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Fusuma

fusuma, fusuma screens
In Japanese architecture, fusuma Japanese: 襖 are vertical rectangular panels which can slide from side to side to redefine spaces within a room, or act as doors They typically measure about 90 centimetres 30 ft wide by 180 centimetres 59 ft tall, the same size as a tatami mat, and are two or three centimeters thick The heights of fusuma have increased in recent years due to an increase in average height of the Japanese population, and a 190 centimetres 62 ft height is now common In older constructions, they are as small as 170 cm 5 ft 7 in high They consist of a lattice-like wooden understructure covered in cardboard and a layer of paper or cloth on both sides They typically have a black lacquer border and a round finger catch

Historically, fusuma were painted, often with scenes from nature such as mountains, forests or animals Today, many feature plain rice paper, or have industrially printed graphics of fans, autumn leaves, cherry blossom, trees, or geometric graphics Patterns for children featuring popular characters can also be purchased

Both fusuma and shōji sheer, translucent paper room dividers run on wooden rails at the top and bottom The upper rail is called a kamoi 鴨居, lit "duck's place", and the lower is called a shikii 敷居 Traditionally these were waxed, but nowadays they usually have a vinyl lubricating strip to ease movement of the fusuma and shōji

Along with the fusuma, shōji and tatami straw mats as the floor make up a typical Japanese room

See alsoedit

  • Higashiyama period

External linksedit

Media related to Fusuma at Wikimedia Commons

  • Handmade fusuma by Kodama
  • English site explaining all about fusuma, with diagrams and photos
  • Momoyama, Japanese Art in the Age of Grandeur, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art fully available online as PDF, which contains material on fusuma

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Fusuma Information about

Fusuma


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    Fusuma beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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