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French legislative election, 2012

french legislative election 2012 in senate, french legislative election 2012 wikipedia
Jean-Marc Ayrault
PS

Prime Minister-designate

Jean-Marc Ayrault
PS

Official campaign posters in the 5th constituency of Val-de-Marne One of the posters has been partly torn off: a not infrequent occurrence

Legislative elections took place on 10 and 17 June 2012 and on other dates for small numbers of voters outside metropolitan France to select the members of the 14th National Assembly of the French Fifth Republic – a little over a month after the French presidential election run-off held on 6 May23

All 577 single member seats in the assembly, including those representing overseas departments and territories and French residents overseas, were contested using a two-round system

Contents

  • 1 Background
    • 11 Presidential election
    • 12 Ethnic and gender pluralism
  • 2 Electoral system
    • 21 The two-round system
    • 22 Redistricting
  • 3 Parties
    • 31 Main parties and their aims
    • 32 UMP position on the National Front
  • 4 Campaign
  • 5 Opinion polls
  • 6 Results
    • 61 Overall
    • 62 Overall results by party
    • 63 Gains and losses
    • 64 Notable individual results
      • 641 Government ministers
      • 642 Others
  • 7 Notable races
    • 71 Pas-de-Calais 11th
    • 72 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 2nd
    • 73 Charente-Maritime 1st
    • 74 Paris 4th
    • 75 Hauts-de-Seine 9th
    • 76 Meurthe-et-Moselle 5th
    • 77 Bouches-du-Rhône 5th
    • 78 Essonne 8th
  • 8 Notes and references
  • 9 External links

Backgroundedit

Presidential electionedit

The elections came a month after the presidential election won by François Hollande of the Socialist Party Since 2002, legislative elections immediately follow the presidential ones This was designed to limit the possibility of a cohabitation, whereby the President and his or her Prime Minister, backed by a parliamentary majority, would be of opposite parties The aim was also to give the new President and his government a "double mandate", the election of the President being followed by that of a parliamentary majority enabling him to implement his policies45 This is what happened in 2002 and 20076 Thus, in 2012, the Socialist Party has asked French citizens to "confirm" the result of the presidential election; Hollande's campaign director Pierre Moscovici argued it would not make sense to have elected a President only for him to be rendered "powerless" by the legislative election: "This President tomorrow must have a majority with which to govern" By contrast, the Union for a Popular Movement, on the right, has repeatedly asked that the left not be given "all the powers" through this election78910 The legislative elections in France are often described as the "third round" of the presidential election681011

Ethnic and gender pluralismedit

In order to make possible the election of some candidates of non-European ethnic background North African, Subsaharan African and West Indian as well as for female candidates, the Socialist Party had, like in 2007, reserved several constituencies for them, 22 for ethnic minorities and 49% for women121314

At the end of the second round, there were 13 metropolitan deputies with non European ethnic background, including two government members Kader Arif, former Euro MP, and George Pau-Langevin, already deputy since 2007 who will be replaced by their alternate candidates:

  • 6 with Algerian roots: Kader Arif PS, Kheira Bouziane PS, Pascal Cherki PS, Jean-François Copé UMP, Razzy Hammadi PS, Chaynesse Khirouni PS
  • 2 with Lebanese roots: Christian Assaf PS, Henri Jibrayel PS
  • 2 with Guadeloupean roots: Hélène Geoffroy PS, George Pau-Langevin PS
  • 1 with Tunisian roots: Pierre Lellouche UMP and Razzy Hammadi, whose mother is a Tunisian
  • 1 with Chadian roots: Seybah Dagoma PS
  • 1 with Brazilian roots: Eduardo Rihan Cipel PS

Among the 11 deputies who represent French citizens abroad, one is from Réunion, Corine Narassiguin PS, another has Chilean roots, Sergio Coronado EELV and a third one has Iranian roots, Pouria Amirshahi PS

Electoral systemedit

A total of 6,603 candidates ran for the 577 seats, an average of 11 per constituency Some 40% are women15 The law mandates that every party must have between 49 and 51% of women among its candidates, or have their public funding significantly reduced "Some parties, among the richest, prefer to pay the fine" rather than comply with this rule, according to Libération16better source needed The law also does not take electability into account, and significant numbers of women candidates run in constituencies where their party does not stand a real chance

French expatriates elected their own MPs for the first time – voting early, from 23 to 26 May or on 2 or 3 June for the first round and from 6 to 12 June or on 16 or 17 June for the second, depending on their location and the method by which they cast their ballot If an expatriate votes via the Internet, he or she has a week to do so from 23 to 26 May A postal ballot may be cast, if received by 31 May in the Americas or by 1 June in the rest of the world Those who prefer to vote in person in their local consulate must do so on 2 June in the Americas or 3 June in the rest of the world1718

The two-round systemedit

Each of the 577 constituencies elects one representative to the National Assembly, in a two-round election A candidate is elected in the first round if he or she obtains an absolute majority of the vote in his or her constituency and the votes of at least one quarter of all registered voters in the constituency If a large number of voters abstain, an absolute majority of the vote may thus not be enough, although this rarely happens In the 2012 election, one surprising example was in Martinique's 3rd constituency, where incumbent MP Serge Letchimy of the Martinican Progressive Party received 6329% of the vote, but narrowly failed to be immediately elected due to a very low turnout 3067%19 If no candidate is elected in the first round, then the two candidates who finished first and second in the first round advance automatically to the second for a runoff They may be joined by the third- or even fourth-placed candidate; the second round is open to any candidate who has obtained the votes of at least 125% of registered voters in the constituency20 Low turnouts therefore decrease the likelihood of a three-person runoff known in France as a triangulaire In the second round, the candidate who obtains the most votes is elected; an absolute majority is not required In the unlikely event of a tie, the elder of the tied candidates is elected21

Candidates who advance to the second round have the option of withdrawing Usually this happens in a triangulaire, where the party and/or candidate that finished third in the first round prefers to favour one of the two leading candidates In the 2012 election, for example, third-placed UMP candidate Roland Chassain in the Bouches-du-Rhônes's 16th constituency withdrew in order to help the National Front candidate defeat the Socialist candidate22 In addition, the parties of the mainstream left Socialist, Greens, Left Front, Radical Party of the Left, various smaller parties have a long-standing agreement whereby they do not stand against one another in the second round If two of them advance to the second round in the same constituency, the less-well-placed of the two automatically withdraws In some cases, this means a triangulaire is avoided, and the left is united against a single right-wing candidate In the 2012 election, for example, in the Hauts-de-Seine's 11th constituency, incumbent MP and Left Front candidate Marie-Hélène Amiable narrowly finished second 2920% behind Socialist candidate Julie Sommaruga 2993% Amiable withdrew, supporting Sommaruga in her runoff against New Centre candidate Jean-Loup Metton, who had finished third in the first round with enough support to advance to the second 2415% In other cases, this rule means that only one candidate remains in the "second round" Thus, Socialist Najia Amzal withdrew in favour of Left Front candidate and incumbent MP Marie-George Buffet in Seine-Saint-Denis's 4th constituency; Left Front candidate Patrick Le Hyaric withdrew in favour of Socialist candidate Élisabeth Guigou in Seine-Saint-Denis's 6th constituency; Left Front candidate and incumbent MP Pierre Gosnat withdrew in favour of Citizen and Republican Movement candidate Jean-Luc Laurent in the Val-de-Marne's 10th constituency; and Green candidate Stéphane Gatignon withdrew in front of the Left Front's incumbent MP François Asensi in Seine-Saint-Denis's 4th constituency In all these cases, no candidate of the right, centre or far right had reached the second round, meaning that the best-placed and sole remaining left-wing candidate was guaranteed to be elected in a one-person "runoff"23

Redistrictingedit

The Constitutional Council approved in 2010 the first redistricting of electoral boundaries since 1986 to reflect France's changing demographics The population ratio between the most populated and least populated constituencies was reduced from 1:36 to 1:224 A study by Regards Citoyens indicated that the number of seats increased in areas held by the centre-right coalition led by then governing UMP at the expense of the Socialist-led opposition coalition25

Officially, the dual purpose of the redistricting was to ensure a more equal number of voters per constituency, but also to provide seats in the National Assembly to French citizens resident overseas Thirty-three constituencies were abolished, and thirty-three new ones created Of the latter, nineteen were in France, while the rest of the world was divided into eleven constituencies for French residents overseas2627

Partiesedit

Main parties and their aimsedit

The Socialist Party sought to obtain a parliamentary majority with which to implement its policies Three possible scenarios could have occurred if the left won overall:

  • The Socialist Party has an absolute majority of seats, and can govern alone, without having to rely on the support of smaller left-wing or centre-left parties
  • The Socialist Party has a majority with the support of its government partners: Europe Ecology – The Greens, the Radical Party of the Left centre-left, and the small Citizen and Republican Movement
  • The Socialist Party and its aforementioned partners lack a majority alone, and require the support of the Left Front in order to govern The Left Front has indicated that it would never bring down the Socialist government, but that it would not systematically support the government's policies, and would require support for some of its own policy proposals28

The Union for a Popular Movement officially aimed to win the election Its primary stated aim, however, was to obtain enough seats to prevent the left from having the 3/5ths Congress majority which would enable it to adopt constitutional reforms such as granting the right to vote to foreign residents in local elections The UMP's task was complicated by the popularity of the far-right National Front, which the polls indicated could obtain enough support to reach the second round in a large number of constituencies, thus splitting the right-wing vote Under French electoral law, in legislative elections, a third party advances to the second round if it obtains the votes of at least 125% of registered voters – ie, including those who abstain28

The Left Front aimed to have a sizable group in Parliament, with which to have meaningful influence on the policies of the Socialist government28

The National Front aimed to obtain seats in the Assembly; it had none prior to the election A secondary aim was to "sow chaos in the UMP" by maintaining candidates in the second round and thus causing the UMP potentially to lose seats The National Front's stated aim was eventually to replace the UMP as the main party of the right – though opinion polls credit the UMP with at least 209 seats, and the National Front with 8 at most, possibly none at all28

Europe Ecology – The Greens aimed to form an official parliamentary group, which requires having fifteen members in the Assembly It had only three members prior to the election28

The Democratic Movement aimed to preserve its three seats, although its earlier ambitions were much higher Opinion polls suggest the party may disappear from the Assembly completely, and is unlikely to obtain any additional seats28

In all, twelve parties or alliances stood more than a hundred candidates The Socialist Party had 459 candidates, and endorsed candidates of allied parties in other constituencies The UMP had 501 candidates, and endorsed candidates of allied parties most notably the New Centre in 69 other constituencies The Left Front had 531 candidates Europe Ecologie-The Greens had 465 Marine Le Pen's "Marine Blue Gathering" had 571 candidates, and was thus present in all but six constituencies Most of these candidates were members of the National Front; others were from small, allied extreme right parties François Bayrou's "Centre for France" alliance had 340 candidates, most of whom were members of the Democratic Movement29
Also standing over a hundred candidates were:29

  • Workers' Struggle: 536
  • the New Anticapitalist Party: 329
  • the Independent Ecological Alliance: 292
  • Arise the Republic: 253
  • an alliance of The Clover - The New Ecologists and the Humans, Animals, Nature Movement: 132
  • the Independent Workers' Party: 103
  • Pirate Party: 101

UMP position on the National Frontedit

With the prospect of National Front candidates reaching the second round alongside the mainstream candidates of the left and right in a number of constituencies, the Socialist Party announced that it would withdraw its candidate from the second round in those constituencies, if and only if it appeared that the National Front candidate had a realistic prospect of winning In such cases, the Socialists would support the UMP candidate as part of a "republican front" against the far right The UMP, by contrast, refrained from saying it would withdraw and support a Socialist candidate in those same circumstances30

Instead, 64% of UMP voters said they would favour an alliance between their own party and the extreme right for the legislative election31 Leading figures of the UMP rejected the possibility Chantal Jouanno said she was worried it might be under consideration, leading party leader Jean-François Copé to assure her publicly "there will never be an alliance with the National Front"32 Two days before the first round, Alain Juppé called upon party members to resist the "temptation" of local alliances with the far right, arguing on "moral", "pragmatic" and "tactical grounds", highlighting ideological and policy incompatibility and the National Front's stated aim to "break" and replace the UMP33

The day after the first round, the UMP officially announced its position The party told its candidates not to withdraw if they had entered the second round in third place behind a Socialist candidate and a candidate of the National Front In addition, in constituencies where the second round was a runoff between the left and the National Front, the UMP would not support either candidate34 Roland Chassain, UMP candidate in the Bouches-du-Rhônes's 16th constituency, immediately disobeyed the party line, announcing he was withdrawing from the second round and supporting the National Front candidate He explained that he considered himself "closer to Marine Le Pen than to the Socialist Party"22 In the Gard's 2nd constituency, third-placed UMP candidate Etienne Mourrut also publicly considered defying party instructions and withdrawing in favour of National Front candidate Gilbert Collard Ultimately, he decided to comply with party instructions and remain in the race35

Simultaneously, Nadine Morano UMP, government minister from 2008 and 2012, asked National Front voters in her constituency to support her on the grounds of the "shared values" between the right and the far right,36 while UMP mayor of Nice Christian Estrosi stated that the UMP has "no common values" with the Socialist Party37 On 12 June, Morano published an interview in the far right newspaper Minute, calling for "as large a gathering as possible of the right"3839 Another UMP candidate, Jean-Paul Garraud, stated that his party and the National Front had "common beliefs", a statement which was criticised by Alain Juppé as being "in total contradiction" with the stated position of the UMP40

Martine Aubry, the leader of the Socialist Party, said that her party, by contrast, would support candidates of the right against the far right, as a "Republican principle" In Vaucluse's 3rd constituency, she therefore asked Socialist candidate Catherine Arkilovitch, who had entered the second round in third place 2198%, to withdraw and support second-placed UMP candidate Jean-Michel Ferrand 3003%, so as to help defeat National Front candidate Marion Marechal-Le Pen 3463%41 Arkilovitch, however, defied her party and refused to withdraw42

Pierre Moscovici, Socialist Minister of Finance, stated on 12 June that the UMP had lost its way and its values and no longer knew what it stood for, in response to its position on the National Front43 Later that same day, Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault accused the UMP of "preparing a strategic alliance with the National Front", adding: "I think it was underway with Nicolas Sarkozy, but now the UMP really is at a turning point"44

Campaignedit

The official campaign began, in metropolitan France, on 21 May In every constituency, each candidate has a billboard outside every polling station, upon which to display a campaign poster Campaign material is also distributed by candidates' supporters in the streets and in letterboxes, and many campaign posters are illegally displayed in the streets Transmitting campaign material to voters by e-mail is, however, prohibited Nationwide, parties represented in the National Assembly prior to the election ie, the Union for a Popular Movement, the Socialist, Radical, Citizen and Miscellaneous Left parliamentary group, the Democratic and Republican Left parliamentary group, and the New Centre have the right to broadcast campaign clips on television; an hour and a half is provided for the outgoing parliamentary majority, and an hour and a half for the outgoing opposition Each side distributes this time as it sees fit between its constituent parties Parties which are not represented in Parliament but which are standing at least 75 candidates are entitled to seven minutes of broadcast each Any campaigning whatsoever is forbidden on the eve of the election4546

The leaflets of the candidates for the French nationals abroad Français établis à l'étranger seats were published online on the website of the Foreign Affairs Ministry4748

Opinion pollsedit

Poll source Dates administered Sample size
LO NPA FG PS PRG EELV AEI MoDem PR / NC UMP DLR FN Others
Ifop 6 May 2012 1,968 05% 1% 8% 31% 5% 45% 15% 32% 18%
Harris 6 May 2012 899 7% 26% 5% 5% 32% 17% 8%
CSA 6 May 2012 1,016 1% 0% 10% 31% 4% 6% 30% 1% 15% 2%
BVA 6 May 2012 874 05% 105% 35% 4% 33% 17%
CSA 9–10 May 2012 899 1% 05% 10% 32% 4% 4% 33% 05% 12% 3%
BVA 9–10 May 2012 1,147 0% 05% 105% 30% 45% 0% 5% 325% 1% 16%
Ifop 18–19 May 2012 860 05% 05% 7% 345% 45% 4% 325% 05% 16%
OpinionWay 23–25 May 2012 1,836 1% 8% 32% 4% 1% 4% 31% 16% 3%
Ipsos 25–26 May 2012 962 15% 8% 31% 6% 2% 35% 15% 15%
Ifop 25–29 May 2012 971 05% 1% 7% 33% 1% 35% 4% 1% 32% 05% 155% 1%
CSA 29–30 May 2012 852 1% 0% 10% 30% 5% 3% 315% 05% 14% 5%
BVA 30–31 May 2012 1,139 05% 05% 9% 33% 4% 45% 32% 05% 16%
Ifop 31 May – 1 June 2012 874 15% 8% 33% 4% 3% 305% 155% 45%
LH2 1–2 June 2012 960 05% 1% 8% 30% 15% 5% 5% 1% 305% 145% 3%
Ipsos 1–2 June 2012 894 15% 7% 325% 6% 3% 34% 14% 2%
TNS-sofres 1–3 June 2012 1,000 15% 75% 315% 5% 2% 35% 15% 25%
OpinionWay 4–5 June 2012 1,697 1% 85% 31% 55% 1% 2% 35% 15% 1%
Harris 5–6 June 2012 1,043 1% 7% 34% 5% 3% 33% 15% 2%
CSA 5–6 June 2012 875 1% 05% 8% 325% 5% 3% 325% 05% 14% 3%
Ipsos 6–7 June 2012 1,017 15% 8% 315% 5% 2% 345% 155% 2%

Resultsedit

Overalledit

The election was won by the left, providing the new government with an absolute parliamentary majority The parties of the presidential majority together have 5597% of seats; with the Left Front providing them with supply and confidence Among the 577 members of the Assembly, 234 were new A record number of women were elected: 155 2686% Turnout was 5723%, a record low49

Wallis and Futuna's single constituency had the highest turnout of any French electorate during the first round on 10 June, with 78% voter participation50

e  d Summary of the 10 and 17 June 2012 French National Assembly elections results
Parties and coalitions First round Second round Total
Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Seats  %
Socialist Party PS 7,618,326 2935 22 9,420,889 4091 258 280 4853
Miscellaneous left DVG 881,555 340 1 709,395 308 21 22 381
Europe Ecology – The Greens EELV 1,418,264 546 1 829,036 360 16 17 295
Radical Party of the Left PRG 428,898 165 1 538,331 234 11 12 208
Presidential majority left 10,347,043 3987 25 11,497,651 4993 306 331 5770
Union for a Popular Movement UMP 7,037,268 2712 9 8,740,628 3795 185 194 3362
Miscellaneous right DVD 910,034 351 1 417,940 181 14 15 260
New Centre NC 569,897 220 1 568,319 247 11 12 208
Radical Party PRV 321,054 124 0 311,211 135 6 6 104
Centrist Alliance AC 156,026 060 0 123,132 053 2 2 035
Parliamentary right 8,994,349 3466 11 10,161,218 4412 218 229 3969
Left Front FDG 1,793,192 691 0 249,498 108 10 10 173
National Front FN 3,528,663 1360 0 842,695 366 2 2 035
Centre for France MoDem 458,098 177 0 113,196 049 2 2 035
Regionalists and separatists REG 145,809 056 0 135,312 059 2 2 035
Far-right EXD 49,499 019 0 29,738 013 1 1 017
Far-left EXG 253,386 098 0 0 000
Ecologists ECO 249,068 096 0 0 000
Others AUT 133,752 052 0 0 000
Total 25,952,859 10000 36 23,029,308 10000 541 577 10000
Valid votes 25,952,859 9842 23,029,308 9615
Spoilt and null votes 416,267 158 923,178 385
Votes cast / turnout 26,369,126 5722 23,952,486 5540
Abstentions 19,712,978 4277 19,281,162 4460
Registered voters 46,082,104 43,233,648
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Popular vote first round
PS    2935%
UMP    2712%
FN    1360%
FDG    691%
EELV    546%
DVD    351%
DVG    340%
NC    220%
MoDem    176%
PRG    165%
Radical    124%
Others    381%
Popular vote second round
PS    4091%
UMP    3795%
FN    366%
EELV    360%
NC    247%
DVG    245%
PRG    234%
Others    188%
DVD    182%
Radical    135%
FDG    108%
MoDem    049%
Seats won
PS    4853%
UMP    3362%
DVG    329%
EELV    295%
DVD    260%
NC    208%
PRG    208%
FDG    173%
Radical    104%
Others    208%

Overall results by partyedit

The Socialist Party along with a small number of affiliated miscellaneous left candidates obtained 300 seats, an absolute majority Favoured by electoral alliances with the Socialist Party, its close allies, the Radical Party of the Left and the Citizen and Republican Movement, obtained respectively 13 and 2 seats, for a total of 315 This meant that the Socialists could govern without having to rely on the support of other left-wing parties – the Greens, or the Left Front5152

Europe Ecology – The Greens EELV, part of the government and of the presidential majority, also benefited from an electoral alliance with the Socialists, increasing its number of seats from just 4 to 18 They immediately lost one, however, as EELV leader Cécile Duflot had to relinquish her seat in order to stay in government, and her seat went to her Socialist running mate This enabled the Greens to form an official parliamentary group They become the third biggest party in the Assembly5152

The Left Front, which decided to stand alone after electoral alliance negotiations with the Socialists broke down, lost half its seats from 19 down to 10, despite a substantial increase in the number of votes its received It no longer has enough seats 15 to be recognised as a parliamentary group on its own,53 but formed a group the Democratic and Republican Left with five miscellaneous left representatives from French overseas departments and territories: Huguette Bello representing her own "For Réunion" movement; she is a dissident who left the Communist Party of Réunion shortly before the election54, Alfred Marie-Jeanne and Jean Philippe Nilor Martinican Independence Movement, Gabriel Serville Guianese Socialist Party, and Bruno Nestor Azérot independent left, from Martinique55

The Union for a Popular Movement and affiliated miscellaneous right candidates, now the main opposition party, lost 112 seats, and several of its prominent members were defeated In particular, 20 of the 41 members of the "Popular Right" hard right faction of the party standing for re-election lost their seats – most notably, Eric Raoult and Maryse Joissains-Masini51 Immediately after the defeat, leading members of the party called for a rethink of its positioning and a reassertion of its values Alain Juppé stated that the UMP should stand clear on its incompatibility with the National Front; François Baroin and Jean-Pierre Raffarin expressed the same view, adding that the UMP's strong "drift to the right" and increasing proximity with the ideas of the far right had been a mistake Party leader Jean-François Copé, however, replied that he disagreed with these views56

The Democratic Movement MoDem lost its leader, François Bayrou, beaten in his own constituency by his Socialist challenger The party's membership in the Assembly fell from 3 to 2: Jean Lassalle re-elected in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Thierry Robert who gained a seat from the UMP in La Réunion57 In Mayotte, incumbent MoDem MP Abdoulatifou Aly was eliminated with a crushingly low score in the first round58 Bayrou's defeat was seen as a potentially crippling blow not just for his own career, but for the party which he had founded, and for the centre in French politics more generally59 All the more so as the two centre-right parties, the New Centre and the Radical Party, both lost seats, despite an electoral alliance with the UMP The New Centre's representation in the Assembly fell from 25 members to 14, meaning that it would no longer be recognised as a parliamentary group in itself The Radical Party obtained just 9 seats57

The far right obtained representatives in the Assembly for the first time since the 1997 election Party leaders Marine Le Pen and Louis Aliot were defeated, as was party spokesman Florian Philippot, but Le Pen's 22-year-old niece Marion Maréchal-Le Pen was elected in Carpentras, benefiting from a split opposition due to Socialist candidate Catherine Arkilovitch's refusal, in defiance of party instructions, to withdraw in support of the better-placed UMP candidate Marine Le Pen's lawyer Gilbert Collard, who is not a member of the National Front but was endorsed by it, was also elected, giving the party two seats for the first time in twenty-four years In addition, a former member of the National Front and Movement for France, and now independent far right politician, Jacques Bompard, was elected in a constituency neighbouring Maréchal-Le Pen's, in the Vaucluse51

In overseas departments and territories, several local parties gained or maintained representation The Guianese Socialist Party won a seat, returning to the Assembly for the first time since 1993 Its MP, Gabriel Serville, was initially to sit with the Socialists, before opting to sit with the Left Front60 This was widely seen as a "goodwill gesture" by the Socialist Party, meant to enable the Left Front to pass the 15-member threshold required to form a parliamentary caucus of their own instead of sitting as "non aligned" members, which would have resulted in a considerable loss of financial and logistical means The Martinican Independence Movement obtained two seats up one from the previous election61 Boinali Said, leader of the miscellaneous left "Movement against the high cost of living", won one of the two available seats in Mayotte62 In New Caledonia, both seats were won by the centre-right, anti-independence Caledonia Together party, which gained them from the UMP63 In French Polynesia, the conservative, pro-autonomy but anti-independence Tahoeraʻa Huiraatira won all three seats64

The far left parties, as well as the Pirate Party and the small environmentalist parties, failed to reach the second round in any constituency65

Gains and lossesedit

Based on notional party affiliation on dissolution after redistricting, regardless of party affiliation on previous election

Party Unseated Gained Net Result
PC Communist Party 6 1 -5
FASE Communist dissidents 1 0 -1
PG Party of the Left 2 0 -2
Left-wing Regionalists 0 2 +2
Left Front and allies 9 3 -6
PS Socialist Party 3 99 +96
MRC Citizens' Republican Movement 0 2 +2
PRG Radical Party of the Left 2 7 +5
Miscellaneous Left 3 9 +6
EELV Greens 1 14 +13
Left-Wing Presidential Majority 9 131 +122
Modem Democratic Movement 2 1 -1
Center For France 2 1 -1
NC New Centre 8 0 -8
AC Centrist Alliance New party 2 +2
PRV Radical Party 10 2 -8
UMP Union for a Popular Movement 105 1 -104
Miscelleanous Right 5 6 +1
MPF Movement For France 1 0 -1
Parliamentary Right UMP and allies 129 11 -118
FN National Front 0 2 +2
Others 0 1 +1
Other Right 0 3 +3

Based on notional distribution of seats before dissolution and after the 2010 redistricting, 149 seats switched party 26% of the National Assembly, more than in any of the three previous elections 8 seats switched from the left to the right, 9 from the extreme-left to the left, 119 from the right to the left, 3 from the right to the extreme-right, 3 from the right to the extreme-left, 2 from Modem to the left, 1 from the right to Modem Four seats switched party within the left two from PS to PRG, one from PRG to PS, one from PS to EELV as a result of coalition agreements

Notable individual resultsedit

Government ministersedit

It is not compulsory in France for a government minister to obtain an electoral mandate, but ministers usually do seek the legitimacy it implies As no person may simultaneously be a member of the executive and the legislature, any government minister elected to Parliament must immediately resign from their newly obtained seat in the Assembly, in order to remain a minister66 Their running mate then takes their seat, and holds it until and unless they cease to be a minister, whereupon they revert to being a member of the Assembly Prior to the 2012 election, new Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault ruled that any minister who stood in the election and was beaten would have to resign from government Two ministers, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem and Christiane Taubira, opted to withdraw their candidacies in their respective constituencies Twenty-five ministers including Ayrault did decide to stand, while the remaining eight had never expressed an intention to do so67

All government ministers standing as candidates were elected or re-elected, and were thus able to remain in government Specifically, they fared as follows:68

Minister Party Constituency Result Running mate
actual MP if elected
Remarks
Jean-Marc Ayrault PS Loire-Atlantique's 3rd Re-elected in the first round 5621% Jean-Pierre Fougerat
Laurent Fabius PS Seine-Maritime's 4th Re-elected in the first round 5281% Guillaume Bachelay
Delphine Batho PS Deux-Sèvres's 2nd Re-elected in the first round 5318% Jean-Luc Drapeau
Bernard Cazeneuve PS Manche's 4th Elected in the first round 5539% Geneviève Gosselin Manche's 5th before redistricting PS hold
Victorin Lurel PS Guadeloupe's 4th Re-elected in the first round 6723% Hélène Vainqueur-Christophe
Frédéric Cuvillier PS Pas-de-Calais's 5th Re-elected in the first round 5066% Thérèse Guilbert
Benoît Hamon PS Yvelines's 11th Elected in the second round 5538% Jean-Philippe Mallé Seat gained from the UMP
Aurélie Filippetti PS Moselle's 1st Elected in the second round 5904% Gérard Terrier Incumbent for Moselle's 8th, seat abolished in redistricting Seat gained from the UMP
swing: 1144%
Stéphane Le Foll PS Sarthes's 4th Elected in the second round 5945% Sylvie Tolmont Seat gained from the UMP
It had been won by
UMP Prime Minister
François Fillon in 2007
George Pau-Langevin PS Paris's 15th Elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Fanélie Carrey- Comte Paris's 21st before redistricting PS hold
Marie-Arlette Carlotti PS Bouches-du-Rhône' 5th Elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Avi Assouly Seat gained from the UMP
Cécile Duflot EELV Paris's 6th Elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Danièle Hoffman-Rispal69 Redistricted from former Paris's 6th and Paris's 7th Technically Greens gain from PS although Duflot will keep her cabinet post and incumbent Hoffman-Ripsal will sit in the National Assembly
Pierre Moscovici PS Doubs's 4th Re-elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Frédéric Barbier
François Lamy PS Essonne's 6th Re-elected in the second round 5777% Jérôme Guedj
Sylvia Pinel PRG Tarn-et-Garonne's 2nd Re-elected in the second round 5986% Jacques Moignard70
Marisol Touraine PS Indre-et-Loire's 3rd Re-elected in the second round 6021% Jean-Marie Beffara
Jérôme Cahuzac PS Lot-et-Garonne's 3rd Re-elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Jean-Claude Gouget71
Manuel Valls PS Essonne's 1st Re-elected in the second round 6558% Carlos Da Silva
Genevieve Fioraso PS Isère's 1st Re-elected in the second round 5834% Olivier Véran
Alain Vidalies PS Landes's 1st Re-elected in the second round 5912% Florence Delaunay
Marylise Lebranchu PS Finistère's 4th Re-elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Gwenegan Bui
Michèle Delaunay PS Gironde's 2nd Re-elected in the second round 5844% Vincent Feltesse
Valérie Fourneyron PS Seine-Maritime's 1st Re-elected in the second round 5796% Pierre Léautey
Kader Arif PS Haute-Garonne's 10th Elected in the second round 5778% Émilienne Poumirol

Othersedit

Other notable national political figures fared as follows:6872

Elected or re-elected:

Candidate Party Constituency Result Notability Remarks
Noël Mamère EELV Gironde's 3rd Re-elected in the first round 5198% Former presidential candidate
Élisabeth Guigou PS Seine-Saint-Denis's 6th Elected in the second round in a walkover Former minister; originator of the 2000 law on the presumption of innocence loi Guigou Sole candidate in the second round following Patrick Le Hyaric's withdrawal
Marie-George Buffet FG Seine-Saint-Denis's 4th Elected in the second round in a walkover Former minister; former General Secretary of the Communist Party; former presidential candidate Sole candidate in the second round following Najia Amzal's withdrawal
Malek Boutih PS Essonne's 10th Elected in the second round 5684% Former president of SOS Racisme
Henri Guaino UMP Yvelines's 3rd Elected in the second round 6185% Former special adviser to President Nicolas Sarkozy
Jean-François Copé UMP Seine-et-Marne's 6th Re-elected in the second round 5953% General Secretary of the UMP
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet UMP Essonne's 4th Re-elected in the second round 5148% Former minister
François Fillon UMP Paris's 2nd Re-elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Former Prime Minister
Valérie Pécresse UMP Yvelines's 2nd Re-elected in the second round 5867% Former minister
François Baroin UMP Aube's 3rd Re-elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Former minister
Bruno Le Maire UMP Eure's 1st Re-elected in the second round 5797% Former minister
Luc Chatel UMP Haute-Marne's 1st Re-elected in the second round 5506% Former minister
Laurent Wauquiez UMP Haute-Loire's 1st Re-elected in the second round 6395% Former minister
Xavier Bertrand UMP Aisne's 2nd Re-elected in the second round 5025% Former minister Retained his seat by a margin of 222 votes 05%
Swing: -303%
David Douillet UMP Yvelines's 12th Elected in the second round 5459% Former minister; former Olympic judo champion
Thierry Mariani UMP Expatriates' 11th Elected in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Former minister
Éric Woerth UMP Oise's 4th Re-elected in the second round 5923% Former minister
Bernard Accoyer UMP Haute-Savoie's 1st Re-elected in the second round 5606% Former President of the National Assembly
Hervé Morin NC Eure's 3rd Re-elected in the second round 5317% President of the New Centre; former minister
Jean Lassalle MoDem Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 4th Re-elected in the second round 5098% Leading member of the Democratic Movement
Jean-Louis Borloo PR Nord's 21st Re-elected in the second round 5583% President of the Radical Party; former minister
Gilbert Collard FN Gard' 2nd Elected in the second round 4282% Celebrity lawyer
Nicolas Dupont-Aignan DLR Essonne's 8th Re-elected in the second round 6139% 2012 presidential candidate

Beaten:

Candidate Party Constituency Result Notability Remarks
Ségolène Royal PS Charente-Maritime's 1st Beaten in the second round 3703% 2007 presidential election runner-up
Jack Lang PS Vosges's 2nd Beaten in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Veteran politician; former minister; creator of the internationally celebrated Fête de la Musique; originator of the Lang Law
Claude Guéant UMP Hauts-de-Seine's 9th Beaten in the second round 3841% Former minister
Nadine Morano UMP Meurthe-et-Moselle's 5th Beaten in the second round 4433% Former minister Defeated incumbent
Swing:
-849%
Frédéric Lefebvre UMP Expatriates' 1st Beaten in the second round
Awaiting specific results
Former minister
Michèle Alliot-Marie UMP Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 6th Beaten in the second round 4838% Former minister Defeated incumbent
Swing:
-999%
François Bayrou MoDem Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 2nd Beaten in three-way runoff against PS and UMP second with 3017% President of the Democratic Movement; former minister Defeated incumbent swing −3104%
Marine Le Pen FN Pas-de-Calais's 11th Beaten in the second round 4989% 2012 presidential candidate; president of the National Front
Louis Aliot FN Pyrénées-Orientales's 1st Beaten in the second round 2324% Vice-president of the National Front
Jean-Luc Mélenchon FG Pas-de-Calais's 11th Beaten; third in the first round 2146% 2012 presidential candidate; co-president of the Left Party; former minister
Rama Yade PR Hauts-de-Seine's 2nd Beaten; third in the first round 1384% Former minister
Nathalie Arthaud LO Seine-Saint-Denis's 6th Beaten; sixth in the first round 247% 2012 presidential candidate
Philippe Poutou NPA Gironde's 5th Beaten; eighth in the first round 212% 2012 presidential candidate
Maxime Rouquet PP Yvelines's 10th Beaten; seventh in the first round 182% Co-president of the Pirate Party
Jean-Marc Governatori AEI Alpes-Maritimes's 1st Beaten; eighth in the first round 071% General secretary of the Independent Ecological Alliance

Notable racesedit

These constituencies attracted particular media interest, due to the presence of a notable candidate facing for example unexpected difficulties, or on the contrary an unexpectedly easy race, or due to the prospect of a significant and meaningful change in fortune for a party Libération published a list of "twenty-five constituencies to watch out for", with commentaries73 France 24 identified eleven "constituencies to watch out for"74

Pas-de-Calais 11thedit

For the first time, two major75 candidates from the presidential election stood in the same constituency for the legislative election Jean-Luc Mélenchon Left Front and Marine Le Pen National Front are both standing in the Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency, centred on the town of Hénin-Beaumont The incumbent MP, Odette Duriez of the Socialist Party, is not standing for re-election; the Socialist candidate is Philippe Kemel76 The Le Pen-Mélenchon duel attracted international media attention, including for what it revealed of attitudes and expectations in an area of northern France hit hard by deindustrialisation and unemployment The Guardian noted that, in that regard, "Mélenchon blames what he sees as pernicious free-market capitalism and bankers; Le Pen points the finger at immigrants and Europe"77787980818283

On the first round, Le Pen won a plurality of the vote The left-wing vote was split, with the Socialist candidate Philippe Kemel receiving more votes than Mélenchon All three candidates qualified for the run-off, but Mélenchon withdrew and supported Kemel for the second round Kemel narrowly won the seat retaining it for the Socialist Party with 501% of the vote, defeating Marine Le Pen84

Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency – 2nd round85
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PS Philippe Kemel 26,812 5011 -1155
FN Marine Le Pen 26,694 4989 n/a
Turnout 55,712 5918 +194
PS hold Swing -1155

Pyrénées-Atlantiques 2ndedit

Attention was also drawn to the Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 2nd constituency, where presidential candidate François Bayrou of the centrist Democratic Movement was hoping to retain his seat Bayrou had held the seat continuously since 1988, but the press raised the possibility that he might this time be beaten Until 2002, the mainstream right had not stood a candidate against him, and in 2007 the candidate of the Union for a Popular Movement had withdrawn in his favour in the second round Following Bayrou's personal endorsement of François Hollande for the second round of the 2012 presidential election, however, the UMP maintained a candidate against him He also had to contend with a Socialist opponent, despite there having been talk in the Socialist Party of not standing a candidate in his constituency, as a gesture of acknowledgment for his endorsement of Hollande86

Bayrou was defeated, with the seat going to Socialist candidate Nathalie Chabanne87

Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 2nd constituency – 2nd round88
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PS Nathalie Chabanne 20,090 4278 +399
MoDem François Bayrou 14,169 3017 -3104
UMP Éric Saubatte 12,700 2704 n/a
Turnout 48,151 6199 -075
PS gain from MoDem Swing

Charente-Maritime 1stedit

In Charente-Maritime's 1st constituency, no candidate of the right, centre or far right reached the second round The second round was between Ségolène Royal, the Socialist Party's candidate to the 2007 presidential election who obtained 3203% in the first round and a dissident Socialist, Olivier Falorni 2891%89

Falorni won the seat, defeating Royal by a comfortable margin90

Charente-Maritime's 1st constituency – 2nd round91
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DVG Olivier Falorni 38,539 6297 n/a
PS Ségolène Royal 22,667 3703 -1802
Turnout 63,247 6405 -008
DVG gain from PS Swing

Paris 4thedit

In well-off Paris's 4th constituency, the opposite situation arose: the two candidates qualified for the second round were both from the right: Bernard Debré for the UMP 4507% in the first round, and Brigitte Kuster, a UMP dissident 2301% Immediately after the first round, however, Kuster withdrew There was a second round nonetheless, but with only one candidate, who needed simply to receive one vote in order to be elected92 This configuration also happened in several constituencies on the left see subsection "The two-round electoral system", below

Paris's 4th constituency – 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UMP Bernard Debré 20,526 100 n/a
Turnout 25,696 3813 n/a
UMP hold Swing n/a

Hauts-de-Seine 9thedit

The Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency, traditionally a very safe seat for the right, raised unexpected difficulties for UMP candidate and former Minister of the Interior Claude Guéant A dissident member of the UMP, Thierry Solere, contested his legitimacy, stood against him, and reached the second round, precipitating a three-way runoff between two candidates of the right and one of the left9394

Solere narrowly won the seat, obtaining votes from the left given Gueant's unpopularity on that side The total share of the vote for left-wing candidates was 28%, in the first round, plus 4% for the Modem candidate95

Hauts-de-Seine 9th – 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DVD Thierry Solere 13,912 3935 n/a
UMP Claude Guéant 13,578 3841 n/a
PS Martine Even 7,864 2224 n/a
Turnout 35,918 5886 n/a
DVD gain from UMP Swing n/a

Meurthe-et-Moselle 5thedit

This constituency drew attention due to the behaviour and situation of UMP candidate Nadine Morano, who had been Minister for Professional Training in François Fillon's government from 2010 to 2012 She finished second in the first round 3433% behind Socialist candidate Dominique Potier 3929% and, in the hopes of obtaining more votes in the second, appealed explicitly to the voters of the eliminated National Front, on the grounds of "common values" in what she called a "duel between the right and the left" She defined her common values with far right voters as including "control over immigration, refusing to give foreigners the right to vote" and "the protection of our borders" After she had published an appeal in a far right newspaper, Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault and the leader of the Greens and Minister for Housing Cécile Duflot both described her behaviour as symptomatic of a worrying shift of part of the right towards the extreme right; Ayrault accused her of renouncing her party's values to try and save her seat9697 Her situation made headlines again when humorist Gérald Dahan phoned her, pretending to be National Front vice-president Louis Aliot, and recorded her expressing her sympathy and closeness to the National Front François Fillon publicly rebuked her for not having immediately hung up, saying "we don't talk to the leaders of the National Front We must reject all forms of extremism" Morano hit back, telling him she was a "free politician"9899

Morano, the incumbent, lost her seat to Socialist candidate Dominique Potier by a 10% margin100

Meurthe-et-Moselle's 5th constituency – 2nd round
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PS Dominique Potier 25,122 5567 +849
UMP Nadine Morano 20,006 4433 -849
Turnout 47,046 6134 -001
PS gain from UMP Swing +849

Bouches-du-Rhône 5thedit

Marie-Arlette Carlotti, junior Minister for the Disabled, stood in this constituency against the UMP incumbent Renaud Muselier, who had held the seat since 1993 On paper, media reported that, of all the twenty-six ministers standing in the legislative elections, she seemed the least likely to win her constituency Had she lost, she would have had to resign from the government She was elected with 518%, a result which was also described as having a significant impact on local politics in Marseilles As minister, she would not be able to sit in Parliament; as long as she stays in the government, her seat goes to her running mate, Avi Assouly, locally famous as a former radio football presenter101102

Bouches-du-Rhône 5th constituency – 2nd round103
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PS Marie-Arlette Carlotti 20,212 5181
UMP Renaud Muselier 18,799 4819
Turnout
PS gain from UMP Swing

Essonne 8thedit

In addition to Marine Le Pen, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and François Bayrou, three candidates from the presidential election were standing in this legislative election Nicolas Dupont-Aignan Arise the Republic finished first in the first round in Essonne's 8th constituency, with 4282% of the vote, heading into a runoff with Socialist candidate Aude Bristot 302%, and eliminating UMP candidate Laurent Béteille 952%104 In the Gironde's 5th constituency, Philippe Poutou New Anticapitalist Party finished eighth and was thus eliminated in the first round, receiving just 212% of the vote105 In Seine-Saint-Denis's 6th constituency, Nathalie Arthaud Workers' Struggle finished sixth with 247%, far behind the Socialist incumbent and former Minister for Social Affairs Élisabeth Guigou 4612% and the director of l'Humanité, Patrick Le Hyaric, standing for the Left Front 1733%106

Essonne's 8th constituency – 2nd round107
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DLR Nicolas Dupont-Aignan 25,989 6139
PS Aude Bristot 16,342 3861
Turnout 43,077 5718
DLR hold Swing +401

Notes and referencesedit

  1. ^ In 2012, Jean-Michel Baylet is a senator and not running for an seat at the National Assembly
  2. ^ "France sets 2012 presidential election dates" BBC News 11 May 2011 Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  3. ^ "Les dates de la présidentielle 2012 fixées" Le Figaro in French 11 May 2011 Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  4. ^ Jean-Claude Zarka, Le Président de la Ve République, Ellipses Marketing, 2007, ISBN 978-2729831868, p 10
  5. ^ "Tout bien réfléchi, c'est oui", L'Express, 21 September 2000
  6. ^ a b "Un « troisième tour » déterminant", Ouest France, 30 May 2012
  7. ^ "Gauche et droite fourbissent déjà leurs armes pour les législatives", La Dépêche, 6 May 2012
  8. ^ a b "Législatives : le PS veut "une majorité nette", l'UMP veut limiter la casse", Le Monde, 8 May 2012
  9. ^ "Legislatives : un enjeu décisif", Le Petit Bleu, 29 May 2012
  10. ^ a b "Législatives Le «troisième tour» en vue", Le Télégramme, 8 May 2012
  11. ^ "La bataille des législatives est lancée en France", Le Matin, 21 May 2012
  12. ^ Karine Perret, "Le délicat dossier des investitures aux législatives examiné par le PS", Agence France-Presse, 20 November 2011
  13. ^ Lionel Laparade, "Législatives : la "diversité" diversement appréciée", La Dépêche du Midi, 29 November 2011
  14. ^ Sylvia Zappi, Législatives : la "diversité" progresse peu au PS, Le Monde, 30 November 2011
  15. ^ "French Face a Battle to Control Parliament" New York Times 8 June 2012 Retrieved 9 June 2012 
  16. ^ “6 591 candidatures déposées pour les législatives”, Libération, 19 May 2012
  17. ^ Elections législatives Dates et modalités, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  18. ^ Alexandre Léchenet and Maxime Le Roux, “Les Français de l'étranger peuvent voter par Internet”, Le Monde, 23 May 2012
  19. ^ "Résultats du 1er tour – 10 juin 2012 dans la 3ème circonscription de la Martinique", Le Monde
  20. ^ "Two-Round System" Electoral Reform Society Retrieved 4 October 2016 
  21. ^ "Les modalités d'élection en France", French Ministry of the Interior
  22. ^ a b "A Arles, l'UMP Roland Chassain se retire au profit du FN", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  23. ^ "Législatives: accords de désistement PS-Front de gauche-Verts en Ile-de-france", L'Humanité, 11 June 2012
  24. ^ "Le Conseil constitutionnel valide le redécoupage législatif" Agence France Presse in French 18 February 2010 Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  25. ^ "Étude sur le redécoupage électoral: Une initiative de Regards Citoyens" in French Regards Citoyens Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  26. ^ "REDECOUPAGE ELECTORAL – 11 députés pour les Français de l'étranger", Le Petit Journal, 22 October 2009
  27. ^ "Les élections législatives", National Assembly
  28. ^ a b c d e f "Les enjeux des législatives, parti par parti", Le Monde, 5 June 2012
  29. ^ a b "La gauche est favorite, mais quelle gauche ", Le Monde, 9 June 2012
  30. ^ "Désistement républicain : face au FN, le PS ferme et l'UMP flou", Le Monde"", 25 May 2012
  31. ^ "64% des électeurs de M Sarkozy souhaitent une alliance avec le FN pour les législatives", Le Monde, 24 April 2012
  32. ^ "Législatives Pas d’alliance UMP-FN promet Copé", Ouest-France, 26 May 2012
  33. ^ "Juppé appelle à résister à la «tentation» d'alliances avec le FN", Libération, 8 June 2012
  34. ^ "L'UMP ne fera alliance ni avec la gauche ni avec le FN", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  35. ^ "Gard : Étienne Mourrut se maintient face à Gilbert Collard", Le Point, 12 June 2012
  36. ^ "Nadine Morano en appelle au FN", Le Nouvel Observateur, 11 June 2012
  37. ^ "UMP-FN : quelques brèches sur le terrain dans la ligne décidée à Paris", France Info, 11 June 2012
  38. ^ "FN: interview de Morano dans Minute", Le Figaro, 12 June 2012
  39. ^ "Nadine Morano tente de séduire les électeurs FN dans "Minute"", Le Monde, 12 June 2012
  40. ^ "Juppé se désolidarise du député UMP Garraud après ses propos sur le FN", Libération, 13 June 2012
  41. ^ "La gauche veut un front républicain anti-FN, l'UMP refuse", Reuters, 11 June 2012
  42. ^ "La candidate socialiste se maintient contre Marion Maréchal-Le Pen", Libération, 11 June 2012
  43. ^ "Moscovici : "que reste-t-il de la droite "", Europe 1, 12 June 2012
  44. ^ "Ayrault: l’UMP prépare une «alliance stratégique avec le FN»", Libération, 12 June 2012
  45. ^ "La campagne officielle des élections législatives débute lundi 21 mai", France Télévisions, 21 May 2012
  46. ^ "Législatives: c'est parti pour la campagne officielle", L'Express, 21 May 2012
  47. ^ "Elections législatives, Liste des candidats et circulaires premier tour" Diplomatiegouvfr Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 
  48. ^ "Elections législatives, Liste des candidats et circulaires second tour" Diplomatiegouvfr Archived from the original on 13 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 
  49. ^ "Il y aura 40% de nouveaux députés à l'Assemblée", Libération, 17 June 2012
  50. ^ "Wallis has top turnout in French polls" Radio New Zealand International 12 June 2012 Retrieved 12 June 2012 
  51. ^ a b c d "La gauche triomphe, hécatombe à droite : les 10 points à retenir des législatives", Le Monde, 18 June 2012
  52. ^ a b "Estimations du 2nd tour – 17 juin 2012", Le Monde
  53. ^ "Le Front de gauche, grand perdant des législatives", Le Monde, 18 June 2012
  54. ^ "Victoire écrasante d’Huguette Bello", Linfo, 11 June 2012
  55. ^ "Le Front de gauche réussit à constituer un groupe à l'Assemblée", Le Monde, 25 June 2012
  56. ^ "Premières autocritiques sur la stratégie droitière de l'UMP", Le Monde, 18 June 2012
  57. ^ a b "Bayrou quitte une Assemblée où le centre perd en influence", Le Point, 17 June 2012
  58. ^ "Mayotte : une claque pour le député Abdoulatifou Aly", Le Monde, 10 June 2012
  59. ^ "François Bayrou battu : le centre est-il mort ", Le Nouvel Observateur, 17 June 2012
  60. ^ "Guyane : deux députés de gauche élus", Le Monde, 17 June 2012
  61. ^ "La Martinique choisit deux députés indépendantistes", Le Monde, 17 June 2012
  62. ^ "Mayotte bascule à gauche", Le Monde, 17 June 2012
  63. ^ "Nouvelle-Calédonie : désaveu pour le R-UMP", Le Monde, 17 June 2012
  64. ^ "Polynésie française : le parti de Gaston Flosse remporte les trois sièges", Le Monde, 17 June 2012
  65. ^ "Pas de percée aux législatives pour le parti pirate", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  66. ^ Staff 11 June 2012 "Electoral paradoxes in France and elsewhere" The Guardian Retrieved 18 June 2012 
  67. ^ ""Législatives : Christiane Taubira renonce, Michel Sapin comme suppléant", RTL, 19 May 2012
  68. ^ a b "Le résultat des principaux candidats aux législatives", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  69. ^ This is an EELV-PS ticket Cécile Duflot will remain a government minister and her seat will go to the Socialist incumbent Cf: "Législatives : à quoi servent les suppléants ", France Télévisions, 25 May 2012
  70. ^ Moignard is a Socialist: "Les élus PS en Tarn et Garonne: Jacques Moignard", Socialist Party website
  71. ^ "Gouget : le suppléant sur le devant", Sud-Ouest, 21 May 2012
  72. ^ "Législatives : le sort de 100 personnalités à la loupe", Le Parisien, 11 June 2012
  73. ^ "Royal, Lefebvre, Le Pen et les autres 25 circonscriptions à surveiller", Libération, 16 June 2012
  74. ^ "2e tour : les circonscriptions à suivre", France 24
  75. ^ In 2007, third man François Bayrou was unsuccessfully challenged in his constituency by presidential candidate Frédéric Nihous, of a small party favouring the interests of hunters and fishers
  76. ^ "Législatives : face à Marine Le Pen, Jean-Luc Mélenchon se présente comme la « relève » de la gauche à Hénin-Beaumont VIDEO", La Voix du Nord, 12 May 2012
  77. ^ "France election: Le Pen and Melenchon duel for northern town", BBC News, 8 June 2012
  78. ^ "Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Mélenchon face off again for French votes", The Telegraph, 3 June 2012
  79. ^ "France's champion of the left sends a challenge to Marine Le Pen", The Guardian, 26 May 2012
  80. ^ "Marine Le Pen challenged on home turf", Die Welt, 12 May 2012
  81. ^ "Le Pen gegen Melenchon – Duell der Fallschirmspringer", Tagesschau, 7 June 2012
  82. ^ "Wahlkampf in Frankreichs Norden: Duell der Populisten", Der Spiegel, 5 June 2012
  83. ^ "Wahlkampf bei den Ch'tis", Die Tagezeitung, 6 June 2012
  84. ^ "Résultats du 2nd tour – 17 juin 2012 dans la 11ème circonscription du Pas-de-Calais", Le Monde
  85. ^ "PAS DE CALAIS 62 > 11ème circonscription" Electionsinterieurgouvfr Retrieved 19 June 2012 
  86. ^ "Là où François Bayrou pourrait perdre son siège de député", Le Monde, 21 May 2012
  87. ^ "Résultats du 2nd tour – 17 juin 2012 dans la 2ème circonscription des Pyrénées-Atlantiques", Le Monde
  88. ^ "PYRENEES ATLANTIQUES 64 > 2ème circonscription" Electionsinterieurgouvfr Retrieved 19 June 2012 
  89. ^ ’"A La Rochelle, le dissident Falorni sera bien candidat face à Royal", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  90. ^ "Large victoire pour le PS, large défaite pour Royal", Libération, 17 June 2012
  91. ^ "CHARENTE MARITIME 17 > 1ère circonscription" Electionsinterieurgouvfr Retrieved 19 June 2012 
  92. ^ "Bernard Debré bientôt réélu député par forfait", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  93. ^ "Claude Guéant est en difficulté à Boulogne-Billancourt", Le Monde, 11 June 2012
  94. ^ "Un parachutage pas si doré pour Guéant", Le Journal du Dimanche, 11 June 2012
  95. ^ "Résultats du 2nd tour – 17 juin 2012 dans la 9ème circonscription des Hauts-de-Seine", Le Monde
  96. ^ "À Toul, Nadine Morano drague ouvertement l'électorat frontiste", France 24, 12 June 2012
  97. ^ "Duflot et Ayrault fustigent les appels de Morano au FN", Libération, 15 June 2012
  98. ^ "Sur le FN, Fillon recadre Morano, qui l'envoie paître", Libération, 15 June 2012
  99. ^ "Dahan piège Morano, Fillon la désavoue", La Voix du Nord, 15 June 2012
  100. ^ "Résultats du 2nd tour – 17 juin 2012 dans la 5ème circonscription de Meurthe-et-Moselle", Le Monde
  101. ^ "À Marseille, la ministre Carlotti sort le député Muselier", Le Point, 17 June 2012
  102. ^ "Marseille: mission accomplie pour Carlotti" Archived 19 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Marianne, 17 June 2012
  103. ^ "BOUCHES DU RHONE 13 > 5ème circonscription" Electionsinterieurgouvfr Retrieved 19 June 2012 
  104. ^ "Dupont-Aignan n'est pas inquiété dans l'Essonne", Le Journal du Dimanche, 11 June 2012
  105. ^ "Résultats des élections législatives : 5ème circonscription de la Gironde", Le Monde
  106. ^ "Résultats du 1er tour – 10 juin 2012 dans la 6ème circonscription de Seine-Saint-Denis", Le Monde
  107. ^ "ESSONNE 91 > 8ème circonscription" Electionsinterieurgouvfr Retrieved 19 June 2012 

External linksedit

  • in French Official results
  • in French Breakdown of full results, Liberation
  • in French Opinion poll tracker with data

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