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Fukui Prefecture

fukui prefecture, fukui prefecture japan
Fukui Prefecture 福井県, Fukui-ken is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island1 The capital is the city of Fukui2

Contents

  • 1 Prehistory
  • 2 History
  • 3 Geography
    • 31 Cities
    • 32 Towns
    • 33 Mergers
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 Demographics
  • 6 Culture
  • 7 Friendship cities
  • 8 Education
    • 81 University
  • 9 Transportation
    • 91 Railroad
    • 92 Road
      • 921 Expressway and Toll Road
      • 922 National Highway
    • 93 Port
  • 10 Tourism
  • 11 Notes
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Prehistoryedit

The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded animals such as the megaraptoran Fukuiraptor kitadaniensis, hadrosauroid Fukuisaurus tetoriensis, coelurosaurian Fukuivenator paradoxus and titanosauriform Fukuititan nipponensis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Fukui Prefecture

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 18713

During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu

During World War II, the city was heavily bombed and its palace, surrounded by a moat, was demolished The Fukui Prefectural government buildings were built on the site

Geographyedit

Fukui faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part formerly Wakasa which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part formerly Echizen with wider plains including the capital and most of the population The province lays within Japan's "Snow country"

As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park4

Citiesedit

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Townsedit

These are the towns in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Fukui Prefecture

Economyedit

  • Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses
  • There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture5

Demographicsedit

Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households6 As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 286% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 20156 and the population has decreased 26% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census7

Cultureedit

  • Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan
  • Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares
  • Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan
  • Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan It was built in 1576
  • Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can been seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum
  • Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben
  • Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan along with Kyoto Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style
  • Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodlescitation needed
  • In August 2010 Fukui launched its own dating website entitled Fukui Marriage-Hunting Café in hopes of helping the declining population growth of Japan increase Couples who meet in the site and continue on to marry receive monetary aid from the government as well as gifts 8

Friendship citiesedit

  • Vihti, Finland

Educationedit

Universityedit

  • Fukui University
  • Fukui University of Technology
  • Fukui Prefectural University
  • Jin-ai University

Transportationedit

Railroadedit

  • JR West
    • Hokuriku Line
    • Obama Line
    • Kuzuryu Line
  • Echizen Railway
    • Katsuyama-Eiheiji Line
    • Mikuni-Awara Line
  • Fukui Railway
    • Fukubu Line

Roadedit

Expressway and Toll Roadedit

  • Hokuriku Expressway
  • Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
  • Chubu Jukan Expressway
  • Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
  • Mount Hoonji Toll Road

National Highwayedit

  • Route 8
  • Route 27
  • Route 157
  • Route 158
  • Route 161
  • Route 162
  • Route 303
  • Route 305
  • Route 364
  • Route 365
  • Route 367
  • Route 416
  • Route 417
  • Route 418
  • Route 476

Portedit

  • Tsuruga Port - Ferry route to Niigata, Akita, Tomakomai, Otaru and International container hub
  • Fukui Port
Tsuruga Port

Tourismedit

  • Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
  • Eihei-ji Temple
  • Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide
  • Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter
  • Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation
  • Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Fukui-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 217, p 217, at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p 126, p 126, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukui" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 217, p 217, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 4 February 2012 
  5. ^ Fujioka, Chisa "Japan anti-nuclear movement gains traction as crisis drags on" Reuters 2011-04-08 Retrieved 2014-02-07
  6. ^ a b "福井県の推計人口" Fukui Prefecture Population Estimate in Japanese Fukui Prefectural Government 1 October 2015 Retrieved 27 October 2015 
  7. ^ "第2章 人口の地域分布" Regional distribution of population PDF in Japanese Retrieved 27 October 2015 
  8. ^ Ansari, Aziz; Klinenberg, Eric Modern Romance p 155 ISBN 1594206279 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official Fukui Prefecture homepage
  • Echizen Papermaking Cooperative

Coordinates: 35°59′N 136°11′E / 35983°N 136183°E / 35983; 136183

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