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Ferdinand Blumentritt

ferdinand blumentritt, ferdinand blumentritt and jose rizal
Ferdinand Blumentritt September 10, 1853, Prague – September 20, 1913, Litoměřice, was a teacher, secondary school principal in Litoměřice, lecturer, and author of articles and books in the Philippines and its ethnography He is well known in the Philippines for his close friendship with the writer and Propagandist, José Rizal, and the numerous correspondence between the two provide a vital reference for Rizal historians and scholars,1 including his last letter from prison2 before the execution


  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Main works
  • 3 Literature
  • 4 References
  • 5 Further reading
  • 6 External links


Blumentritt was born in Prague now the Czech Republic, then the capital of Kingdom of Bohemia in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire He is a nephew of the Hungarian German writer Ferenc Virághalmi hu

Blumentritt wrote extensivelly about the Philippines, although he never visited the islands, corresponding with the then Filipino student and writer José Rizal, who later became national hero Blumentritt became one of Rizal's closest confidants although they met only once He translated the latter's first book, Noli Me Tangere, into German and wrote the preface to Rizal's second book, El filibusterismo, although he was against its publication These two novels are commentaries disguised as fiction which angered both the Catholic Church and the Spanish colonial government, and which eventually led to Rizal's 1896 trial and execution

Blumentritt died in Litoměřice German: Leitmeritz, Bohemia He is memorialized in the Philippines by numerous public parks and streets Among them are Blumentritt Road, Blumentritt LRT Station, Blumentritt railway station, the Blumentritt Market in Metro Manila and the Blumentritt Street in Naga City and Tuguegarao

Main worksedit

  • Alphabetisches Register der Reifeprüfungsvorschriften Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1909
  • Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der gebräuchlichsten Aquarellfarben Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1910
  • America and the Philippines 1900
  • Die Chinesen auf den Philippinen Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1879
  • Diccionario mitologico de Filipinas Madrid, 1895
  • Einige Manuskripte aus dem 17 und 18 Jahrhundert Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1904
  • Einiges über Juan Valera Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1894
  • Introduction to the Noli me tangere of Rizal Barcelona, 1889
  • Introduction to the Sucesos de las islas Filipinas of Antonio de Morga, annotated by Rizal Paris, 1890
  • Die Erdbeben des Juli 1880 auf den Philippinen
  • Die Goldfundstellen auf den Philippinen und ihre Ausbeutung
  • Holländische Angriffe auf die Philippinen im 16, 17, und 18 Jahrhundert Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1880
  • Das Kaiserbild Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1899
  • J C Labhart-Lutz Ein Nachruf Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1889
  • Die Philippinen Eine übersichtliche Darstellung der ethnographischen und historischpolitischen Verhältnisse des Archipels Hamburg, 1900
  • Die Sprachgebiete Europas am Ausgange des Mittelalters, verglichen mit den Zuständen der Gegenwart Prague Czech: Praha, 1883
  • Strömungen und Gezeiten an der Küste von Mindanao
  • Der "Tratado Anonimo" über den Aufstand der Cumuneros gegen König Carl V Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1878
  • Versuch einer Ethnographie der Philippinen Gotha, 1882
  • Vocabular einzelner Ausdrücke und Redensarten, welche dem Spanischen der philippinischen Inseln eigenthümlich sind Leitmeritz Czech: Litoměřice, 1882, 1883–1884|8, 1885|5


  • Jindřich Tomas: Jose Rizal, Ferdinand Blumentritt and the Philippines in the New Age The City of Litomerice: Czech Publishing House Oswald Praha, 1998
  • Johann Stockinger: „Ich interessiere mich von jeher nur für die spanischen Colonien“ – Neueste Erkenntnisse für die Blumentritt-Forschung aus der Korrespondenz mit Hugo Schuchardt Wien, 1998
  • The Dapitan Correspondence of DrJose Rizal and Dr Ferdinand Blumentritt Compiled by Romeo G Jalosjos The City Government Dapitan City: Philippines, 2007 ISBN 978-971-93553-0-4
  • Harry Sichrovsky: Der Revolutionär von Leitmeritz Ferdinand Blumentritt und der philippinische Freiheitskampf Wien: Österr Bundesverl, 1983 ISBN 3-215-04989-9
  • Harry Sichrovsky: Harry Sichrovsky: Ferdinand Blumentritt: An Austrian Life for the Philippines Manila, 1987
  • Lea Blumentritt-Virághalmy, Egy szudétanémet nagypolgár európai és délkelet-ázsiai kapcsolathálója Szentendre, 1999 /Resume/
  • Lea-Katharina Steller née Blumentritt-Virághalmy: Ferdinand Blumentritt /1853-1913/ In: Series of the Collections for Research into Sudeten German Minority I Szentendre, 2006 Szentendre, 2006
  • Lea-Katharina Steller née Blumentritt-Virághalmy, Ferdinand Blumentritt In: Unitas, a scholarly publication of the University of Santo Tomas Ed I C Abaño OP Manila, 2006/Dezember
  • Harry Sichrovsky: "Blumentritt and Rizal The Austrian Friend behind the Philippine National Hero" Austromedia Corp, Makati 2011 152 pages, ISBN 978-971-95152-0-3


  1. ^ Rizal-Blumentritt Friendship, Austrian-Philippine Website
  2. ^ "211 Rizal, Fort Santiago, Manila, 29 Ðecember 1896" Univieacat Retrieved 2013-05-01 

Further readingedit

  • Harry Sichrovsky Ferdinand Blumentritt: an Austrian life for the Philippines : the story of José Rizal's closest friend and companion sn; 1987 ISBN 978-971-13-6024-5

External linksedit

  • Works by Ferdinand Blumentritt at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Ferdinand Blumentritt at Internet Archive
  • Rizal-Blumentritt Friendship maintained by the University of Vienna
  • The Complete Jose Rizal, Filipiniananet

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