Gilsum, New Hampshire


Gilsum is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 813 at the 2010 census1 Home to the Bear's Den Natural Area, Gilsum includes Gilsum Lower Village

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

The land was originally named Boyle after Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington, when the land was granted by the Masonian Proprietors in 1752, but ongoing hostilities during the French and Indian War prevented settlement When the grant lapsed, the town was rechartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on July 13, 1763 as Gilsum, combining the surnames of two proprietors, Samuel Gilbert and his son-in-law, Thomas Sumner It was first settled in 1764 by Josiah Kilburn from Hebron, Connecticut2

The Ashuelot River provided water power for woolen mills By 1859, when the population was 668, there was also a bobbin factory, a chair factory, and a tannery Gilsum used to be a center for mining mica and feldspar High-quality crystals, especially beryl, tourmaline, and quartz, can also be found3 Today, Gilsum is headquarters to the WS Badger Company, makers of "balms, potions and natural remedies"

The town contains the Stone Arch Bridge, completed in 1863 with the highest vault 36 feet, 6 inches of any mortarless bridge in New Hampshire In 1989, it was added to the National Register

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 167 square miles 43 km2, of which 167 sq mi 43 km2 is land and 004 sq mi 010 km2 is water, comprising 012% of the town The highest point in Gilsum is an unnamed hill along the town's eastern boundary, where the elevation reaches 1,657 feet 505 m above sea level Gilsum is drained by the Ashuelot River and lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed4

The town is served by New Hampshire Route 10

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 298
1800 484 624%
1810 513 60%
1820 601 172%
1830 412 −314%
1840 656 592%
1850 668 18%
1860 676 12%
1870 590 −127%
1880 663 124%
1890 643 −30%
1900 590 −82%
1910 470 −203%
1920 439 −66%
1930 506 153%
1940 491 −30%
1950 578 177%
1960 528 −87%
1970 570 80%
1980 652 144%
1990 745 143%
2000 777 43%
2010 813 46%
Est 2015 802 −14%
US Decennial Census6

As of the census7 of 2000, there were 777 people, 310 households, and 220 families residing in the town The population density was 466 people per square mile 180/km² There were 343 housing units at an average density of 206 per square mile 79/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9846% White, 039% Native American, 013% Asian, and 103% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 051% of the population

There were 310 households out of which 265% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 587% were married couples living together, 87% had a female householder with no husband present, and 290% were non-families 239% of all households were made up of individuals and 65% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 248 and the average family size was 290

In the town, the population was spread out with 223% under the age of 18, 50% from 18 to 24, 300% from 25 to 44, 319% from 45 to 64, and 108% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 41 years For every 100 females there were 982 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1041 males

The median income for a household in the town was $43,359, and the median income for a family was $50,469 Males had a median income of $35,150 versus $24,205 for females The per capita income for the town was $20,955 About 19% of families and 70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13% of those under age 18 and 137% of those age 65 or over

Sites of interestedit

  • Gilsum Historical Society Museum
  • Stone Arch Bridge

Notable peopleedit

  • Lucy Mack, mother of the Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith
  • Daniel Whitney, Wisconsin businessman and pioneer

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 502 
  3. ^ History of Gilsum, New Hampshire
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 permanent dead link
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Gilsum community website
  • Gilsum Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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