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Friedrich Ferdinand Alexander zu Dohna-Schlobitten


Friedrich Ferdinand Alexander zu Dohna-Schlobitten 29 March 1771 – 31 March 1831 was a Prussian politician

Biography

Dohna-Schlobitten was born at Finckenstein today Kamieniec, Poland to Friedrich Alexander Burggraf und Graf zu Dohna-Schlobitten 1741–1810 and Caroline née Finck von Finckenstein 1746–1825[1] He studied cameralistics at the Universities of Frankfurt Oder and Göttingen In Hamburg, where he visited a commercial college, Dohna became a friend of Alexander von Humboldt In 1790 he joined the Royal Prussian War and Domain Chamber Kriegs- und Domänenkammer in Berlin and was promoted to the Director of the regional chamber in Marienwerder in 1801[2][3] After the Prussian defeat at Jena and Auerstedt in 1806 Dohna did not pay homage to Napoleon but just assured the local authorities wouldn't act against the French troops Dohna was voluntarily detained as a hostage to secure his pledge[3]

In April 1807 Dohna negotiated with Napoleon at the Finckenstein Palace on a French-Prussian separate peace and achieved a waiver of contribution payments of the province of West Prussia[3]

On 4 August 1807 Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia appointed Dohna to the President of the Royal War and Domain Chamber On proposal of Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom Stein Dohna became his successor as Prussian minister of Interior after Stein was forced to leave his office on French pressure in 1808 As such Dohna supported the foundation of the University of Berlin by Wilhelm von Humboldt[3]

The Prussian estates at Königsberg in 1813

Dohna came into opposition to Karl August von Hardenberg and left office in November 1810 He returned to his estates in East Prussia and organized a meeting of the Prussian estates in Königsberg with Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg on 5 February 1813 after the Convention of Tauroggen Here Dohna was elected the Chairman of the Commission of People's Armament and organized the resistance against the retreating French troops after Napoleon's Russian campaign[3]

Cooperating with Carl von Clausewitz he elaborated an adjustment to create the Prussian Landwehr,[2] which was subsequently approved by the Prussian King on 17 March 1813, and was appointed to the Civil Governor of Prussian territory East of the Vistula After this position was abandoned in June 1814 Dohna retired again and returned to his estate of Schlobitten He was still active in regional politics and was a deputy of the district of Mohrungen in the first East Prussian Parliament in 1824 He also protested against the Karlsbad Decrees in 1820[3]

Dohna died at Königsberg[2]

References

  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav "Dohna pedigree" GenealogyEUmw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c short Biographyin German
  3. ^ a b c d e f Biography at Neue Deutsche Biographie in German


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    29.10.2014


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