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Four-Stage Theory of the Republic of China


The Four-Stage Theory of the Republic of China or the Theory of the Four Stages of the Republic of China is a viewpoint proposed by Chen Shui-bian, the President of the Republic of China Taiwan from 2000 to 2008, in 2005 It is a viewpoint regarding the political status of the Republic of China, whose government retreated to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War in 1949 The main idea of the theory is that the time line for the development of the Republic of China can be classified into four stages, which are:

  1. The Republic of China on the mainland Chinese: 中華民國在大陸, Republic of China 1912–49 1912–1949
  2. The Republic of China arrival to Taiwan Chinese: 中華民國來臺灣 before Lee Teng-hui's presidency 1949–1988
  3. The Republic of China on Taiwan Chinese: 中華民國在臺灣 during Lee Teng-hui's presidency 1988–2000
  4. The Republic of China is Taiwan Chinese: 中華民國是臺灣 during Chen Shui-bian's presidency 2000–2008123

Contents

  • 1 Illumination
  • 2 Development
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Illuminationedit

By this theory, Chen pointed out that the Republic of China was at the 4th stage after the first ruling party rotation of the central government in 2000 That is, Taiwan, with the official name called the "Republic of China", is already an independent sovereign state separate from People's Republic of China This theory is welcomed by the mainstream of the Pan-Green coalition led by the Democratic Progressive Party in Taiwan, which supports eventual de jure Taiwan independence; but is not welcomed by most members of the Pan-Blue coalition Kuomintang, which supports the eventual reunification of Taiwan with mainland China as part of a single "Chinese nation" Some members of the more strongly pro-independence Taiwan Solidarity Union also oppose this view since they deem the ROC to be an illegitimate foreign and colonial regime that should be replaced by the proposed "Republic of Taiwan" The Pan-Blue Coalition agrees with the first three stages, but disagrees with the fourth stage, and prefers to maintain the distinction between the "Republic of China" the polity and "Taiwan" part of the territory the polity governs The government of the People's Republic of China has also voiced opposition against the fourth stage on the grounds that such an interpretation is a step closer to de jure Taiwan independence Officially, the PRC claims the existence of the ROC only until 1949234

Developmentedit

Both the Free China Journal and the Free China Weekly often referred to the polity as the "Republic of China on Taiwan" prior to Lee Teng-hui taking office as the first Taiwan-born President of the Republic of China56789 During Lee's administration, the term remained in use,1011121314 and he used the term in his speech at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States in June 19951516 It was used to identify the Republic of China with its remaining major component – the island of Taiwan, as opposed to its decades-long claim to all China since losing the civil war in 1949 Prior to this speech, the government officials used "Republic of China" when the name of the state was used Lee's usage is considered as a departure from the convention, as this usage can be interpreted in the sense that the Republic of China's sovereignty does not extend to mainland China, which the People's Republic of China controls4

The Democratic Progressive Party's 1999 Resolution on Taiwan's Future, which is accorded equivalent status as the Party charter, serves as the baseline of debates toward the "status quo" According to the 1999 Resolution: "Taiwan is a sovereign and independent state and that its national title is the ROC" In other words, "Taiwan is the ROC"17

During the Democratic Progressive Party DPP administration under Chen Shui-bian, he directed that all government publications and websites to use the form "Republic of China Taiwan" These two variations have been used under their respective administrations for the ROC/Taiwan petition to join the United Nations Unlike the Cold War era when the KMT-controlled ROC competed with the PRC as the legitimate representative of China including Taiwan, during Chen Shui-bian's presidency, the ROC did not seek to be the representative of China ie it does not seek the PRC's seat on the Security Council or its ouster and stresses in its petitions that it was only seeking to represent the people of the land under its effective control ie UN's principle of universality4

In October 8 2011, the eve of the centennial celebration of the founding of the Republic of China on October 10, the Democratic Progressive Party DPP Chairperson Tsai Ing-wen and the presidential candidate for the 2012 Taiwan presidential election explained her stance on the existence of the Republic of China on Taiwan as "the Republic of China has lost the land on which it was originally established It only exists in Taiwan It has merged into the land and people of Taiwan Today, the majority of the people in Taiwan can agree that Taiwan is the Republic of China, and the Republic of China is Taiwan", "Taiwan is a sovereign and independent country", and "after we began directly electing our president, the current Republic of China government is no longer a foreign government It is now the government of Taiwan"181917

Chen Yi-shen 陳儀深, an associate researcher at the Institute of Modern History at Academia Sinica, said "many are aware that the ROC and Taiwan are two faces of the same coin" and Tsai's ROC was an extension of the ROC from former presidents Lee Teng-hui and Chen Shui-bian While some understood "elections have their own languages", many Taiwanese, including former DPP Chairman and former President of the Examination Yuan Yao Chia-wen, are absolutely against the ROC and insist "we need to promote the rectification our nation's name to the Republic of Taiwan"19

Tsai won the 2016 Taiwan presidential election and sworn in as first female President of Taiwan on May 20

See alsoedit

  • Taiwanization
  • Taiwan consensus
  • Taiwanese nationalism
  • Taiwan independence movement
  • One Country on Each Side
  • Taiwan passport
  • Foreign relations of Taiwan
  • Political status of Taiwan
  • Politics in Taiwan
  • Resolution on Taiwan's Future
  • Republic of China on Taiwan
  • Free area of the Republic of China
  • Theory of the Undetermined Status of Taiwan
  • Taiwan after World War II
  • History of Taiwan
  • History of the Republic of China
  • Chinese Taipei

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Mainland Policy and Work - August 2, 2005, Mainland Affairs Council, 2005
  2. ^ a b Chen says name variance is simply an expedient, Taipei Times, 2005/8/3
  3. ^ a b Chen urges unity to deal with China, Taipei Times, 2005/8/3
  4. ^ a b c International Business Publications, USA, Position of the Republic of China ROC, Taiwan Country Study Guide: Strategic Information and Developments, 2012/3/3, p45
  5. ^ "Democracy's coming of age" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 December 1981 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  6. ^ "Helping hands for reconstruction" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 September 1980 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  7. ^ "Double Tenth of confidence" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 November 1977 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  8. ^ "The Month in Free China" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 June 1967 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  9. ^ "Documents" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 August 1958 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  10. ^ "Reaping Ideas And Criticism" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 October 1988 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  11. ^ "'Please call me Mr Ching-kuo'" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 February 1989 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  12. ^ "Perceptions And Realities" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 May 1989 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  13. ^ "Redefining Social Order" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 October 1988 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  14. ^ "Taiwan Review" Free China Journal/Taiwan Today 1 February 1990 Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  15. ^ Text of Lee's Cornell address, TAIWAN INFO, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1995-6-16
  16. ^ 國家定位 李前總統︰ROC在台灣, TVBS, 2003/12/21
  17. ^ a b DPP’s Cross-Strait Policy Consistent with “Status Quo”, Jamestown Foundation, 2011/12/20
  18. ^ Tsai presents “ROC is Taiwan” stance on eve of centenary, Formosa News, 2011/10/09
  19. ^ a b Tsai affirms recognition of the ROC, Taipei Times, 2011/10/10
  • Peter Kien-Hong Yu, Chapter 5: The LEE Teng-hui March: A Zig-Zag Line / Chapter 6: The CHEN Shui-bian March: A Forced, Untrodden Split Line with Sideroads, The Second Long March: Struggling Against the Chinese Communists Under the Republic of China Taiwan Constitution, 2011/11/3

External linksedit

  • TIME: Strait Talk: The full interview with Chen Shui-bian
  • President Chen's Address to the National Day Rally 2004


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