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Flin Flon

flin flon manitoba, flin flon bombers
Flin Flon pop 5,185 in 2016 census; 4,982 in Manitoba and 203 in Saskatchewan is a mining city in Canada It is located on a correction line in the boundary of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, with the majority of the city located within Manitoba Residents thus travel South into Saskatchewan, and North into Manitoba

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Founding
    • 12 Origin of the name
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Transportation
    • 41 Road
    • 42 Air
    • 43 Rail
  • 5 Economy
    • 51 Main employers
    • 52 Mining
    • 53 Marijuana production
  • 6 Culture
    • 61 Arts
    • 62 Sports
  • 7 Media
  • 8 Law and government
    • 81 Municipal
    • 82 Provincial
    • 83 Federal
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

History

Founding

Dog Sled Race 1954

Flin Flon was founded in 1927 by Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting HBM&S to exploit the large copper and zinc ore resources in the region In the 1920s, HBM&S invested in a railway, mine, smelter, and a hydroelectric power plant at Island Falls, Saskatchewan By 1928 the rail line reached the mine

The town grew considerably during the 1930s as farmers, who were impoverished by the Great Depression, abandoned their farms and came to work at the mines The municipality was incorporated on January 1, 1933, and in 1970, the community reached city status The city has continued to be a mining centre with the development of several mines adding to its industrial base, although its population has been in decline With a scenic setting and a number of nearby lakes, Flin Flon has also become a moderately popular tourist destination

The town is named after the fictional character Josiah Flintabbatey Flonatin

Origin of the name

The town's name is taken from the lead character in a paperback novel, The Sunless City by J E Preston Muddock Josiah Flintabbatey Flonatin piloted a submarine through a bottomless lake where he passed into a strange underground world through a hole lined with gold A copy of the book was allegedly found and read by prospector Tom Creighton

When Tom Creighton discovered a high-grade exposure of copper, he thought of the book and called it Flin Flon's mine, and the town that developed around the mine adopted the name Flin Flon shares with Tarzana, California, the distinction of being named after a character in a science fiction novel

The character of "Flinty", as he is locally known, is of such importance to the identity of the city that the local Chamber of Commerce commissioned the minting of a $300 coin which was considered legal tender amongst locally participating retailers during the year following its issue A statue representing Flinty was designed by cartoonist Al Capp and is one of the points of interest of the city In 1978, the National Film Board of Canada produced the short documentary Canada Vignettes: Flin Flon about the origin of the city's name

Geography

Flin Flon in the fall Lake Athapapuskow, near Bakers Narrows Provincial Park and the airport; the photo was taken in late May, demonstrating that snow is possible though unlikely even that late in the year

Flin Flon straddles the provincial boundary of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, with the majority of the city being located in Manitoba The 2011 census reported 5,363 residents in the Manitoba portion and only 229 in the Saskatchewan section; the Manitoba portion has a land area of 1388 km2, while the Saskatchewan portion has a land area of 237 km2 Due to the zig-zagging nature of the Saskatchewan-Manitoba boundary, the Saskatchewan section of town lies south of the Manitoba section, not west The city's Main Street crosses the provincial boundary just south of its intersection with Church Street; Hudson Street crosses the provincial boundary between its intersections with 5 Ave E and Harrison Street, adopting the new name South Hudson Street at the point of crossing; an undeveloped stretch of Channing Drive briefly crosses into Saskatchewan before reentering Manitoba just west of the city's rural Channing neighbourhood

The town of Creighton, Saskatchewan, is immediately adjacent to Flin Flon Nearby lakes include Kipahigan Lake

The majority of Flin Flon's surface topology is exposed Canadian Shield bedrock, hence the nickname "the city built on rock" Due to this and climatic factors, agriculture is generally not possible, although grain farming is found 130 kilometres 80 mi southeast in The Pas, Manitoba

Climate

Flin Flon experiences a humid continental climate Köppen climate classification Dfb There is a wide range in seasonal temperatures, with warm summers and bitterly cold winters Temperatures in January have an average low of −229 °C −92 °F and an average high of −147 °C 55 °F Temperatures in July have an average high of 241 °C 754 °F and an average low of 136 °C 565 °F The highest reliable temperature ever recorded in Flin Flon was 101 °F 383 °C on 19 July 1941 The coldest temperature ever recorded was −51 °F −461 °C on 15 January 1930

Climate data for Flin Flon, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1927–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 95
491
117
531
180
644
294
849
335
923
360
968
383
1009
356
961
325
905
250
77
155
599
83
469
383
1009
Average high °C °F −147
55
−102
136
−21
282
73
451
150
59
211
70
241
754
226
727
150
59
63
433
−50
23
−124
97
56
421
Daily mean °C °F −189
−2
−149
52
−76
183
18
352
94
489
158
604
189
66
175
635
108
514
30
374
−80
176
−162
28
10
338
Average low °C °F −229
−92
−196
−33
−130
86
−36
255
38
388
104
507
136
565
124
543
65
437
−04
313
−110
122
−200
−4
−36
255
Record low °C °F −461
−51
−433
−459
−400
−40
−294
−209
−150
5
−28
27
00
32
00
32
−100
14
−217
−71
−344
−299
−433
−459
−461
−51
Average precipitation mm inches 175
0689
167
0657
151
0594
203
0799
409
161
690
2717
779
3067
637
2508
634
2496
290
1142
217
0854
225
0886
4576
18016
Average rainfall mm inches 00
0
00
0
02
0008
79
0311
393
1547
693
2728
779
3067
637
2508
642
2528
210
0827
11
0043
00
0
3445
13563
Average snowfall cm inches 175
689
167
657
150
591
124
488
16
063
00
0
00
0
00
0
07
028
81
319
206
811
229
902
1155
4547
Average precipitation days ≥ 02 mm 66 56 46 46 86 99 122 104 106 74 64 66 935
Average rainy days ≥ 02 mm 00 00 011 21 84 100 122 104 105 54 036 00 593
Average snowy days ≥ 02 cm 70 56 46 25 038 004 00 00 020 23 60 67 353
Source: Environment Canada
Canadian Shield geography in the Flin Flon, Manitoba, region Lake seen is Big Island Lake

Demographics

Year Pop ±%
1951 9,899 —    
1961 11,104 +122%
1971 9,344 −159%
1981 8,261 −116%
1991 7,449 −98%
1996 6,861 −79%
2001 6,267 −87%
2006 5,836 −69%
2011 5,592 −42%
2016 5,185 −73%
Population figures shown here are the totals of both the Manitoba and Saskatchewan parts of the city
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:
South Asian 15 03
Chinese 0 0
Black 10 02
Filipino 30 05
Latin American 0 0
Arab 0 0
Southeast Asian 0 0
West Asian 0 0
Korean 0 0
Japanese 10 02
Other visible minority 0 0
Mixed visible minority 0 0
Total visible minority population 65 11
Aboriginal group
Source:
First Nations 290 5
Métis 655 114
Inuit 0 0
Total Aboriginal population 950 165
European 4,755 824
Total population 5,770 100

Transportation

A DC Electric Locomotive on display at the Flin Flon Museum A typical street in "uptown" Flin Flon

Road

Flin Flon is accessed by Manitoba Provincial Trunk Highway 10, Saskatchewan Highway 106 and Saskatchewan Highway 167 The city has daily Greyhound and Grey Goose bus service The city also runs a small public bus system

Air

Main article: Flin Flon Airport

The city operates Flin Flon Airport, which is located southeast of the city The airport has a single asphalt runway, and has regular flights to and from Winnipeg through Calm Air There is also an Airport in nearby Channing from which bush planes depart to fly to truly isolated communities

Rail

The Hudson Bay Railway operates railway freight service on its railway line between The Pas and Flin Flon

Economy

The Co-op grocery store, located on South Main Street

Main employers

Prior to the smelter being closed, seen here with its 251 m chimney, pollution used to be a big concern as indicated in yellow, which were seeded by the aerosols from the copper smelter Flin Flon Manitoba Five Largest Employers
Company Service Number of Employees
Hudson Bay Mining & Smelting Mining 1,440
Flin Flon School Division Education 137
Victoria Inn Hotel 57
Walmart Retail 32
Canadian Tire Automotive Supplies and Service 30

Mining

The economy of Flin Flon is primarily based on copper and zinc mining, solely Hudbay's 777 Mine Sphalerite concentrate is produced and then treated on-site to produce zinc, while chalcopyrite concentrate is produced and then sold for external copper production, a result of the smelter closure in July 2010 Although processing of any sulfide material in this case zinc usually emits large amounts of sulfur dioxide, the HBM&S plant uses a zinc pressure leaching process which greatly reduces emissions

Marijuana production

Flin Flon gained international notoriety in 2002 when the Government of Canada awarded a four-year contract to a Saskatoon-based company for the production of medicinal marijuana Prairie Plant Systems, based in Saskatoon, used an inactive underground copper/zinc drift owned by the Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Company to produce approximately 400 kilograms of medicinal marijuana annually The entire operation was situated several hundred metres under Flin Flon for security and climate control reasons

In 2009, Prairie Plant Systems discontinued operation at the mine due to the ending of their lease and the uncertainty regarding the pending closure of the Trout Lake mine

Culture

Arts

Flin Flon has an active local arts & culture scene The Flin Flon Arts Council has been instrumental in building the local arts scene of late, and has also brought high-quality performers, such as the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, into the community for special events The RH Channing Auditorium in the Flin Flon Community Hall often hosts concerts and theatrical performances, including those produced by the local theatre troupe "Ham Sandwich"

In 2010, the Northern Visual Arts Centre or NorVA was established as a studio and gallery space for local visual artists NorVA frequently hosts workshops, concerts and other community arts-based events

Every two years, the Flin Flon Community Choir, directed by Crystal Kolt, performs a musical production for the community In 2013, the Flin Flon Community Choir presented Chicago: The Musical, to great acclaim Past performances have included Beauty and the Beast, Fiddler on the Roof, and Bombertown, among many others

Culture Days, a national festival celebrating arts and culture, is a popular event in Flin Flon Culture Days is held on the last weekend of September each year In 2013, Flin Flon ranked seventh in the country for the number of free events including concerts, workshops, artist talks and kids' activities offered to community members and visitors

Flin Flon is the fictional home of the comic book superhero Captain Canuck

Sports

Retired jerseys that include some NHL greats Flin Flon Bombers home game at the Whitney Forum

Flin Flon is the home of the Flin Flon Bombers of the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League and the birthplace of NHL great and Hall of Fame member Bobby Clarke As captain of the team, he led the Philadelphia Flyers to NHL Championships in the 1970s, and was also a star on Team Canada 1972 in the Summit Series Other NHLers hailing from Flin Flon include Ken Baird, Ken Baumgartner, Matt Davidson, Kim Davis, Dean Evason, Al Hamilton, Ted Hampson who was the second player to ever receive the Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy, Gerry Hart, Ron Hutchinson, George Konik, Ray Maluta, Tom Gilmore, Dunc McCallum, Eric Nesterenko, Mel Pearson, Reid Simpson, David Struch, and Ernie Wakely

Media

Newspapers & magazines

  • The Reminder - published every Wednesday - Flin Flon's only newspaper
  • Northroots Magazine - a bi-monthly glossy, regional publication, northrootsca published February, April, June, August, October and December In-flight reading on Calm Air
  • Cottage North Magazine - local interest, local stories, and local people - ceased publication in September 2015

Books

  • Tales From a Town With a Funny Name - by Doug Evans

Radio

  • CFAR 590 AM, 1029 FM
  • CBWF-FM 909, CBC Radio One
  • CKSB-4-FM 999, Première Chaîne
  • CIFF-FM 1011, NCI

Television

  • CKYF-TV channel 13 CTV, analogue repeater of CKY-DT Winnipeg
  • Shaw Communications operates a community programming channel; CATV Channel 11: Shaw TV

Television in Flin Flon began in June 1962 with the opening of CBC Television station CBWBT channel 10 The station broadcast kine recordings, sent to the transmitter from CBWT Winnipeg On March 1, 1969, the province-wide microwave system replaced the kine recordings originating at CBWT, giving citizens of Flin Flon access to live television The repeater along with Radio-Canada repeater CBWFT-2 channel 3 closed down July 31, 2012, due to the CBC's closure of its rebroadcasters

Law and government

Municipal

Flin Flon City Hall

The operations of the City of Flin Flon are administered by the city council, whose members set the policies The city council consists of a mayor and six councillors who are elected and serve a term of four years The current council was elected on October 22, 2014, and consists of the following members:

Flin Flon City Council
Position Name
Mayor Cal Huntley
Councillor Tim Babcock
Councillor Colleen McKee
Councillor Leslie Beck
Councillor Ken Pawlachuk
Councillor Bill Hanson
Councillor Karen MacKinnon

Provincial

Main article: Flin Flon electoral district

Flin Flon is in the southwest corner of the Manitoba provincial electoral district of the same name, and is the only urban centre within the district The current Member of the Legislative Assembly is NDP Tom Lindsey, who was elected in the 2016 election

The Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon is in the electoral district of Cumberland It is represented by Doyle Vermette of the NDP

Federal

Main article: Churchill-Keewatinook Aski

Flin Flon, Manitoba, is in the federal riding of Churchill-Keewatinook Aski The current Member of Parliament is NDP member Niki Ashton

The Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon is in the electoral district of Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River, whose current Member of Parliament is NDP Georgina Jolibois

See also

  • Flin Flon greenstone belt
  • Lloydminster

References

  1. ^ "Mayor & Council" Retrieved 2017-07-20 
  2. ^ "Manitoba Community Profilies - Flin Flon Community Overview" Archived from the original on 2007-04-07 Retrieved 2007-07-30 
  3. ^ Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census – Census subdivisions
  4. ^ "Canada Vignettes: Flin Flon" Online film National Film Board of Canada Retrieved 15 November 2011 
  5. ^ a b c "Flin Flon, Manitoba" Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  6. ^ "Daily Data Report for June 1929" Canadian Climate Data in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  7. ^ "Daily Data Report for July 1929" Canadian Climate Data in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  8. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for July 1941" Canadian Climate Data in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  9. ^ "Daily Data Report for March 2010" Canadian Climate Data in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  10. ^ "Daily Data Report for June 1988" Canadian Climate Data in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  11. ^ "Daily Data Report for September 2011" Canadian Climate Data in English and French Environment Canada Retrieved 22 July 2016 
  12. ^ Flon&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  13. ^ Flon&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  14. ^ , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  15. ^ , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  16. ^ City of Flin Flon Transit
  17. ^ "Manitoba Community Profilies - Flin Flon" Archived from the original on 2007-04-08 Retrieved 2007-07-30 
  18. ^ "Manitoba Geological Survey Mines & Exploration Map" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 2007-08-09 Retrieved 2007-07-28 
  19. ^ 'Little change since Flin Flon's closure', Thompson Citizen November 24, 2010
  20. ^ Globe and Mail article "Flin FLon's Pot Mine Goes Up in Smoke", July 22, 2009, retrieved July 22, 2009
  21. ^ "Official Twitter timeline of @CaptainCanuck" 11 Dec 2013 Retrieved 3 May 2015 
  22. ^ "Microwave Hook-Up Gives North Live TV" Winnipeg Free Press April 29, 1969 p 28 
  23. ^ Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2012-384, July 17, 2012
  24. ^ "City of Flin Flon Website - Administration" Retrieved 2010-10-29 
  25. ^ Giles, David "NDP's Georgina Jolibois wins in Desnethé-Missinippi-Churchill River" Retrieved 27 August 2016 
  1. ^ In June and July 1929, a maximum temperature of 98 °F 367 °C and 104 °F 400 °C respectively were recorded, however these all-time high monthly values appear to be incorrect when compared to other nearby climate stations such as The Pas and other stations in Manitoba and Saskatchewan
  • Community Profile: Flin Flon part, Manitoba; Statistics Canada
  • Community Profile: Flin Flon part, Saskatchewan; Statistics Canada

External links

  • Map of Flin Flon Part, Manitoba at Statcan
  • Map of Flin Flon Part, Saskatchewan at Statcan
  • Flin Flon Reminder newspaper

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