Gilmanton, New Hampshire


Gilmanton is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,777 at the 2010 census1 Gilmanton includes the villages of Gilmanton Corners and Gilmanton Ironworks The town became well known in the 1950s after it was rumored that the popular novel Peyton Place, written by resident Grace Metalious, was based on the town2

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Government
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 National Register of Historic Places
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Gilmanton was incorporated in 1727 First known as Gilmantown, the town was home to the Gilman family, originally settled at Exeter3 Twenty-four members of the Gilman family received land grants in the new town of Gilmanton Other families related to the Gilmans also received grants in the new town, including the Dudleys, the Leavitts, the Folsoms and the Coffins4 At one time it was the second-largest town in the state, following Portsmouth The original town was larger than it is now, with villages and parishes including Belmont, Gunstock Parish Gilford, Hurricane, Tioga, Factory Village and Lakeport A parish first called Averytown, the site of an unprofitable iron-mining enterprise, is still known as Gilmanton Iron Works5

Gilmanton Academy was incorporated in 1794, "one of the three academies first founded in the state"6 In 1808 the original building burned; the second building also burned, in 1894, and was replaced with the current building, which now houses the town offices

Gilmanton Theological Seminary was provided for by the terms of the original charter of Gilmanton Academy Rev Heman Rood, from New Milford, Connecticut, was the first professor in 1835 By 1841 a large, three-story brick building designed by Ammi B Young was completed for the seminary's use7

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 590 square miles 153 km2, of which 572 square miles 148 km2 is land and 18 square miles 47 km2 is water, comprising 298% of the town1 The highest point in Gilmanton is Mount Mack, at 1,945 feet 593 m above sea level, on the town line with Gilford Crystal Lake is in the east, and Shellcamp Pond is in the west Gilmanton lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed8

The town is served by four state routes: 106, 129, 107 and 140 Route 107 is part of Old Province Road, an important road in New Hampshire's early history, and Route 106 is a well-traveled connection between Laconia and Concord Route 140 is an east-west highway leading from Tilton to Alton The intersection NH 107 and NH 140 is at Gilmanton Corners, one of the two major villages Gilmanton Corner or simply "Gilmanton", as shown on topographic maps is the location of several historic buildings, including Gilmanton Academy and Centre Congregational Church Gilmanton Ironworks is located in the eastern part of town along NH 140, near the outlet of Crystal Lake

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 2,613
1800 3,752 436%
1810 4,338 156%
1820 3,752 −135%
1830 3,816 17%
1840 3,485 −87%
1850 3,282 −58%
1860 2,373 −277%
1870 1,642 −308%
1880 1,485 −96%
1890 1,211 −185%
1900 1,100 −92%
1910 968 −120%
1920 814 −159%
1930 676 −170%
1940 708 47%
1950 754 65%
1960 736 −24%
1970 1,010 372%
1980 1,941 922%
1990 2,609 344%
2000 3,060 173%
2010 3,777 234%
Est 2015 3,776 00%
US Decennial Census10

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 3,060 people, 1,165 households, and 900 families residing in the town The population density was 536 people per square mile 207/km² There were 1,848 housing units at an average density of 324 per square mile 125/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9859% White, 010% African American, 020% Native American, 013% Asian, and 098% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 029% of the population

There were 1,165 households out of which 331% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 688% were married couples living together, 55% had a female householder with no husband present, and 227% were non-families 172% of all households were made up of individuals and 58% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 262 and the average family size was 296

In the town, the population was spread out with 242% under the age of 18, 59% from 18 to 24, 305% from 25 to 44, 276% from 45 to 64, and 117% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 1029 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1001 males

The median income for a household in the town was $50,542, and the median income for a family was $51,712 Males had a median income of $37,077 versus $27,727 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,163 About 33% of families and 59% of the population were below the poverty line, including 58% of those under age 18 and 91% of those age 65 or over

Governmentedit

In the New Hampshire Senate, Gilmanton is in the 6th District, represented by Republican James Gray On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Gilmanton is in the 2nd District, represented by Democrat Andru Volinsky In the United States House of Representatives, Gilmanton is in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat Carol Shea-Porter

Sites of interestedit

  • Carpenter Museum of Antique Outboard Motors
  • Crystal Lake
  • Griswold Scout Reservation which includes Hidden Valley Scout Camp and Camp Bell, Boy Scouts of America
  • Village of Gilmanton Ironworks

National Register of Historic Placesedit

  • Centre Congregational Church
  • First Baptist Church of Gilmanton
  • Gilmanton Academy
  • Smith Meeting House

Notable peopleedit

Gilmanton Academy c 1869
  • John B Bachelder, painter, photographer and historian12
  • William Badger, mill owner and 15th Governor of New Hampshire13
  • Curtis Coe Bean, politician14
  • Rudi Blesh, jazz critic and enthusiast15
  • John C Chase, American trade union activist and politician born in Gilmanton16
  • David Cote, author and New York theater critic raised in Gilmanton17
  • Ira Allen Eastman, US congressman18
  • Nehemiah Eastman, US congressman19
  • George G Fogg, US senator and diplomat; began his legal practice in Gilmanton Iron Works20
  • John R French, US congressman21
  • Charles A Gilman, 9th lieutenant governor of Minnesota22
  • H H Holmes, serial killer23
  • Dudley Leavitt, author and publisher; lived in Gilmanton while founding the Gilmanton Gazette and an almanac24 and was a selectman25
  • Grace Metalious, author of Peyton Place26
  • Charles H Peaslee, US congressman27
  • William Prescott, physician, politician, and naturalist28
  • Edwin David Sanborn, educator29
  • John Sewell Sanborn, educator, judge and Canadian politician30
  • David Sellin, art historian, curator of the US Capitol
  • Thorsten Sellin, sociologist and criminologist; died in Gilmanton31
  • Ainsworth Rand Spofford, journalist and publisher32
  • Henry M Spofford, judge33
  • Nathaniel Upham, politician and educator, married Judith Cogswell of Gilmanton and lived in town briefly34

See alsoedit

  • Atkinson and Gilmanton Academy Grant, New Hampshire

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Gilmanton town, Belknap County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 7, 2011 
  2. ^ People Magazine, September 28, 1981, "25 Years After Peyton Place, Her New Hampshire Town Has Not Forgiven Grace Metalious" 1
  3. ^ The History of Gilmanton: Embracing the Proprietary, Civil, Literary, etc, Daniel Lancaster, Gilmanton, Alfred Prescott, 1845
  4. ^ The History of Gilmanton, Daniel Lancaster, 1845
  5. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 500–502 
  6. ^ History of Merrimack and Belknap Counties, New Hampshire Philadelphia: JW Lewis & Co, 1885, http://wwwnhsearchrootscom/documents/History_Gilmanton_NHtxt accessed 12/04/2013
  7. ^ http://wwwnhsearchrootscom/documents/History_Gilmanton_NHtxt
  8. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  12. ^ Metcalf, Henry Harrison and McClintock, John Norris 1915 The Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine Devoted to History , Volume 47 HH Metcalf, p 447 
  13. ^ "New Hampshire Governor William Badger" National Governors Association Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  14. ^ "BEAN, Curtis Coe, 1828 - 1904" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  15. ^ "Jazz Scholar Rudi Blesh; Historian, Biographer, Criticpublisher=Los Angeles Times" August 31, 1985 Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  16. ^ Marquis, Albert Nelson The book of Chicagoans a biographical dictionary of leading living men of the city of Chicago Chicago: AN Marquis & Co, 1911 132 Print Copy & Paste | Parenthetical
  17. ^ http://histriomastixtypepadcom/abouthtml
  18. ^ "EASTMAN, Ira Allen, 1809 - 1881" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  19. ^ "EASTMAN, Nehemiah, 1782 - 1856" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  20. ^ http://bioguidecongressgov/scripts/biodisplayplindex=F000234
  21. ^ "FRENCH, John Robert, 1819 - 1890" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  22. ^ "Charles Andrew Gilman" Minnesota Historical Society Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  23. ^ "H H Holmes" A+E Television Networks, LLC Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  24. ^ Cornelius, Elias The American quarterly register Vol 13, Boston 1841 176 Print
  25. ^ Lancaster, Daniel The history of Gilmanton, embracing the proprietary, civil, literary, ecclesiastical, biographical, genealogical, and miscellaneous history, from the first settlement to the present time; including what is now Gilford, to the time it was disannexed Gilmanton NH: Printed by A Prescott, 1845 140, 142 Print
  26. ^ Toth, Emily Inside Peyton Place Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1981 Print
  27. ^ "PEASLEE, Charles Hazen, 1804 - 1866" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  28. ^ Wilson, James Grant, and John Fiske Appleton's cyclopædia of American biography, New York: D Appleton and Co, 1900 Print
  29. ^ The Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine, Volume 16 Granite Monthly Co 1894 p 131 
  30. ^ "SANBORN, JOHN SEWELL," University of Toronto Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  31. ^ Charlesworth, James C 1969 "The Academy Dips Its Colors to Dr Sellin," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 381: pp iii-iv
  32. ^ Johnson, Rossiter and Brown, John Howard 1904 he Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans Biographical Society 
  33. ^ Hardy, Stella Pickett 1911 Colonial Families of the Southern States of America: A History and Genealogy of Colonial Families who Settled in the Colonies Prior to the Revolution TA Wright p 368 
  34. ^ http://wwwandoverhistoricalorg/manuscripts/manuscripts-mss697htm

External linksedit

  • Town of Gilmanton official website
  • Gilmanton Year-Round Library "Barn Library"
  • Gilmanton Corner Library
  • Gilmanton Historical Society
  • Gilmanton Snowmobile Association
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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