Gilford, New Hampshire


Gilford is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 7,126 at the 2010 census1 Situated on Lake Winnipesaukee, Gilford is home to Governors Island, Ellacoya State Beach, Belknap Mountain State Forest, Gunstock Mountain Ski Resort, and Bank of New Hampshire Pavilion at Meadowbrook, a seasonal outdoor concert venue

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Government
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Settled in 1778 and originally a part of Gilmanton, the town was first called Gunstock Parish In 1812, Captain Lemuel B Mason, who had fought in the 1781 Battle of Guilford Court House in North Carolina during the Revolutionary War and subsequently retired to Gunstock Parish, successfully proposed incorporation of a new town to be named Guilford after that battle The name would later be contracted by clerical error The original parish name is used by Gunstock Mountain and the ski resort located on it2

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 537 square miles 1391 km2, of which 389 sq mi 1007 km2 is land and 148 sq mi 384 km2 is water, comprising 2760% of the town Belknap Mountain, elevation 2,384 feet 727 m above sea level and the highest point in Gilford, is in the south Much of the town is drained by the Gunstock River, a tributary of Lake Winnipesaukee Gilford lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed3

New Hampshire Route 11 crosses the town from east to west, connecting Alton and Rochester to the east with Laconia to the west NH 11 joins US Route 3 near the western border of Gilford, and together they turn south on the Laconia Bypass, which is largely within the Gilford town limits, traveling southwest towards Tilton and Franklin New Hampshire Route 11A is an alternate east-west route to NH 11, passing through the center of Gilford and by the entrance to Gunstock Mountain Resort New Hampshire Route 11B leaves NH 11 near Sanders Bay on Lake Winnipesaukee and proceeds northwest to Weirs Beach in Laconia

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1820 1,816
1830 1,872 31%
1840 2,072 107%
1850 2,432 174%
1860 2,811 156%
1870 3,361 196%
1880 2,821 −161%
1890 3,585 271%
1900 661 −816%
1910 744 126%
1920 738 −08%
1930 783 61%
1940 996 272%
1950 1,251 256%
1960 2,043 633%
1970 3,219 576%
1980 4,841 504%
1990 5,867 212%
2000 6,803 160%
2010 7,126 47%
Est 2015 7,167 06%
US Decennial Census5

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 6,803 people, 2,766 households, and 2,019 families residing in the town The population density was 1746 people per square mile 674/km² There were 4,312 housing units at an average density of 1106 per square mile 427/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9832% White, 019% African American, 015% Native American, 051% Asian, 007% from other races, and 075% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 057% of the population

There were 2,766 households out of which 308% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 619% were married couples living together, 81% had a female householder with no husband present, and 270% were non-families 217% of all households were made up of individuals and 90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 246 and the average family size was 285

In the town, the population was spread out with 237% under the age of 18, 44% from 18 to 24, 254% from 25 to 44, 296% from 45 to 64, and 168% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 43 years For every 100 females there were 920 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 898 males

The median income for a household in the town was $48,658, and the median income for a family was $56,554 Males had a median income of $38,839 versus $27,325 for females The per capita income for the town was $32,667 About 22% of families and 33% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12% of those under age 18 and 27% of those age 65 or over

Governmentedit

In the New Hampshire Senate, Gilford is in the 7th District, represented by Republican Harold French On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Gilford is in the 1st District, represented by Republican Joe Kenney In the United States House of Representatives, Gilford is in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat Carol Shea-Porter

Sites of interestedit

  • Bank of New Hampshire Pavilion at Meadowbrook
  • John J Morrill General Store 1857
  • Benjamin Rowe House c 1838
  • Union Meetinghouse 1834
  • Gunstock Mountain Resort

Notable peopleedit

  • Glenn Cooper, internationally best-selling author and film producer
  • Stilson Hutchins, newspaper reporter and publisher The Washington Post
  • Megan Lyman, 2012 Miss New Hampshire
  • Penny Pitou, first US woman to win an Olympic medal in downhill skiing
  • Chris Sheridan, writer and television producer Family Guy

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 500 
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 permanent dead link
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Gilford official website
  • Gilford Public Library
  • Gilford Police Department
  • Thompson-Ames Historical Society
  • Kimball Castle
  • Varney Point Gilford NH Weather and Webcam view
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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