Friedrich Karl Florian
Friedrich Karl Florian 4 February 1894 in Essen – 24 October 1975 in Mettmann was the Gauleiter of Düsseldorf in Nazi Germany He entered military service in August, 1914, as a Kriegsfreiwilliger and was assigned to Grenadier-Regiment 1 Garrison: Königsberg He served in the unit until 1916, when he volunteered for the Fliegertruppe and was assigned after training to Jagdstaffel Jasta 51 in Jagdgeschwader Richthofen Shot down and captured by British troops in May, 1918, he was released from captivity in November, 1919
He joined the NSDAP on 1881925, member number 16,699 He worked as Gauleiter of the Düsseldorf Gau from 1 January 1930 to 8 May 1945 – seven days after Adolf Hitler's death During this time, he was also a member of the Reichstag On 1 May 1936, he was appointed to the Reich leadership On 25 September 1933 he became an SA Gruppenführer, and on 30 January 1937 an SA Obergruppenführer
During his stay in Düsseldorf, the racialist, right-wing journalist Lothrop Stoddard described Florian thus: "He was a distinctly sinister-looking type; hard-faced, with a cruel eye and a still crueler mouth A sadist, if I ever saw one I can imagine how unpopular he must be among the good-natured, kindly Duesseldorfers'"
Florian was sentenced to six years in prison after the war because of his rank in the Nazi Party and released in 1951 He remained a convinced Nazi after the war and maintained contact to former associates from the Nazi era He was charged with ordering the execution of five Düsseldorf citizens who had attempted to surrender the city to the US Army in April 1945 but was acquitted
Decorations and awards
- 1914 Iron Cross Second Class
- Golden Party Badge, c1933
- Honour Chevron for the Old Guard, February 1934
- The Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 with Swords, 1934
- Anschluss Medal, c1938
- Sudetenland Medal, c1939
- ^ Miller 2015, p 405
- ^ Stoddard, Lothrop 1940, Into the Darkness, Project Gutenberg Australia, 2003
- ^ "ZEITGESCHICHTE / NATIONALSOZIALISTEN" [History/Nazis] spiegelde in German Der Spiegel 8 May 1967 Retrieved 26 March 2016mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
- ^ "Brauner im Bunker" [Brown man in the bunker] zeitde in German Die Zeit 7 May 1971 Retrieved 26 March 2016
- ^ a b Miller 2015, p 415
- ^ a b c d Miller 2015, p 416
- Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders Of The Nazi Party And Their Deputies, 1925-1945 Herbert Albrecht-H Wilhelm Huttmann-Volume 1 by Michael D Miller and Andreas Schulz R James Bender Publishing, 2012
- Miller, Michael 2015 Leaders Of The Storm Troops Volume 1 England: Helion & Company ISBN 978-1-909982-87-1CS1 maint: ref=harv link
- Picture of Friedrich Karl Florian
- Newspaper clippings about Friedrich Karl Florian in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
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