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Gloria Grahame

gloria grahame, gloria grahame and tony ray scandal
Gloria Grahame November 28, 1923 – October 5, 1981 was an American stage, film and television actress

Grahame began her acting career in theatre, and in 1944 made her first film for MGM Despite a featured role in It's a Wonderful Life 1946, MGM did not believe she had the potential for major success, and sold her contract to RKO Studios Often cast in film noir projects, Grahame received a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Crossfire 1947, and she won this award for her work in The Bad and the Beautiful 1952 She achieved her highest profile with Sudden Fear 1952, Human Desire 1953, The Big Heat 1953, and Oklahoma! 1955, but her film career began to wane soon afterwards

She returned to work on the stage, but continued to appear in films and television productions, usually in supporting roles In 1974, Grahame was diagnosed with breast cancer It went into remission less than a year later and Grahame returned to work In 1980, the cancer returned but Grahame refused to accept the diagnosis or seek treatment Choosing instead to continue working, she travelled to England to appear in a play Her health, however, declined rapidly and she developed peritonitis after undergoing a procedure to remove fluid from her abdomen in September, 1981 She returned to New York City where she died in October, 1981

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Career
  • 3 Personal life
    • 31 Relationships, marriages and children
  • 4 Death
  • 5 Filmography
  • 6 Footnotes
    • 61 Sources
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links

Early lifeedit

Grahame was born Gloria Grahame Hallward in Los Angeles, California1 She was raised a Methodist2 Her father, Reginald Michael Bloxam Hallward, was an architect and author; her mother, Jeanne McDougall, who used the stage name Jean Grahame, was a British stage actress and acting teacher3 The couple had an older daughter, Joy Hallward 1911–2003, an actress who married John Mitchum the younger brother of actor Robert Mitchum During Gloria's childhood and adolescence, her mother taught her acting Grahame attended Hollywood High School before dropping out to pursue acting1

Grahame was signed to a contract with MGM Studios under her professional name after Louis B Mayer saw her performing on Broadway for several years

Careeredit

Grahame made her film debut in Blonde Fever 1944 and then scored one of her most widely praised roles as the flirtatious Violet Bick, saved from disgrace by George Bailey in It's a Wonderful Life 1946 MGM was not able to develop her potential as a star and her contract was sold to RKO Studios in 1947

Grahame was often featured in film noir pictures as a tarnished beauty with an irresistible sexual allure During this time, she made films for several Hollywood studios She received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress for Crossfire 1947

Grahame starred with Humphrey Bogart in the film In a Lonely Place 1950, a performance for which she gained praise Though today it is considered among her finest performances, it wasn't a box-office hit and Howard Hughes, owner of RKO Studios, admitted that he never saw it When she asked to be loaned out for roles in Born Yesterday and A Place in the Sun, Hughes refused and instead made her do a supporting role in Macao Despite only appearing for a little over nine minutes on screen, she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in MGM's The Bad and the Beautiful 1952, a record at the time for the shortest performance on screen to win an acting Oscar, which she held for 24 years before Beatrice Straight broke it in 1977

in her Academy Award–winning role in The Bad and the Beautiful 1952

Other memorable roles included the scheming Irene Neves in Sudden Fear also 1952, the femme fatale Vicki Buckley in Human Desire 1953, and mob moll Debby Marsh in Fritz Lang's The Big Heat 1953 in which, in a horrifying off-screen scene, she is scarred by hot coffee thrown in her face by Lee Marvin's character Graham appeared as wealthy seductress Harriet Lang in Stanley Kramer's Not as a Stranger 1955 starring Olivia de Havilland, Robert Mitchum, and Frank Sinatra

Grahame's career began to wane after her performance in the musical film Oklahoma! 1955 Grahame, whom audiences were used to seeing as a film noir siren, was viewed by some critics to be miscast as an ignorant country lass in a wholesome musical, and the paralysis of her upper lip from plastic surgery altered her speech and appearance Additionally, Grahame was rumored to have been difficult on the set of Oklahoma!, upstaging some of the cast and alienating her co-stars, which furthered her fall from grace in Hollywood4 She began a slow return to the theater, and returned to films occasionally to play supporting roles, mostly in minor releases

She also guest starred in television series, including an episode of the sci-fi series The Outer Limits In the episode entitled "The Guests", Grahame spoofed her own career by playing a forgotten film star living in the past She also appeared in an episode of The Fugitive "The Homecoming", 1964 and an episode of Burke's Law "Who Killed The Rabbit's Husband", 1965 She played small roles in TV miniseries such as Rich Man, Poor Man and Seventh Avenue

The play The Time of Your Life was revived in March 17, 1972 at the Huntington Hartford Theater in Los Angeles with Grahame, Henry Fonda, Richard Dreyfuss, Lewis J Stadlen, Ron Thompson, Jane Alexander, Richard X Slattery and Pepper Martin among the cast, with Edwin Sherin directing5

Personal lifeedit

Over the course of her career, Grahame became increasingly concerned with her physical appearance She was particularly concerned with the appearance of her upper lip which she felt was too thin and had ridges that were too deep To remedy this, Grahame began stuffing cotton or wads of tissues between her lip and teeth to give the appearance of fullness which she felt gave her a sexier look Several co-stars discovered this after filming kissing scenes with Grahame as the tissue or cotton would often transfer to their mouths6 In the mid-1940s, Grahame began undergoing small cosmetic procedures on her lips and face According to her niece, Vicky Mitchum, Grahame's obsession with her looks led her to undergo more cosmetic procedures that rendered her upper lip largely immobile because of nerve damage Mitchum said, "Over the years, she Grahame carved herself up, trying to make herself into an image of beauty she felt should exist but didn't Others saw her as a beautiful person but she never did, and crazy things spread from that"7

Relationships, marriages and childrenedit

Grahame was married four times and had four children Her first marriage was to actor Stanley Clements in August 1945 They divorced in June 19488 The day after her divorce from Clements was finalized, Grahame married director Nicholas Ray They had a son, Timothy, in November 1948 After several separations and reconciliations, Grahame and Ray divorced in 19529 Grahame's third marriage was to writer and television producer Cy Howard They married in August 1954 and had a daughter, Marianna Paulette in 19561011 Grahame filed for divorce from Howard in May 1957, citing mental cruelty10 Their divorce was finalized in November 195711

Grahame's fourth and final marriage was to actor Anthony "Tony" Ray, the son of her second husband Nicholas Ray and his first wife Jean Evans; Anthony Ray was her former stepson Their relationship reportedly began when Tony Ray was 13 years old and Grahame was still married to his father which effectively ended the marriage when Nicholas Ray caught the two in bed together12 The two reconnected in 1958 and married in Tijuana, Mexico in May, 1960 The couple would go on to have two children: Anthony, Jr born 1963 and James born 196513

News of the marriage was kept private until 1962 when it was written about in the tabloids and the ensuing scandal damaged Grahame's reputation and affected her career After learning of her marriage to Anthony Ray, Grahame's third husband, Cy Howard, attempted to gain sole custody of the couple's daughter, Marianna Howard claimed Grahame was an unfit mother, and the two fought over custody of Marianna for years The stress of the scandal, her waning career and her custody battle with Howard took its toll on Grahame and she had a nervous breakdown She later underwent electroshock therapy in 196414 Despite the surrounding scandal, Grahame's marriage to Anthony Ray was her longest lasting union They would later divorce in May 197414

Deathedit

In March, 1974, Grahame was diagnosed with breast cancer She underwent radiation treatment, changed her diet, stopped smoking and drinking alcohol, and also sought homeopathic remedies In less than a year the cancer went into remission15 The cancer returned in 1980, but Grahame refused to acknowledge her diagnosis or seek radiation treatment Despite her failing health, Grahame continued working in stage productions in the United States and the United Kingdom, living for some time in Liverpool While working in London in September 1981, she underwent treatment to remove excess fluid from her abdomen During the procedure, the doctor accidentally punctured her bowel She soon developed peritonitis and was hospitalized After being notified of Grahame's illness, two of her children, Timothy and Paulette, traveled to London and decided to take her back to the United States16

On October 5, 1981, Grahame returned to the United States where she was admitted to St Vincent's Hospital in New York City She died there a few hours later at the age of 5716 Her remains were interred in Oakwood Memorial Park Cemetery in Chatsworth, Los Angeles17

For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Gloria Grahame has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6522 Hollywood Boulevard18

Filmographyedit

Year Title Role Notes
1944 Blonde Fever Sally Murfin
1945 Without Love Flower girl
1946 It's a Wonderful Life Violet Bick
1947 It Happened in Brooklyn Nurse
1947 Crossfire Ginny Tremaine Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1947 Song of the Thin Man Fran Ledue Page
1947 Merton of the Movies Beulah Baxter
1949 A Woman's Secret Susan Caldwell aka Estrellita
1949 Roughshod Mary Wells
1950 In a Lonely Place Laurel Gray
1952 The Greatest Show on Earth Angel
1952 Macao Margie
1952 Sudden Fear Irene Neves
1952 The Bad and the Beautiful Rosemary Bartlow Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1953 The Glass Wall Maggie Summers
1953 Man on a Tightrope Zama Cernik
1953 The Big Heat Debby Marsh
1953 Prisoners of the Casbah Princess Nadja aka Yasmin
1954 Human Desire Vicki Buckley
1954 Naked Alibi Marianna
1954 The Good Die Young Denise Blaine
1955 The Cobweb Karen McIver
1955 Not as a Stranger Harriet Lang
1955 Oklahoma! Ado Annie Carnes
1956 The Man Who Never Was Lucy Sherwood
1957 Ride Out for Revenge Amy Porter
1959 Odds Against Tomorrow Helen
1966 Ride Beyond Vengeance Bonnie Shelley
1971 Blood and Lace Mrs Deere
1971 The Todd Killings Mrs Roy
1971 Chandler Selma
1972 The Loners Annabelle
1973 Tarot Angela
1974 Mama's Dirty Girls Mama Love
1976 Mansion of the Doomed Katherine
1979 A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square Ma Fox
1979 Head Over Heels Clara
1980 Melvin and Howard Mrs Sisk
1982 The Nesting Florinda Costello

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ a b "Flashback: Gloria Grahame" Beaver County Times August 11, 1991 p 7 Retrieved June 26, 2014 
  2. ^ "About FUMC" First United Methodist Church, Eunice, Louisiana Archived from the original on September 15, 2012 
  3. ^ "Actress Gloria Grahame dead of cancer at age 51" The Bulletin October 7, 1981 pp C–7 Retrieved June 26, 2014 
  4. ^ Landazuri, Margarita "Oklahoma! 1955" tcmcom Retrieved December 31, 2012 
  5. ^ "Hollywood Beat" The Afro American April 8, 1972 Retrieved January 22, 2012 
  6. ^ Lentz 2011, p 175
  7. ^ Hagen, Ray; Wagner, Laura 2004 Killer Tomatoes: Fifteen Tough Film Dames McFarland p 73 ISBN 0-786-48073-4 
  8. ^ On This Day in History: July 16 - Just Right for Brooklyn Wiseguy Parts
  9. ^ Curcio 1989, p 101
  10. ^ a b "Gloria Grahame Sues For Divorce" The Miami News May 4, 1957 p 6A Retrieved June 26, 2014 
  11. ^ a b "Gloria Grahame Divorces Producer" Times Daily November 1, 1957 p 17 Retrieved June 26, 2014 
  12. ^ Lentz 2011, p 103
  13. ^ Lentz 2011, pp 6–7
  14. ^ a b Lentz 2011, p 7
  15. ^ Lentz 2011, p 247
  16. ^ a b Lentz 2011, p 317
  17. ^ Patricia, Patricia; Brooks, Jonathan 2006 Laid to Rest in California: A Guide to the Cemeteries and Grave Sites of the Rich and Famous Globe Pequot p 118 ISBN 0-762-74101-5 
  18. ^ "Hollywood Star Walk: Gloria Grahame" latimescom Retrieved June 26, 2014 

Sourcesedit

  • Curcio, Vincent 1989 Suicide Blonde: The Life of Gloria Grahame 1st ed William Morrow ISBN 0-688-06718-2 
  • Lentz, Robert J 2011 Gloria Grahame, Bad Girl of Film Noir: The Complete Career Mcfarland ISBN 0-786-43483-X 

Further readingedit

  • Peter Turner, Film Stars Don't Die in Liverpool New York: Grove Press, 1987

External linksedit

  • Biography portal
  • Gloria Grahame on Internet Movie Database
  • Gloria Grahame at the TCM Movie Database
  • Gloria Grahame at Find a Grave
  • In Loving Memory Of Gloria Grahame
  • Gloria Grahame at Film Reference
  • Gloria Grahame at the Wayback Machine archived October 10, 1999 – Article by Donald Chase
  • Gloria Grahame at Virtual History

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