morton Nance 1934–1959
  • Talek E G Retallack Hooper 1959–1964
  • Gunwyn George Pawley White 1964–1970
  • Trevanyon Denis Trevanion 1970–1976
  • Map Dyvroeth Richard Jenkin 1976–1982
  • Den Toll Hugh Miners 1982–1985
  • Map Dyvroeth Richard Jenkin 1985–1988
  • Gwas Constantyn John Chesterfield 1988–1991
  • Caradok Jori Ansell 1991–1994
  • Cummow Brian Coombes 1994–1997
  • Bryallen Ann Trevenen Jenkin 1997–2000
  • Jowan an Cleth John Bolitho 2000–2003
  • Tewennow Rod Lyon 2003–2006
  • Gwenenen Vanessa Beeman 2006–2009
  • Skogyn Pryv Mick Paynter 2009–2012
  • Steren Mor Maureen Fuller 2012-2015
  • Telynor an Weryn Merv Davey 2015-

List of Deputy Grand Bards of the Gorsedh Kernow since 1928edit

  • Mordon Robert Morton Nance 1928–1934
  • Tolzethan Joseph Hambley Rowe 1934–1937
  • Gonader A-Bell Trelawney Roberts 1937–1946
  • Map Mor Henry Trefusis 1946–1952
  • Gwas Cadoc David R Evans 1952–1962
  • Tan Dyvarow Francis Cargeeg 1962–1967
  • Map Kenwyn Cecil Herbert Beer 1967–1972
  • Map Dyvroeth Richard Jenkin 1972–1976
  • Den Toll Hugh John Miners 1976–1982
  • Gwas Gwethnok Ernest E Morton Nance 1982–1988
  • Caradok George P S Ansell 1988–1991
  • Cummow Brian F J Coombes 1991–1994
  • Bryallen Dorothy Ann Trevenen Jenkin4 1994–1997
  • Jowan an Cleth John Bolitho 1997–2000
  • Tewennow Rod Lyon 2000–2003
  • Gwenenen Vanessa Beeman 2003–2006
  • Skogyn Pryv Mick Paynter 2006–2009
  • Steren Mor Maureen Fuller 2009–2012
  • Telynor an Weryn Merv Davey 2012-2015
  • Melennek Elizabeth M Carne 2015-

See alsoedit

  • List of topics related to Cornwall

Referencesedit

  1. ^ List of new Cornish bards / bardic names
  2. ^ Soskernow – Friends of Kernow
  3. ^ Gorsedh adopts SWF – Cornish Language Partnership
  4. ^ Ann Trevenen Jankin: brief biography; anntrevenenangelfirecom
  • Weatherhill, Craig 1995 Cornish Place Names & Language Sigma Leisure ISBN 1-85058-462-1 
  • Jenkin, John Chirgwin 2007 Byrth Gorseth Kernow 1928–2007: Bards of the Gorseth of Cornwall Gorseth Kernow ISBN 1-903668-01-8 
  • Lyon, Rod 2008 Gorseth Kernow / The Cornish Gorsedd: what it is and what it does 

External linksedit

  • "Penzance 2007 Gorseth Kernow parade and ceremony" Youtube 
  • Gorsedh Kernow "Official website" Retrieved 20 April 2009 
  • "Rol Byrth Gorseth Kernow, 1947" Cornovia organisation Archived from the original on 10 July 2009 
  • "Cornish Gorseth Diamond Jubilee" Celtic League 
  • Gorsedh Kernow "List of Grand Bards" 

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