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Franz Böhme

franz böhmerland, franz böhmermann
World War I

World War II Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Franz Friedrich Böhme 15 April 1885 – 29 May 1947 was an Austrian general in the Wehrmacht during World War II, serving as Commander of the XVIII Mountain Corps, Hitler's 'Plenipotentiary Commanding General' in the Balkans, and commander-in-chief in German-occupied Norway during World War II Böhme stood trial in Nuremberg in the Hostages Trial for having massacred thousands of Serbian civilians He committed suicide in prison


  • 1 Career
  • 2 Trial and suicide
  • 3 Awards and decorations
  • 4 References
    • 41 Citations
    • 42 Bibliography


During the opening years of World War II, Böhme held command of the 30th Infantry Division and 32nd Infantry Division, taking part in the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and in the Battle of France in May and June 1940 On 29 June 1940, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Between 16 September 1941 and 2 December 1941, as Commanding General and Commander of Serbia, Böhme ordered the reprisal executions of 2,000 communists and Jews in Topola after a partisan assault on 22 soldiers of the 421 Korps-Nachrichten-Abteilung1

In December 1943, Böhme was appointed Deputy Commanding General of the XVIII Corps and Commander of Wehrkreis Military District XVIII, Salzburg On 4 June 1944, he was delegated withclarification needed the leadership of the Second Panzer Army in the Balkans with Böhme succeeding Generaloberst Dr jur Lothar Rendulic

In July 1944, Böhme was transferred to the Army's High Command Leader Reserve, giving up control of the 2nd Panzer Army to General Maximilian de Angelis Between 8 January 1945 and 7 May 1945, he was Armed Forces Commander of Norway and Commander-in-Chief of the 20th Mountain Armycitation needed

Trial and suicideedit

After being captured in Norway, he was brought before the Hostages Trial, a division of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, and charged with war crimes committed in Serbia during his control of the region in 1941 He had upped the ante of retaliatory strikes against Serbs, killing a hundred Serbs for every German killed, and fifty for every German wounded; this resulted in the massacre of thousands of civilians2 When his extradition to Yugoslavia seemed imminent, Böhme committed suicide by jumping from the 4th story of the prison in which he was being held His body was interred at St Leonhard-Friedhof in Grazcitation needed

Awards and decorationsedit

  • Iron Cross 1914
    • 2nd Class 1916
    • 1st Class 12 June 1917
  • Iron Cross 1939
    • 2nd Class 12 September 1939
    • 1st Class 25 September 1939
  • Order of the Cross of Liberty 1st Class with Oak leaves and Swords Finland
  • German Cross in Gold on 10 February 1944 as General der Infanterie in the XVIII GebirgsArmeekorps3
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 29 June 1940 as Generalleutnant commander of 32 Infanterie-Division4



  1. ^ "Massacres And Reprisals During The German Occupation Of Yugoslavia" Akademediasrbijacom Retrieved 2016-10-20 
  2. ^ Weiner, Ofer and Barber 1996, pp 145–152
  3. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p 49
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p 137


  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer 2000 1986 Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches in German Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D; Scherzer, Veit 2001 Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2 in German Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D Patzwall ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8 
  • Scherzer, Veit 2007 Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives in German Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2 
  • Weiner, Hana; Ofer, Dalia; Barber, Anne 1996 Dead-end Journey: the Tragic Story of the Kladovo-Šabac Group University Press of America ISBN 0-7618-0199-5
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalmajor Kurt von Briesen
Commander of 30 Infanterie-Division
1 July 1939 – 19 July 1939
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Kurt von Briesen
Preceded by
Generaloberst Nikolaus von Falkenhorst
Commander of 32 Infanterie-Division
19 July 1939 – 1 October 1939
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Eccard Freiherr von Gablenz
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Eccard Freiherr von Gablenz
Commander of 32 Infanterie-Division
1 December 1939 – 15 June 1940
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Wilhelm Bohnstedt
Preceded by
Generaloberst Dr Lothar Rendulic
Commander of 2 Panzer-Armee
24 June 1944 – 17 July 1944
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Maximilian de Angelis
Preceded by
General Dr Lothar Rendulic
Commander of 20 Gebirgsarmee
8 January 1945 – 7 May 1945
Succeeded by

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