Tue . 20 Feb 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

Fujian Province, Republic of China


Fujian Province, formerly romanized as Fukien Province Chinese: 福建省; pinyin: Fújiàn Shěng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hok-kiàn-séng, see other names below, is a streamlined province of the Republic of China ROC It includes the small archipelagos of Kinmen Quemoy and Matsu Islands off the southeast coast of the People's Republic of China PRC The seat of the provincial government is Jincheng Township of Kinmen County

The current Fujian Province under ROC control was once part of a larger Fujian Province, which consisted of a mainland portion and some islands After the Chinese Civil War of 1949, the majority of the historical province became Fujian, People's Republic of China, while the remaining islands remained under ROC control, which compose 05% of ROC's territories

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Subdivisions
  • 3 Government
    • 31 List of Chairpersons
      • 311 After Relocation to Kinmen
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Main article: Fujian

During the Chinese Civil War, the ROC lost control of mainland China, including most of Fujian province, and was forced to relocate to Taiwan, while the victorious Chinese Communist forces established the PRC in 1949, subsequently the capital of Fujian was also moved from Foochow to Jincheng In the Battle of Guningtou, however, ROC forces were able to defend the island of Quemoy Kinmen just off the coast of Fujian from communist attack As a result, the ROC has been able to hold on to a number of offshore islands of Fujian, and has continued to maintain a separate Fujian Provincial Government to govern these islands, parallel to the province of Fujian in mainland China

In 1956, due to heightened potential for military conflict with the PRC, the ROC central government moved the Fujian provincial government out of Fujian to within Taiwan Province in Xindian now part of New Taipei, and the islands were placed under an extraordinarily tight military administration due to their extreme proximity to mainland China This was an unusual situation where the government of a province was located and operating in a different province With the easing of cross-strait relations between the PRC and ROC and the democratization of the ROC in the 1990s, the islands were returned to civilian government in 1992 On January 15, 1996, the provincial government moved back to Kinmen, on Fujian soil1

Recently, the ROC has significantly diluted the powers of the two provinces it governs, namely Taiwan and Fujian Most of the authority at the Fujian province level has been delegated to the two county governments of Kinmen and Lienchiang

Subdivisionsedit

Fujian province comprises two counties: Kinmen County and Lienchiang County These islands have a total area of 18266 km² and a total population of 71,000 2001

The following are the islands of Fujian under the administration of the ROC, given by county:

Kinmen County 金門縣 Lienchiang County 連江縣
  • Kinmen 金門島
  • Lesser Kinmen 小金門島
  • Wuqiu Islands 烏坵嶼
    • Daqiu 大坵
    • Xiaoqiu 小坵
  • Dongding 東碇
  • Dadan 大擔 and Erdan 二擔
  • Matsu Islands 馬祖列島
    • Nangan 南竿島
    • Beigan 北竿島
    • Juguang 莒光列島
      called Baiquan Islands 白犬列岛 by the PRC
    • Dongyin 東引島 and Xiyin 西引島
    • Minor islands: Liang 亮島, Gaodeng 高登,

The PRC claims Kinmen as Jinmen County, Quanzhou, Fujian; Matsu Islands as Mazu Township, Lianjiang County, Fuzhou, Fujian

Governmentedit

Main article: Fujian Provincial Government Fujian Provincial Government A Fujian provincial branch government office building, in Shuitou Village, Jincheng Township, Kinmen

List of Chairpersonsedit

Portrait Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party
1 Yang Shu-chuang2
楊樹莊
Yáng Shùzhuāng
1882–1934
1 May 1927 7 December 1932 Kuomintang
Concurrently held position as Minister of the Navy
Chen Nai-yuan
陳乃元
Chén Nǎiyuán
5 February 1929 6 January 1930 Kuomintang
As acting; head of Provincial Civil Affairs Department
Fang Sheng-tao
方聲濤
Fāng Shēngtāo
1885–1934
6 January 1930 7 December 1932 Kuomintang
As acting; head of Provincial Public Security Department
2 Chiang Kuang-nai2
蔣光鼐
Jiǎng Guāngnài
1888-1967
7 December 1932 20 December 1933 Kuomintang
3 Chen Yi
陳儀
Chén Yí
1883-1950
12 January 1934 28 August 1941 Kuomintang
4 Liu Chien-hsü2
劉建緒
Liú Jiànxù
1892-1978
28 August 1941 16 September 1948 Kuomintang
5 Li Liang-jung
李良榮
Lǐ Liángróng
1906-1967
16 September 1948 20 January 1949 Kuomintang
6 Chu Shao-ling2
朱紹良
Zhū Shàoliáang
1891-1963
20 January 1949 4 October 1949 Kuomintang
Fang Chih3
方治
Fāng Zhì
1895–1989
18 August 1949 30 September 1949 Kuomintang
As acting; Member of the National Assembly
Huang Chin-tao
黃金濤
Huáng Jīntāo
1888–1957
30 September 1949 23 November 1949 Kuomintang
As acting; head of Provincial Public Works Department

After Relocation to Kinmenedit

Portrait Name
Birth–Death
Term of Office Political Party
7 Hu Lien
胡璉
Hú Liǎn
1907–1977
23 November 1949 1 February 1955 Kuomintang
Concurrently held position as Commander of the Kinmen Defense Command Provincial Government relocated to Xindian, Taipei County, Taiwan on 4 December 1949
8 Tai Chung-yu
戴仲玉
Dài Zhòngyù
1910–1986
1 February 1955 21 May 1986 Kuomintang
Longest serving chairperson Died in office
9 Wu Chin-tzan
吳金贊
Hú Liǎn
1935–2012
20 June 1986 9 February 1998 Kuomintang
Provincial Government returned to Kinmen on 15 January 1996
10 Yen Chung-cheng
顏忠誠
Yán Zhōngchéng
10 February 1998 21 May 2007 Kuomintang
Yang Cheng-hsi
楊誠璽
Yáng Chéngxǐ
21 May 2007 28 November 2007 Kuomintang
As acting; head of the First Division of the Provincial Government
11 Chen Chin-jun
陳景峻
Chén Jǐngjùn
1956–
28 November 2007 20 May 2008 Democratic Progressive Party
Concurrently held position as Secretary General of the Executive Yuan
12 Hsueh Hsiang-chuan
薛香川
Xūe Xiāngchuān
1944–
20 May 2008 10 September 2009 Kuomintang
Concurrently held position as Secretary General of the Executive Yuan
13 James Hsueh
薛承泰
Xūe Chéngtài
1956–
10 September 2009 18 February 2013 Kuomintang
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio
14 Chen Shyh-kwei4
陳士魁
Chén Shìkúi
1952–
18 February 2013 1 August 2013 Kuomintang
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio
15 Luo Ying-shay
羅瑩雪
Luó Yíngxuě
1951–
1 August 2013 29 September 2013 Kuomintang
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio and as Minister of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission
16 Schive Chi5
薛琦
Xuē Qí
29 September 2013 25 March 2014
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio
17 John Deng
鄧振中
Dèng Zhènzhōng
1952–
25 March 2014 7 December 2014
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio
18 Woody Duh
杜紫軍
Dù Zǐjūn
1959–
7 December 2014 31 January 2016 Independent
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio
19 Lin Chu-chia
林祖嘉
Lín Zǔjiā
1956–
31 January 2016 20 May 2016
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio and as Minister of the National Development Council
20 Chang Ching-sen
張景森
Zhāng Jǐngsēn
1959–
20 May 2016 Incumbent Independent
Concurrently held position as Minister Without Portfolio

See alsoedit

  • Taiwan Province
  • Politics of the Republic of China
  • Battle of Kuningtou
  • First Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • Second Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • Third Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • Chekiang Province, Republic of China

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Fujian Provincial Government website Archived April 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Cahoon, Ben "China Provinces and Administrative Divisions" wwwworldstatesmenorg World Statesmen Retrieved 2 October 2015 
  3. ^ Cahoon, Ben "China Provinces and Administrative Divisions" wwwworldstatesmenorg World Statesmen Retrieved 2 October 2015 In Columns “May 1949 - 23 Nov 1949 Fang Zhi Fang Chih Nationalist at Kinmen from 17 Aug 1949 b 1895 - d 1989” 
  4. ^ "Executive Yuan, ROC Taiwan-Executive Yuan Officials" Eygovtw Retrieved 2014-05-18 
  5. ^ "Executive Yuan, ROC Taiwan-Executive Yuan Officials" Eygovtw Retrieved 2014-05-18 

External linksedit

  • ROC Fujian Provincial Government in Chinese

Coordinates: 24°25′N 118°19′E / 24417°N 118317°E / 24417; 118317


Fujian Province, Republic of China Information about

Fujian Province, Republic of China


  • user icon

    Fujian Province, Republic of China beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


Fujian Province, Republic of China
Fujian Province, Republic of China
Fujian Province, Republic of China viewing the topic.
Fujian Province, Republic of China what, Fujian Province, Republic of China who, Fujian Province, Republic of China explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Amorphous metal

Amorphous metal

An amorphous metal also known as metallic glass or glassy metal is a solid metallic material, usuall...
Arthur Lake (bishop)

Arthur Lake (bishop)

Arthur Lake September 1569 – 4 May 1626 was Bishop of Bath and Wells and a translator of the King Ja...
John Hawkins (author)

John Hawkins (author)

Sir John Hawkins 29 March 1719 – 21 May 1789 was an English author and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson a...
McDonnell Douglas MD-12

McDonnell Douglas MD-12

The McDonnell Douglas MD-12 was an aircraft design study undertaken by the McDonnell Douglas company...