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Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

frankfurter allgemeine zeitung, frankfurter allgemeine zeitung nachrichten
The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung English literally Frankfurt General Newspaper, short FAZ, also known as the FAZ, is a centre-right, liberal-conservative German newspaper, founded in 1949 It is published daily in Frankfurt am Main Its Sunday edition is the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung FAS

The FAZ runs its own correspondent network Its editorial policy is not determined by a single editor, but cooperatively by five editors It is the German newspaper with the widest circulation abroad, with its editors claiming to deliver the newspaper to 148 countries every day

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Orientation
  • 3 Circulation
  • 4 Ownership
  • 5 Circulation
  • 6 Controversies and bans
  • 7 Famous contributors
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

History

Editorial department building of Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

The first edition of the FAZ appeared on 1 November 1949; its founding editor was Erich Welter de Some editors had worked for the moderate Frankfurter Zeitung, which had been banned in 1943 However, in their first issue, the FAZ editorial expressly refuted the notion of being the earlier paper's successor or of continuing its legacy:

"Arising from the fact that some of our colleagues previously were members of the Frankfurter Zeitung, it often has been suggested an attempt was being made here to be the successor to that newspaper Such an assumption misjudges our intentions Like everyone, we too are astonished at the high quality of that paper; …however, showing respect for an amazing achievement does not imply a desire to copy it"

— FAZ Editorial board, Dohrendorf, 1990

Until 30 September 1950 the FAZ was printed in Mainz

Traditionally, many of the headlines in the FAZ were styled in orthodox blackletter format and no photographs appeared on the title page Some of the rare exceptions were a picture of the celebrating people in front of the Reichstag in Berlin on the German Unity Day on 4 October 1990, and the two pictures in the edition of 12 September 2001 showing the collapsing World Trade Center and the American president George W Bush

In the early 2000s, FAZ expanded aggressively, with customized sections for Berlin and Munich An eight-page six-day-a-week English-language edition distributed as an insert in The International Herald Tribune, which is owned by The New York Times Company; the articles were selected and translated from the same day's edition of the parent newspaper by the FAZ staff in Frankfurt However, FAZ group, suffered a loss of 606 million euros in 2002 By 2004, the customized sections were later scrapped The English edition shrank to a tabloid published once a week

On 5 October 2007, the FAZ altered their traditional layout to include color photographs on the front page and exclude blackletter typeface outside the nameplate Due to its traditionally sober layout, the introduction of colour photographs in the FAZ was controversially discussed by the readers, became the subject of a 2009 comedy film, and was still current three years later

Currently, the FAZ is produced electronically using the Networked Interactive Content Access NICA and Hermes For its characteristic comment headings, a digital Fraktur font was ordered The Fraktur has since been abandoned, however, with the above-mentioned change of layout

After having introduced on 1 August 1999 the new spelling prescribed by the German spelling reform, the FAZ returned exactly one year later to the old spelling, declaring that their experience had shown that the reform was ambiguous and partly nonsensical After several changes had been made to the new spelling, FAZ accepted it and started using it in a custom version on 1 January 2007

Orientation

The FAZ promotes an image of making its readers think The truth is stated to be sacred to the FAZ, so care is taken to clearly label news reports and comments as such Its political orientation is centre right and liberal-conservative, occasionally providing a forum to commentators with different opinions In particular, the Feuilleton and some sections of the Sunday edition cannot be said to be specifically conservative or liberal at all

In the 2013 elections the paper was among the supporters of the Christian Democrats

Circulation

The FAZ is one of several high-profile national newspapers in Germany along with Süddeutsche Zeitung, Die Welt, Die Zeit, Frankfurter Rundschau and die Tageszeitung and among them has the second largest circulation nationwide It maintains the largest number of foreign correspondents of any European newspaper 53 as of 2002

The paper is published in Nordisch format

Ownership

It has the legal form of a GmbH; the independent FAZIT-Stiftung FAZIT Foundation is its majority shareholder 937% The FAZIT-STIFTUNG was born in 1959 by the transformation of the then FAZ owner "Allgemeine Verlagsgesellschaft mbH" into a private foundation The FAZIT-STIFTUNG is 'owned' by up to nine persons who can't sell or buy their share but have to transmit it free of charge to a successor which is co-opted by the remaining shareholders The foundations statute prescribe that only such persons shall be co-opted as new member, who "by their standing and personality" can guarantee the "independence" of the FAZ The current group of seven is composed of active or former CEOs, company owners, board members, and corporate lawyers The FAZIT foundation also owns more than 90% of the shares of the company 'Frankfurter Societät' which in turn is owner of the printing enterprise 'Frankfurter Societätsdruckerei' and the regional paper Frankfurer Neue Presse

Circulation

The FAZ had a circulation of 382,000 copies during the third quarter of 1992 The 1993 circulation of the paper was 391,013 copies In 2001 it had a circulation of 409,000 copies The FAZ had a circulation of 382,000 copies in 2003 The 2007 circulation of the daily was 382,499 copies The 2016 IVW II/2016 circulation of the daily was 256,188 copies

Controversies and bans

In December 1999, future German Chancellor Angela Merkel published a sensational article in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, lamenting the ‘‘tragedy’’ that had befallen the party, blaming incumbent Chancellor Helmut Kohl and urging a new course

In 2006, the FAZ was banned in Egypt for publishing articles which were deemed as "insulting Islam" The paper was again banned in Egypt in February 2008 due to the publication of Prophet Mohammad's cartoons In November 2012, the paper provoked strong criticism in Spain because of its stance against Spanish immigration to Germany during the economic crisis

Famous contributors

  • Muhammad Asad
  • Udo Ulfkotte former editor
  • Patrick Bahners de
  • Hans D Barbier de
  • Eleonore Büning music critic
  • Dietmar Dath
  • Karl Feldmeier de
  • Joachim Fest former editor
  • Friedrich Karl Fromme de former editor
  • Greser & Lenz de
  • Andrea Petkovic
  • Georg Paul Hefty de
  • Florian Illies de
  • Daniel Kehlmann
  • Barbara Klemm photographer
  • Christian Kracht
  • Ernst Nolte
  • Andreas Platthaus de
  • Marcel Reich-Ranicki
  • Volker Reiche de see Strizz de
  • Frank Schirrmacher
  • Werner Spies

References

  1. ^ a b Ruud Koopmans; Barbara Pfetsch May 2007 "Towards a Europeanised Public Sphere Comparing Political Actors and the Media in Germany" Report Centre for European Studies Oslo Retrieved 19 December 2014 
  2. ^ a b Hans Magnus Enzensberger: Alter Wein in neuen Schläuchen in German Deutschland Radio, 16 October 2007
  3. ^ a b Georg Hellack 1992 "Press, Radio and Television in the Federal Republic of Germany" Report Inter Nationes Retrieved 3 April 2015 
  4. ^ "World Press Trends" PDF WAN IFRA Retrieved 4 April 2015 
  5. ^ Sigurd Hess 2009 "German Intelligence Organizations and the Media" Journal of Intelligence History 9 1-2 doi:101080/16161262200910555166 
  6. ^ Rüdiger Dohrendorf 1990 Zum publizistischen Profil der Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung: computerunterstützte Inhaltsanalyse von Kommentaren der FAZ Europäische Hochschulschriften, Reihe XXII, Soziologie; Bd 204 in German Frankfurt am Main: Lang p 9 ISBN 9783631431795 OCLC 25676477 Aus der Tatsache, daß einige unserer Mitarbeiter früher der Redaktion der ‚Frankfurter Zeitung‘ angehört haben, ist vielfach geschlossen worden, hier werde der Versuch gemacht, die Nachfolgeschaft dieses Blattes anzutreten Eine solche Annahme verkennt unsere Absichten Wie jeder, so haben auch wir die hohen Qualitäten dieses Blattes bewundert; … Aber der Respekt vor einer hervorragenden Leistung bedeutet noch nicht den Wunsch, sie zu kopieren 
  7. ^ a b Landler, Mark 19 January 2004 "MEDIA; Woes at Two Pillars of German Journalism" The New York Times Retrieved 2 February 2015 
  8. ^ "FAZ English Edition Debuts With the IHT" The New York Times 3 April 2000 Retrieved 2 February 2015 
  9. ^ Jakobs, Hans-Jürgen 17 May 2010 "Und sie dreht sich doch" Süddeutsche Zeitung in German Retrieved 2 February 2015 
  10. ^ Giersberg, Dagmar December 2007 "Chronicle of a Long Debate: The Spelling Reform" Translated by Hillary Crowe and Heather Moers Goethe-Institut Archived from the original on 18 December 2013 Retrieved 2 February 2015 
  11. ^ Juan P Artero February 2015 "Political Parallelism and Media Coalitions in Western Europe" Working paper Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism Retrieved 8 April 2015 
  12. ^ Hans Magnus Enzensberger: Die geschrumpfte Welt auf Zeitungspapier In: FAZ, 7 March 2002 Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ a b Adam Smith 15 November 2002 "Europe's Top Papers" campaign Retrieved 5 February 2015 
  14. ^ Annual report of FAZIT Foundation at ebundesanzeigerde
  15. ^ Peter Humphreys 1996 Mass Media and Media Policy in Western Europe European Policy Research Unit series Manchester University Press p 82 ISBN 9780719031960 OCLC 33008396 Retrieved 29 October 2014 
  16. ^ "Profile FAZ" Presseurop Retrieved 26 February 2013 
  17. ^ "Science News Overview of Science Reporting in the EU" PDF EU 2007 Retrieved 5 October 2013 
  18. ^ "About us: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung" EU 2016 Retrieved 28 September 2016 
  19. ^ Smale, Alison 30 October 2012 "The Making of Angela Merkel" The New York Times Retrieved 2 February 2015 
  20. ^ "The impact of blasphemy laws on human Rights" Policy Brief Freedom House Retrieved 29 September 2013 
  21. ^ "Der Spiegel issue on Islam banned in Egypt" France24 2 April 2008 Retrieved 29 September 2013 
  22. ^ "Aumenta el rechazo y temor a la 'avalancha' de españoles en Alemania" El Mundo 19 November 2012 Retrieved 26 February 2013 

Further reading

  • Merrill, John C and Harold A Fisher The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers 1980 pp 130–37

External links

  • Official website German most articles are free
  • Explanation for the return to the pre-reform spelling in German
  • Ketupanet - Frankfurter Zeitung and FAZ media profile
  • Journalism portal
  • Germany portal

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