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Fritz Bracht

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Fritz Bracht 18 January 1899 in Heiden, part of Lage near Detmold – 9 May 1945 in Bad Kudowa, now Kudowa Zdrój, Poland was the Nazi Gauleiter of Upper Silesia


  • 1 Career
  • 2 Decorations and awards
  • 3 Bibliography
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


Bracht right in 1941

After training as a gardener, Bracht entered military service in 1917, and was deployed at the front until the end of World War I Thereafter, he found himself a prisoner of the British, until 1919

On 1 April 1927, Bracht joined the Nazi Party with membership number 77,890 and was appointed leader of the NSDAP district of Sauerland in November 1928 He held the same position as of 1 March 1931 in Altena Elected to the Prussian Landtag in 1932, he took on the post of acting Gauleiter of Silesia on 1 May 1935

After Gauleiter Josef Wagner fell out of favour with Adolf Hitler on 9 November 1941 and was removed from office and kicked out of the Party, Silesia was split into two Gaue, Upper and Lower Silesia Bracht was appointed as the new Gauleiter of Oberschlesien From February 1941, he was also given the function of High President Oberpräsident of the Province of Upper Silesia, and in November 1942 the office of Reich Defence Commissar in his Gau In 1944, he was promoted to the rank of SA-Obergruppenführer Within Bracht's jurisdiction was the concentration camp Auschwitz

As the Red Army marched into Germany, Bracht and his wife both committed suicide by poisoning themselves with potassium cyanide Bracht by then had long been pushed into the background and dominated by his predecessor Josef Wagner, who in the years leading up to World War II had been much esteemed and very influential In 1944, when with war threatening, Bracht ordered that air defence facilities in his Gau be upgraded and made stronger, however, he could not prevail upon the Armament Ministry to do so

Decorations and awards

  • 1914 Iron Cross, 1918[1]
  • Golden Party Badge[1]
  • Honour Chevron for the Old Guard, 1934[1]
  • The Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 with Swords, 1934[1]
  • Anschluss Medal, 1939[1]
  • War Merit Cross 2nd Class without Swords and 1st Class without Swords, 1941[1]
  • Golden Hitler Youth Badge with Oak Leaves, 2291941[1]


  • Joachim Lilla Bearbeiter: Statisten in Uniform Die Mitglieder des Reichstags 1933–1945 Droste Verlag, Düsseldorf 2004, mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 3-7700-5254-4
  • Joachim Lilla Bearbeiter: Die stellvertretenden Gauleiter und die Vertretung der Gauleiter der NSDAP im „Dritten Reich“ Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Bremerhaven 2003, ISBN 3-86509-020-6 = Materialien aus dem Bundesarchiv, Heft 13
  • Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders Of The Nazi Party And Their Deputies, 1925-1945 Herbert Albrecht-H Wilhelm Huttmann-Volume 1 by Michael D Miller and Andreas Schulz R James Bender Publishing, 2012
  • Miller, Michael 2015 Leaders Of The Storm Troops Volume 1 England: Helion & Company ISBN 978-1-909982-87-1CS1 maint: ref=harv link
  • Michael Rademacher: Handbuch der NSDAP-Gaue 1928–1945 Die Amtsträger der NSDAP und ihrer Organisationen auf Gau- und Kreisebene in Deutschland und Österreich sowie in den Reichsgauen Danzig-Westpreußen, Sudetenland und Wartheland Lingenbrink, Vechta 2000, ISBN 3-8311-0216-3
  • Wolfgang Stelbrink: Die Kreisleiter der NSDAP in Westfalen und Lippe Versuch einer Kollektivbiographie mit biographischem Anhang Nordrhein-Westfälisches Staatsarchiv, Münster 2003, ISBN 3-932892-14-3 = Veröffentlichungen der staatlichen Archive des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, Reihe C, Band 48
  • Mirosław Węcki: Fritz Bracht 1899–1945 Nazistowski zarządca Górnego Śląska w latach II wojny światowej Katowice 2014, ISBN 978-83-63031-24-4


External links

Media related to Fritz Bracht at Wikimedia Commons

  • Fritz Bracht in the German National Library catalogue
  • Bild und Biografie im Handbuch des Reichstags[permanent dead link]
  • Newspaper clippings about Fritz Bracht in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Miller 2015, p 304

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