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Gilliam County, Oregon

gilliam county oregon assessor's office, gilliam county oregon planning department
Gilliam County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,871,1 making it the third-least populous county in Oregon The county seat is Condon2 The county was established in 1885 and is named for Cornelius Gilliam,3 who commanded the forces of the provisional government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government and infrastructure
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Old grain elevator in Gwendolen, in Gilliam County

The Oregon Legislative Assembly created Gilliam County on February 25, 1885, from the eastern third of Wasco County after residents complained that they were too far from their county seat in The Dalles The first Gilliam county seat was at Alkali, now Arlington The question of a permanent county seat was placed on general election ballots in 1886, 1888, and again in 1890, when voters chose to move the county seat to Condon, known to early settlers as "Summit Springs" Once the question of the location of the county seat was settled, voters in Gilliam County proved reluctant to provide a courthouse in Condon The county government operated out of a two-room house until 1903, when the county court appropriated money to construct a courthouse This courthouse burned down in 1954 and was replaced the following year with the current courthouse

Thereafter, apparently nothing much happened until the Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, an 845 megawatt MW wind farm, began construction in Eastern Oregon, in both Gilliam and Morrow counties, near Arlington Approved in 2008 by state regulators, groundbreaking came in 2009 The wind farm was being built by Caithness Energy using General Electric GE 25 MW wind turbines, and it will supply electricity to Southern California Edison In April, 2011, Google announced they had invested $100 million in the project The wind farm was estimated to have an economic impact of $16 million annually for Oregon

Geographyedit

Sunrise in Gilliam County

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,223 square miles 3,170 km2, of which 1,205 square miles 3,120 km2 is land and 18 square miles 47 km2 15% is water4

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Sherman County - west
  • Wasco County - southwest
  • Wheeler County - south
  • Morrow County - east
  • Klickitat County, Washington - north

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 3,600
1900 3,201 −111%
1910 3,701 156%
1920 3,960 70%
1930 3,467 −124%
1940 2,844 −180%
1950 2,817 −09%
1960 3,069 89%
1970 2,342 −237%
1980 2,057 −122%
1990 1,717 −165%
2000 1,915 115%
2010 1,871 −23%
Est 2016 1,854 −09%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 1,915 people, 819 households, and 543 families residing in the county The population density was 2 people per square mile 1/km² There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile 0/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9676% White, 016% Black or African American, 084% Native American, 016% Asian, 115% from other races, and 094% from two or more races 183% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 182% were of German, 181% American, 126% English, 125% Irish and 53% Scottish ancestry

There were 819 households out of which 2760% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5790% were married couples living together, 590% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3360% were non-families 2950% of all households were made up of individuals and 1210% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 231 and the average family size was 285

In the county, the population was spread out with 2320% under the age of 18, 540% from 18 to 24, 2560% from 25 to 44, 2670% from 45 to 64, and 1910% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 43 years For every 100 females there were 10220 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9630 males

The median income for a household in the county was $33,611, and the median income for a family was $41,477 Males had a median income of $30,915 versus $20,852 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,659 About 670% of families and 910% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1100% of those under age 18 and 660% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,871 people, 864 households, and 508 families residing in the county11 The population density was 16 inhabitants per square mile 062/km2 There were 1,156 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile 039/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 952% white, 10% American Indian, 07% Pacific islander, 02% Asian, 02% black or African American, 14% from other races, and 14% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 47% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 284% were German, 185% were English, 155% were Irish, and 83% were American13

Of the 864 households, 225% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 484% were married couples living together, 64% had a female householder with no husband present, 412% were non-families, and 356% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 214 and the average family size was 274 The median age was 497 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $42,148 and the median income for a family was $52,885 Males had a median income of $34,340 versus $35,962 for females The per capita income for the county was $25,559 About 98% of families and 106% of the population were below the poverty line, including 183% of those under age 18 and 108% of those age 65 or over14

Government and infrastructureedit

The Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Norcor, a short-term jail, serves Gilliam, Hood River, Sherman, and Wasco counties15

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 659% 671 235% 239 107% 109
2012 602% 639 350% 371 48% 51
2008 584% 648 387% 430 29% 32
2004 663% 755 325% 370 11% 13
2000 623% 679 329% 359 48% 52
1996 383% 398 466% 485 151% 157
1992 363% 377 360% 374 277% 287
1988 524% 470 465% 417 11% 10
1984 652% 700 344% 369 04% 4
1980 546% 622 346% 394 109% 124
1976 525% 612 436% 508 40% 46
1972 622% 665 332% 355 46% 49
1968 553% 619 389% 436 58% 65
1964 362% 442 635% 775 03% 3
1960 540% 712 460% 606 00% 0
1956 596% 793 404% 538 00% 0
1952 686% 911 312% 415 02% 3
1948 526% 623 460% 544 14% 17
1944 464% 492 535% 567 01% 1
1940 396% 518 601% 785 03% 4
1936 257% 362 697% 983 47% 66
1932 350% 470 636% 854 14% 19
1928 625% 880 366% 515 09% 13
1924 502% 738 354% 521 144% 211
1920 606% 821 368% 498 27% 36
1916 379% 557 592% 870 29% 43
1912 405% 348 361% 310 234% 201
1908 619% 470 319% 242 62% 47
1904 675% 568 232% 195 94% 79

Though Gilliam County is located in central Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Gilliam County, as well as most counties in eastern Oregon, are members of the Republican Party17 In the 2008 presidential election, 5836% of Gilliam County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3874% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 288% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidatecitation needed These numbers show a small but clear shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 663% of Gilliam Country voters voted for George W Bush, while 325% voted for John Kerry, and 12% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate18

Economyedit

Gilliam County is in the heart of the Columbia River Plateau wheat-growing region The economy is based on agriculture, and wheat, barley and beef cattle are the principal products Properties are large, with an average farm size of about 4,200 acres 17 km2

The largest individual employers in the county are two subsidiaries of Waste Management Inc, Chemical Waste Management of the Northwest and Oregon Waste Systems, Inc, who run two regional waste disposal landfills By levying a fee of $1 a ton, Gilliam County receives enough money to pay the first $500 of the property tax bills of its inhabitants, an amount that covers the full tax bill for almost half of the county inhabitants, as well as funding other county projects

Hunting, fishing and tourism are secondary industries Transportation also contributes to the local economy; two major rivers, the John Day and Columbia, cross the area east-to-west, as does Interstate 84 Oregon Route 19 connects the county's major cities north-to-south and provides access to the John Day Valley

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Arlington
  • Condon county seat
  • Lonerock

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Blalock
  • Clem
  • Mayville
  • Mikkalo
  • Olex
  • Rock Creek
  • Thirtymile

See alsoedit

  • Oregon portal
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Gilliam County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 137 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "Norcor Home" Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Retrieved on November 22, 2011
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  17. ^ "Voter registration by county: March 2009", 10 April 2009 PDF Elections Division Retrieved April 20, 2009
  18. ^ "Gilliam County, Oregon" City-DataCom Retrieved April 21, 2009

External linksedit

  • Entry for Gilliam County in the Oregon Blue Book
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 45°23′N 120°13′W / 4538°N 12021°W / 4538; -12021

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Gilliam County, Oregon


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