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Gary Bettman

gary bettman, gary bettman net worth
Gary Bruce Bettman born June 2, 1952 is the commissioner of the National Hockey League NHL, a post he has held since February 1, 1993 Previously, Bettman was a senior vice president and general counsel to the National Basketball Association NBA Bettman is a graduate of Cornell University and New York University School of Law

Under Bettman, the NHL has seen rapid growth of league revenues, from $400 million when he was hired to over $30 billion in 2010–11123 He also oversaw the expansion of the NHL's footprint across the United States, with seven new teams added during his tenure, bringing the NHL to 31, starting as of the 2017-2018 season In May 2014, Bettman was named "Sports Executive of the Year" by the SportsBusiness Journal and SportsBusiness Daily4 And in 2016, Bettman was inducted as a member of the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame5

However, Bettman's tenure in the NHL has been controversial He has often been criticized for attempting to "Americanize" the game, and expanding the league into non-traditional hockey markets such as the American South at the expense of the more traditional markets in Canada and the Northern United States16 Bettman has also been a central figure of three labor stoppages, including the 2004–05 NHL lockout that saw the entire season canceled7 These controversies have made him unpopular with many fans around the league8


  • 1 Education and family
  • 2 NBA
  • 3 NHL commissioner
    • 31 Expansion, relocation and realignment
    • 32 Labor unrest
      • 321 1994–95 lockout
      • 322 2004–05 lockout
      • 323 2012–13 lockout
    • 33 Television
    • 34 XM Satellite Radio
    • 35 Salary
    • 36 Public perception
    • 37 Honors
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Education and family

Bettman was born to a Jewish family9 in Queens, New York He studied Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, where he was a brother of the Alpha Epsilon Pi Fraternity, and graduated in 1974 After receiving a Juris Doctor degree from New York University School of Law in 1977, Bettman joined the New York City law firm of Proskauer Rose Goetz & Mendelsohn

Bettman is Jewish and lives with his wife, Shelli, and their three children Lauren, Jordan, and Brittany He is a resident of Saddle River, New Jersey10 Half brother Jeffrey Pollack was the Commissioner of the World Series of Poker11


Bettman joined the National Basketball Association in 1981, serving mainly in the marketing and legal departments12 Bettman rose to third in command of the NBA, spending many years as the league's general counsel and senior vice president13 Bettman played a key role in the development of the soft salary cap system implemented and agreed by the NBA in 1983,14 a system it continues to use today15

NHL commissioner

On February 1, 1993, Bettman began his tenure as the first commissioner of the National Hockey League, replacing Gil Stein, who served as the NHL's final president16 The owners hired Bettman with the mandate of selling the game in the US market, ending labor unrest, completing expansion plans, and modernizing the views of the "old guard" within the ownership ranks17

Expansion, relocation and realignment

When Bettman started as commissioner, the league had already expanded by three teams to 24 starting with the 1991–92 season, and two more were set to be announced by the expansion committee: the Florida Panthers and Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, who would begin play in 1993–9418 Led by Bettman, the league focused expansion and relocation efforts during the rest of the 1990s on the American South, working to expand the league's footprint across the country The Nashville Predators 1998, Atlanta Thrashers 1999, Minnesota Wild 2000 and Columbus Blue Jackets 2000 completed this expansion period, bringing the NHL to 30 teams In addition, four franchises relocated during the 1990s under Bettman: The Minnesota North Stars to Dallas 1993, the Quebec Nordiques to Denver 1995, the original Winnipeg Jets to Phoenix 1996 and the Hartford Whalers to North Carolina 199719

This move towards Southern markets was heavily criticized as well, however, with fans in Canada and the Northern United States lamenting the move away from "traditional hockey markets"1 Critics have also accused Bettman of having an "anti-Canadian" agenda, citing the relocation of the franchises in Quebec City and Winnipeg and his apparent refusal to help stop it, along with the aborted sale of the Nashville Predators in 2007 to interests that would have moved the team to Hamilton, Ontario20 Jim Balsillie accused Bettman of forcing the Predators to end negotiations with him to purchase the team21 Bettman was satirized in this vein as the character "Harry Buttman" in the 2006 Canadian movie Bon Cop, Bad Cop22

However, Bettman also championed the Canadian assistance plan, a revenue sharing agreement that saw American teams give money to help support the four small-market Canadian teams – Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, and Vancouver – throughout the late 1990s and early 2000s23

The results of expanding to Southern markets has been mixed There has been in fact significant growth in the sport of hockey at the grassroots level with children in the US South playing the game in increasing numbers1924

However, some of these Southern teams have not been financially successful The Phoenix Coyotes eventually filed for bankruptcy in May 2009 after incurring several hundred million dollars of losses since their 1996 move from Winnipeg Under Bettman, the league then took control over the team later that year in order to stabilize the club's operations and then resell it to a new owner who would be committed to stay in the Phoenix market It took several years for the League to find a viable ownership group

After joining the league in 1999, the Atlanta Thrashers suffered financial losses and ownership struggles, while only appearing in the playoffs just once They were eventually sold to True North Sports and Entertainment in 2011, who then relocated the team to Winnipeg, a stark reversal of the league's attempts to expand into the Southern markets

During the late 1990's round of expansion, the League revised its four division alignment into one containing six divisions that eventually each contained five teams At the time, seventeen of the League's thirty teams were based in the Eastern Time Zone, meaning that the two westernmost such teams Detroit Red Wings and Columbus Blue Jackets were compelled to compete in the Western Conference, which gave a large proportion of their road games an unfavorably late start on local television There were other grievances with the alignment - for example, the Dallas Stars, being in the Central Time Zone were not pleased to be in the same division as the Coyotes and the three Californian teams

Detroit and Columbus were fierce opponents of Balsillie's bids for a team in Hamilton proposals which would have seen another team added to the Eastern Time Zone but also strong backers of Winnipeg's bid for the Thrashers, largely since this this took the franchise out of the Eastern Time Zone and thus provided them a path to be realigned into the Eastern Conference Following intense negotiations brokered by Bettman among the owners and with the players, the NHL reverted to a four division alignment in time for the 2013-14 season, with two divisions of seven teams each for the West and two divisions containing the sixteen remaining Eastern Time Zone teams for the East

The most recent expansion occurred in the summer of 2017, with Las Vegas, Nevada gaining the league's 31st team, the Vegas Golden Knights Canadian fans especially in Quebec were incensed that a strong proposal from Quebec City was rebuffed, particularly since it was the only other bid Bettman later explained that the NHL's new divisional alignment precluded the adding of more franchises in the Eastern Time Zone at least for the time being As of 2017, Bettman is widely believed to be waiting for a viable franchise proposal to emerge from Seattle or some other market outside the Eastern Time Zone to balance the divisions, although the commissioner has insisted that further expansion is not on the League's short-term agenda

Labor unrest

Although Bettman was tasked with putting an end to the NHL's labor problems, the league has locked out its players three times during Bettman's tenure

1994–95 lockout

The 1994–95 lockout lasted 104 days, causing the season to be shortened from 84 to 48 games25 A key issue during the lockout was the desire to aid small market teams Led by Bettman, the owners insisted on a salary cap, changes to free agency and arbitration in the hopes of limiting escalating salaries, the union instead proposed a luxury tax system25 The negotiations were at times bitter, with Chris Chelios famously issuing a veiled threat against Bettman, suggesting that Bettman should be "worried about his family and his well-being", because "Some crazed fans, or even a player might take matters into their own hands and figure they get Bettman out of the way"26

Last-ditch negotiations saved the season in January 1995 And while the owners failed to achieve a full salary cap, the union agreed to a cap on rookie contracts; changes to arbitration and restrictive rules for free agency that would not grant a player unrestricted free agency until he turned 3125 The deal was initially hailed as a win for the owners27

2004–05 lockout

By the end of the deal in 2004, the owners were claiming that player salaries had grown far faster than revenues, and that the league as a whole lost over US$300 million in 2002–0328

As a result, on September 15, 2004, Bettman announced that the owners again locked the players out prior to the start of the 2004–05 season29 Five months later, Bettman announced the cancellation of the entire season:

"It is my sad duty to announce that because a solution has not yet been attained, it is no longer practical to conduct even an abbreviated season Accordingly, I have no choice but to announce the formal cancellation of play"

The NHL therefore became the first North American league to cancel an entire season because of a labor stoppage, and the second league to cancel a postseason the first being Major League Baseball, which lost its postseason in 1994 due to a strike

As in 1994, the owners' position was predicated around the need for a salary cap In an effort to ensure solidarity amongst the owners, the league's governors voted to give Bettman the right to unilaterally veto any union offer as long as he had the backing of just eight owners The players initially favored luxury tax system, and a 5% rollback on player salaries—later increased to 24 percent30 As the threat of a canceled season loomed, the players agreed to accept a salary cap, but the two sides could not come to terms on numbers before the deadline expired29

Following the cancellation of the season, negotiations progressed quickly, as a revolt within the union led to National Hockey League Players Association president Trevor Linden and senior director Ted Saskin taking negotiations over from executive director Bob Goodenow Goodenow would resign from the NHLPA in July 200531 By early July, the two sides had agreed to a new collective bargaining agreement29 The deal featured a hard salary cap, linked to a fixed percentage of league revenues, a 24% rollback on salaries, and free agency beginning after seven years of service32 After being panned as one of the worst managers in business in 2004 for canceling the season,33 Bettman was lauded as one of the best in 2005 for his role in bringing "cost certainty" to the NHL34

2012–13 lockout

The 2012–13 NHL lockout lasted from September 15, 2012 to January 19, 2013, after the owners and players failed to agree on a new collective bargaining agreement3536 The owners' original offer retained the framework established following the 2004–05 NHL lockout but made numerous changes to player salary and movement rights, including reducing the players' share of hockey-related revenues from 57 percent to 46 percent, introduce term limits on contracts, eliminate salary arbitration, and change free agency rules37 As the deadline for work stoppage approached, the union unsuccessfully challenged the league's ability to lock out players of the Calgary Flames and Edmonton Oilers appealing to the Alberta Labour Relations Board, and the Montreal Canadiens appealing to the Quebec Labour Relations Board3839

After unsuccessful negotiations, the NHL and NHLPA agreed to mediation under the auspices of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service on November 2640 The sides met with mediators on November 28 and 29, but the mediators quit after that point, determining they could not make any progress reconciling the two parties' demands, and thus both sides were on their own again41 After talks broke down again in December, rumours leaked that the NHLPA planned on filing a "disclaimer of interest" a quicker, less formal way to dissolve the player's union, compared with decertification42 and, with collective bargaining no longer in effect, pursuing an antitrust lawsuit against the NHL The NHL responded on December 14 by filing a class action suit with the US District Court in New York seeking to establish that its lockout is legal Included in the lawsuit was a request for all existing player contracts to be "void and unenforceable", should the NHLPA be dissolved, resulting in all NHL players becoming free agents43 The league also filed an unfair labour practice charge with the National Labor Relations Board, stating that the union has been negotiating in bad faith and that its threat to disclaim interest is a negotiating ploy that violates the collective bargaining process4445 In a vote conducted from December 17 to 21, the players authorized the union's executive board to file a disclaimer of interest, up until January 2, 2013, though it did not proceed with the filing46

On January 6, 2013, a tentative deal was reached on a new collective bargaining agreement to end the lockout4748 The terms included a limit of eight years on contract extensions and seven years on new contracts, a salary floor of US$44 million and a salary cap of US$60 million a two-year transition period will allow teams to spend up to US$702 million in the deal's first season, prorated for the season length, and up to a salary cap of US$643 million in the second season, a maximum 50-percent variance in the salaries over the course of a contract, mandatory acceptance of arbitration awards under US$35 million, no realignment, and an amnesty period to buy out contracts that do not fit under the salary cap4950 After the union ratified the deal, the lockout officially ended36

A 48-game regular season schedule was then played, starting on January 19, 2013 and ending on April 28, 2013, with no inter-conference games51 Despite the lockout, the average attendance for the season was 17,768, up 26 percent from the previous year, while TV ratings in both Canada and the United States also increased52


Bettman quickly accomplished one of his stated goals, signing a five-year, $155 million deal with the Fox Broadcasting Company to broadcast NHL games nationally in the US beginning in the 1994–95 season53 The deal was significant, as a network television contract in the United States was long thought unattainable during the presidency of John Ziegler54 The Fox deal is perhaps best remembered for the FoxTrax puck, which while generally popular according to Fox Sports, generated a great deal of controversy from longtime fans of the game55

Canadians were also upset as the league gave preference to Fox ahead of CBC for scheduling of playoff games, as Pat Hickey of the Montreal Gazette wrote that the schedule was "just another example of how the NHL snubs its nose at the country that invented hockey and its fans"56 The controversy repeated itself in 2007, as CBC was once again given second billing to Versus' coverage of the playoffs57

Despite falling ratings, Bettman negotiated a five-year, $600 million deal with ABC and ESPN in 199858 It was the largest television contract the NHL ever signed The $120 million per year that ABC and ESPN paid for rights dwarfed the $55 million that the NHL received from American national broadcasts in 1991–9259

The NHL's television fortunes faded after the ABC/ESPN deal In 2004, the league could manage a revenue sharing deal with only NBC, with no money paid up front by the network60 Also, coming out of the lockout, ESPN declined its $60 million option for the NHL's cable rights in 2005–06 While wishing to retain the NHL, it stated the cost was overvalued58 However, Bettman was able to negotiate a deal with Comcast to air the NHL on the Outdoor Life Network channel, which was later renamed Versus in 2006 The three-year deal was worth $2075 million58 Bettman has been heavily criticized for the move to Versus, as detractors have argued that the league has lost a great deal of exposure since moving to the much smaller network61 The TV deal with Versus was later extended through the 2010-11 season62

In January 2011, Comcast officially acquired NBC Universal, and then in April of that year Bettman negotiated a new 10-year deal with the merged media company, worth nearly $2 billion Comcast/NBC also announced that both Versus and NBC would increase its number of games63 In signing this new TV deal, Bettman rejected offers from ESPN and others Reaction to this new TV deal was mixed, noting that the NHL still lacks the exposure that ESPN can provide, while at the same time acknowledging that ESPN might not devote as much attention and promotion as Comcast/NBC would since the former is committed to various other sports properties64 Comcast/NBC then renamed Versus as the NBC Sports Network on January 2, 2012

On November 26, 2013, Bettman and NHL announced that it had sold twelve seasons' worth of exclusive Canadian national broadcast rights to Rogers Media, who would broadcast games across its numerous platforms, including Sportsnet, Sportsnet One, and City, from at a price of C$52 billion Hockey Night in Canada would continue on the CBC for the next four seasons, but under a sub-licensing deal the public broadcaster would give Rogers free airtime to air the broadcasts CBC would be allotted time during the broadcasts to promote its other programming These moves left Bell Media and its TSN networks shut out of NHL broadcasts except for its regional properties65

XM Satellite Radio

Bettman hosts an hour-long weekly radio show on NHL Home Ice XM 204 The show provides fans with an opportunity to speak directly with the commissioner and voice any questions, comments, or concerns related to ice hockey66


For the lockout-shortened 2012–13 season, Bettman received $88 million in total compensation by the NHL67 By 2013–14, his salary had increased to $95 million, according to the NHL's filings with the Internal Revenue Service

For the 2008–09 season, Bettman was paid $723 million, of which $5,529,490 was his base salary It was $377 million prior to the 2004–05 lockout68

Public perception

Bettman's controversial decisions, as well as presiding over three labor stoppages, have made him unpopular among many NHL fans69 He is regularly booed in various arenas around the league,870 ranging from his appearances at the yearly NHL Entry Draft71 to his annual presentation of the Stanley Cup to the league champions at the end of the playoffs72 When asked if the booing ever bothers him, Bettman said, "Not doing this job, no You're always going to have critics What I've always told people: If I take the ice and it's completely silent, then I'll know I'm in trouble"72

In another interview, he replied that he says to himself, "You know what, the fans got an opinion We may not agree on everything, but they care, and I'll take that"70 Still, writers such as Adam Proteau of The Hockey News and James O'Brien of NBC Sports' Pro Hockey Talk have advocated that someone else should hand out the Cup instead of Bettman so that the incessant booing does not spoil the ceremony7374 In 2013, the sports blog Grantland stated that Bettman's Cup presentations have "evolved into one of the most awkward traditions in all of sports"75

Playing upon those perceptions, 2006 Canadian movie Bon Cop, Bad Cop casts Rick Howland as "Harry Buttman", a Gary Bettman parody, a hockey league commissioner who wants to move Montreal's hockey team to Houston767778


On May 21, 2014, Bettman was named "Sports Executive of the Year" by the SportsBusiness Journal and SportsBusiness Daily at the publications' annual Sports Business Awards event in New York At the same ceremony, the NHL was named "Sports League of the Year," the second time in four years the NHL has been so honored The 2014 Bridgestone NHL Winter Classic was named "Sports Event of the Year" Bettman said, "It’s almost an out-of-body experience This time of year, I’m normally presenting a trophy and getting booed To receive one and get applause is really quite novel"4

CBS Sports hockey writer Chris Peters said, "There's no question the game has grown throughout the United States with participation in the sport at an all-time high, in addition to rising revenues for the NHL itself The game is also reaching its best exposure through its TV deal with NBC Sports That could be one of Bettman's crowning achievements The remarkable thing about the NHL is that it remains incredibly strong, if not stronger coming out of two lockouts in the last decade Gary Bettman…may not be perfect…but he is a good leader for the NHL and probably deserves some recognition for it"79

In 2016, Bettman was inducted as a member of the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame5

Bettman is currently the longest-serving active commissioner in professional sports80


  1. ^ a b c "In-depth: NHL Labour Strife – Gary Bettman" CBC Sports Archived from the original on March 9, 2008 Retrieved 2008-02-28 
  2. ^ Mickle, Tripp 2007-05-14 "NHL revenue tops $22B" Sports Business Journal Street and Smith's Retrieved 2008-02-28 
  3. ^ http://wwwplunkettresearchcom/sports%20recreation%20leisure%20market%20research/industry%20statistics
  4. ^ a b Peters, Chris 22 May 2014 "Sports Executive of the Year: Gary Bettman, NHL" sportsbusinessdailycom Retrieved 22 May 2014 
  5. ^ a b Gary Bettman's page on the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame website
  6. ^ Wetzel, Dan 2004-04-26 "Woe Canada" Yahoo! Sports Retrieved 2010-06-12 
  7. ^ Allen, Kevin; Brehm, Mike 2005-02-21 "Black ice: NHL season canceled" USA Today Retrieved 2008-02-28 
  8. ^ a b Keating, Steve 2013-01-31 "After 20 years of booing, Gary Bettman still standing" Reuters Retrieved 2016-06-15 
  9. ^ Jerusalem Post: "Who was the most influential Jew in sports this past year" By Uriel Sturm August 9, 2016
  10. ^ WEDDINGS/CELEBRATIONS; Lauren Bettman, Brian Gershengorn, The New York Times, August 17, 2003 Accessed February 16, 2008
  11. ^ Negreanu, Daniel Poker Superstars III and Dinner with Jeffrey Pollack 10 Nov, 2005 Fullcontactpokercom Accessed 7/27/07
  12. ^ Lapointe, Joe 1992-11-29 "HOCKEY; NHL Considers An NBA Officer" New York Times Retrieved 2008-02-28 
  13. ^ Loria, Keith Summer 2003 "Boom or bust We evaluate NHL commissioner Gary Bettman's turbulent first decade at the helm of the league" Hockey Digest Retrieved 2008-02-28 dead link
  14. ^ USATODAYCOM: "NBA players cry foul over team incomes" Retrieved December 13, 1991
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  16. ^ Joe Lapointe 1992-12-13 "The NHL Employs A Head for Business" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  17. ^ Joe Lapointe 1993-02-02 "Opening Day for NHL's First Commissioner" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  18. ^ Joe Lapointe 1993-03-02 "Miami, Anaheim In Debut Next Fall" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  19. ^ a b Keith Loria Summer 2003 "Boom or bust We evaluate NHL commissioner Gary Bettman's turbulent first decade at the helm of the league" Find Articles reprint Hockey Digest Retrieved 2008-03-06 dead link
  20. ^ Naylor, David 2007-07-14 "Never in Hamilton" The Globe and Mail Toronto Retrieved 2009-06-07 
  21. ^ Burnside, Scott 2007-07-21 "Balsillie group accuses Bettman of forcing Preds to break off talks" ESPN Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  22. ^ Wente, Jesse "Movie Reviews on Metro Morning" Metro News Archived from the original on January 16, 2009 Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  23. ^ Duhatschek, Eric 2007-04-12 "Northern alienation isn't new but it's growing" The Globe and Mail Toronto Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  24. ^ Terry Frei 2007-09-07 "Now more than ever, the American hockey player has options" ESPN Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  25. ^ a b c "We've been here before" CBC Archived from the original on February 25, 2008 Retrieved 2008-03-06 
  26. ^ Wigge, Larry 1996-05-06 "Rink Brat — Chicago Blackhawks defenseman Chris Chelios" The Sporting News Archived from the original on 2012-07-09 Retrieved 2008-06-09 
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  28. ^ "Counsel presents league's position" New York Times 2004-02-12 Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  29. ^ a b c "Lockout chronology" CBC 2005-07-13 Archived from the original on March 3, 2008 Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  30. ^ Heika, Mike 2005-07-27 "NHL labor timeline" Dallas Morning News Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  31. ^ "Goodenow steps down from NHLPA post" TSNca 2005-07-28 Archived from the original on August 18, 2007 Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  32. ^ "Key terms of NHL agreement" ESPN 2005-07-13 Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  33. ^ "Worst Managers - Gary Bettman" Business Week 2005-01-10 Archived from the original on 2007-12-24 Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  34. ^ Swift, EM 2005-11-03 "My Sportsman Choice: Gary Bettman" Sports Illustrated Retrieved 2008-03-13 
  35. ^ Hackel, Stu January 6, 2013 "Tentative deal reached to end lockout" Time Inc Archived from the original on January 8, 2013 Retrieved January 6, 2013 
  36. ^ a b Memorandum of Understanding signed by both sides
  37. ^ "Sources: NHL makes first CBA offer" ESPN July 14, 2012 Retrieved September 11, 2012 
  38. ^ Beacon, Bill September 14, 2012 "Labour board turns down players' request to block NHL lockout in Quebec" The Vancouver Sun Retrieved September 17, 2012 
  39. ^ "Alberta labor board sides with NHL in lockout ruling" National Hockey League October 10, 2012 Retrieved October 11, 2012 
  40. ^ McGran, Kevin November 26, 2012 NHL lockout: Mediators called in for meetings this week The Hamilton Spectator Retrieved November 26, 2012
  41. ^ Strang, Katie "Mediation yields no progress" ESPN November 29, 2012 Retrieved November 29, 2012
  42. ^ Macramalla, Eric December 11, 2012 "LEGAL LOOK: DECERTIFICATION VS DISCLAIMER OF INTEREST" The Sports Network BellMedia Retrieved December 21, 2012 
  43. ^ "NHL will seek to cancel contracts if NHLPA dissolves" Toronto Sun December 15, 2012 Retrieved December 16, 2012
  44. ^ "NHL files lawsuit, labor charge against union" Fox News Channel December 14, 2012 Retrieved December 15, 2012
  45. ^ "NHLPA eyes breakup; NHL fires back" ESPN December 14, 2012 Retrieved December 15, 2012
  46. ^ Strang, Katie "NHLPA gives board OK on dissolution" ESPN December 21, 2012 Retrieved December 21, 2012
  47. ^ Canadian Press January 6, 2012 "NHL lockout ends: Here are the tentative highlights of their new deal" National Post Archived from the original on February 16, 2013 Retrieved January 8, 2012 
  48. ^ NHL lockout timeline: Let's remember the whole nightmare SB Nation
  49. ^ The Sports Network January 6, 2012 "NHL AND NHLPA REACH DEAL ON COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENT" BellMedia Retrieved January 6, 2012 
  50. ^ Wyshinski, Greg January 6, 2013 NHL lockout deal details: League moves on salary cap, limits player contracts Yahoo! Sports Retrieved January 6, 2013
  51. ^ "2012–13 NHL regular season schedule" National Hockey League Retrieved April 28, 2013 
  52. ^ "Despite Lockout, Fans of NHL Have Tuned In" nytimescom June 22, 2013 Retrieved June 25, 2013
  53. ^ Sandomir, Richard 1994-09-10 "Fox Outbids CBS for NHL Games" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-20 
  54. ^ Steve, Simmons 1994-09-30 "The Commish is not to blame" Calgary Sun  |access-date= requires |url= help
  55. ^ Keri, Jonah 2006-11-30 "Gear through the years" ESPN Retrieved 2008-03-20 
  56. ^ Sandomir, Richard 1996-04-30 "Fox Is Playing It Safe With NHL" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-20 
  57. ^ Houston, William 2004-04-10 "CBC livid as league bows to Americans" Globe and Mail Toronto Retrieved 2015-11-19 
  58. ^ a b c Sandomir, Richard 2005-08-19 "Cable Company's Ambition for a Network Proves a Salvation for the NHL" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-20 
  59. ^ Sandomir, Richard 1998-08-07 "Best NHL Action Is the Battle Over TV Rights" New York Times Retrieved 2008-03-20 
  60. ^ "NHL inks TV deal with NBC" CBC 2004-05-19 Retrieved 2008-03-20 
  61. ^ Di Sciullo, Dan 2007-07-24 "Bettman's quiet summer belies NHL's current predicament" The Sporting News Retrieved 2008-03-20 permanent dead link
  62. ^ "NHL, Versus extend TV contract by 3 Years" yahoocom 2008-01-22 Archived from the original on 2011-06-29 Retrieved 2008-04-06 
  63. ^ Fang, Ken 19 April 2011 "NBC/Versus To Air NHL Games For The Next Ten Years" Fangsbitescom Archived from the original on 18 October 2011 Retrieved 19 April 2011 
  64. ^ Hackel, Stu "NHL’s new TV deal is a winner" SIcom Archived from the original on 2011-04-25 Retrieved 2011-04-24 
  65. ^ "Rogers reaches 12-year broadcast deal with NHL worth $52-billion" The Globe and Mail Toronto November 27, 2013 Retrieved November 26, 2013 
  66. ^ "Tune in every Thursday for the NHL Hour" NHL 2008-05-29 Archived from the original on 2008-05-14 Retrieved 2008-05-29 
  67. ^ Chris, Peters August 4, 2014 "Report: Gary Bettman made $88 million during lockout season" CBS Sports 
  68. ^ Mickle, Tripp July 16, 2010 "NHL's legal costs soar; Bettman's pay tops $7 million" Sporting News 
  69. ^ Terlep, Sharon 2014-06-03 "Canada's National Pastime: Booing NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman" The Wall Street Journal Retrieved 2015-05-31 
  70. ^ a b Greenstein, Kevin 2008-04-07 "Bettman Steers NHL in Right Direction" The New York Sun Retrieved 2011-04-09 
  71. ^ Burnside, Scott 2006-06-26 "Many things abuzz and not at NHL draft" ESPN Retrieved 2011-04-09 Ah, what a wonderful draft tradition, the incessant booing of NHL commissioner Gary Bettman 
  72. ^ a b "Exclusive: NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman" Maxim 2008-12-22 Archived from the original on 2011-09-11 Retrieved 2011-04-02 
  73. ^ Proteau, Adam 2010-06-10 "Gary Bettman shouldn't present the Stanley Cup" The Hockey News Retrieved 2011-04-14 
  74. ^ O'Brien, James 2010-06-10 "Maybe Gary Bettman should let someone else hand out the Cup" NBC Sports Pro Hockey Talk Retrieved 2011-04-14 
  75. ^ McIndoe, Sean 2013-06-24 "20 Years of Awkwardness: A Celebration of Gary Bettman Stanley Cup Presentations" Grantland Retrieved 2016-06-13 
  76. ^ Bon Cop, Bad Cop 2006 - Full Cast & Crew, IMDB, consulted online on February 3rd, 2017
  77. ^ Keiser, Tom, Sportsflicks: Bon Cop Bad Cop, or Call the Hockey Cops, The Classical, February 28th, 2013, consulted inline on February 3rd, 2017
  78. ^ Dean, Brandy, Essential Canadian Cinema: Bon Cop, Bad Cop, Toronto Film Scene, February 20th, 2013, consulted inline on February 3rd, 2017
  79. ^ Peters, Chris 22 May 2014 "NHL commissioner Gary Bettman named Sports Executive of the Year" cbssportscom Retrieved 23 May 2014 
  80. ^ "A sit-down with Commissioner Gary Bettman" wwwsportsbusinessdailycom Retrieved 2017-08-04 

External links

  • CBC Sports Online
  • The Sports E-Cyclopedia
  • Gary Bettman on IMDb
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Gil Stein
National Hockey League Commissioner
titled NHL President prior to 1993


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