Thu . 18 Sep 2018

Golmud

golmud, golmud railway
Golmud Chinese: 格尔木; pinyin: Gé'ěrmù; Tibetan: ན་གོར་མོ།, Wylie: Na-gor-mo, sometimes transliterated as Ge'ermu or Geermu, is a county-level city in Qinghai Province, China, bordering Xinjiang to the northwest and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the southwest Administrated by Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, it is the third largest city in Qinghai and the third largest in the Tibetan Plateau after Xining and Lhasa The population is now about 205,7001 The name of the city derives from Mongolian, and its literal meaning in the local Western Mongolian is "Rivers"

Contents

  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Demographics
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Transportation
    • 41 Railway
    • 42 Highways
    • 43 Airport
  • 5 Popular cultural references
  • 6 Climate
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Geographyedit

Golmud covers a total area of 124,500 square kilometres 48,100 sq mi This includes an urban area of 72 km2 28 sq mi Golmud is located in the central-south part of the Qaidam Basin with an elevation of 2,809 metres 9,216 ft Around the city there are more than 20 salt lakes of various sizes

A large part of the county-level city of Golmud forms an exclave, separated from the rest of the county by the western "panhandle" of the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Administratively, the exclave forms the so-called Tanggula Town

Demographicsedit

In 1999, the population of the total area of Golmud was approximately 200,000 The town had a population of 130,000, with ethnic Han Chinese comprising 902%

Economyedit

Due to its location, Golmud abounds with natural resources from nearby salt lakes Thus, industries involving salt lake chemicals have sprung up Qarham Salt Lake to the northeast of Golmud proper boasts an area of 5,856 km2 2,261 sq mi, making it the biggest inland salt lake in the world Qarham Salt Lake resources are estimated to be worth over 15 trillion yuan The lake is also China's largest production base for potassium, magnesium, and salt Golmud also possesses natural gas reserves of 1 trillion m³ 35 trillion cu ft plus over 50 varieties of minerals like gold, copper, jade and precious stones, lead, and zinc Other important industries in Golmud include petrochemicals, oil refineries, and gas fields Statistics for 2001 show that the city's nominal GDP totalled 2213 billion yuan, a rise of 319% from the previous year and the highest growth rate since 1990 The Golmud Kunlun Economic Development Zone, which consists of an area of 28 km2 11 sq mi, was built in 1992 Golmud is planned to become "China's Salt Lake City"23

Transportationedit

Railwayedit

See also: Golmud railway station

Golmud lies along the Qinghai–Tibet Railway, a 1,956 km 1,215 mi railroad that starts from Xining and ends at Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region The Golmud-Lhasa section, with a length of 1,142 km 710 mi, was the last and most challenging part of the railway to be completed After construction of 5 years, the first train for Lhasa left Golmud on 1 July 2006

In October 2012 construction started on the Golmud–Dunhuang Railway It will actually branch off the Qinghai–Tibet Railway at the Yinmaxia station north of Golmud, and will cross the Qaidam Basin and the Altyn-Tagh/Qilian system on the way to Dunhuang in the neighboring Gansu province4

A planned Golmud-Korla Railway running north west from Golmud into Xinjiang province began construction in November 20145

Highwaysedit

  • The Golmud-Lhasa highway, extending 1,050 km 650 mi, is part of the 1,930-km Qinghai-Tibet highway China National Highway 109 connecting Xining and Lhasa
  • China National Highway 215, runs north from Golmud to Dunhuang, Gansu

Airportedit

  • Golmud Airport

Popular cultural referencesedit

The Golmud Railway countryside near Golmud is featured as an online multiplayer map in the video game Battlefield 4

Climateedit

Golmud has a cold arid climate Köppen BWk, with long, cold winters, and warm summers The monthly 24-hour average temperature drops to −91 °C 156 °F in January and rises to 179 °C 64 °F in July, while the annual mean is 528 °C 415 °F Precipitation is very low, totaling only 42 millimetres 165 in per annum, falling on 28 days, most of which are during the summer Relative humidity averages only 32%, with all months below 40%, some of the lowest levels nationally With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 62% in July to 81% in November, the city receives 3,096 hours of bright sunshine annually

Climate data for Golmud 1971–2000
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 139
57
180
644
243
757
313
883
310
878
327
909
340
932
355
959
310
878
251
772
167
621
100
50
355
959
Average high °C °F −13
297
29
372
86
475
145
581
194
669
226
727
247
765
242
756
193
667
129
552
54
417
−02
316
128
550
Daily mean °C °F −91
156
−50
23
07
333
68
442
122
54
158
604
179
642
172
63
123
541
51
412
−26
273
−79
178
53
415
Average low °C °F −153
45
−116
111
−61
21
−02
316
53
415
94
489
116
529
109
516
63
433
−12
298
−89
16
−14
7
−11
299
Record low °C °F −336
−285
−266
−159
−261
−15
−134
79
−78
18
−52
226
19
354
−14
295
−82
172
−202
−44
−254
−137
−285
−193
−336
−285
Average precipitation mm inches 6
0024
4
0016
11
0043
9
0035
37
0146
85
0335
135
0531
78
0307
34
0134
9
0035
7
0028
7
0028
422
1662
Average precipitation days ≥ 01 mm 14 8 11 10 26 51 64 42 24 7 9 11 277
Average relative humidity % 39 30 27 24 27 33 37 34 33 29 32 38 319
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2199 2109 2477 2743 2953 2734 2764 2846 2612 2777 2477 2273 3,0964
Percent possible sunshine 72 69 67 70 68 63 62 68 70 80 81 76 70
Source: China Meteorological Administration6

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Reservoir nearing collapse poses threat to Qinghai Tibet railway" Phayul Dharamsala 9 July 2010 
  2. ^ "City in Gobi Desert aims high" SINA English / Shanghai Daily 10 July 2002 
  3. ^ "Golmud City set to become China's Salt Lake City" Alexander's Gas and Oil Connections Xinhua 28 June 2002 
  4. ^ 格尔木至敦煌铁路开工 Archived 9 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Renmin Tielu Bao, 2012-10-20
  5. ^ http://wwwpeoplerailcom/rail/show-456-184719-1html
  6. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集 in Chinese China Meteorological Administration Archived from the original on 21 September 2013 

External linksedit

  • Official website Chinese


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