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Foster, Rhode Island

foster rhode island town hall, foster rhode island police department
Foster is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, in the United States The population was 4,606 at the 2010 census

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Arts and culture
    • 41 Tourism
  • 5 Parks and recreation
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 Historic Places in Foster
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Foster was originally settled in the 17th century by British colonists as a farming community In the year 1662, William Vaughan, Zachariah Rhodes, and Robert Wescott, purchased of the Indians a large tract of land called West Quanaug, bordering on Providence The 'West Quanaug purchase', consisted of nearly the whole southern half of the town of Foster The first settler was allegedly Ezekiel Hopkins Many settlers from Newport were active in the town in the 18th century Shortly before the incorporation of the town, Foster's first church, a Calvinist Baptist congregation was founded Shortly afterwards, Six Principle Baptist and Free Will Baptist congregations were founded3

Foster was incorporated with Scituate, Rhode Island in 1730, forming the western section of that township, and remained part of Scituate until 1781, when it was split off as a distinct and separate township Foster derived its name, from US Senator Theodore Foster4 Mr Foster presented the town with a library Some of the library's original books and town records are still preserved US Senator Nelson Aldrich was born in Foster in 1841 Senator Aldrich was instrumental in starting the US Federal Reserve Board

In the 1920s the Ku Klux Klan was active in the area, and one of the largest Klan rallies in the state was held in Foster on the Old Home Day grounds in 1924 with 8,000 in attendance and US Senator J Thomas Heflin of Alabama speaking5

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 519 square miles 134 km2, of which, 511 square miles 132 km2 of it is land and 07 square miles 18 km2 of it 141% is water Foster contains Rhode Island's highest point, Jerimoth Hill, with an elevation of 248 m 812 ft

Climateedit

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Foster has a Oceanic climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps6

Climate data for Foster, Rhode Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 67
19
68
20
88
31
94
34
93
34
94
34
97
36
97
36
94
34
84
29
78
26
75
24
97
36
Average high °F °C 34
1
38
3
46
8
57
14
67
19
75
24
80
27
78
26
71
22
607
159
50
10
39
4
584
147
Daily mean °F °C 257
−35
284
−2
364
24
47
8
571
139
652
184
704
213
691
206
615
164
506
103
414
52
306
−08
486
92
Average low °F °C 17
−8
20
−7
27
−3
36
2
46
8
55
13
60
16
59
15
52
11
41
5
32
0
23
−5
388
38
Record low °F °C −13
−25
−11
−24
−1
−18
14
−10
27
−3
36
2
42
6
39
4
31
−1
21
−6
4
−16
−15
−26
−15
−26
Average precipitation inches mm 428
1087
412
1046
545
1384
470
1194
392
996
458
1163
382
97
433
110
409
1039
477
1212
496
126
484
1229
5386
1,368
Average precipitation days 12 10 12 11 13 12 11 10 10 11 11 12 135
Mean daily sunshine hours 101 111 125 139 151 157 154 143 129 115 103 97 127
Source: Weatherbase 7

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 2,268
1800 2,457 83%
1810 2,613 63%
1820 2,900 110%
1830 2,672 −79%
1840 2,181 −184%
1850 1,932 −114%
1860 1,935 02%
1870 1,630 −158%
1880 1,552 −48%
1890 1,252 −193%
1900 1,151 −81%
1910 1,124 −23%
1920 905 −195%
1930 916 12%
1940 1,237 350%
1950 1,630 318%
1960 2,097 287%
1970 2,626 252%
1980 3,370 283%
1990 4,316 281%
2000 4,274 −10%
2010 4,606 78%
Est 2015 4,698 20%
US Decennial Census910

Foster's Capt Isaac Paine Elementary School, has the top spot for reading proficiency according to the New England Common Assessment Program, or NECAP, exams 82 percent of its students attained proficiency, the state leader in that testing category

As of the census1 of 2000, there were 4,274 people, 1,535 households, and 1,198 families residing in the town The population density was 836 people per square mile 323/km² There were 1,578 housing units at an average density of 309 per square mile 119/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9726% White, 021% African American, 023% Native American, 058% Asian, 009% Pacific Islander, 026% from other races, and 136% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 080% of the population Foster's zip code, 02825, has a significantly larger population than the town of Foster This is because the zip code extends into parts of the more populated town of Scituate, Rhode Island

There were 1,535 households out of which 360% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 685% were married couples living together, 68% had a female householder with no husband present, and 219% were non-families 171% of all households were made up of individuals and 63% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 277 and the average family size was 314

In the town, the population was spread out with 259% under the age of 18, 56% from 18 to 24, 291% from 25 to 44, 289% from 45 to 64, and 105% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 996 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 976 males

The median income for a household in the town was $59,673, and the median income for a family was $63,657 Males had a median income of $39,808 versus $30,632 for females The per capita income for the town was $22,148 About 15% of families and 34% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29% of those under age 18 and 78% of those age 65 or over

Arts and cultureedit

Tourismedit

Foster is home to the Foster Town House Built in 1796 and in use to this day,11 the Foster Town House is the oldest government meeting house of its type in the United States12 Foster also contains both of Rhode Island's only two covered bridges, known as the Swamp Meadow Covered Bridge the other is located on Ponaganset High School's Cross Country Course Built in 1994 by Jed Dixon, a Foster resident, it is a reproduction of an early-19th-century specimen It is the only covered bridge in Rhode Island located on a public road1314 Jerimoth Hill, the highest point of elevation in Rhode Island, is located in Foster15

Parks and recreationedit

Foster is home to the most scenic part of the North-South Trail Along the trail you can see the remnants of the Thomas O' Wagon Wheel Shop which was later converted to a shingle mill in 1919

Notable peopleedit

  • Nelson Aldrich, US senator from Rhode Island; father of Abby Rockefeller; born in Foster16
  • Solomon Drowne, physician and author; confidante of Theodore Foster; lived in Foster on a farm named Mount Hygeia
  • Theodore Foster, US senator from Rhode Island; the town of Foster is named after him17
  • H P Lovecraft, author; lived on Johnson Road in Fostercitation needed

Historic Places in Fosteredit

  • Foster Center Historic District
  • Breezy Hill Site RI-957
  • Clayville Historic District
  • Capt George Dorrance House 1720
  • Moosup Valley Historic District
  • Mount Vernon Tavern 1761
  • Mt Hygeia 1808

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  3. ^ Albert J Wright 1878 History of the State of Rhode Island with Illustrations Philadelphia: Printer No 79 Mille Street, corner of Federal, Boston Hong, Wade & Co pp 133–135 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 130 
  5. ^ http://wwwprojocom/specials/century/month4/426nw1htm
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Foster, Rhode Island
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Foster, Rhode Island" Weatherbase 2011  Retrieved on November 24, 2011
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 permanent dead link
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  10. ^ Snow, Edwin M 1867 Report upon the Census of Rhode Island 1865 Providence, RI: Providence Press Company 
  11. ^ "Historical Preservation" The Town of Foster Rhode Island Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  12. ^ "Rhode Island" Good Sam Camping Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  13. ^ "Swamp Meadow Covered Bridge" Visit Rhode Island Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  14. ^ "Swamp Meadow Covered Bridge" VisitNewEnglandcom Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  15. ^ "JERIMOTH HILL" Atlas Obscura Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  16. ^ "ALDRICH, Nelson Wilmarth, 1841 - 1915" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved March 26, 2014 
  17. ^ "Theodore Foster Papers" Rhode Island Historical District Retrieved April 2, 2014 

External linksedit

  • Rhode Island portal
  • Foster History
  • Town of Foster, RI
  • Foster Preservation Society
  • South Foster Volunteer Fire Company
  • City-Datacom


Coordinates: 41°51′13″N 71°45′29″W / 4185361°N 7175806°W / 4185361; -7175806

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