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Forest Grove, Oregon

forest grove oregon pacific university, forest grove oregon school district calendar
Forest Grove is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States, 25 miles 40 km west of Portland Originally a small farm town, it is now primarily a bedroom suburb of Portland Settled in the 1840s, the town was platted in 1850, then incorporated in 1872, making it the first city in Washington County The population was 21,083 at the 2010 census, an increase of 191% over the 2000 figure 17,7086

Located in the Tualatin Valley, Oregon routes 8, and 47 pass through Forest Grove with 47 and 8 signed as the Tualatin Valley Highway south and east of the main part of the city, respectively, Oregon Route 8 signed as Gales Creek Road west of the city, and Oregon Route 47 signed as the Nehalem Highway north of the city Pacific University has been the most distinctive aspect of the town throughout its history Old College Hall on campus is listed on the National Register of Historic Places along with nine other structures in the city Local employers include the university as well as Tuality Forest Grove Hospital

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Public transportation
  • 6 Sister cities
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 Film location
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

Forest Grove, 1909 Pacific Avenue, circa 1920

Prior to the 1840s when Euro-Americans settled the area, the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya Native American tribe lived on the Tualatin Plains in what is now Forest Grove7 In 1841, Alvin T and Abigail Smith were among the earliest to use the Oregon Trail and settled on what was first known as West Tualatin Plain8 They overwintered with Henry Harmon Spalding, arriving in what is now Forest Grove in the fall Intending to be missionaries, they found little potential as most of the natives had succumbed to European diseases Smith served as the community's first postmaster beginning on February 1, 1850, and his log cabin served as the post office8

According to Oregon Geographic Names, the name Forest Grove was selected on January 10, 1851, at a meeting of the trustees of Tualatin Academy later known as Pacific University Resident and school trustee J Quinn Thornton suggested the name, which he also had used for the name of his homestead8 The name referred to a grove of oak trees that still stand on what is now the campus of the university8 Previous post offices in the area were called Tuality Plains and Tualatin, with Forest Grove adopted on December 31, 18588 The city was platted in 1850

In 1860, the population reached 430, but declined to 396 in 18707 Forest Grove was incorporated by the state in 1872, the first in the county9 In 1880, the now Chemawa Indian School opened in the city to train Native Americans, but moved to Salem in 1884 The city started the Fire Department in 189410 The population reached nearly 1,300 in 19007

In November 1908, the Oregon Electric Railway OE began serving the city,1112 and in January 1914, competitor Southern Pacific SP followed suit, opening its own line, separate from OE's11 Both railroads provided freight and passenger service, SP's passenger service being known as the Red Electric A company called the Forest Grove Transportation Company operated local streetcar service that linked downtown to Carnation, Oregon, where the Oregon & California Railroad built its depot, but the service lasted only from 1906–11711 The Red Electric passenger service to Forest Grove ended in 1929 and Oregon Electric's ceased in 193211

There are 12 properties individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places and two historic districts: the 18-block Clark Historic District with homes dating as far back as 1854 and several dozen pre-1900 and the Painter’s Woods Historic District13 These include the Alvin T Smith House, First Church of Christ, Scientist, and Old College Hall

The Oregon Army National Guard's 2nd Battalion-218th Field Artillery Regiment is headquartered in Forest Grove

Geographyedit

Forest Grove is located on the western edge of the Portland metropolitan area and the Willamette Valley

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 588 square miles 1523 km2, of which 574 square miles 1487 km2 is land and 014 square miles 036 km2 is water2

One of the largest giant sequoia trees of the state of Oregon can be found in Forest Grove14

Climateedit

This region experiences warm but not hot and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 716 °F 220 °C According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Forest Grove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps15

Climate data for Forest Grove
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 67
19
77
25
82
28
93
34
98
37
105
41
109
43
108
42
104
40
93
34
75
24
64
18
109
43
Average high °F °C 447
71
499
99
554
13
619
166
689
205
749
238
823
279
826
281
764
247
643
179
521
112
456
76
633
174
Average low °F °C 319
−01
337
09
359
22
389
38
437
65
486
92
518
11
516
109
476
87
415
53
368
27
336
09
413
52
Record low °F °C −18
−28
−15
−26
13
−11
23
−5
28
−2
32
0
34
1
33
1
27
−3
21
−6
6
−14
−15
−26
−18
−28
Average precipitation inches mm 731
1857
572
1453
477
1212
272
691
2
50
135
343
04
10
065
165
151
384
343
871
738
1875
821
2085
4545
1,1544
Average snowfall inches cm 52
132
22
56
09
23
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
05
13
21
53
108
274
Average precipitation days 20 17 18 14 12 8 3 4 7 13 19 20 155
Source: 16

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 547
1890 668 221%
1900 1,096 641%
1910 1,772 617%
1920 419 −764%
1930 362 −136%
1940 2,449 5765%
1950 4,343 773%
1960 5,628 296%
1970 8,275 470%
1980 11,499 390%
1990 13,559 179%
2000 17,708 306%
2010 21,083 191%
Est 2016 24,058 141%
US Decennial Census18
2013 Estimate4
The 120-foot 36-meter flagpole on Pacific Avenue between Maple and Laurel streets, looking west

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 21,083 people, 7,385 households, and 4,871 families residing in the city The population density was 3,6730 inhabitants per square mile 1,4182/km2 There were 7,845 housing units at an average density of 1,3667 per square mile 5277/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 788% White, 08% African American, 11% Native American, 26% Asian, 03% Pacific Islander, 125% from other races, and 39% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 231% of the population3

There were 7,385 households of which 374% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 501% were married couples living together, 110% had a female householder with no husband present, 49% had a male householder with no wife present, and 340% were non-families 270% of all households were made up of individuals and 127% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 271 and the average family size was 3313

The median age in the city was 327 years 266% of residents were under the age of 18; 133% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 256% were from 25 to 44; 222% were from 45 to 64; and 123% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 480% male and 520% female3

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,708 people, 6,336 households, and 4,131 families residing in the city The population density was 3,8505 people per square mile 1,4863/km² There were 6,702 housing units at an average density of 1,4573 per square mile 5625/km² The racial makeup of the city was 8146% White, 043% African American, 089% Native American, 211% Asian, 024% Pacific Islander, 1139% from other races, and 347% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1731% of the population3

There are 6,336 households out of which 359% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 503% were married couples living together, 102% had a female householder with no husband present, and 348% were non-families 279% of all households were made up of individuals and 143% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 264 and the average family size was 3243

In the city the population was spread out with 274% under the age of 18, 134% from 18 to 24, 287% from 25 to 44, 168% from 45 to 64, and 136% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 31 years For every 100 females there were 902 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 866 males3

The median income for a household in the city was $40,135, and the median income for a family was $47,733 Males had a median income of $36,139 versus $25,703 for females The per capita income for the city was $16,992 About 104% of families and 143% of the population were below the poverty line, including 162% of those under age 18 and 114% of those age 65 or over3

Educationedit

Entrance to Pacific University

The principal landmark of Forest Grove is Pacific University, a private school of higher education Its significant buildings include Old College Hall and Marsh Hall

Forest Grove, as well as Cornelius, Gales Creek, and Dilley, are all part of the Forest Grove School District

Public transportationedit

Forest Grove is within the TriMet district, and public transit service is provided by TriMet's bus line 57-TV Highway/Forest Grove, which operates seven days a week19 Line 57 connects the city with Hillsboro and Beaverton, via the Tualatin Valley Highway, and links Forest Grove with the Portland region's light rail system MAX in Hillsboro Yamhill County Transit Area YCTA bus line 33-Hillsboro/MAX also stops in Forest Grove weekdays, at the intersection of Pacific Avenue & Highway 47 Quince Street, and runs from Hillsboro to Gaston, Cove Orchard, Yamhill, Carlton & McMinnville via Highway 47, where riders can transfer to other YCTA buses running throughout Yamhill County20

Sister citiesedit

Forest Grove has one sister city, located in Japan:21

  • Nyuzen, Japan

Notable peopleedit

  • Tabitha Brown
  • Joseph Conrad Chamberlin
  • Bobby Chouinard
  • Harvey L Clark
  • Nellie Owens2223
  • Zac Rosscup
  • Sara Tucholsky
  • Richard VanGrunsven

Film locationedit

In the 1990s, filming for the television show, Nowhere Man, took place in Forest Grove numerous times 24

In 2015, an episode of The Librarians was filmed at Pacific University and two other sites in Forest Grove The city's historic Forest Theater hosted a free public screening of the episode at the same time it aired on TV 25

See alsoedit

  • Forest Grove Leader
  • Merix Corporation
  • News-Times
  • Tuality Forest Grove Hospital
  • The Grand Lodge Hotel

Referencesedit

Specific
  1. ^ "Peter Truax" Democratic Party of Oregon Retrieved 2 October 2015 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2014-05-22 Retrieved 2014-10-02 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ http://quickfactscensusgov/qfd/states/41/4126200html  Missing or empty |title= help
  7. ^ a b c d Historic Landmarks Board: History City of Forest Grove Retrieved on December 5, 2008
  8. ^ a b c d e Conway, Anne Kopel July 20, 2000 "Then & Now Forest Grove" The Oregonian 
  9. ^ "Incorporation dates" Communities The Hillsboro Argus October 19, 1976 p 21 
  10. ^ "Fire Department" Departments City of Forest Grove Retrieved 21 June 2014 
  11. ^ a b c d Thompson, Richard 2008 Willamette Valley Railways Arcadia Publishing pp 29, 32, 59 and 77 ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7 
  12. ^ Thompson, Richard "Forest Grove streetcar system" The Oregon Encyclopedia Retrieved August 25, 2011 
  13. ^ Gilman, Elias "Forest Grove" The Oregon Encyclopedia 
  14. ^ "Giant sequoias trees in Oregon" Retrieved May 19, 2010 
  15. ^ "Climate Summary for Forest Grove, Oregon" Weatherbase 
  16. ^ "FOREST GROVE, OR 352997" Western Regional Climate Center Retrieved November 23, 2015 
  17. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  18. ^ United States Census Bureau "Census of Population and Housing" Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved September 25, 2013 
  19. ^ "TriMet line 57 map and schedule" 
  20. ^ PDF http://wwwyctransitareaorg/pdf/northpdf  Missing or empty |title= help
  21. ^ "Oregon Sister Relationships—Organized by Country" Oregon Economic & Community Development Department Archived from the original on March 13, 2005 Retrieved September 27, 2007 
  22. ^ Forest Grove grave draws 'Little House' lovers in Portland Tribune
  23. ^ Nellie Owens on Find a Grave
  24. ^ "Nowhere Man filiming locations" Internet Movie Database Retrieved 20 May 2017 
  25. ^ "Free screening of 'The Librarians' episode filmed in Forest Grove at Forest Theater" Oregon Live The Oregonian Retrieved 20 May 2017 
General
  • Smith, Alvin T Original diaries at Pacific University Archives
  • Drury, Clifford Merrill 'Henry Harmon Spalding: Pioneer of Old Oregon" Caxton Printers, Caldwell, ID, 1936

External linksedit

  • Entry for Forest Grove in the Oregon Blue Book
  • "Forest Grove" The Oregon Encyclopedia 
  • Forest Grove Chamber of Commerce
  • Forest Grove history from Grovenet
  • Friends of Historic Forest Grove

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