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Google Drive

google drive,
Google Drive is a file storage and synchronization service created by Google It allows users to store files in the cloud, synchronize files across devices, and share files Google Drive encompasses Google Docs, Sheets and Slides, an office suite that permits collaborative editing of documents, spreadsheets, presentations, drawings, forms, and more

Google Drive was launched on April 24, 2012, and had 240 million monthly active users in October 2014 Google said in September 2015 that they had over one million organizational paying users of Google Drive


  • 1 Device support
    • 11 Computer apps
    • 12 Mobile apps
    • 13 Website interface
  • 2 Storage
    • 21 Individual user account storage
    • 22 G Suite storage
    • 23 Storage scheme revisions
  • 3 Features
    • 31 Sharing
    • 32 Third-party apps
    • 33 File viewing
    • 34 File limits
    • 35 Search
    • 36 Metadata
    • 37 Accessibility to the visually impaired
    • 38 Save to Google Drive browser extension
  • 4 Professional editions
    • 41 Google Drive for Work
    • 42 Google Drive for Education
  • 5 Docs, Sheets and Slides
  • 6 Ownership and licensing
  • 7 Growth
  • 8 Downtime issues
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Device support

Google Drive
Google Drive's Android App
Stable release
  • Windows, macOS
    132 December 6, 2016; 8 days ago 2016-12-06
  • Android
    244521440 December 7, 2016; 7 days ago 2016-12-07
  • iOS
    4161 December 1, 2016; 13 days ago 2016-12-01
Operating systemWindows, macOS, Chrome OS, Android, iOS

For Google Drive to synchronize files between the user's device and Google Drive storage, the Google Drive software application must be running on the user's device The software communicates with Google Drive to synchronize data

Computer apps

Google Drive is available for PCs running Windows Vista or later, and Macs running OS X Lion or later

In October 2016, Google announced that versions 127 and lower of the Drive computer software will be discontinued and sync will stop on February 1, 2017 Going forward after that date, Google will drop support for versions of the software older than 1 year

Later in October 2016, Google announced that starting January 1, 2017, the computer software would end support for Windows versions XP, Vista, and Server 2003 The software will continue to work on those platforms, but will not be actively tested and maintained

Google indicated in April 2012 that work on Linux software was underway, but there was no news on this as of November 2013

In April 2012, Google's then-Senior Vice President Sundar Pichai said that Google Drive would be tightly integrated with Chrome OS version 20

Mobile apps

Google Drive is available for Android smartphones and tablets running Android 41 "Jelly Bean" or later, and iPhones and iPads running iOS 7 or later

The Drive app supports offline viewing of most file types, and unsupported files can be opened in third-party apps on the device Google Drive supported editing of documents and spreadsheets until April 2014, when the capability was moved to the newly released standalone apps for Docs, Sheets, and Slides

The Google Drive app on Android allows users to take a photo of a document, sign, or other text and use optical character recognition to convert to text that can be edited In October 2014, the Android app was updated with a Material Design user interface, improved search, the ability to add a custom message while sharing a file, and a new PDF viewer

In August 2016, Google Drive ended support for Android devices running Android 40 "Ice Cream Sandwich" or older versions, citing Google's mobile app update policy, which states:"For Android devices, we provide updates for the current and 2 previous Android versions" According to the policy, the app will continue to work for devices running older Android versions, but any app updates are provided on a best-efforts basis The policy also states a notice will be given for any planned end of service

In December 2016, Google updated the Android app with a "Backups" section, listing the Android device and app backups saved to Drive The section lets users see what backups are stored, the backups' sizes and details, and delete backups

Website interface

Google Drive has a website that allows users to see their files from any Internet-connected computer, without the need to download an app

The website received a visual overhaul in 2014, that gave it a completely new look and improved performance It also simplified some of the most common tasks, such as clicking only once on a file to see recent activity or share the file, and added drag-and-drop functionality, where users can simply drag selected files to folders, for improved organization

A new update in August 2016 changed several visual elements of the website; the logo was updated, search box design was refreshed, and the primary color was changed from red to blue It also improved the functionality to download files locally from the website; users can now compress and download large Drive items into multiple 2 GB zip files with an improved naming structure, better Google Forms handling, and empty folders will now be included in the zip, thereby preserving the user's folder hierarchy

In December 2016, Google updated the website with a "Backups" section, listing the Android device and app backups saved to Drive The section lets users see what backups are stored, the backups' sizes and details, and delete backups


Individual user account storage

Google gives every user 15 GB of Drive storage space, which is shared across files in Google Drive, messages and attachments in Gmail, and pictures and videos in Google Photos Users can obtain more storage on payment of a monthly subscription

Files in Google Docs, Sheets and Slides native formats including gdoc, gslides, and gsheet are not counted towards the storage limit

An unlimited amount of photos at maximum 16 megapixels and videos at maximum 1080p resolutions are stored for free in Google Photos using the "High quality" setting Using the "Original quality" setting uses Google Drive storage space

As of 2016, these are the storage plans offered by Google:

15 GBFree
100 GB$199 per month
1 TB$999 per month
10 TB$9999 per month
20 TB$19999 per month
30 TB$29999 per month

By default, storage purchases are set to renew automatically at the end of the subscription period Users can upgrade their storage plan anytime, with the new storage tier taking effect immediately If the auto-renewal fails, a 7-day grace period is offered for users to update their payment information When the storage plan expires or is cancelled, storage limit is set back to the free level Users can still access all their content, but will not be able to add anything beyond the storage limit, which means:

  • Users cannot add new files to Google Drive, with the exception of Docs, Sheets, or Slides files, which do not take up space Synchronization between Drive and the local device will stop
  • Users with the "Original quality" setting in Google Photos cannot upload new photos or videos
  • Any incoming emails in Gmail will be returned to the sender

Varying levels of free additional storage are offered on the purchase of specific Android devices from Motorola and HTC, Kensington devices and Chromebooks

G Suite storage

Google offers 30 GB of Drive storage for all G Suite Basic users, and unlimited storage for those using G Suite Unlimited or G Suite for Education, as long as there are at least 5 members Associations with less than 5 members get 1 TB per user

Storage scheme revisions

Before the introduction of Google Drive, Google Docs initially provided 15 GB of storage free of charge On April 24, 2012, Google Drive was introduced with free storage of 5 GB Storage plans were revised, with 25GB costing $249/month, 100GB costing $499/month and 1TB costing $4999/month

Originally, Gmail, Google Docs and Picasa had separate allowances for free storage and a shared allowance for purchased storage Between April 2012 and May 2013, Google Drive and Google+ Photos had a shared allowance for both free and purchased storage, whereas Gmail had a separate 10 GB storage limit, which increased to 25 GB on the purchase of any storage plan

In September 2012, Google announced that a paid plan would now cover total storage, rather than the paid allocation being added to the free; eg a 100 GB plan allowed a total of 100 GB rather than 115 GB as previously

In May 2013, Google announced the overall merge of storage across Gmail, Google Drive and Google+ Photos, allowing users 15 GB of unified free storage between the services

In March 2014, the storage plans were revised again and prices were reduced by 80% to $199/month for 100 GB, $999/month for 1TB, and $9999/month for 10 TB This was much cheaper than competitors Dropbox and OneDrive offered at the time The 25 GB and 200 GB plans were discontinued and the 2 TB, 4 TB, 8 TB and 16 TB plans were replaced with 10 TB, 20 TB and 30 TB Users were automatically upgraded to the new pricing scheme

In most cases during these changes, users could continue with their existing plans as long as they kept their accounts active and did not make any adjustments to the plan However, if the account lapsed for any reason, users had to choose from current plans



Google Drive incorporates a system of file sharing in which the creator of a file or folder is, by default, its owner The owner can regulate the public visibility of the file or folder Ownership is transferable Files or folders can be shared privately with particular users having a Google account, using their @gmailcom email addresses Sharing files with users not having a Google account requires making them accessible to "anybody with the link" This generates a secret URL for the file, which may be shared via email or private messages Files and folders can also be made "public on the web", which means that they can be indexed by search engines and thus can be found and accessed by anyone The owner may also set an access level for regulating permissions The three access levels offered are "can edit", "can comment" and "can view" Users with editing access can invite others to edit

Third-party apps

A number of external web applications that work with Google Drive are available from the Chrome Web Store To add an app, users are required to sign in to the Chrome Web Store, but the apps are compatible with all supported web browsers Some of these apps are first-party, such as Google Docs, Sheets and Slides Drive apps operate on the online files, and can be used to view, edit and create files in various formats, edit images and videos, fax and sign documents, manage projects, create flowcharts, etc Drive apps can also be made the default for handling file formats supported by them Some of these apps also work offline on Google Chrome and Chrome OS

All of the third-party apps are free to install However, some have fees associated with continued usage or access to additional features Saving data from a third-party app to Google Drive requires authorization the first time

The Google Drive software development kit SDK works together with the Google Drive user interface and the Chrome Web Store to create an ecosystem of apps that can be installed into Google Drive In February 2013, the "Create" menu in Google Drive was revamped to include third-party apps, thus effectively granting them the same status as Google's own apps

In March 2013, Google released an API for Google Drive that enables third-party developers to build collaborative apps that support real-time editing

File viewing

The Google Drive viewer on the web allows the following file formats to be viewed:

  • Native formats Docs, Sheets, Slides, Forms, Drawings
  • Image files JPEG, PNG, GIF, TIFF, BMP, WEBP
  • Audio formats MP3, M4A, WAV, OGG
  • Text files TXT
  • Markup/Code CSS, HTML, PHP, C, CPP, H, HPP, JS
  • Microsoft Word DOC and DOCX
  • Microsoft Excel XLS and XLSX
  • Microsoft PowerPoint PPT and PPTX
  • Adobe Portable Document Format PDF
  • Apple Pages PAGES
  • Adobe Illustrator AI
  • Adobe Photoshop PSD
  • Autodesk AutoCad DXF
  • Scalable Vector Graphics SVG
  • PostScript EPS, PS
  • Fonts TTF
  • XML Paper Specification XPS
  • Archive file types ZIP, RAR, tar, gzip
  • MTS files
  • Raw Image formats

Files in other formats can also be handled through third-party apps that work with Google Drive, available from the Chrome Web Store

File limits

Files uploaded, but not converted to Google Docs, Sheets, or Slides formats, may be up to 5 TB in size There are also limits, specific to file type, listed below:

Documents Google DocsUp to 102 million characters, regardless of the number of pages or font size Document files converted to gdoc Docs format cannot be larger than 50 MB Images inserted cannot be larger than 50 MB, and must be in either jpg, png, or non-animated gif formatsSpreadsheets Google SheetsUp to 2 million cellsPresentations Google SlidesPresentation files converted to gslides Slides format cannot be larger than 100 MB Images inserted cannot be larger than 50 MB, and must be in either jpg, png, or non-animated gif formats


Search results can be narrowed by file type, ownership, visibility, and the open-with app

Users can search for images by describing or naming what is in them For example, a search for "mountain" returns all the photos of mountains, as well as any text documents about mountains Text in the first 100 pages of text documents and text-based PDFs, and text in the first 10 pages of image-based PDFs, can be searched Text in images and PDFs can be extracted using optical character recognition

In September 2016, Google added "natural language processing" for searching on the Google Drive website, enabling specific user search queries like "find my budget spreadsheet from last December"


A Description field is available for both files and folders that users can use to add relevant metadata Content within the Description field is also indexed by Google Drive and searchable

Google Drive does not currently support metadata in the form of tags or labels, like Gmail and Google Keep do

Accessibility to the visually impaired

In June 2014, Google announced a number of updates to Google Drive, which included making the service more accessible to visually impaired users This included improved keyboard accessibility, support for zooming and high contrast mode, and better compatibility with screen readers

Save to Google Drive browser extension

Google offers an extension for Google Chrome, Save to Google Drive, that allows users to save web content to Google Drive through a browser action or through the context menu While documents and images can be saved directly, webpages can be saved in the form of a screenshot as an image of the visible part of the page or the entire page, or as a raw HTML, MHTML, or Google Docs file Users need to be signed in to Chrome to use the extension

Professional editions

See also:G Suite

Google Drive for Work

Google Drive for Work is a business version, a part of G Suite formerly Google Apps for Work, announced at the Google I/O conference on June 25, 2014 and made available immediately The service features unlimited storage, advanced file audit reporting and eDiscovery services, along with enhanced administration control and new APIs specifically useful to businesses Users can upload files as large as 5 TB A press release posted on Google's Official Enterprise Blog assured businesses that Google will encrypt data stored on its servers, as well as information being transmitted to or from them Google will deliver 24/7 phone support to business users and has guaranteed 999% uptime for its servers

In September 2015, Google announced that Google Drive for Work would be compliant with the new ISO/IEC 27018:2014 security and privacy standard, which confirmed that Google would not use data in Drive for Work accounts for advertising, enabled additional tools for handling and exporting data, more transparency about data storage, and protection from third-party data requests

Google Drive for Education

Google Drive for Education was announced on September 30, 2014 It was made available for free to all Google Apps for Education users It includes unlimited storage and support for individual files up to 5TB in size, in addition to full encryption

Docs, Sheets and Slides

Main article:Google Docs, Sheets and SlidesAn example of a document in Google Docs

Google Docs, Google Sheets and Google Slides constitute a free, web-based office suite offered by Google and integrated with Google Drive It allows users to create and edit documents, spreadsheets, and presentations online while collaborating in real-time with other users The three apps are available as web applications, as Chrome apps that work offline, and as mobile apps for Android and iOS The apps are compatible with Microsoft Office file formats The suite also consists of Google Forms, Google Drawings and Google Tables beta While Forms and Tables are only available as web applications, Drawings is also available as a Chrome app The suite is tightly integrated with Google Drive, and all files created with the apps are by default saved to Google Drive

Ownership and licensing

Google has one unified set of terms of service and privacy policy for all its products According to CNET, unlike competing services Dropbox and OneDrive, Google has broad rights to reproduce, use, and create derivative works from content stored on Google Drive, via a license from its users This license is perpetual even after the user removes the material Although the user retains intellectual property rights, the user licenses Google to extract and parse uploaded content to customize advertising and other services that Google provides to the user, and to promote the service Google's broad license to uploaded files also allows it to make usability improvements, such as creating modified versions of uploaded content, which are more suitable for various uses For example, Google might transcode an uploaded video into formats more suitable for viewing on a handheld computer or a certain browser than the original

A report from The Verge, however, finds that Google's terms are quite comparable to those of its competitors, and slightly better in some cases


On November 12, 2013, Google announced that Google Drive had 120 million active users, a figure that the company was releasing for the first time

On June 25, 2014 at the Google I/O developer conference, Sundar Pichai announced that Google Drive now had 190 million monthly active users, and that it was being used by 58% of the Fortune 500 companies as well as by 72 of the top universities

On October 1, 2014, at its Atmosphere Live event, it was announced that Google Drive had 240 million monthly active users The Next Web noted that this meant an increase of 50 million users in just one quarter

On September 21, 2015, it was announced that Google Drive had over one million organizational paying users

Downtime issues

Although Google has a 999% uptime guarantee for Google Drive for G Suite customers, Google Drive has suffered downtimes for both consumers and business users During significant downtimes, Google's App Status Dashboard gets updated with the current status of each service Google offers, along with details on restoration progress Notable downtimes occurred in March 2013, October 2014, and January 2016

When the January 2016 outage was resolved, a Google spokesperson told The Next Web:

At Google we recognize that failures are statistically inevitable, and we strive to insulate our users from the effects of failures As that did not happen in this instance, we apologize to everyone who was inconvenienced by this event Our engineers are conducting a post-mortem investigation to determine how to make our services more resilient to unplanned network failures, and we will do our utmost to continue to make Google service outages notable for their rarity

In an outage that affected all of Google's services for 5 minutes in August 2013, CNET reported that global Internet traffic dropped 40%

See also

  • Comparison of file hosting services
  • Comparison of file synchronization software
  • Comparison of online backup services


  1. ^ a b c Pichai, Sundar April 24, 2012 "Introducing Google Drive yes, really" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  2. ^ a b Protalinski, Emil October 1, 2014 "Google announces 10% price cut for all Compute Engine instances, Google Drive has passed 240M active users" The Next Web Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  3. ^ a b Johnston, Scott September 21, 2015 "Making Google Drive the safest place for all your work" Google Retrieved October 28, 2016 
  4. ^ "Download Google Drive - FileHippo" FileHippo December 6, 2016 Retrieved December 10, 2016 
  5. ^ "Google Drive on the Google Play Store" Google Play Google December 7, 2016 Retrieved December 10, 2016 
  6. ^ "Google Drive on the iOS App Store" App Store Apple December 1, 2016 Retrieved December 2, 2016 
  7. ^ a b "System requirements" Google Retrieved October 7, 2016 
  8. ^ "Service for Google Drive for Mac/PC versions 127 and older ending after February 1, 2017" Google October 18, 2016 Retrieved October 19, 2016 
  9. ^ "Google Drive desktop app ending support for Windows XP, Vista and Server 2003" Google October 27, 2016 Retrieved October 28, 2016 
  10. ^ Noyes, Katherine April 25, 2012 "Google Drive for Linux Is on the Way" PC World Retrieved April 8, 2014 
  11. ^ Stephen, Shankland November 18, 2013 "Google Drive for Linux Patience, patience" CNET Retrieved April 8, 2014 
  12. ^ Metz, Cade April 25, 2012 "Google Set to Meld GDrive With Chrome OS" Wired Retrieved April 26, 2012 
  13. ^ Hachman, Mark April 30, 2014 "Google launches stand-alone Docs, Sheets, and Slides apps" Greenbot Retrieved October 7, 2016 
  14. ^ "Google Drive on the Google Play Store" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  15. ^ Kan, Reuben April 27, 2011 "Introducing the new Google Docs app for Android" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  16. ^ "New version of the Google Drive app for Android" G Suite Updates Google October 29, 2014 Retrieved December 12, 2016 
  17. ^ Spradlin, Liam October 21, 2014 "A Look At Google Drive's Material Design In Android 50 Lollipop" Android Police Retrieved October 7, 2016 
  18. ^ Whitwam, Ryan August 23, 2016 "Drive app update ends support for ICS, adds in-app storage upgrades, and more" Android Police Retrieved October 16, 2016 
  19. ^ "Updates to G Suite mobile apps" G Suite Administrator Help Google Retrieved December 9, 2016 
  20. ^ a b El Khoury, Rita December 8, 2016 "Google Drive Backups tab starts showing up, gives you a glimpse into your device and app backups" Android Police Retrieved December 9, 2016 
  21. ^ "Meet the new Google Drive" Google Drive Blog Google June 25, 2014 Retrieved November 27, 2016 
  22. ^ Crider, Michael July 8, 2014 "Google Drive Gets A Shiny New Interface On The Web, Rolling Out To Users Starting Now" Android Police Retrieved November 27, 2016 
  23. ^ "Improvements to downloading files and folders in Google Drive on the web" G Suite Updates Google August 18, 2016 Retrieved November 27, 2016 
  24. ^ Whitwam, Ryan August 18, 2016 "Google Drive on the web gets UI tweaks, better file downloads, and more" Android Police Retrieved November 27, 2016 
  25. ^ a b Bavor, Clay May 13, 2013 "Bringing it all together:15 GB now shared between Drive, Gmail, and Google+ Photos" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  26. ^ a b "Google Drive storage plans & pricing" Google Retrieved October 7, 2016 
  27. ^ "Google Drive storage" Google Retrieved October 7, 2016 
  28. ^ "Choose a storage size" Google Photos Help Google Retrieved October 7, 2016 
  29. ^ "Purchase, cancellation, & refund policies" Google Retrieved October 15, 2016 
  30. ^ "Google Drive offers" Google Retrieved 6 December 2014 
  31. ^ "Options for adding Drive storage" Google Retrieved October 14, 2016 
  32. ^ Matias, Yossi September 28, 2012 "More spring cleaning" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  33. ^ Johnston, Scott March 13, 2014 "Save more with Google Drive" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  34. ^ Epstein, Mike March 13, 2014 "Google Drive's new prices make Dropbox, OneDrive seem like ripoffs" Digital Trends Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  35. ^ a b "Use Google Drive apps" Google Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  36. ^ Chitu, Alex April 25, 2012 "Chrome and Google Drive's Third-Party Apps" Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  37. ^ Ogasawara, Todd February 22, 2013 "Google Drive Third-Party Apps:An Introduction" InformationWeek Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  38. ^ Garnier, Nicolas February 8, 2013 "Elevate your apps in Google Drive" Google Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  39. ^ Protalinski, Emil February 8, 2013 "Google Drive's Create menu now lets you add and access third-party, Drive-enabled apps" The Next Web Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  40. ^ Cairns, Brian March 19, 2013 "Build collaborative apps with Google Drive Realtime API" Google Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  41. ^ Souppouris, Aaron March 19, 2013 "Google Drive now allows third-party apps to edit docs in realtime" The Verge Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  42. ^ a b "Files you can store in Google Drive" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  43. ^ "Insert or delete images or videos" Google Retrieved October 22, 2016 
  44. ^ Garnier, Nicolas February 27, 2013 "How to make files searchable in Google Drive" Google Retrieved November 12, 2016 
  45. ^ Smith, Josh September 20, 2016 "What you love about Google Search — now for Drive" Google Retrieved November 12, 2016 
  46. ^ "Organize your Gmail inbox using labels" Google Retrieved November 12, 2016 
  47. ^ "Label, colour or pin notes" Google Retrieved November 12, 2016 
  48. ^ "Meet the new Google Drive" Google June 25, 2014 Retrieved October 23, 2016 
  49. ^ "Save to Google Drive" Chrome Web Store Google Retrieved 29 July 2014 
  50. ^ Bishop, Bryan June 25, 2014 "Google announces Drive for Work with unlimited storage at $10 a month" The Verge Retrieved October 23, 2016 
  51. ^ Johnston, Scott June 25, 2014 "Unlimit your business with Google Drive for Work" Google Retrieved November 12, 2016 
  52. ^ Crandall, Marc September 21, 2015 "Google Apps for Work adopts ISO 27018 cloud privacy standard" Google Retrieved October 28, 2016 
  53. ^ Summers, Nick September 30, 2014 "Google unveils Drive for Education with free, unlimited storage and 'Classroom' integration" The Next Web Retrieved October 23, 2016 
  54. ^ Whittaker, Zack May 29, 2014 "Who owns your files on Google Drive" CNET Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  55. ^ Patel, Nilay April 25, 2012 "Is Google Drive worse for privacy than iCloud, Skydrive, and Dropbox" The Verge Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  56. ^ Perez, Sarah November 12, 2013 "Gmail Users No Longer Need To Download Attachments, As Google Drive Gets Baked Into The Inbox" TechCrunch Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  57. ^ Kokalitcheva, Kia June 25, 2014 "Google Drive now has 190M users & a brand new tablet app for presentations" VentureBeat Retrieved October 30, 2016 
  58. ^ "Reliability" Google Cloud Help Google Retrieved December 11, 2016 
  59. ^ Perez, Sarah March 18, 2013 "Google Drive Experiencing Outage UPDATE:Google Says Resolved" TechCrunch Retrieved December 11, 2016 
  60. ^ Woods, Ben October 27, 2014 "Google Drive and Docs are down for some users, company is investigating " The Next Web Retrieved December 11, 2016 
  61. ^ Griffin, Andrew January 26, 2016 "Gmail, Google Drive down:Many Google services hit by widespread outage" The Independent Retrieved December 11, 2016 
  62. ^ a b Woods, Ben January 26, 2016 "Google Drive and Gmail are down for some users around the world Update:They're back!" The Next Web Retrieved December 11, 2016 
  63. ^ Svetlik, Joe August 19, 2013 "Google goes down for 5 minutes, Internet traffic drops 40%" CNET Retrieved December 11, 2016 

External links

  • Google Drive section of Google's The Keyword updates blog

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Google Drive Information about

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