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George Stevens

george stevens, george stevens academy
Academy Award for Best Director

  • nominated in 1943 for The More the Merrier
  • awarded in 1951 for A Place in the Sun
  • nominated in 1954 for Shane
  • awarded in 1956 for Giant
  • nominated in 1959 for The Diary of Anne Frank

Legion of Merit
star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Irving G Thalberg Memorial Award
Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 1954
National Board of Review Award for Best Director

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director

George Cooper Stevens December 18, 1904 – March 8, 1975 was an American film director, producer, screenwriter and cinematographer1

Among his most notable films are A Place in the Sun 1951; winner of six Academy Awards including Best Director, Shane 1953; Oscar nominated, Giant 1956; Oscar for Best Director, and The Diary of Anne Frank 1959; nominated for Best Director

Contents

  • 1 Biography
    • 11 Film career
    • 12 Personal life
    • 13 Death
  • 2 Awards
  • 3 Archives
  • 4 Filmography
  • 5 Academy Awards
    • 51 Academy Awards in George Stevens Films
  • 6 Notes
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Biographyedit

Film careeredit

He was born in Oakland, California, and his family included his father Landers Stevens and his mother Georgie Cooper, both stage actors His uncle was drama critic Ashton Stevens He also had two brothers, Jack and writer Aston Stevens He learned about the stage from his parents and worked and toured with them on his path to filmmaking He broke into the movie business as a cameraman, working on many Laurel and Hardy short films, such as Night Owls 1930 His first feature film was The Cohens and Kellys in Trouble in 1933

Stevens with Barbara Bel Geddes on set of I Remember Mama

In 1934 he got his first directing job, the slapstick Kentucky Kernels His big break came when he directed Katharine Hepburn in Alice Adams in 1935 He went on in the late 1930s to direct several Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire movies, not only with the two actors together, but on their own In 1940, he directed Carole Lombard in Vigil in the Night, and the film has an alternate ending for European audiences in recognition of World War II, which at the time the US had not yet entered

During World War II, Stevens joined the US Army Signal Corps and headed a film unit from 1943 to 1946, under General Eisenhower His unit shot footage documenting D-Day—including the only Allied European Front color film of the war—the liberation of Paris and the meeting of American and Soviet forces at the Elbe River, as well as horrific scenes from the Duben labor camp and the Dachau concentration camp Stevens also helped prepare the Duben and Dachau footage and other material for presentation during the Nuremberg Trials2 In 2008, his footage was entered into the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as an "essential visual record" of World War II3

One result of his World War II experiences was that his subsequent films became more dramatic The motion picture I Remember Mama from 1948 was the last movie that he made with comic scenes He was responsible for such classic films as A Place in the Sun, Shane, The Diary of Anne Frank, Giant and The Greatest Story Ever Told He ended his directing career with the 1970 film The Only Game in Town with Warren Beatty and Elizabeth Taylor In the same year, he was head of the jury at the 20th Berlin International Film Festival4 In 1973 he was a member of the jury at the 8th Moscow International Film Festival5

Personal lifeedit

Stevens was the father of television and film writer-producer-director George Stevens, Jr, the first CEO and director of the American Film Institute George Jr produced and directed the documentary about his father George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey in 1984 and is the father of Stevens' grandson Michael Stevens, also a television and film producer-director

Deathedit

Stevens died following a heart attack on March 8, 1975, on his ranch in Lancaster, California, north of Los Angeles He is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles6

Awardsedit

As a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army, Stevens headed the US Army Signal Corps unit that filmed the Normandy landings and the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp For these contributions, he was awarded the Legion of Merit

Stevens has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1701 Vine Street He won the Academy Award for Best Director twice, in 1951 for A Place in the Sun and in 1956 for Giant He was also nominated in 1943 for The More the Merrier, in 1954 for Shane, and in 1959 for The Diary of Anne Frank

Archivesedit

The moving image collection of George Stevens is held at the Academy Film Archive The film material at the Academy Film Archive is complemented by material in the George Stevens papers at the Academy’s Margaret Herrick Library7

Filmographyedit

Year Title Production Co Cast Notes
1930 Ladies Last Hal Roach Studios 3rd episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931 Blood and Thunder Hal Roach Studios 4th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931 High Gear Hal Roach Studios 5th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931 Air-Tight Hal Roach Studios 7th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931 Call a Cop! Hal Roach Studios 8th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931 Mama Loves Papa Hal Roach Studios 9th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1931 The Kick-Off! Hal Roach Studios 10th episode from the "Boy Friends" series
1932 Who, Me Universal Short film
1932 The Finishing Touch Universal Short film
1932 Boys Will Be Boys Universal Short film
1933 A Divorce Courtship Universal Short film
1933 Family Troubles Universal Short film
1933 Rock-a-Bye Cowboy Universal Short film
1933 Should Crooners Marry Universal Short film
1933 The Cohens and Kellys in Trouble Universal George Sidney/ Charles Murray Part of "The Cohens and Kellys" comedy series
1933 Room Mates Universal Short film
1933 Quiet Please! RKO Short film
1933 Flirting in the Park RKO June Brewster/ Carol Tevis Part of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1933 What Fur RKO Short film
1933 Grin and Bear It RKO Short film
1934 Ocean Swells RKO Short film
1934 The Undie-World RKO June Brewster/ Carol Tevis Part of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1934 Cracked Shots RKO Short film
1934 Hollywood Party MGM Hollywood Revue In an attempt to salvage the film Harry Rapf hired Stevens, and 8 other directors, to direct a sequence for the film
1934 Bachelor Bait RKO Stuart Erwin/ Rochelle Hudson
1934 Kentucky Kernels RKO Robert Woolsey/ Bert Wheeler/ George McFarland
1935 Bridal Bail RKO June Brewster/ Carol Tevis Part of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1935 Hunger Pains RKO June Brewster/ Carol Tevis Part of "The Blonde and The Redhead" comedy series
1935 Laddie RKO
1935 The Nitwits RKO Robert Woolsey/ Bert Wheeler/ Betty Grable
1935 Alice Adams RKO Katharine Hepburn/ Fred MacMurray
1935 Annie Oakley RKO Barbara Stanwyck
1936 Swing Time RKO Fred Astaire/ Ginger Rogers
1937 Quality Street RKO Katharine Hepburn/ Franchot Tone
1937 A Damsel in Distress RKO Fred Astaire/ Joan Fontaine/ George Burns/ Gracie Allen
1938 Vivacious Lady RKO Ginger Rogers/ Jimmy Stewart
1939 Gunga Din RKO Cary Grant/ Douglas Fairbanks Jr/ Victor McLaglen/ Joan Fontaine
1940 Vigil in the Night RKO Carole Lombard/ Brian Aherne/ Anne Shirley
1941 Penny Serenade Columbia Cary Grant/ Irene Dunne
1942 Woman of the Year MGM Spencer Tracy/ Katharine Hepburn
1942 The Talk of the Town Columbia Cary Grant/ Jean Arthur/ Ronald Colman
1943 The More the Merrier Columbia Jean Arthur/ Charles Coburn/ Joel McCrea
1945 That Justice Be Done War Activities Committee Documentary/ Short film
1945 Nazi Concentration Camps Documentary
1945 The Nazi Plan US Council for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality Documentary
1948 On Our Merry Way Miracle Productions Anthology story/ Co-directed a sequence
1948 I Remember Mama RKO Irene Dunne
1951 A Place in the Sun Paramount Montgomery Clift/ Elizabeth Taylor/ Shelley Winters
1952 Something to Live For MGM Joan Fontaine/ Ray Milland/
1953 Shane Paramount Alan Ladd Technicolor film
1956 Giant Warner Bros Elizabeth Taylor/ Rock Hudson/ James Dean Warnercolor film
1959 The Diary of Anne Frank 20th Century Fox Millie Perkins/ Joseph Schildkraut/ Shelley Winters
1965 The Greatest Story Ever Told George Stevens Prod Max von Sydow Ultra Panavision 70 Technicolor film
1970 The Only Game in Town 20th Century Fox Elizabeth Taylor/ Warren Beatty Color film

Academy Awardsedit

Year Award Film Result
1942 Outstanding Motion Picture The Talk of the Town Sidney Franklin – Mrs Miniver
1943 Outstanding Motion Picture The More the Merrier Hal B Wallis – Casablanca
Best Director Michael Curtiz – Casablanca
1951 Best Motion Picture A Place in the Sun Arthur Freed – An American in Paris
Best Director Won
1953 Best Motion Picture Shane Buddy Adler – From Here to Eternity
Best Director Fred Zinnemann – From Here to Eternity
Irving G Thalberg Memorial Award Won
1956 Best Motion Picture Giant Mike Todd – Around the World in 80 Days
Best Director Won
1959 Best Motion Picture The Diary of Anne Frank Sam Zimbalist – Ben-Hur Posthumous
Best Director William Wyler – Ben-Hur

Academy Awards in George Stevens Filmsedit

Year Film Academy Award
Nominations
Academy Award
Wins
1935 Alice Adams 2 0
1936 Swing Time 2 1
1937 Quality Street 1 0
A Damsel in Distress 2 1
1938 Vivacious Lady 2 0
1939 Gunga Din 1 0
1941 Penny Serenade 1 0
1942 Woman of the Year 2 1
The Talk of the Town 7 0
1943 The More the Merrier 6 1
1948 I Remember Mama 5 0
1951 A Place in the Sun 9 6
1953 Shane 6 1
1956 Giant 10 1
1959 The Diary of Anne Frank 8 3
1965 The Greatest Story Ever Told 5 0

Notesedit

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, March 12, 1975, page 79
  2. ^ Robert E Conot, Justice at Nuremberg, page 197
  3. ^ Library of Congress "Cinematic Classics, Legendary Stars, Comedic Legends and Novice Filmmakers Showcase the 2008 Film Registry" News from the Library of Congress 30 December 2008
  4. ^ "Berlinale 1970: Juries" berlinalede Retrieved 2010-03-08 
  5. ^ "8th Moscow International Film Festival 1973" MIFF Archived from the original on 2013-01-16 Retrieved 2012-12-25 
  6. ^ "George Stevens 1904 - 1975 - Find A Grave Memorial" wwwfindagravecom Retrieved 2016-02-28 
  7. ^ "George Stevens Collection" Academy Film Archive 

Referencesedit

  • Cronin, Paul: George Stevens: Interviews Jackson, MI, University Press of Mississippi, 2004 ISBN 1-57806-639-5
  • Moss, Marilyn Ann: Giant: George Stevens, a Life on Film Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 2004 ISBN 0-299-20430-8
  • Petri, Bruce: A Theory of American Film: The Films and Techniques of George Stevens New York, Taylor & Francis, 1987 ISBN 0-8240-0070-6
  • Richie, Donald: George Stevens: An American Romantic New York, Taylor & Francis, 1984 reprint of 1970 original ISBN 0-8240-5773-2

External linksedit

  • Biography portal
  • George Stevens on Internet Movie Database
  • George Stevens: Movie Movie
  • George Stevens papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
George Seaton
President of Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences
1958–1959
Succeeded by
B B Kahane


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