Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire


Fitzwilliam is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,396 at the 2010 census1 Fitzwilliam is home to Rhododendron State Park, a 16-acre 65 ha grove of native rhododendrons that bloom in mid-July

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

First granted as Monadnock No 4 in 1752 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, this was one in a line of eight towns settled by Scottish colonists Incorporated in 1773 by Governor John Wentworth, the town was named for his cousin, William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam2 Two early grantees in Fitzwilliam were Matthew Thornton, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and James Reed, who would lead the 3rd NH Regt at Bunker Hill The community claims one of the oldest granite quarries in New Hampshire Other industries included wood-working and yarn-making The railroad would enter in 18483

Fitzwilliam's picturesque common, together with twelve antique houses that surround it, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places4

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 360 square miles 93 km2, of which 346 sq mi 90 km2 is land and 14 sq mi 36 km2 is water, comprising 391% of the town Little Monadnock Mountain, elevation 1,883 feet 574 m above sea level, is the highest point in Fitzwilliam, located in the western part of town The Metacomet-Monadnock Trail traverses the summit as does a shorter side trail from Rhododendron State Park The town is drained by the South Branch of the Ashuelot River, the source of which is Bowker Pond Fitzwilliam lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed5

The town is served by state routes 12 and 119

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,038
1800 1,240 195%
1810 1,301 49%
1820 1,167 −103%
1830 1,229 53%
1840 1,366 111%
1850 1,482 85%
1860 1,294 −127%
1870 1,140 −119%
1880 1,187 41%
1890 1,122 −55%
1900 987 −120%
1910 1,148 163%
1920 962 −162%
1930 850 −116%
1940 824 −31%
1950 872 58%
1960 966 108%
1970 1,362 410%
1980 1,795 318%
1990 2,011 120%
2000 2,141 65%
2010 2,396 119%
Est 2015 2,339 −24%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 2,141 people, 836 households, and 586 families residing in the town The population density was 618 people per square mile 239/km² There were 1,074 housing units at an average density of 310 per square mile 120/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9752% White, 037% African American, 033% Native American, 019% Asian, 019% Pacific Islander, 005% from other races, and 135% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 075% of the population 175% were of French, 166% English, 105% American, 105% Irish, 64% Italian, 60% Finnish, 60% German and 56% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000

There were 836 households out of which 327% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 587% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, and 299% were non-families 224% of all households were made up of individuals and 74% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 256 and the average family size was 302

In the town, the population was spread out with 243% under the age of 18, 70% from 18 to 24, 282% from 25 to 44, 298% from 45 to 64, and 108% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 1033 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1040 males

The median income for a household in the town was $48,125, and the median income for a family was $55,476 Males had a median income of $35,474 versus $29,130 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,127 About 33% of families and 67% of the population were below the poverty line, including 92% of those under age 18 and 44% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Residents of Fitzwilliam attending public high school go to Monadnock Regional High School in Swanzey Elementary school students attend Emerson Elementary School

Sites of interestedit

Old Patch Place
  • Amos J Blake House 1837 -- Fitzwilliam Historical Society
  • Rhododendron State Park
Entries on the National Register of Historic Places
  • Fitzwilliam Common Historic District — Jct of NH 119, Richmond Rd, and Templeton Hwy added June 2, 1997
  • Old Patch Place — Rhododendron Road at the entrance to Rhododendron State Park added September 15, 1980
  • Third Fitzwilliam Meetinghouse — Village Green added September 26, 1977

Notable peopleedit

  • Joseph Lee Heywood, treasurer
  • Nahum Parker, US senator
  • Elijah Phillips, early settler of Illinois
  • Edward C Reed, US congressman from New York
  • James Reed, revolutionary era brigadier-general
  • Frank E Riley, Wisconsin state assemblyman
  • Harry Dexter White, economist and senior US Treasury department official

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 126 
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 493–494 
  4. ^ Nation Register of Historic Places Record Number - 425889, Item Number - 97000399 NRIS, Retrieved February 19, 2013
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on July 14, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Fitzwilliam official website
  • Fitzwilliam Town Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Fitzwilliamorg, community website
  • Rhododendron State Park


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