Gorham, New Hampshire


Gorham is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,848 at the 2010 census2 Gorham is located in the White Mountains, and parts of the White Mountain National Forest are in the south and northwest Moose Brook State Park is in the west The town is crossed by the Appalachian Trail Tourism is a principal business It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area

The primary settlement in Gorham, where 1,600 people resided at the 2010 census,2 is defined as the Gorham census-designated place and is located between the two intersections of US 2 and NH 16, along the Androscoggin River

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Rivers
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Sites of interest
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Construction of the Cascade Mill began in 1904, by the Brown Company

The community was first chartered in 1770 by Colonial Governor John Wentworth as a part of Shelburne, called Shelburne Addition Gorham was first settled about 1802, by Robert Sargent and others,3 but for years it contained little more than rocky farms, small logging operations, and a few stores and stables When incorporated in 1836, the town had only 150 inhabitants It was named Gorham at the suggestion of Lot Davis, a resident from Gorham, Maine, and a relative of the Gorham family which incorporated that town in 1764

The St Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad later the Grand Trunk Railway arrived in 18513 Located halfway between Montreal and the New England seacoast, Gorham developed into a railroad town, with a major locomotive yard and repair facility With trains came tourists, and the Mount Madison House, Alpine House, Gorham House and Willis House opened4 Crowds went from Boston and the seacoast to White Mountain Station, and from there to the Glen House in Pinkham Notch and Mount Washington In 1861, travelers made the first trek up the Mount Washington Carriage Road, winding 8 miles 13 km to the summit of the 6,288-foot 1,917 m mountain "The Road to the Sky" was an engineering feat of its day, advertised as "the first man-made attraction in the United States" It would be renamed the Mount Washington Auto Road, and remains popular today

View of Gorham from Mt Hayes, 2016

Railroads benefited local industries as well, hauling freight for mills run by water power from the Androscoggin River Logging flourished, with boards and building timber manufactured by the Libby and the Peabody lumber companies That business would eventually decline, as would railroads In 1973, the town's train depot, built in 1907, was scheduled for demolition The Gorham Historical Society saved the building, which now serves as a headquarters and museum It features displays on area history, with a collection including locomotives, boxcars and a caboose

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 323 square miles 84 km2, of which 319 sq mi 83 km2 is land and 04 sq mi 10 km2 is water, comprising 127% of the town The town center census-designated place has a total area of 09 sq mi 23 km2, of which approximately 09 sq mi 23 km2 is land and approximately 01 sq mi 026 km2 is water

Gorham is drained by the Androscoggin, Peabody, and Moose rivers, and the smaller Moose Brook Gorham lies fully within the Androscoggin River watershed5

The highest point in Gorham is along its western border, on a spur of Mount Madison, where the elevation reaches 3,030 feet 920 m above sea level While Gorham itself is surrounded by larger mountains, a small prominent peak within the town is 2,400-foot 730 m high Pine Mountain

Riversedit

  • Androscoggin River
  • Peabody River
  • Moose River

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1840 156
1850 224 436%
1860 907 3049%
1870 1,167 287%
1880 1,383 185%
1890 1,710 236%
1900 1,797 51%
1910 2,155 199%
1920 2,734 269%
1930 2,763 11%
1940 2,597 −60%
1950 2,639 16%
1960 3,039 152%
1970 2,998 −13%
1980 3,322 108%
1990 3,173 −45%
2000 2,895 −88%
2010 2,848 −16%
Est 2015 2,657 −67%
US Decennial Census7
Gorham Common, with the restored train depot on the left and Gorham Town Hall on the right

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 2,895 people, 1,293 households, and 801 families residing in the town The population density was 907 people per square mile 350/km² There were 1,482 housing units at an average density of 464 per square mile 179/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9734% White, 007% Black or African American, 021% Native American, 121% Asian, 003% Pacific Islander, 014% from other races, and 100% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 031% of the population

There were 1,293 households out of which 266% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 517% were married couples living together, 65% had a female householder with no husband present, and 380% were non-families 330% of all households were made up of individuals and 179% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 224 and the average family size was 284

Cascade Mill c 1920

In the town, the population was spread out with 221% under the age of 18, 59% from 18 to 24, 279% from 25 to 44, 245% from 45 to 64, and 196% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 42 years For every 100 females there were 972 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 948 males

The median income for a household in the town was $32,250, and the median income for a family was $41,008 Males had a median income of $34,659 versus $20,278 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,649 About 39% of families and 70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 60% of those under age 18 and 107% of those age 65 or over

Town centeredit

Gorham Fire Department, 2009

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 1,773 people, 799 households, and 488 families residing in the town center, or census-designated place CDP The population density was 2,0735 people per square mile 7960/km² There were 912 housing units at an average density of 1,0666 per square mile 4094/km² The racial makeup of the CDP was 9718% White, 006% Black or African American, 017% Native American, 102% Asian, 023% from other races, and 135% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 039% of the population

There were 799 households out of which 249% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 506% were married couples living together, 68% had a female householder with no husband present, and 389% were non-families 333% of all households were made up of individuals and 161% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 221 and the average family size was 281

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 212% under the age of 18, 68% from 18 to 24, 282% from 25 to 44, 248% from 45 to 64, and 191% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 41 years For every 100 females there were 970 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 973 males

The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,813, and the median income for a family was $39,400 Males had a median income of $32,217 versus $22,708 for females The per capita income for the CDP was $16,910 About 47% of families and 80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 98% of those under age 18 and 117% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • William Hatch, New Hampshire politician
  • Dr Albert C Johnston, an African-American doctor who, along with his wife and children, hid their racial identity William Lindsay White later published a book, Lost Boundaries, about the family, which became a film in 1949

Educationedit

  • Gorham High School

Sites of interestedit

  • Gorham Historical Society and Railroad Museum
  • Moose Brook State Park

Referencesedit

  1. ^ The Androscoggin River Valley, gateway to the White Mountains, DB Wright and CE Tuttle, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1967
  2. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  3. ^ a b "Some Highlights of Gorham History" PDF Archived from the original PDF on September 14, 2012 Retrieved July 17, 2012 
  4. ^ "Gorham Historical Society & Railroad Museum" Retrieved July 17, 2012 
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Gorham official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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