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Google Fiber

google fiber, google fiber speed test
Google Fiber is part of the Access division of Alphabet Inc It provides fiber-to-the-premises service in the United States, providing broadband Internet and cable television to a small and slowly increasing number of locations In mid-2016, Google Fiber had 68,715 television subscribers and was estimated to have about 453,000 broadband customers

The service was first introduced to the Kansas City metropolitan area, including 20 Kansas City area suburbs within the first 3 years Initially proposed as an experimental project, Google Fiber was announced as a viable business model on December 12, 2012, when Google executive chairman Eric Schmidt stated "It's actually not an experiment, we're actually running it as a business," at the New York Times' DealBook Conference

Google Fiber announced expansion to Austin, Texas, and Provo, Utah, in April 2013, and subsequent expansions in 2014 and 2015 to Atlanta, Charlotte, Raleigh–Durham, Nashville, Salt Lake City, and San Antonio

On August 10, 2015, Google announced its intention to restructure the company, moving less central services and products into a new umbrella corporation, Alphabet Inc As part of this restructuring plan, Google Fiber would become a subsidiary of Alphabet, and may become part of the "Access and Energy" business unit

Contents

  • 1 Services
  • 2 Distribution
  • 3 First city selection process
  • 4 Operating locations
    • 41 Stanford University
    • 42 Kansas City
    • 43 Austin
    • 44 Provo
    • 45 Salt Lake City
    • 46 Charlotte
    • 47 Atlanta
    • 48 Research Triangle Raleigh–Durham
  • 5 Announced future locations
    • 51 California
    • 52 Nashville
    • 53 San Antonio
    • 54 Huntsville
    • 55 Louisville
  • 6 Possible future expansion
    • 61 2014
    • 62 2015
    • 63 2016
  • 7 Acquisition of Webpass
  • 8 Technical specifications
  • 9 Prohibition of servers
  • 10 April Fools' hoaxes
  • 11 Reactions
  • 12 See also
  • 13 Notes
  • 14 References
  • 15 External links

Services

A map of cities with Google Fiber Salt Lake City, Charlotte and Raleigh-Durham have now enabled Google Fiber Google Fiber Network Box

Google Fiber offers four options, depending on your location: a free Internet option, a 100 Mbit/s option, a 1 Gbit/s Internet option, and an option including television service in addition to the 1 Gbit/s Internet The Internet service includes one terabyte of Google Drive service; the television service includes a two terabyte DVR in addition to the Google Drive The DVR can record up to eight live television shows simultaneously In addition, television service will also stream live program content on iPad and Android tablet computers

Google offers several different service plans to their customers:

Plan Gigabit + TV Gigabit Internet Basic Internet
Internet bandwidth download 1 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 100 Mbit/s
Internet bandwidth upload 1 Gbit/s 1 Gbit/s 100 Mbit/s
TV service included yes no no
Construction Fee None None None
Monthly Recurring Cost $130-$140 $70 $50
Storage included 1 TB Google Drive
2 TB DVR
8 tuners
1 TB Google Drive None
Hardware included Network box
TV box
TV remote control
8-tuner DVR
Network box Network box

Google also offers free Google Fiber Internet connectivity in each of its markets to select public and affordable housing properties

Distribution

In order to avoid underground cabling complexity for the last mile, Google Fiber relies on aggregators dubbed Google Fiber Huts

From these Google Fiber Huts, the fiber cables travel along utility poles into neighborhoods and homes, and stop at a Fiber Jack an Optical Network Terminal or ONT in each home

The estimated cost of wiring a fiber network like Google Fiber into a major American city is $1 billion

First city selection process

The initial location was chosen following a competitive selection process Over 1,100 communities applied to be the first recipient of the service Google originally stated that they would announce the winner or winners by the end of 2010; however, in mid-December, Google pushed back the announcement to "early 2011" due to the number of applications

The request form was simple, and, some have argued, too straightforward This led to various attention-getting behaviors by those hoping to have their town selected Some examples are given below:

  • Baton Rouge, Louisiana supporters remade the Supertramp song "Give a Little Bit" to "Give a Gigabit"
  • Greenville, South Carolina utilized 1,000 of their citizens and glow sticks to create "The World's First and Largest People-Powered Google Chain" From an aerial view, the title "Google" was colorfully visible
  • Topeka, Kansas, temporarily renamed itself "Google"
  • A small plane bearing a banner reading "Will Google Play in Peoria, IL" flew over the Google campus in Mountain View, California
  • The mayor of Duluth, Minnesota, jokingly proclaimed that every first-born child will be named either Google Fiber or Googlette Fiber
  • The city of Rancho Cucamonga, California, dubbed their city, "Rancho Googlemonga"
  • One of the islands in Sarasota, Florida, was temporarily renamed "Google Island"

Municipalities and citizens have also uploaded YouTube videos to support their bids Some examples:

  • A YouTube video in support of Sarasota, Florida, used the Bobby McFerrin song "Don't Worry, Be Happy" A video for Sarasota was uploaded through Facebook’s video service
  • Comedian and United States Senator Al Franken made a YouTube video to support the bid of Duluth, Minnesota
  • Ann Arbor, Michigan, has its own YouTube channel featuring a David Letterman-style Top Ten list delivered by town VIPs such as Mayor John Hieftje and University of Michigan President Mary Sue Coleman Ann Arbor also held a city-wide GoogleFest, kicking off with a gathering of hundreds of participants dancing and chanting "Ann Arbor Google Fiber, ain't Nothing any finer"

Operating locations

In 2011, Google launched a trial in a residential community of Palo Alto, California On March 30 of the same year, Kansas City, Kansas, was selected as the first city to receive Google Fiber In 2013, Austin, Texas, and Provo, Utah, were announced as expansion cities for Google Fiber on April 9 and 17 respectively

Stanford University

  • In summer 2011, Google launched a free trial of its forthcoming fiber service in one residential community near Stanford University in Palo Alto, California

Kansas City

Google Fiber goes to Kansas City

Google found that affluent neighborhoods in Kansas City signed up for the faster service while those in poorer neighborhoods did not sign up for even the free option In response to this digital divide, Google sent a team of 60 employees to the under-served areas to promote the Google Fiber service Additionally, Google offered micro-grants to community organizations that want to start up digital literacy programs in Kansas City

The following are chronological announcements of service in the Kansas City metropolitan area Neighborhoods are said to be selected based on demand:

  • Kansas City, Kansas – On March 30, 2011, Kansas City, Kansas, was selected from over 1,100 applicants to be the first Google Fiber community
  • Kansas City, Missouri – On May 17, 2011, Google announced the decision to include Kansas City, Missouri, thus offering service to both sides of the state line The network became available to residents in September 2012
  • Olathe, Kansas – On March 19, 2013, Google announced that the project would be expanded to Olathe
  • North Kansas City, Missouri – On April 19, 2013, Google announced that they were to begin a 20-year lease on dark fiber in the existing LiNKCity fiber network in North Kansas City The original news article was incomplete and later articles clarified the lease Independent of Google's network the system in North Kansas City will also be upgraded to Gigabit capacity and managed by a local company based out of North Kansas City
  • Shawnee, Kansas – May 2, 2013
  • Raytown, Missouri – May 3, 2013
  • Grandview, Missouri – May 7, 2013
  • Gladstone, Missouri – May 13, 2013
  • Raytown, Missouri – May 22, 2013
  • Lee's Summit, Missouri – June 21, 2013
  • Mission, Kansas – June 27, 2013
  • Prairie Village, Kansas – August 5, 2013
  • Leawood, Kansas – August 19, 2013 - cancelled July 24, 2014
  • Merriam, Kansas – August 26, 2013
  • Roeland Park, Kansas – September 3, 2013
  • Mission Hills, Kansas – September 9, 2013
  • Fairway, Kansas – September 9, 2013
  • Lenexa, Kansas – September 17, 2013

Google placed deployment in Overland Park, Kansas, on indefinite hold in October 2013, following delays by the City Council over concerns about whether an indemnification clause that Google required might force the city to repair any damage caused by the project As of July 2014, Overland Park's City Council had voted on a deal that would allow for Google Fiber Soon after, the city appeared on Google Fiber's website

Austin

  • Austin, Texas – On April 9, 2013, it was announced that Austin would become a Google Fiber City
  • On October 15, 2014, it was announced that Austin signups for Google Fiber would start in December 2014
  • On December 3, 2014, Google started taking registrations from residents and small businesses

Provo

  • Provo, Utah – On April 17, 2013, it was announced that Provo would become the third Google Fiber City Expansion of Google Fiber service to Provo, Utah will be accomplished through an agreement with the City of Provo to allow Google to acquire the existing fiber network known as "iProvo" The agreement will allow Google to purchase the iProvo network for $1, while requiring Google to upgrade the aging network to gigabit capacity, offer free gigabit service to 25 local public institutions, and offer 5 Mbit/s service to every home in the city for free after a $300 activation fee

Salt Lake City

On March 24, 2015, Google announced that Google Fiber would expand into Salt Lake City, Utah Service became available for signup on August 24, 2016

Charlotte

On July 12, 2016, sign-ups opened in Highland Creek Charlotte neighborhood

Atlanta

In the original announcement of 2015, the following areas were announced:

  • Avondale Estates
  • Brookhaven
  • Castleberry Hill
  • College Park
  • Decatur
  • East Point
  • Hapeville
  • Sandy Springs
  • Smyrna
  • Vine City

In August, 2016, sign-ups were opened

Research Triangle Raleigh–Durham

In the original announcement of 2015, the following areas were announced:

  • Cary
  • Chapel Hill
  • Carrboro
  • Garner

On September 13, 2016, sign-ups opened

Announced future locations

California

On January 27, 2015, Google announced that Google Fiber would expand into additional markets:

  • Southern California
    • Long Beach
    • Huntington Beach Orange County

Irvine, previously announced separately, is in Orange County

Nashville

The areas initially announced in February 2015 were:

  • Oak Hill
  • Forest Hills
  • Berry Hill
  • Belle Meade

As of December 2016, construction is underway Sign-ups are open

San Antonio

On April 14, 2016, Google sent a blast email to early adopters of Google Fiber announcing that they were indeed behind the visible construction across the city A few details were given about the vast extent of the construction that was being undertaken, Google is in the process of deploying about 4,000 linear miles of fiber-optic cable throughout San Antonio In advance of the imminent deployment of the new fiber network the direct competitors of Google Fiber, AT&T U-Verse, Time Warner Cable, and Grande Communications have dropped prices and increased the speeds of their networks San Antonio, the 7th largest city in the nation, is the largest project that Google Fiber has taken on to date

On August 5, 2015, expansion into San Antonio, Texas was announced As of December 2016, construction is underway

Huntsville

On February 22, 2016, Google announced that Google Fiber would expand into Huntsville, Alabama

Louisville

On February 26, 2016, expansion into Louisville was announced

Possible future expansion

2014

In February 2014, Google announced it had "invited cities in nine metro areas around the US—34 cities altogether—to work with us to explore what it would take to bring them Google Fiber"

The remaining metropolitan areas where Fiber has not yet begun constructing are: Phoenix, Portland, San Antonio and San Jose Of these, the following have yet to be selected by Google for fiber deployments:

  • Arizona – Phoenix, Scottsdale, Tempe These plans were put on hold in October 2016
  • California – These plans were put on hold in October 2016
    • San Jose
    • Santa Clara
    • Sunnyvale
    • Mountain View
    • Palo Alto
  • Oregon – Portland, Beaverton, Hillsboro, Gresham, Lake Oswego, Tigard These plans were put on hold in October 2016

On April 15, 2014, Google began polling business users on their need for gigabit service, that they would be "conducting a pilot program where we'll connect a limited number of small businesses to our network"

2015

On September 10, 2015, Google tweeted that it was exploring the possibility of adding Irvine, California, and San Diego, California as future expansion cities

On October 28, 2015, Jill Szuchmacher, Google Fiber Director of Expansion, announced ongoing negotiations with local governments in Jacksonville, Florida, Tampa, Florida, and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Szuchmacher stated that Google is interested in the installation of Google Fiber networks in each of the cities and that construction could take up to eighteen months once the project is underway In October 2016, those plans were put on hold

On December 8, 2015, the Seattle City Council's Director of Communications replied to a tweet indicating that the city is in the process of applying for Google Fiber service

On December 8, 2015, Jill Szuchmacher said the company will work with Chicago city leaders to collect information and study factors that could affect construction of Google Fiber In October 2016, those plans were put on hold

2016

On June 14, 2016, Jill Szuchmacher said the company will work with Dallas and Mayor Mike Rawlings to try and bring another hub to the state of Texas In October 2016, those plans were put on hold

Acquisition of Webpass

Google Fiber bought Webpass on June 22, 2016 They are an Internet service provider that has been in business for 13 years and specializes in high-speed Internet for business and residential customers They have a large presence in California and specifically the Bay Area as well as San Diego, Miami, Miami Beach, Coral Gables, Chicago, and Boston The deal closed in October 2016

Technical specifications

Google Fiber provides an Internet connection speed of up to one gigabit per second 1,000 Mbit/s for both download and upload which is roughly 100 times faster access than what most Americans have Google Fiber says its service allows for the download of a full movie in less than two minutes

In order to use gigabit speeds as of 2013, devices would require support for Gigabit Ethernet and category 5e or greater cabling, or a 80211ac compatible WiFi router and wireless adapter

Prohibition of servers

When first launched, Google Fiber's terms of service stated that its subscribers were not allowed to create any type of server: "Your Google Fiber account is for your use and the reasonable use of your guests Unless you have a written agreement with Google Fiber permitting you do so, you should not host any type of server using your Google Fiber connection, use your Google Fiber account to provide a large number of people with Internet access, or use your Google Fiber account to provide commercial services to third parties including, but not limited to, selling Internet access to third parties"

The Electronic Frontier Foundation criticized the practice, noting the ambiguity of the word "server" which might or might not include such common application protocols as BitTorrent, and Spotify, as well as the effect of and on IPv6 adoption due its lack of NAT technical limitations on network servers, but also noted similar prohibitions from other ISPs such as Comcast, Verizon, Cox, and AT&T

In October 2013, the acceptable use policy for Google Fiber was modified to allow "personal, non-commercial use of servers"

April Fools' hoaxes

See also: List of Google April Fools' Day hoaxes

On April Fools' Day 2007, Google hosted a signup for Google TiSP offering "a fully functional, end-to-end system that provides in-home wireless access by connecting your commode-based TiSP wireless router to one of thousands of TiSP Access Nodes via fiber-optic cable strung through your local municipal sewage lines"

On April Fools' Day 2012, Google Fiber announced that their product was an edible Google Fiber bar instead of fiber-optic Internet broadband It is stated that the Google Fiber bar delivers "what the body needs to sustain activity, energy, and productivity"

On April Fools' Day 2013, Google Fiber announced the introduction of Google Fiber to the Pole The description provided was "Google Fiber to the Pole provides ubiquitous gigabit connectivity to fiberhoods across Kansas City This latest innovation in Google Fiber technology enables users to access Google Fiber's ultrafast gigabit speeds even when they are out and about" Clicking on the "Learn more" and "Find a pole near you" buttons displayed a message reading "April Fool’s! While Fiber Poles don’t exist, we are working on a bunch of cool stuff that does Keep posted on all things Fiber by checking out our blog"

The April Fools' Day 2014 prank was an announcement of Coffee To The Home, using a spout on the fiber jack where the service enters the customer's home to deliver customized coffee drinks

On April Fools' Day 2015, Google Fiber announced Dial-Up Mode for people who prefer slower Internet It reaches speeds up to 56k and helps people get back to real life more often

For the 2016 April Fools' Day joke, Google Fiber announced it was "exploring 1 billion times faster speeds"

Reactions

Time Magazine has claimed that rather than wanting to actually operate as an Internet service provider, the company was just hoping to shame the major cable operators into improving their service so that Google searches could be done faster Google has neither confirmed nor denied this claim

According to a Goldman Sachs report, Google could connect approximately 830,000 homes a year at the cost of $125 billion a year, or a total of 75 million homes in nine years at a cost of slightly over $10 billion

In January 2014 a bill was introduced in the Kansas Legislature Senate Bill 304, referred to as the "Municipal Communications Network and Private Telecommunications Investment Safeguards Act" which would prevent Google Fiber from expanding further in Kansas using the model used in Kansas City The bill proposes: "Except with regard to unserved areas, a municipality may not, directly or indirectly:

  1. Offer to provide to one or more subscribers, video, telecommunications or broadband service; or
  2. purchase, lease, construct, maintain or operate any facility for the purpose of enabling a private business or entity to offer, provide, carry, or deliver video, telecommunications or broadband service to one or more subscribers"

By February 2014, Senate Bill 304 SB304 had lost momentum in the Kansas state senate, and the bill's sponsor, Kansas Cable Telecommunications Association KCTA, indicated that it is highly unlikely that it will continue to pursue the legislation in the current legislative session

See also

  • Google WiFi, Google's municipal wireless network
  • Project Loon, Google's research project aiming to provide Internet access to rural and remote areas via high-altitude balloons
  • AT&T U-verse
  • Verizon Fios

Notes

  1. ^ The 80211a/b/g/n wireless protocols cannot achieve 1 gigabit speeds The one exception, 80211ac theoretically supports up to 13 Gbit/s 1625 megabytes per second However, as of 2013 commercially available 80211ac devices achieve ≤05 Gbit/s under optimum conditions

References

  1. ^ Daisuke Wakabayashi October 25, 2016 "Google Curbs Expansion of Fiber Optic Network, Cutting Jobs" New York Times 
  2. ^ Helft, Miguel 2010-03-21 "Hoping for Gift From Google Go Jump in the Lake" The New York Times 
  3. ^ "Google Fiber 'Very Pleased' with TV Sign-Ups" Multichannel News 2016-09-09 Retrieved 2016-09-18 
  4. ^ a b c "Ultra high-speed broadband is coming to Kansas City, Kansas" Googlecom 
  5. ^ "Google announces experimental FTTH network plans - Lightwave" Lightwaveonlinecom 2010-02-10 Retrieved 2015-06-04 
  6. ^ Copeland, Michael V 2012-12-12 "Eric Schmidt Says Google Fiber Won't Stop With Kansas City" Wiredcom Retrieved 2015-06-04 
  7. ^ "Google Fiber plans service in San Antonio, its biggest city yet" Ars Technica August 5, 2015 
  8. ^ Bergen, Mark 2015-11-30 "Meet Google Alphabet's Access and Energy Division" Vox Media 
  9. ^ a b "Service plans and pricing" Fiber Help Google Retrieved 2014-03-08 
  10. ^ "Bringing Internet access to public housing residents" Google Retrieved July 15, 2015 
  11. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" blogspotcom 2012-04-09 Retrieved 2014-03-14 
  12. ^ Bray, Hiawatha 2016-06-23 "Could Google's purchase of a wireless company boost Boston's Internet" The Boston Globe Retrieved 2016-06-24 
  13. ^ Malik, Om February 11, 2010 "How Much Will Google's Fiber Network Cost" gigaOmcom 
  14. ^ "More than 1,100 communities seek Google network" Associated Press 2010-03-27 Retrieved 2010-03-27 
  15. ^ "Google Fiber for Communities" Google 
  16. ^ Medin, Milo 2010-12-15 "An update on Google Fiber" Google 
  17. ^ Anderson, Nate 2010-12-15 "Google delays its 1Gbit/s fiber announcement" Arstechnica 
  18. ^ Google Fiber for Communities Archived December 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ a b c d e Van Buskirk, Eliot March 11, 2010 "Al Franken Jokes, But Google Fiber Is No Laughing Matter" Wired Magazine 
  20. ^ "Greenville Feels Lucky" Archived from the original on February 1, 2014 Retrieved 2014-01-28 
  21. ^ Helft, Miguel March 26, 2010 "Cities Rush to Woo Google Broadband Before Friday Deadline" New York Times blog 
  22. ^ Silver, Curtis March 10, 2010 "I, Google" Wired Magazine 
  23. ^ Murphy, David March 7, 2010 "The 5 Strangest City Pitches for Google's New Fiber-Optic Service" PC Magazine 
  24. ^ "Al Franken YouTube video" Youtubecom Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  25. ^ "Ann Arbor YouTube channel" Youtubecom Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  26. ^ Ann Arbor GoogleFest
  27. ^ Reed, Tina March 26, 2010 "Ann Arbor 'mob' makes another case to attract Google Fiber" AnnArborcom 
  28. ^ a b "Google Fiber Goes Live Near Stanford" anandtechcom August 22, 2011 
  29. ^ a b Gustin, Sam September 14, 2012 "Google Fiber Issues Public Challenge: Get Up To Speed!" Time Retrieved 2013-05-26 
  30. ^ Google Gets Into the Cable TV Business, for Real, All Things Digital, July 26, 2012
  31. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom 2011-05-17 Retrieved 2015-06-04 
  32. ^ "Google Fiber is coming to Olathe, Kansas" blogspotcom 2013-03-19 Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  33. ^ a b Farivar, Cyrus "North Kansas City leases network to Google Fiber" Kansas City Business Journal Retrieved April 19, 2013 North Kansas City will lease two paths of its LINKCity fiber-optic data network to Google Fiber The City Council approved a 20-year agreement Tuesday worth $32 million 
  34. ^ Vockrodt, Steve May 7, 2013 "Google Fiber bails out North Kansas City's fiber-optic misfire" The Pitch Retrieved May 14, 2013 This doesn't mean we're delivering Google Fiber service to the city of North Kansas City," Google spokeswoman Jenna Wandres says "It just means we're using their fiber as a pass-through to get to surrounding areas 
  35. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom May 2, 2013 Retrieved May 26, 2013 
  36. ^ Canon, Scott May 3, 2013 "Raytown latest city promised Google Fiber" Kansas City Star Retrieved May 3, 2013 
  37. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom May 7, 2013 Retrieved May 26, 2013 
  38. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom May 13, 2013 Retrieved May 26, 2013 
  39. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom May 22, 2013 Retrieved May 26, 2013 
  40. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom June 20, 2013 Retrieved June 20, 2013 
  41. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom June 27, 2013 Retrieved June 27, 2013 
  42. ^ "Prairie Village approves deal for Google Fiber", Jonathan Bender, Kansas City Star, August 5, 2013 Retrieved September 18, 2013
  43. ^ "Leawood, Kansas Approves Fiber" Google Fiber Blog Google 19 August 2013 Retrieved September 18, 2013 
  44. ^ http://wwwkshbcom/news/local-news/investigations/google-fiber-ended-contract-with-leawood-over-underground-utility-ordinance
  45. ^ "Fiber for Merriam, Kansas" Google Fiber Blog Google August 26, 2013 Retrieved September 18, 2013 
  46. ^ "Rolling into Roeland Park, Kan" Google Fiber Blog Google September 3, 2013 Retrieved September 18, 2013 
  47. ^ a b "Fiber's coming to Mission Hills and Fairway" Google Fiber Blog Google September 9, 2013 Retrieved September 18, 2013 
  48. ^ "Bringing Fiber to Lenexa, Kan" Google Fiber Blog Google September 17, 2013 Retrieved September 18, 2013 
  49. ^ Canon, Scott; Bhargava, Jennifer October 25, 2013 "Momentary stall in Overland Park puts Google Fiber on long hold" Kansas City Star McClatchy Retrieved January 23, 2014 
  50. ^ "Overland Park reaches deal to bring in Google Fiber" KMBC Retrieved 24 July 2014 
  51. ^ "Google Fiber's next stop Austin Texas" blogspotcom 2013-04-09 Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  52. ^ "Google Announces December Fiber Signups for South Austin" kutorg 2014-10-15 Retrieved 2014-10-15 
  53. ^ "Google Fiber goes live in Austin" Rapid TV News 2014-12-03 Retrieved 2014-12-03 
  54. ^ "Google Fiber – On the Silicon Prairie, the Silicon Hills, and now the Silicon Slopes" Today the Google Fiber team is in Provo, Utah, where Mayor John Curtis just announced that we intend to make Provo our third Google Fiber City 
  55. ^ "Asset Purchase Agreement" PDF THIS ASSET PURCHASE AGREEMENT between Google Fiber Inc, a Delaware corporation "Purchaser", and Provo City Corporation, a Utah municipal corporation "Seller" 
  56. ^ "Network Services Agreement" PDF terms and conditions upon which Google Fiber will provide high speed broadband Internet access services to the City and certain residents of Provo, free of charge 
  57. ^ "Google Fiber Pricing Provo" Retrieved 14 February 2015 
  58. ^ Brodkin, Jon 24 August 2016 "Google Fiber hits Salt Lake City, now available in seven metro areas" Ars Technica Retrieved 24 August 2016 
  59. ^ https://twittercom/googlefiber/status/752868949730000900
  60. ^ a b c d http://googlefiberblogblogspotde/2015/01/google-fiber-is-coming-to-atlantahtml
  61. ^ http://atlantacurbedcom/2016/8/10/12418522/google-fiber-atlanta-sign-up
  62. ^ http://wwwbizjournalscom/triangle/blog/techflash/2016/09/its-here-where-google-fiber-is-starting-itshtml
  63. ^ http://archiveis/N4M2b
  64. ^ "Google Fiber is coming to San Antonio – Sign up for updates" fibergooglecom Retrieved 2016-04-17 
  65. ^ http://googlefiberblogblogspotde/2015/08/san-antonio-fiberhtml
  66. ^ http://archiveis/871ZS
  67. ^ "Google Fiber Blog" Googlefiberblogblogspotcom February 22, 2016 Retrieved February 22, 2016 
  68. ^ https://googlefiberblogblogspotde/2016/02/standing-with-louisvillehtml
  69. ^ a b "Official Blog: Exploring new cities for Google Fiber" blogspotcom February 19, 2014 Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  70. ^ "The future of Fiber" Google February 19, 2014 Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  71. ^ a b c d e f http://arstechnicacom/information-technology/2016/10/google-fiber-laying-off-9-of-staff-will-pause-plans-for-10-cities/
  72. ^ "Google Fiber - Questionnaire for small business" Google Retrieved 15 April 2014 
  73. ^ https://twittercom/googlefiber/status/642033385620140032
  74. ^ "Google Fiber begins negotiations to lay super-fast Internet network in Jacksonville" jacksonvillecom Retrieved 2015-10-29 
  75. ^ Sky, Blue "Google Fiber superfast Internet service may come to Chicago" chicagotribunecom Retrieved 2016-02-24 
  76. ^ http://googlefiberblogblogspotcom/2016/06/exploring-dallas-for-google-fiberhtml
  77. ^ https://techcrunchcom/2016/06/22/google-fiber-is-buying-high-speed-internet-provider-webpass/ncid=rss&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Techcrunch+%28TechCrunch%29
  78. ^ https://webpassnet/blog/google-fiber-agrees-to-acquire-webpass
  79. ^ Brodkin, Jon 3 October 2016 "Google Fiber is now a fiber and wireless ISP" Ars Technica Retrieved 5 October 2016 
  80. ^ "Google Fiber" Fibergooglecom Retrieved 2015-06-04 
  81. ^ "Google Wants To Expand Its Ultrafast Internet In USA" What is USA News 21 February 2014 Retrieved 2013-09-12 
  82. ^ "Router Charts - 5 GHz Downlink" SmallNetBuilder 2013-10-01 Retrieved 2013-10-01 
  83. ^ Singel, Ryan 30 July 2013 "Now That It's in the Broadband Game, Google Flip-Flops on Network Neutrality" WIRED 
  84. ^ Auerbach, Dan 12 August 2013 "Google Fiber Continues Awful ISP Tradition of Banning 'Servers'" Electronic Frontier Foundation 
  85. ^ Fenley, John 15 October 2013 "Google Fiber has changed its terms of service" GoogleProtestcom 
  86. ^ Brodkin, Jon 15 October 2013 "Google Fiber now explicitly permits home servers" Ars Technica 
  87. ^ Google 1 April 2007 "Welcome to Google TiSP" Retrieved 6 August 2014 
  88. ^ Google 1 April 2012 "Introducing the Google Fiber Bar" video YouTube Retrieved 5 May 2013 
  89. ^ Google Fiber 31 March 2013 "Google Fiber to the Pole" video YouTube Retrieved 6 August 2014 
  90. ^ Google Fiber 1 April 2014 "Introducing Coffee to the Home" video YouTube Retrieved 1 April 2014 
  91. ^ Google Fiber April 1, 2015 "Introducing Dial-Up Mode" video YouTube Retrieved April 1, 2015 
  92. ^ "Exploring 1 billion times faster speeds" Google Fiber Blog April 1, 2016 Retrieved April 1, 2016 
  93. ^ "Google Fiber Could Reach 8 Million Homes By 2022", Elise Ackerman, Forbes, June 14, 2013 Retrieved September 2013
  94. ^ "Senate Bill No 304 : AN ACT enacting the municipal communications network and private telecommunications investment safeguards act" PDF Kslegislatureorg\accessdate=2015-06-04 
  95. ^ "Kansas To Nix Expansion of Google Fiber and Municipal Broadband - Slashdot" Techslashdotorg 2014-01-31 Retrieved 2014-02-20 
  96. ^ "'It’s dead': Kansas municipal Internet ban was 'stabbed, shot, and hanged'", Jon Brodkin, Ars Technica, February 20, 2014 Retrieved February 20, 2014

External links

  • Official website
  • WebPass Acquired
  • Google Fiber on Blogger
  • Google Fiber on Google+
  • Google Fiber's channel on YouTube


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