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Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow


Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow 4 October 1678 – 18 March 1739 was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall and statesman

The cultured Grumbkow was born in Berlin as the son of Joachim Ernst von Grumbkow, General War Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia Educated in France, he married a Mademoiselle de la Chevalerie[1] He took part in the War of the Spanish Succession, fighting in the Battle of Malplaquet and reaching the rank of Generalmajor

King Frederick William I of Prussia trusted Grumbkow and named him a member of the Privy Council and the head of the Generalkriegskommissariat, or General War Commissariat He was known as "Biberius" to his friends, on account of his proclivity to alcohol consumption[2] He owned the Petit Palais in Niederschönhausen and a house on Königstraße in Berlin

Grumbkow rose to the top of the Prussian military and taxation branches, allowing him to aid Frederick William in his efforts to modernize the administration of Prussia His improvements to the taxation system were vital to the colonization of unsettled lands and to municipal governance After the creation of the General Directory in 1723, Grumbkow became head of the first department He was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in 1737

Influenced by the Imperial envoy in Berlin, Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff, Grumbkow advised Frederick William I against a marriage of Crown Prince Frederick with a princess from the House of Hanover In serving the interests of Habsburg Austria over the House of Hohenzollern, Grumbkow deepened the divide between Frederick William and his son, Frederick

Frederick William tolerated Grumbkow's being on the payroll of Austria In a letter to Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, the king wrote of Grumbkow's corruption, "I know he is like that, but you need such people to do the business honourable people wouldn't want to soil their hands with I get more out of him in an hour than I acquit with others in three"[1]

Frederick eventually reached a reconciliation with both Frederick William and Grumbkow He referred to Grumbkow as "the Cassubian", because of his Pomeranian ancestry[3] Grumbkow died in Berlin in 1739, barely over a year before Frederick William

Notes

  1. ^ a b MacDonogh, p 44
  2. ^ MacDonogh, p 45
  3. ^ MacDonogh, p 104

References

  • MacDonogh, Giles 2001 Frederick the Great: A Life in Deed and Letters New York: St Martin's Griffin p 436 ISBN 0-312-27266-9mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink


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