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Gillam, Manitoba

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Gillam is a town on the Nelson River in northern Manitoba, Canada It is situated between Thompson and Churchill on the Hudson Bay Railway line Gillam receives limited VIA rail passenger service at the Gillam railway station Manitoba Provincial Road 280 links Gillam to the rest of Manitoba, making it one of the northernmost communities in the province accessible by year-round road To go beyond towards Churchill only a rail route is available year-round

Many residents of Gillam are employed by Manitoba Hydro at three of Manitoba's largest hydro dams—Kettle Generating Station, Long Spruce Generating Station, and Limestone Generating Station— located within Gillam's boundaries

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Amenities
  • 5 Media
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

History

The large Gillam Local Government District 56°27′30″N 94°12′30″W / 5645833°N 9420833°W / 5645833; -9420833 was established by the Manitoba government in the mid-1960s to facilitate development of hydroelectricity on the lower Nelson River At 1,996346 square kilometres 770793 sq mi, Gillam is considered to be the 9th largest city or town in Canada by area, although the majority of the encompassing area of the District is largely uninhabited and undeveloped, but filled with many lakes, rivers and large forests of pine trees It is the largest town in Manitoba, and one of four extremely large "towns" the other three are Leaf Rapids, Snow Lake, and Lynn Lake in northern Manitoba that, although technically towns, are mostly rural and are the size of most typical counties in the United States or eastern Canada

Gillam is also the home of Fox Lake Cree Nation, a First Nations Band A majority of the members of Fox Lake Cree Nation live in the Town of Gillam or on Reserve Land in the nearby community of Bird, which is also located within the Gillam Local Government District The ghost town of Sundance whose purpose was to facilitate the building of the Limestone Generating Station, is also within the District of Gillam Once a busy, fully functioning town, it has since been abandoned and torn down after the completion of Limestone named for the Limestone River that empties into the Nelson just downstream of the dam

Geography

Location of Gillam on Stephens Lake

Gillam is located on the southeastern shore of Stephens Lake, a reservoir created by Manitoba Hydro in 1971 by the Kettle Dam on the Nelson River

Climate

Gillam has a subarctic climate with long and extremely cold winters, briefly interrupted by short and mild summers Its inland position at 56 degrees latitude causes severe freezes in winter, even though its all-time extreme cold temperatures are less extreme than its normals suggest The lack of warming chinook influences ensures that Gillam is colder than Fairbanks, Alaska some eight degrees latitude farther north and at a greater distance from the sea

Climate data for Gillam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 29
372
46
403
19
66
287
837
324
903
368
982
352
954
351
952
31
88
224
723
95
491
26
367
368
982
Average high °C °F −21
−6
−163
27
−82
172
17
351
105
509
178
64
214
705
196
673
114
525
31
376
−81
174
−178
0
12
342
Daily mean °C °F −258
−144
−22
−8
−151
48
−47
235
44
399
114
525
153
595
139
57
7
45
−04
313
−121
102
−225
−85
−42
244
Average low °C °F −305
−229
−277
−179
−219
−74
−111
12
−18
288
5
41
92
486
82
468
26
367
−4
25
−161
3
−271
−168
−96
147
Record low °C °F −461
−51
−45
−49
−426
−447
−322
−26
−228
−9
−102
136
−17
289
−17
289
−91
156
−269
−164
−394
−389
−451
−492
−461
−51
Average precipitation mm inches 175
0689
212
0835
203
0799
232
0913
442
174
539
2122
818
322
772
3039
55
217
409
161
375
1476
267
1051
4994
19661
Source: Environment Canada

Demographics

Year Pop ±%
1981 1,427 —    
1986 1,909 +338%
1996 1,534 −196%
2001 1,178 −232%
2006 1,209 +26%
2011 1,317 +89%

In the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada originally reported that the Town of Gillam had a population of 1,281 living in 427 of its 553 total dwellings, a 60% change from its 2006 population of 1,209 Statistics Canada subsequently amended the 2011 census results to a population of 1,317 living in 439 of its 567 total dwellings, an 89% change from 2006 With a land area of 1,99634 km2 77079 sq mi, it had a population density of 065971/km2 17086/sq mi in 2011 The population of Gillam is expected to double to triple within the next 5–10 years, due to several proposed hydroelectric projects in the area

Amenities

Aurora over Gillam in mid-April

Gillam has an indoor swimming pool at the Nelson River Aquatic Centre while the Gillam Recreation Centre offers bowling, ice skating, hockey, curling, a gymnasium, a weight room, meeting rooms, a teen room and a library There are also many small businesses, a small mall, grocery store, school K-12, recreation centre, Canada Post office, Co-op card lock/gas station, Co-op convenience store, Royal Canadian Legion, a train station and a local Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment

The Town of Gillam often has activities and events planned throughout the year The Winter Carnival is an annual, week long series of events held in March The Welcome Back Weekend is full of fun activities including the annual firework show which brings out a large portion of the town's population This is held on the first weekend in September

Popular summer activities in the Gillam area are fishing and boating on the many lakes and rivers, while hunters search for game animals such as bear, caribou, moose, wolf, ptarmigan and grouse The town has community parks and playgrounds, and Pumphouse Beach is just 2 km 12 mi away from town The three hydroelectric dams near town may be toured with a guide In colder months, snowmobilers have access to hundreds of miles of groomed trails, while skywatchers can observe aurora borealis which are visible to the naked eye many nights from fall to spring at this high latitude location

Media

Manitoba Provincial Road 280 red links Gillam to the rest of Manitoba

CBWLT joined the province-wide microwave network in the summer of 1969

CBWLT channel 8 CBC

See also

  • Nelson River Bipole
  • Amery
  • Amery railway station
  • Kettle Rapids railway station
  • Luke railway station

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions municipalities, 2011 and 2006 censuses Manitoba" Statistics Canada 2012-02-08 Retrieved 2012-10-13 
  2. ^ "Gillam" Geographical Names Data Base Natural Resources Canada 
  3. ^ "Stephens Lake" Geographical Names Data Base Natural Resources Canada 
  4. ^ Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 27 September 2009
  5. ^ a b c "Corrections and updates" Statistics Canada 2012-09-19 Retrieved 2012-10-13 
  6. ^ "Recreation and Leisure Activities" Town of Gillam 2013 Retrieved 2014-02-26 
  7. ^ "Microwave Hook-Up Gives North Live TV" Winnipeg Free Press April 29, 1969 p 28 

External links

  • Town of Gillam website
  • Map of Gillam at Statcan

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