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Gatwick Airport railway station

manchester airport railway station, gatwick airport railway station
Gatwick Airport railway station serves London Gatwick Airport in West Sussex, England It is on the Brighton Main Line, 26 miles 47 chains 428 km down-line from London Victoria

The platforms are located about 70 metres to the east of the airport's South Terminal, with the ticket office above the platforms The station was formerly managed by Network Rail,1 but in 2012 it was transferred to Southern2

Train services are provided by Gatwick Express Southern, Thameslink and Great Western Railway The present station building's British Rail logo on the top of the roof is visible from above3

In terms of passenger entries and exits in 2010/11, Gatwick Airport was the tenth-busiest station in the country outside of London4

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Present station
    • 12 Tinsley Green/Gatwick Airport Station
  • 2 Redevelopment
  • 3 Services
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historyedit

There have been two Gatwick stations sited approximately 085 miles 137 km from each other

Present stationedit

The station, originally named Gatwick, was built on the present site in September 1891 to serve the Gatwick Racecourse, and originally operated only on race days The facilities included passing loops and sidings to hold race trains without impeding the Brighton Main Line5 The sidings were extended during World War I to be able to accommodate munitions trains heading for Newhaven6

From 1946 until 1958, Gatwick station was renamed Gatwick Racecourse, even though racing had been abandoned in 1940 and not reinstated after World War II In fact the station had fallen out of use following the opening of the nearby Tinsley Green/Gatwick Airport Station described below However, during the early 1950s the airport was expanded and took over the land occupied by the racecourse, and the station was entirely rebuilt and integrated with the new airport terminal The new buildings opened on 27 May 1958 with a regular train service, and the station took over the name Gatwick Airport

The 1958 buildings included a parcels office below the main concourse, lifts and a corridor on the south side of the overbridge, divided from the passenger corridor by a glazed partition To accommodate 12-car trains, the three old Racecourse island platforms were raised by 1 ft 030 m and extended to the north by about 100 ft 30 m, except for the very long westernmost platform, which was reduced from the south The ticket office was able to handle 670 separate issues of Edmondson tickets from its Bellmatic equipment The signalbox was retained on the centre platform7

Tinsley Green/Gatwick Airport Stationedit

This was opened on 30 September 1935 and was sited 085 miles 137 km south of the present station It was originally named Tinsley Green but within a year became Gatwick Airport following the completion of the Beehive airport terminal which had a direct connection to the station The airport was requisitioned by the Royal Air Force in 1940 In 1952 the British government decided that it would form London's second airport The station continued in operation until 27 May 1958 when the present Gatwick Airport station above opened The station was later demolished and the only visible remains of the old station are sections of the former up slow line platform Sections of the connecting subway between the station and the original terminal building The Beehive also survive

Redevelopmentedit

On 13 October 2010, a £53 million redevelopment was announced to provide a new platform, refurbish the concourse and upgrade track and signals8 Works were completed by 3 February 2014, when Baroness Kramer formally opened the new platform9 Constructed by VolkerFitzpatrick, the new 12-car platform 7 is served by a 975-metre 3,199 ft loop from the Down Fast line and is used by the Down Fast services which formerly called at platform 510 This has allowed platforms 5 and 6 to be dedicated to Gatwick Express services, thereby eliminating conflicts with slower services when formerly they crossed to platforms 1 and 21011 New escalators and lifts on platforms 5 and 6 were also provided10

Servicesedit

Northbound view from Platform 5 in March 2007 Southbound view from Platform 5 in February 2009

Gatwick station is served by:

  • Gatwick Express services to London Victoria and Brighton
  • Southern services from London Victoria and London Bridge to Ore, Eastbourne, Brighton, Littlehampton, Bognor Regis, Portsmouth and Southampton
  • Thameslink services from Bedford to Brighton
  • Great Western Railway services to Reading

Although the station is outside Greater London, Oyster cards can be used at Gatwick station

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Commercial information" PDF Complete National Rail Timetable London: Network Rail December 2011 p 41 Archived from the original PDF on 1 September 2012 Retrieved 9 January 2012 
  2. ^ "Management of Gatwick Airport railway station transfers to Southern" Retrieved 30 January 2012 
  3. ^ Gatwick Airport Railway Station, London Gatwick Airport, Gatwick, West Sussex RH6, United Kingdom – Google Maps
  4. ^ Pigott, Nick, ed June 2012 "Waterloo still London's busiest station" The Railway Magazine Horncastle, Lincs: Mortons Media Group 158 1334: 6 
  5. ^ Turner, John Howard 1979 The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3 Completion and Maturity Batsford pp 128–9 ISBN 0-7134-1389-1 
  6. ^ Pratt, Edwin 1921 British railways and the Great War Selwyn & Blount pp 1038–9 
  7. ^ Railway Magazine July 1958 pp 489–491 New Southern Region Station for Gatwick Airport
  8. ^ "Gatwick Airport unveils £53m station revamp" BBC News 13 October 2010 
  9. ^ Nigel Harris, ed 5–18 March 2014 "New platform opens as part of Gatwick Airport improvement work" Rail 743: 20 
  10. ^ a b c Railway Gazette 3 February 2014 "Extra platform opened at Gatwick Airport station" Retrieved 10 March 2014 
  11. ^ Network Rail 2011 "Gatwick Airport Station Redevelopment Project" PDF Retrieved 10 March 2014 

External linksedit

Media related to Gatwick Airport railway station at Wikimedia Commons

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Horley   Southern
Arun Valley Line
  Three Bridges
Redhill or
Horley
  Southern
Mainline West
via Horsham
  Three Bridges
East Croydon   Southern
Mainline West
via Hove
  Haywards Heath
East Croydon   Southern
Mainline East
  Haywards Heath
East Croydon   Southern
Brighton Main Line
  Three Bridges
East Croydon
or Redhill
  Thameslink
Thameslink
  Three Bridges
Redhill   Great Western Railway
North Downs Line
  Terminus
London Victoria   Southern
Gatwick Express
  Terminus

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Gatwick Airport railway station Information about

Gatwick Airport railway station


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    29.10.2014


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