FLCL


FLCL Japanese: フリクリ, Hepburn: Furi Kuri, pronounced in English as Fooly Cooly is an original video animation OVA anime series written by Yōji Enokido, directed by Kazuya Tsurumaki and produced by the FLCL Production Committee, which consisted of Gainax, Production IG, and King Records FLCL follows Naota Nandaba, a twelve-year-old boy living in the fictional Japanese suburb of Mabase, and his interactions with Haruko Haruhara, who arrives in the quiet suburb, drawn by the industrial town houses and the Medical Mechanica building

The six-episode series was released in Japan from April 2000 to March 2001 A manga and novel were also created at the time It aired in the United States on Adult Swim in 2003 several times It aired once again on the network's Toonami block from October 26, 2013 to January 25, 2014 The series is also available via Hulu, iTunes, and on Funimation's website

Two new seasons totaling 12 episodes were announced on March 24, 2016 as a co-production between Production IG and Adult Swim3

Contents

  • 1 Plot
  • 2 Production
  • 3 Release
    • 31 Episodes
  • 4 Other media
    • 41 Novels
    • 42 Manga
    • 43 Soundtracks
  • 5 Reception
  • 6 Sequel series
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading
  • 9 External links

Plotedit

The characters of FLCL Main article: List of FLCL characters

FLCL is a coming-of-age story and revolves around Naota Nandaba, a 12-year-old, working-class boy living with his widowed father and grandfather His life in the city of Mabase is interrupted by the arrival of Haruko Haruhara, who runs over Naota with her yellow Vespa 180 SS scooter, gives him CPR, then hits him on the head with a blue vintage Rickenbacker 4001 left-handed electric bass guitar456 Naota discovers that the blow to his head created an "NO" portal, from which giant robots produced by a company known as Medical Mechanica emerge periodically

Naota later finds Haruko working in his house as a live-in maid It is later discovered that Haruko is an investigator for the Galactic Space Police Brotherhood Haruko uses Naota for her search for the Pirate King, Atomsk She is at odds with Medical Mechanica, a monolithic industrial corporation Naota is being watched by Commander Amarao, a special agent of the Bureau of Interstellar Immigration, who believes that Medical Mechanica is out to conquer the galaxy Naota is ultimately drawn into a three-way battle between Haruko, Amarao and Medical Mechanica

Productionedit

FLCL was directed by Kazuya Tsurumaki and produced by the FLCL Production Committee, which included Gainax, Production IG,7 and Starchild Records8

Tsurumaki has said that he tried to "break the rules" of anime when making FLCL, for example, by choosing a contemporary Japanese band to provide the soundtrack, and patterning the style more after "a Japanese TV commercial or promotional video", creating a work that is "short, but dense-packed"9

FLCL's localization director and script writer Marc Handler stated that localization of the script was the hardest part of the show The in-jokes in the show included obscure pop culture references that had to be decoded and transferred to English audiences One example was a reference to Cheerio, a discontinued soft drink in Japan, for the English release the choice was made to use a discontinued American soft drink at the time, Crystal Pepsi10 Director Kazuya Tsuramaki responded to criticism of FLCL, stating "comprehension should not be an important factor in FLCL"11

The Medical Mechanica building featured is in the shape of a large iron The character Amarao describes Medical Mechanica's goal as the destruction of all thought FLCL uses the iron as a symbolic breakdown of "thought" by smoothing out the wrinkles as equated to the removing of the brain's wrinkles For English localization, the Japanese team had to explain the concept because a direct translation of script did not convey the ideology12

Releaseedit

Six DVD compilations, each containing one episode, have been released in Japan by Gainax13 In addition, a DVD collection box, containing all six DVD compilations, was released in Japan on August 13, 200514 Three DVD compilations were released by Synch-Point in North America A DVD collection box, containing all the DVD compilations of the English episodes, was released on January 23, 2007, but have since gone out of print151617 In January 2010, Funimation announced that they had acquired the license for the series and would be releasing it on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in February 201118 Shortly after, it has been released in Australia and New Zealand by Madman Entertainment on a 3-disc DVD set and on Blu-ray Disc1920 It is also licensed in the United Kingdom by MVM Films21 The series also aired in the United States on Cartoon Network's Adult Swim programming block from August 422 to August 13, 200323

The English adaptation of the series was first licensed by Synch-Point which released the DVDs and soundtrack, but these went out of print in 2006 In January 2010, Funimation announced that they would be re-releasing the series on DVD and releasing it for the first time on Blu-ray

Episodesedit

Episodes
Ep Title Original release date English airdate
1 "Fooly Cooly / FLCL"
"Furi Kuri" フリクリ 
April 26, 2000 August 5, 2003
Naota Nandaba and his friend Mamimi Samejima are hanging out underneath a bridge Mamimi then begins to kiss Naota's neck He asks why she always does that and she replies that she has to or she will overflow, presumably emotionally Naota narrates his life in the city of Mabase as being "ordinary" and "nothing ever happens there" Naota and Mamimi buy a drink from a vending machine and Mamimi points out a hickey on Naota's neck, when they are interrupted by the arrival of Haruko Haruhara, who runs over Naota with her Vespa scooter, gives him CPR, then hits him on the forehead with a left-handed Rickenbacker 4001 bass The blow leaves a large, horn-like bump which Naota covers with a bandage The next day, his classmates tell rumors about the "Vespa woman" and how getting hit by the Vespa leaves a mark that shows you've been doing perverted things He's then stalked by Haruko as he goes to the hospital after school Haruko turns out to be the nurse and Naota runs away After returning home, Naota finds Haruko working in his house as a live-in maid Haruko settles in Naota's room However, Naota and Haruko argue about where she will sleep and Naota says she should stay with his father He goes downstairs, where his father says that Mamimi came by to get the day old bread from their bakery and inquires if Mamimi's family is poor When Naota goes to find her, she tells him how much she likes his brother, who lives in America because of his professional baseball career Naota reveals to her that his brother has an American girlfriend Mamimi suddenly says she's overflowing A robot and a detached piece of another from Medical Mechanica come out of the bump on his head and begin fighting, only to have the battle end with Haruko hitting the robot with her bass 
2 "Fire Starter / FiSta"
"Faisuta" ファイスタ 
June 21, 2000 August 6, 2003
X-rays taken by the robot reveal that Naota's head is empty This is because the blow to his head created an NO Portal which doesn't show up on the X-rays Haruko tells him she's a First Class Space Patrol Officer Mamimi is obsessed with a hand-held video game called Fire Starter, in which the player performs the role of an arsonist in order to please the Lord of Black Flames, Cantido The robot is kept occupied doing chores at the Nandaba residence, while Haruko, despite being the maid, performs little to no work Mamimi sees the robot while he is recovering the parts from his head that Haruko had damaged, wearing black wings, a halo and flying off a burned rooftop She believes him to be a god and calls him Kanti Haruko tries to break into the Medical Mechanica plant in town, which is in the shape of a giant iron She fails and questions security why there is no entrance or exit She is taken home by Naota A series of fires meanwhile erupts around the city Naota visits the site of one fire with two of his school friends, where he sees Mamimi down by the river and learns from his friends that she is being bullied at her school Naota realizes it is Mamimi who is starting the fires He finds her performing a 'fire ritual' by the water bank She explains she burnt down her old school house when she was younger because she 'hated the place', and had been saved from the flames by Naota's brother, which was the reason she loved him She ends the ritual by asking the robot to bless her with a kiss A robot emerges from Naota's head then, and starts to battle Kanti Naota merges with Kanti, transforming into a large weapon to destroy the robot At the end of the episode Naota wonders what he can do for Mamimi, and promises to always be by her side 
3 "Marquis de Carabas"
"Maru Raba" マルラバ 
August 23, 2000 August 7, 2003
The father of Naota's classmate Eri Ninamori, as well as the mayor of Mabase, is caught up in a scandal involving an alleged separation with her mother Ninamori is more focused on the class' upcoming play, Puss in Boots She plays the lead opposite Naota, who was voted to play the cat Naota is unenthusiastic about his role and skips rehearsal Upon meeting Mamimi, she discovers that he now has cat ears growing from his head Ninamori retreats to a train station to get away from the media circus that has developed outside her home, where Naota finds her Haruko comes racing down the street, and loses her Vespa when she tries to avoid hitting a cat The Vespa slams into Naota, knocking him into Ninamori, exposing his NO manifestation- the cat ears Curious, she touches them, and passes out due to exposure to NO Kamon invites her to spend the night at the Nandaba residence due to the current turmoil at her home She reveals that she rigged the class votes to have him cast as the cat The next day, the two get into an argument over the play After Ninamori angrily reveals Naota's cat ears, he retaliates by revealing her vote rigging This triggers the emergence of a massive creature from her head, which Haruko and Kanti manage to defeat with the help of curry The class goes through with the play 
4 "Full Swing"
"Furi Kiri" フリキリ 
October 25, 2000 August 8, 2003
Haruko proves to be a star baseball player with phenomenal hitting and pitching skills, nearly single-handedly defeating the Mabase Martians, who are coached by Naota's grandfather Shigekuni Naota, however, refuses to swing when he is at bat it is implied that he does not want to be compared to his brother, who is a professional baseball player and gets hit by one of Haruko's pitches At home, Kamon and Haruko indulge in odd behavior that inflames Naota's jealousy He meets Commander Amarao for the first time, who warns him about Haruko Commander Amarao works for the department of Interstellar Immigration alongside his subordinate Lieutenant Kitsurubami He discovers that a satellite damaged by one of Haruko's hit baseballs is rapidly falling towards Earth It homes in on a sudden burst of light from the NO channel in Naota's head that is triggered by his anger towards his father, and targets Mabase Naota confronts Kamon and hits him in the head with a baseball bat, only to discover that he has hit a robot impersonating his father He finds the corpse of his real father and revives him with hot water After receiving a message that Commander Amarao had asked Naota to pass on to her, Haruko takes Naota to the top of the Medical Mechanica plant, where she extracts a Gibson Flying V guitar from Naota's head, which she calls his "bat" She then leaves as the falling satellite heads straight for Naota It unfolds into the shape of a baseball glove and launches a bomb that looks exactly like a baseball Naota swings his "bat" and manages to halt the bomb, which begins to detonate Haruko returns to rescue him by swinging her guitar and knocking it back into space 
5 "Brittle Bullet"
"Burabure" ブラブレ 
December 21, 2000 August 9, 2003
Haruko begins to switch her attentions from Kamon to Naota, arousing the former's jealousy They resolve to "duel" for Haruko, which amounts to little more than an intense airsoft firefight with Kanti, who is allied with Kamon During the fight, Lieutenant Kitsurubami tries unsuccessfully to blow Kanti away Mamimi, observing Naota's intimate relationship with Haruko, questions how much he really likes her, leading him to confront her about their relationship Finally, his forehead erupts with one of the largest objects yet, a leviathan robot, while a gunfight rages between Commander Amarao, his gunmen, and Haruko Trapped on top of the robot, Naota resolves to save Mamimi and bravely fuses with Kanti However, despite his and Haruko's best efforts, they are unable to stop the giant robot, which rampages towards the Medical Mechanica plant Kanti then manifests the power of Atomsk by producing his EB-0 1961 Gibson bass, to the amazement of Commander Amarao and Haruko Kanti defeats the giant robot, which is actually a gargantuan hand, rocketing over the Medical Mechanica plant and straight into the ground, where it becomes a petrified monument, presiding over the plant Kanti then separates from Naota, yet retains the power of Atomsk, and then runs away with Haruko 
6 "FLCLimax"
"Furi Kuraa" フリクラ 
March 16, 2001 August 13, 2003
Haruko and Kanti have disappeared and become wanted criminals, while smoke continues to pour out of the Medical Mechanica plant, shrouding Mabase in mist Mamimi finds a small dog-like robot by the river It runs away with her cell phone, which she lets it eat, and it grows as a result Haruko returns to the Nandaba residence at dinner in a style similar to episode 1's dinner scene, causing Naota to later ask her in tears why she left Commander Amarao and Lieutenant Kitsurubami attempt to find the "terminal core" of a robot they haul out of the river, which is revealed to be the device Mamimi has been feeding It absorbs part of Kanti before Haruko feeds Naota to it, then drills into the giant hand From this, Haruko hopes to extract Atomsk, the celestial being whose power she desires Before the giant hand can fully grasp the Medical Mechanica plant, Kanti stops it as Naota emerges from his head, glowing with the infinite energy of Atomsk Stunned, Haruko flies into a rage, bent on acquiring the power of Atomsk by killing Naota Before he can finish Haruko off, Naota stops short and declaring his love for her, kisses her, allowing Atomsk to fully emerge from his NO channel Atomsk consumes the terminal core and blasts into space Afterwards, Haruko offers to bring Naota into space, but decides against it because he is "still a kid" Naota finds her bass lying amongst the rubble, which Mamimi takes a picture of, inspiring her to leave school and pursue a photography career In the epilogue, life returns to normal in Mabase, although a string on Haruko's bass is seen being plucked on its own 

^a : The Japanese title is actually an alteration made by Haruko on the phrase "furi kuri, furi kura" フリクリ フリクラ The episode's title is not meant to have any actual significance24

Other mediaedit

Novelsedit

A three-volume novel series was written by screenwriter Yoji Enokido and published by Kadokawa Shoten The novels were released in Japan in June 2000, October 2000, and March 2001 respectively The English-language versions were published by Tokyopop and were released in North America on March 11, 2008; September 9, 2008; and March 10, 2009 respectively

No Japanese release date Japanese ISBN English release date English ISBN
1 June 200025 ISBN 4044236011 March 11, 200826 ISBN 9781427804983
2 October 200027 ISBN 404423602X September 9, 200828 ISBN 9781427804990
3 March 200129 ISBN 4044236038 March 10, 200930 ISBN 9781427805003

Mangaedit

A two-volume manga was created by artist Hajime Ueda The manga interprets the series with all of the key elements intact, and tells the events of the anime using a reductive art style and unsteady pacing Jack Kotin defended the unique artstyle of the manga, saying "It can be crudely drawn at times, but this style fits in well with the overall story and atmosphere"31

The manga was published by Kodansha and serialized in monthly Magazine Z The two volumes were released on October 23, 2000 and August 23, 2001 respectively3233 The manga was re-released in bunkoban format with the two volumes labeled "Jō" 上, First and "Ge" 下, Final in two individual box sets titled "Kodansha Box" Jō volume was on May 7, 2007 and the Ge volume was released on June 4, 20073435 An edited tankōbon version of the manga that was released in box sets, were released on January 10, 2012 and February 9, 2012 respectively3637

The English-language editions of the manga was released by Tokyopop on September 16, 2003 and on November 4, 2003 respectively3839 In March 2011, Dark Horse Comics announced to re-release the manga in omnibus edition40 The omnibus edition was released on May 16, 2012 and includes remastered story pages, a remastered script, and bonus color pages41

Soundtracksedit

Six pieces of theme music are used for the episodes; five opening themes and one closing theme, all by the Japanese rock band, The Pillows The battle themes are "Advice", "Little Busters" and "I Think I Can"; the opening themes are: "One Life", used in episode one, "Instant Music" in episodes two and three, "Happy Bivouac" in episode four, "Runners High", in episode five, and "Carnival" in episode six The closing theme of each episode is "Ride on Shooting Star"

Geneon Entertainment has released three original soundtracks encompassing the songs, with the soundtracks titled, and FLCL No 3 The remaining music was written by Shinkichi Mitsumune Most of the music is by Japanese rock group The Pillows The rest is by composer Shinkichi Mitsumune The first soundtrack titled, FLCL No1: Addict フリクリNo1 アディクト, contains tracks featured in the first three episodes of FLCL The soundtrack was released on October 4, 2000 in Japan and January 20, 2004 in the US4243 The second soundtrack, titled FLCL No2: King of Pirates フリクリNo2 海賊王, Furi Kuri No2 Kaizoku-ō, contains tracks featured in the last three episodes of FLCL The soundtrack was released on July 25, 2001 Japan and September 7, 2004 in the US4244 This volume features several audio dramas, with the cast of FLCL playing the various parts Due to the dramas included, this album acts as a sequel of sorts to the anime The third soundtrack, titled FLCL No3 フリクリNo3, is a compilation of the first two soundtracks featuring only music by the Japanese rock group The Pillows The released on June 8, 2005 and June 7, 2005 in the US4245 Unlike the previous two soundtracks, the songs are the original vocal versions from the band's LPs

Receptionedit

A Vespa scooter, as used by Haruko

FLCL has received highly positive reviews from critics Christopher McDonald of Anime News Network called it "downright hilarious" and "visually superb" with great music, citing the packaging of 2 episodes per DVD as the only weakness of Synch-Point's original release46 Robert Nelson of THEM Anime Reviews gave the anime 4 out of 5 stars stating, "FLCL may not have a straightforward or deep plot It may not have complex characterizations Hell, it may not have any meaning But FLCL does succeed in its true objective It is fun to watch!"47 Chris Beveridge of Mania gave it an A- stating, "FLCL is something that allowed those involved to try a wide variety of styles and techniques and does come off as quite experimental But nearly everything worked in their favor and you end up with three hours of nearly break neck speed action, comedy and commentary on modern life"48 Brian Ruh praised the series stating, "It was very frenetic and kept pushing the envelope on what was possible in Japanese animation"49

IGN columnist Davis Smith reviewed the anime shortly after its English premier, in the article Smith praised the series' unusual story telling, extremely high quality animation and the soundtrack provided by The Pillows; rewarding the series a score of 9 out of 10 concluding, "Logic dictates that FLCL should be an undisciplined and unaffecting mess, given all the insanity that its creators are attempting to weld into a functioning whole Yet while it's hard to explain exactly why, it works It entertains me At times, it makes me laugh; at times, it makes me a little misty-eyed; at times, it makes me want to scream and howl and light things on fire and break windows with baseball bats and yes, maybe even buy a Vespa That's the kind of success that you just can't argue with"50

From January 3, 2012 to February 7 Hayden Childs, of the online magazine The AV Club, composed a six-part weekly analysis and review of each FLCL episode in celebration of The Legend of Korra's then upcoming third season, a series that was heavily influenced by FLCL animation style In the article Childs gives an extremely positive review of the series understanding it as a surrealist inspired coming of age story stating, "For all of its wild and initially bewildering aspects, the major purpose of FLCL is the impressionistic and often naturalistic documentation of Naota’s passage into maturity"51

On August 12, 2003, Time Warner press release noted the success of Cartoon Network, FLCL "ranked No 42 among all shows on ad-supported cable among adults 18–34"22 Also in 2003, FLCL won third place for Best Animation Film at the Fantasia Festival5253 On February 24, 2007, FLCL was nominated for "Best Cast", and won "Best Comedy Series" and "Best Short Series" at the first American Anime Awards show54 Anime Insider ranked FLCL 4th in their list of the best English-licensed anime of all time in November 200755 Avatar: The Last Airbender director Giancarlo Volpe says the staff "were all ordered to buy FLCL and watch every single episode of it"56

Sequel seriesedit

American anime newspaper Anime News Network reported on August 31, 2015 that the production studio Production IG may be planning a remake of the popular series after announcing their purchase of the rights to FLCL from production company Gainax This led many to speculate on the potential of a remake or possible continuation of the series57 The IGN web series Anime Club discussed the potential of a remake with most of the participants expressing reservations towards the idea comparing it to Rebuild of Evangelion and Ghost in the Shell 2058

The sequel anime series was announced on March 24, 2016 via the Toonami crew's Tumblr and Facebook page that 12 new episodes of FLCL would be produced in cooperation with Production IG The upcoming episodes will be split into two individual seasons which will serve as sequels to the popular series which was broadcast on Adult Swim's anime block in 2003 The crew includes Neon Genesis Evangelion character designer Yoshiyuki Sadamoto and original series director Kazuya Tsurumaki The series will premiere on Toonami either late 2017 or early 201859606162

The official synopsis of the series was published by Adult Swim:

In the new season of FLCL, many years have passed since Naota and Haruhara Haruko shared their adventure together Meanwhile, the war between the two entities known as Medical Mechanica and Fraternity rages across the galaxy Enter Hidomi, a young teenaged girl who believes there is nothing amazing to expect from her average life, until one day when a new teacher named Haruko arrives at her school Soon enough, Medical Mechanica is attacking her town and Hidomi discovers a secret within her that could save everyone, a secret that only Haruko can unlock

But why did Haruko return to Earth What happened to her Rickenbacker 4001 she left with Naota And where did the human-type robot 'Canti' go61

Production IG vice president Maki Terashima-Furuta announced at the annual 2016 Anime Expo that original series character designer Yoshiyuki Sadamoto would be reprising his position for the upcoming sequel and that Psycho-Pass director Katsuyuki Motohiro would be supervising the production Additionally, it was announced that Japanese alternative rock band The Pillows would be returning to provide the musical score for the anime63

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Watch FLCL Anime Episodes Streaming on FUNimation" Funimationcom Retrieved 2015-02-07 
  2. ^ "Turner's Adult Swim Announces New Seasons of Anime Hit Series FLCL" Multichannel Retrieved 24 March 2016 
  3. ^ "Toonami to Co-Produce 2 New FLCL Seasons" Anime News Network Retrieved 24 March 2016 
  4. ^ "Synch-Point: Production – FLCL index" Synch-Point Archived from the original on June 26, 2008 Retrieved October 24, 2008 
  5. ^ FLCL Ultimate edition liner notes
  6. ^ FLCL DVD 1 Inside jacket DVD Synch point 2002 
  7. ^ "FLCL" Work List Production IG Retrieved December 19, 2013 
  8. ^ "FLCL" Starchild Retrieved December 19, 2013 
  9. ^ "PULP : : The Manga Magazine : : 603 FLCL" Archived from the original on 8 May 2006 Retrieved 24 March 2016 
  10. ^ "Anime Tourist Interview: Behind the Scenes of FLCL" Anime Tourist Archived from the original on 2004-03-05 Retrieved 24 July 2013 
  11. ^ "FURI KURI" Production IG Archived from the original on 2002-12-20 Retrieved 24 July 2013 
  12. ^ "Interviews: Anime Tourist Interview: Behind the Scenes of FLCL" Anime Tourist Archived from the original on 2004-01-16 Retrieved 24 July 2013 
  13. ^ "FLCL – Goods" in Japanese Gainax Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  14. ^ "Amazoncojp: フリクリ DVD-BOX" in Japanese Amazoncom Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  15. ^ "FLCL Ultimate Edition Details" Anime News Network September 5, 2006 Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  16. ^ "Amazoncom: FLCL – Ultimate Edition DVD Collection" Amazoncom Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  17. ^ "Notice: FLCL Ultimate DVD Collection" The Right Stuf International August 29, 2008 Retrieved September 15, 2008 
  18. ^ "2010 Roll-out Riot: Day 3 of 5 – FLCL | The Official Funimation Blog" Funimation Entertainment Archived from the original on January 9, 2010 Retrieved January 6, 2010 
  19. ^ "Flcl Collection Slimpack" Madman Entertainment Retrieved 3 August 2013 
  20. ^ "Flcl Complete Collection Blu-Ray" Madman Entertainment Retrieved 3 August 2013 
  21. ^ "FLCL Collection - MVM Entertainment UK" MVM Entertainment Retrieved 3 August 2013 
  22. ^ a b "Cartoon Network Takes Prime, Total Day Crown for Kids 2-11, Kids 6-11" Time Warner August 12, 2003 Archived from the original on April 27, 2012 Retrieved August 1, 2006 
  23. ^ "FLCL on Cartoon Network in August" Anime News Network 2003-06-29 Retrieved 2008-01-10 
  24. ^ "Director's comment" FLCL: Groundworks, pg19
  25. ^ フリクリ 1 in Japanese Kodaka Shoten Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  26. ^ "FLCL Volume 1 v 1" Amazon Retrieved December 19, 2013 
  27. ^ フリクリ 2 in Japanese Kodaka Shoten Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  28. ^ "FLCL Volume 2" Amazon Retrieved December 19, 2013 
  29. ^ フリクリ 3 in Japanese Kodaka Shoten Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  30. ^ "FLCL Volume 3 Fooly Cooly" Amazon Retrieved December 19, 2013 
  31. ^ "FLCL, Volume 1 - Teenreads" Teenreads Retrieved 4 August 2013 
  32. ^ フリクリ(1) in Japanese Kodansha Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  33. ^ フリクリ(2) in Japanese Kodansha Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  34. ^ "フリクリ(上) 講談社BOX" in Japanese Kodansha Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  35. ^ "フリクリ(下) 講談社BOX" in Japanese Kodansha Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  36. ^ フリクリ(上) in Japanese Kodansha Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  37. ^ フリクリ(下) in Japanese Kodansha Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  38. ^ "FLCL Volume 1" Tokyopop Archived from the original on October 3, 2003 Retrieved December 30, 2012 
  39. ^ "FLCL Volume 2" Tokyopop Archived from the original on October 5, 2003 Retrieved December 30, 2012 
  40. ^ "Dark Horse Adds Angelic Layer, Tokyo Babylon Omnibuses" Anime News Network March 7, 2011 
  41. ^ "FLCL Omnibus TPB" Dark Horse Comics Inc Retrieved February 2, 2012 
  42. ^ a b c "フリクリサントラ全巻セット(No1~3)" in Japanese Gainax Retrieved December 24, 2011 
  43. ^ "Amazoncom: Fooly Cooly OST 1: Addict" Amazoncom Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  44. ^ "Amazoncom: Fooly Cooly OST 2: King of Pirates" Amazoncom Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  45. ^ "Amazoncom: FLCL Fooly Cooly OST 3" Amazoncom Retrieved January 10, 2008 
  46. ^ McDonald, Christopher "FLCL DVD 1 review" Anime News Network Retrieved August 10, 2007 
  47. ^ Nelson, Robert "FLCL" THEM Anime Reviews Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  48. ^ Beveridge, Chris March 3, 2011 "FLCL Complete series" Mania Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  49. ^ Ruh, Brian February 22, 2011 "Brain Diving The Filth and the Furi" Anime News Network Retrieved December 27, 2012 
  50. ^ Smith, David "FLCL Vol 1" igncom IGN Retrieved 7 June 2016 
  51. ^ Childs, Hayden January 3, 2012 "FLCL: "Fooly Cooly"" avclubcom AV Club Retrieved June 6, 2016 
  52. ^ "Damon Packard Wins Major Award at Fantasia" Film Threat Retrieved 4 August 2013 
  53. ^ "Cool News FANTASIA 2003! Festival Winners Announced!!" Ain't it Cool News Retrieved 4 August 2013 
  54. ^ "American Anime Awards Winners" Anime News Network February 24, 2007 Retrieved August 10, 2007 
  55. ^ "Top 50 Anime" Anime Insider Wizard Entertainment 50: 63 November 2007 
  56. ^ "Audience Questions and Answer Part 2 at the San Diego Comi-con 2006" WMV Flaming June Retrieved May 7, 2008 
  57. ^ http://wwwanimenewsnetworkcom/news/2015-08-31/production-ig-acquires-flcl-rights-for-ventures-such-as-anime-remake/92335
  58. ^ "FLCL Possibly Getting a Remake" IGN Retrieved 24 March 2016 
  59. ^ http://wwwthevergecom/2016/3/25/11304134/flcl-anime-new-seasons-2017-cartoon-network-toonami
  60. ^ Eric Van Allen 24 March 2016 "Adult Swim Partners with Production IG for FLCL Seasons 2 and 3" IGN Retrieved 25 March 2016 
  61. ^ a b "Toonami to Co-Produce 2 New FLCL Seasons Updated" Anime News Network Retrieved 25 March 2016 
  62. ^ "Adult Swim announces two new seasons of cult anime hit FLCL" Retrieved 25 March 2016 
  63. ^ "Character Designer Yoshiyuki Sadamoto, Rock Band The Pillows to Return for FLCL Sequel Series" Anime News Network Retrieved 3 July 2016 

Further readingedit

  • DuHamel, Brandon February 24, 2011 "FLCL: The Complete Series Blu-ray Review" Blu-rayDefinitioncom 
  • "FLCL Vol 1" Newtype USA 1 2 Houston: AD Vision December 2002 ISSN 1541-4817 
  • Johnston, Chris November 2006 "FLCL Ultimate DVD Collection" Newtype USA 5 11 Houston: AD Vision p 151 ISSN 1541-4817 
  • Horn, Carl Gustav March 2002 "FLCL" Pulp 6 3 p 1 Archived from the original on June 15, 2002 
  • Horn, Carl Gustav March 2002 "FLCL" Pulp 6 3 p 2 Archived from the original on June 24, 2002 
  • Horn, Carl Gustav March 2002 "FLCL" Pulp 6 3 p 3 Archived from the original on June 24, 2002 
  • Horn, Carl Gustav March 2002 "FLCL" Pulp 6 3 p 4 Archived from the original on June 24, 2002 
  • Horn, Carl Gustav March 2002 "FLCL" Pulp 6 3 p 5 Archived from the original on June 24, 2002 

External linksedit

  • Anime and manga portal
  • FLCL at Funimation
  • FLCL anime at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
  • FLCL at the Internet Movie Database
  • FLCL at TVcom


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