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Francis Heylighen

francis heylighen, francis heylighen 1998
Francis Paul Heylighen born 1960 is a Belgian cyberneticist investigating the emergence and evolution of intelligent organization He presently works as a research professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, the Dutch-speaking Free University of Brussels, where he directs the transdisciplinary research group on "Evolution, Complexity and Cognition" and the Global Brain Institute He is best known for his work on the Principia Cybernetica Project, his model of the Internet as a Global brain, and his contributions to the theories of memetics and self-organization He is also known, albeit to a lesser extent, for his work on gifted people and their problems


  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Work
    • 21 Basic ideas
    • 22 Principia Cybernetica
    • 23 The Global Brain
  • 3 Publications
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


Francis Heylighen was born on September 27, 1960 in Vilvoorde, Belgium He received his high school education from the "Koninklijk Atheneum Pitzemburg" in Mechelen, in the section Latin-Mathematics He received his MSc in mathematical physics in 1982 from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel VUB, where he also received his PhD Summa cum Laude in Sciences in 1987 for his thesis, published in 1990, as "Representation and Change A Metarepresentational Framework for the Foundations of Physical and Cognitive Science"

In 1983 he started working as a researcher for the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research NFWO In 1994 he became a tenured researcher at the NFWO and in 2001 a research professor at the VUB Since 1995 he has been affiliated with the VUB’s Center Leo Apostel for interdisciplinary studies In 2004 he created the ECCO research group which he presently directs Thanks to a grant from a private sponsor, in 2012 he additionally founded the Global Brain Institute at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, becoming its first director

In 1989 Valentin Turchin and Cliff Joslyn founded the Principia Cybernetica Project, and Heylighen joined a year later In 1993 he created the project's encyclopedic site, one of the first complex websites in the world In 1996, Heylighen founded the "Global Brain Group", an international discussion forum that provides a working platform for most of the scientists who have worked on the concept of emergent Internet intelligence Heylighen was also one of the founders and former editor of the Journal of Memetics which ceased publication in 2008

Heylighen is a Fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science, and a member of the Global Agenda Council on Complex Systems of the World Economic Forum His biography has been listed since 2002 in Marquis Who's Who in the world In 2015, he received an "Outstanding Technology Contribution Award" from the Web Intelligence Consortium, for his research on the Global Brain


His research focuses on the emergence and evolution of complex, intelligent organization Applications include the origin of life, the development of multicellular organisms, knowledge, culture, and societies, and the impact of information and communication technologies on present and future social evolution

Heylighen's scientific work covers an extremely wide range of subjects, exemplifying his intellectual curiosity and fundamentally transdisciplinary way of thinking In addition to the topics mentioned above, his publications cover topics such as the foundations of quantum mechanics, the structure of space-time, hypermedia interfaces, the psychology of self-actualization and happiness, the market mechanism, formality and contextuality in language, causality, the measurement of social progress, the mechanism of stigmergy and its application to the web

Basic ideas

This broad variety of work is held together by two basic principles The relational principle notes that phenomena do not exist on their own, but only in relation connection or distinction to other phenomena They thus only make sense as part of an encompassing network or system The evolutionary principle notes that variation through recombination of parts and natural selection of the fitter combinations results in ever more complex and adaptive systems This principle is a direct application of Universal Darwinism, the idea that Darwinian mechanisms can be extended to virtually all disciplines and problem domains

The two principles come together in Heylighen's concept of a distinction dynamics In his analysis, classical scientific methodology is based on given, unchanging distinctions between elements or states Therefore, it is intrinsically unable to model creative change But the evolutionary principle makes distinctions dynamic, explaining the creation and destruction of relations, distinctions and connections, and thus helping us to understand how and why complex organization emerges

Moreover, any system must be adapted to its environment, which implies that it is able to react adequately to changes in that environment This is the origin of mind or intelligence, as the system should be able to select the right actions for the given conditions These "condition-action" relations are the basis of knowledge As systems evolve, their adaptiveness tends to increase, and therefore also their knowledge or intelligence Thus, the general trend of evolution is self-organization, or a spontaneous increase in intelligent organization

Principia Cybernetica

Together with Cliff Joslyn and the late Valentin Turchin, Heylighen is a founding editor of the Principia Cybernetica Project, which is devoted to the collaborative development of an evolutionary-systemic philosophy He created its website, the Principia Cybernetica Web, in 1993, as one of the first complex webs in the world It is still viewed as one of the most important sites on cybernetics, systems theory and related approaches

The Global Brain

In 1996, Heylighen founded the "Global Brain Group", an international discussion forum that groups most of the scientists who have worked on the concept of emergent Internet intelligence Together with his PhD student Johan Bollen, Heylighen was the first to propose algorithms that could turn the world-wide web into a self-organizing, learning network that exhibits collective intelligence, ie a Global brain

In the 2007 article "The Global Superorganism: an evolutionary-cybernetic model of the emerging network society" Heylighen gave a detailed exposition of the superorganism/global brain view of society, and an examination of the underlying evolutionary mechanisms, with applications to the on-going and future developments in a globalizing world Presently, he is developing a detailed mathematical and simulation model of the global brain, together with his collaborators in the Global Brain Institute


Heylighen has published over 100 papers and a book A selection:

  • 2016 Stigmergy as a universal coordination mechanism I: Definition and components Cognitive Systems Research, 38, 4–13 https://doiorg/101016/jcogsys201512002
  • 2015 Return to Eden Promises and Perils on the Road to a Global Superintelligence In B Goertzel & T Goertzel Eds, The End of the Beginning: Life, Society and Economy on the Brink of the Singularity Humanity+ Press
  • 2013 Self-organization in Communicating Groups: the emergence of coordination, shared references and collective intelligence In A Massip-Bonet & A Bastardas-Boada Eds, Complexity perspectives on language, communication, and society, pp 117–150 Springer
  • 2008 Cultural evolution and memetics Encyclopedia of Complexity and System Science, B Meyers, ed: Springer
  • 2007 The Global Superorganism: an evolutionary-cybernetic model of the emerging network society In: Social Evolution & History Vol 6 No 1,p 58-119
  • 2007 Accelerating Socio-Technological Evolution: from ephemeralization and stigmergy to the global brain In: Globalization as an Evolutionary Process: Modeling Global Change edited by George Modelski, Tessaleno Devezas, and William Thompson, London: Routledge ISBN 978-0-415-77361-4 p 286-335
  • 2007 Characteristics and Problems of the Gifted: neural propagation depth and flow motivation as a model of intelligence and creativity
  • 2001 The science of self-organization and adaptivity The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems 5 3, 253-280
  • 2001 Cybernetics and second order cybernetics, with C Joslyn Encyclopedia of physical science & technology 4, 155-170
  • 1999 Collective Intelligence and its Implementation on the Web: algorithms to develop a collective mental map Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory 5 3, 253-280
  • 1999 The growth of structural and functional complexity during evolution The evolution of complexity, 17-44
  • 1992 A cognitive‐systemic reconstruction of Maslow's theory of self‐actualization Behavioral Science 37 1, 39-58


  1. ^ Dr Francis Heylighen at LifeBoat Foundation Bios Accessed 14 May 2009
  2. ^ research group on "Evolution, Complexity and Cognition"
  3. ^ Francis Heylighen's Curriculum Vitae, 2005
  4. ^ Heylighen, Francis Representation and change: a metarepresentational framework for the foundations of physical and cognitive science Communication and Cognition, 1990
  5. ^ a b c Francis Heylighen: Pioneer of the Global Brain by Ben Goertzel
  6. ^ Evolution, Complexity and Cognition group ECCO
  7. ^ Journal of Memetics
  8. ^ General Listing World Academy of Art & Science Retrieved Nov 16, 2012
  9. ^ Francis Heylighen The World Economic Forum Retrieved Nov 16, 2012
  10. ^ Francis Paul Heylighen on marquiswhoswhocom Retrieved Nov 16, 2012
  11. ^ WIC Awards
  12. ^ Heylighen, F 2001 Bootstrapping knowledge representations: from entailment meshes via semantic nets to learning webs Kybernetes, 305/6, 691–725 doi:101108/EUM0000000005695
  13. ^ Heylighen, F 1990 Representation and Change: A Metarepresentational Framework for the Foundations of Physical and Cognitive Science Communication and Cognition
  14. ^ Heylighen, F 2011 Self-organization of complex, intelligent systems: an action ontology for transdisciplinary integration Integral Review
  15. ^ Principia Cybernetica Web
  16. ^ Global Brain Institute
  17. ^ Heylighen, F 2012 Challenge Propagation: a new paradigm for modeling distributed intelligence No 2012-01 GBI Working Papers
  18. ^ Francis Heylighen Google Scholar Profile

External links

  • Francis Heylighen's Homepage

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Francis Heylighen

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