Wed . 19 Jan 2019

Ferungulata

ferungulata
Traditional:

  • Artiodactyla
  • Perissodactyla
  • Paenungulata
  • Tubulidentata
  • Carnivora

Revised:

  • Euungulata
    • Cetartiodactyla
    • Perissodactyla
  • Ferae
    • Carnivora
    • Pholidota

Ferungulata or Fereuungulata is a clade of placental mammals that groups together various carnivorans and ungulates It has existed in two guises, a traditional one based on morphological analysis and a revised one taking into account more recent molecular analyses

The traditional Ferungulata was established by George Gaylord Simpson in 1945[1] It grouped together the extant orders Carnivora, Perissodactyla and Artiodactyla with the Tubulidentata and the superorder Paenungulata, as well as a number of orders known only from fossils Although Simpson placed whales Cetacea in a separate cohort, recent evidence linking them to Artiodactyla would mean that they belong here as well

Simpson established the grouping on the basis of morphological criteria, but this traditional understanding of Ferungulata has been challenged by a more recent classification, relying upon genetic criteria[2][3] These studies separated his ungulate orders into two distinct placental groups, within Afrotheria and Laurasiatheria, respectively The 'true' ungulates, Perissodactyla and Artiodactyla, along with the whales, are included in the revised group, along with the Carnivora, and with the addition of pangolins Pholidota, but the Tubulidentata and paenungulates are excluded To reflect this difference, the revised clade is usually referred to as Fereuungulata The Fereuungulata is a sister group to the Chiroptera bats and together they make up Scrotifera

References

  1. ^ Simpson, George Gaylord 1945 "The principles of classification and a classification of mammals" Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 85: 350 
  2. ^ Waddell; et al 1999 "Using Novel Phylogenetic Methods to Evaluate Mammalian mtDNA, Including Amino Acid-Invariant Sites-LogDet plus Site Stripping, to Detect Internal Conflicts in the Data, with Special Reference to the Positions of Hedgehog, Armadillo, and Elephant" PDF Systematic Biology 48 1: 31–53 doi:101080/106351599260427 Retrieved 4 October 2011 
  3. ^ Zhou, X; Xu, S; Xu, J; Chen, B; Zhou, K; Yang, G 2011 "Phylogenomic Analysis Resolves the Interordinal Relationships and Rapid Diversification of the Laurasiatherian Mammals" PDF Systematic Biology 61 1: 150–164 doi:101093/sysbio/syr089 ISSN 1063-5157 


See also

  • Mammal classification


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    29.10.2014


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