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G. R. Hawting

g. r hawting
Gerald R Hawting born 1944 is a British historian and Islamicist


  • 1 Life
  • 2 Research
  • 3 Works
  • 4 References


Hawting's teachers were Bernard Lewis and John Wansbrough He received his PhD in 1978 He is Emeritus Professor for the History of the Near and Middle East at the School of Oriental and African Studies SOAS in London1


In the line of John Wansbrough, Hawting concentrated on the question for the religious milieu in which Islam came into being He analyzed all available sources about the religions on the Arabian peninsula in the time before Islam in detail According to Hawting, Islam did not develop within a world of polytheism as is reported by the traditional Islamic traditions which were written 150 to 200 years after Muhammad Instead, Islam came into being on the basis of a conflict among various types of monotheists which considered each other to fail in living a perfect monotheism, and considering each other to practice idolatry

Another theme of Hawting's research is the period of the Umayyad dynasty which was of great importance for the formation of Islam as a religion2 Hawting was a representative of the Revisionist School of Islamic Studies


  • The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661-750 1986
  • "John Wansbrough, Islam, and monotheism" 1997
  • The Idea of Idolatry and the Rise of Islam: From Polemic to History 1999

As editor and co-author:

  • Approaches to the Quran 1993
  • The Development of Islamic Ritual 2006


  1. ^ "Department of History: Professor G R Hawting" SOAS Retrieved 20 January 2011 
  2. ^ Norman Calder: Review of: The first dynasty of Islam, by G R Hawting, in: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies Volume 51 Issue 1 February 1988, p 131

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