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Franklin County, Ohio

franklin county ohio recorder's office, franklincountyohio.gov
Franklin County is a county in the US state of Ohio As of 2016 census estimates, the population was 1,264,518,2 making it the most populous county in Ohio Its county seat is Columbus,3 the state capital and most populous city in Ohio The county was established on April 30, 1803, less than two months after Ohio became a state, and was named after Benjamin Franklin4 Franklin County originally extended all the way north to Lake Erie before Ohio subdivided further into more counties

Franklin County is included in the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area

Franklin County, particularly Columbus, has been a centerpiece for presidential and congressional politics, most notably the 2000 presidential election, the 2004 presidential election, and the 2006 midterm elections Franklin County is home to one of the largest universities in the United States, The Ohio State University, which as of fall 2014 has an enrollment of 58,322 students on its main Columbus campus5

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 Major highways
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Government
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Villages
    • 63 Townships
    • 64 Census-designated places
    • 65 Other unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Footnotes
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

On March 30, 1803, the Ohio government authorized the creation of Franklin County The county originally was part of Ross County Residents named the county in honor of Benjamin Franklin6 In 1816, Franklin County’s Columbus became Ohio’s state capital Surveyors laid out the city in 1812, and officials incorporated it in 1816 Columbus was not Ohio’s original capital, but the state legislature chose to move the state government there after its location for a short time at Chillicothe and at Zanesville Columbus was chosen as the site for the new capital because of its central location within the state and access by way of major transportation routes primarily rivers at that time The legislature chose it as Ohio’s capital over a number of other competitors, including Franklinton, Dublin, Worthington, and Delaware

On May 5, 1802 a group of prospective settlers founded the Scioto Company at the home of Rev Eber B Clark in Granby, Connecticut for the purpose of forming a settlement between the Muskingum River and Great Miami River in the Ohio Country James Kilbourne was elected president and Josiah Topping secretary McCormick 1998:7 On August 30, 1802 James Kilbourne and Nathaniel Little arrived at Colonel Thomas Worthington's home in Chillicothe, Ohio They tentatively reserved land along the Scioto River on the Pickaway Plains for their new settlement McCormick 1998:17

On October 5, 1802, the Scioto Company met in Granby, Connecticut and decided not to purchase the lands along the Scioto River on the Pickaway Plains, but rather to buy land 30 miles 48 km farther north from Dr Jonas Stanbery and his partner, an American Revolutionary War general, Jonathan Dayton Sixteen thousand acres 65 km² were purchased along the Whetstone River now known as the Olentangy River at $150 per acre McCormick 1998:19-27 This land was part of the United States Military District surveyed by Israel Ludlow in 1797 and divided into townships 5 miles 80 km square7

Before the state legislature’s decision in 1812, Columbus did not exist The city was designed from the first as the state’s capital, preparing itself for its role in Ohio’s political, economic, and social life In the years between first ground-breaking and the actual movement of the capital in 1816, Columbus and Franklin County grew significantly By 1813, workers had built a penitentiary, and by the following year, residents had established the first church, school, and newspaper in Columbus Workers completed the Ohio Statehouse in 1861 Columbus and Franklin County grew quickly in population, with the city having 700 people by 1815 Columbus officially became the county seat in 1824 By 1834, the population of Columbus was 4,000 people, officially elevating it to "city" status

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 544 square miles 1,410 km2, of which 532 square miles 1,380 km2 is land and 11 square miles 28 km2 21% is water8 The county is located in the Till Plains and the Appalachian Plateau land regions

The county is drained by the Olentangy River and the Scioto River Major creeks in the county include Big Darby Creek, Big Walnut Creek, and Alum Creek There are two large reservoirs in the county, Hoover Reservoir and Griggs Reservoir9

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Delaware County north
  • Fairfield County southeast
  • Licking County east
  • Madison County west
  • Pickaway County south
  • Union County northwest

Major highwaysedit

  • I-70
  • I-71
  • I-73 future
  • I-270
  • I-670
  • US 23
  • US 33
  • US 40
  • US 62
  • SR 3
  • SR 16
  • SR 104
  • SR 161
  • SR 257
  • SR 315
  • SR 317
  • SR 605
  • SR 665
  • SR 745

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1810 3,486
1820 10,292 1952%
1830 14,741 432%
1840 25,049 699%
1850 42,909 713%
1860 50,361 174%
1870 63,019 251%
1880 86,797 377%
1890 124,087 430%
1900 164,460 325%
1910 221,567 347%
1920 283,951 282%
1930 361,055 272%
1940 388,712 77%
1950 503,410 295%
1960 682,962 357%
1970 833,249 220%
1980 869,132 43%
1990 961,437 106%
2000 1,068,978 112%
2010 1,163,414 88%
Est 2016 1,264,518 87%
US Decennial Census11
1790-196012 1900-199013
1990-200014 2010-201315

2000 censusedit

At the time of the 2010 census, there were 1,163,414 people, 477,235 households and 278,030 families residing in the county The population density was 2,186 per square mile 844/km² There were 527,186 housing units at an average density of 872 per square mile 337/km² The racial makeup of the county was 692% White, 212% Black or African American, 02% Native American, 39% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander, 23% from other races, and 3% from two or more races 48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race16 228% were of German, 149% Irish, 84% English, 58% Italian, 27% Mexican, and 27% Polish ancestries according to 2010 census 881% spoke English and 4% Spanish as their first language17

There were 477,235 households of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 583% were married couples living together, 144% had a female householder with no husband present, and 417% were non-families 319% of all households were made up of individuals and 79% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 238 and the average family size was 30516

2510% of the population were under the age of 18, 1170% from 18 to 24, 3330% from 25 to 44, 2010% from 45 to 64, and 980% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 32 years For every 100 females there were 9450 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9150 males

The median household income was $49,087 and the median family income was $60,158 The per capita income for the county was $26,909 About 820% of families and 1160% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1420% of those under age 18 and 860% of those age 65 or over1819

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,163,414 people, 477,235 households, and 278,030 families residing in the county20 The population density was 2,1861 inhabitants per square mile 8441/km2 There were 527,186 housing units at an average density of 9906 per square mile 3825/km221 The racial makeup of the county was 692% white, 212% black or African American, 39% Asian, 02% American Indian, 01% Pacific islander, 23% from other races, and 30% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 48% of the population20 In terms of ancestry, 242% were German, 144% were Irish, 91% were English, 55% were Italian, and 50% were American22

Of the 477,235 households, 310% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 390% were married couples living together, 144% had a female householder with no husband present, 417% were non-families, and 319% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 238 and the average family size was 305 The median age was 334 years20

The median income for a household in the county was $49,087 and the median income for a family was $62,372 Males had a median income of $45,920 versus $37,685 for females The per capita income for the county was $26,909 About 121% of families and 170% of the population were below the poverty line, including 230% of those under age 18 and 94% of those age 65 or over23

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results24
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 339% 199,331 598% 351,198 63% 36,995
2012 378% 215,997 605% 346,373 17% 9,818
2008 389% 218,486 596% 334,709 15% 8,568
2004 451% 237,253 544% 285,801 05% 2,773
2000 478% 197,862 488% 202,018 34% 14,194
1996 446% 178,412 481% 192,795 73% 29,308
1992 419% 186,324 397% 176,656 184% 81,821
1988 600% 226,265 391% 147,585 09% 3,507
1984 641% 250,360 337% 131,530 22% 8,584
1980 539% 200,948 386% 143,932 76% 28,165
1976 557% 189,645 416% 141,624 28% 9,443
1972 637% 219,771 341% 117,562 22% 7,475
1968 518% 148,933 352% 101,240 130% 37,451
1964 460% 131,345 541% 154,527
1960 594% 161,178 406% 110,283
1956 658% 151,544 342% 78,852
1952 603% 138,894 398% 91,620
1948 534% 98,707 458% 84,806 08% 1,486
1944 526% 99,292 474% 89,394
1940 489% 92,533 511% 96,601
1936 404% 63,830 574% 90,746 22% 3,471
1932 522% 67,957 450% 58,539 28% 3,664
1928 659% 92,019 337% 47,084 04% 609
1924 577% 61,891 247% 26,505 176% 18,899
1920 542% 59,691 440% 48,452 18% 1,921
1916 404% 24,107 571% 34,103 25% 1,517
1912 252% 12,791 408% 20,697 340% 17,227
1908 535% 28,914 431% 23,314 35% 1,869
1904 615% 27,439 347% 15,502 38% 1,681
1900 522% 22,237 465% 19,809 13% 550
1896 520% 20,291 469% 18,320 11% 442
1892 465% 14,341 503% 15,495 32% 999
1888 476% 13,453 500% 14,126 25% 692
1884 477% 11,194 504% 11,842 19% 441
1880 483% 9,438 505% 9,863 12% 240
1876 444% 7,557 551% 9,383 06% 97
1872 439% 5,796 557% 7,345 04% 56

Franklin County used to be Republican, but since the 1996 presidential election it has trended solidly Democratic

Governmentedit

Main article: Franklin County Government Center See also: Ohio county government

Communitiesedit

Map of Franklin County with municipal and township labels

Franklin County is currently made up of 16 cities, 10 villages, and 17 townships

Citiesedit

  • Bexley
  • Canal Winchester
  • Columbus county seat
  • Dublin
  • Gahanna
  • Grandview Heights
  • Grove City
  • Groveport
  • Hilliard
  • New Albany
  • Pickerington
  • Reynoldsburg
  • Upper Arlington
  • Westerville
  • Whitehall
  • Worthington

Villagesedit

  • Brice
  • Harrisburg
  • Lithopolis
  • Lockbourne
  • Marble Cliff
  • Minerva Park
  • Obetz
  • Riverlea
  • Urbancrest
  • Valleyview

Townshipsedit

  • Blendon
  • Brown
  • Clinton
  • Franklin
  • Hamilton
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Madison
  • Mifflin
  • Norwich
  • Perry
  • Plain
  • Pleasant
  • Prairie
  • Sharon
  • Truro
  • Washington
  • Montgomery geographically equivalent to the city of Columbus 25

Census-designated placesedit

  • Blacklick Estates
  • Darbydale
  • Huber Ridge
  • Lake Darby
  • Lincoln Village

Other unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Amlin
  • Blacklick
  • Flint
  • Galloway
  • Georgesville
  • New Rome

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Ohio

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Franklin County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  2. ^ "Franklin County now tops Cuyahoga County in population, census estimates say" 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Franklin County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Archived from the original on 2007-12-03 Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  5. ^ "Statistical Summary" The Ohio State University Retrieved 19 August 2015 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 131 
  7. ^ library of congress, text of act
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  9. ^ Query of Geographic Names Information System
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  15. ^ "Franklin County now most populous in Ohio" Columbus Dispatch Retrieved March 31, 2017 
  16. ^ a b "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2014-03-05 Retrieved 2012-02-25 
  17. ^ http://factfinder2censusgov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productviewxhtmlpid=ACS_10_1YR_DP02&prodType=table 96% foreign born 64% of which weren't US citizens
  18. ^ http://factfinder2censusgov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productviewxhtmlpid=ACS_10_1YR_DP03&prodType=table
  19. ^ http://quickfactscensusgov/qfd/states/39/39049html
  20. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  21. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  24. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  25. ^ http://developmentfranklincountyohiogov/planning/annexations/doc/approved/2012/BC-26-12pdf

Further readingedit

  • Henry Howe, History of Franklin County, Ohio, 1803-1889 Knightstown, IN: Bookmark, 1977
  • William T Martin, History of Franklin County: A Collection of Reminiscences of the Early Settlement of the County: With Biographical Sketches and a Complete History of the County to the Present Time Columbus, OH: Follett, Forster & Co, 1858
  • Opha Moore, History of Franklin County, Ohio In Two Volumes Topeka: Historical Publishing Company, 1930
  • William Alexander Taylor, Centennial History of Columbus and Franklin County, Ohio Chicago: S J Clarke Publishing Co, 1909
  • A Centennial Biographical History of the City of Columbus and Franklin County, Ohio Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co, 1901

External linksedit

  • Franklin County official site
  • Franklin County history Provided by Ohio History Central

Coordinates: 39°58′N 83°01′W / 3997°N 8301°W / 3997; -8301

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