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Feisal Abdul Rauf

feisal abdul rauf, imam feisal abdul rauf
Feisal Abdul Rauf Arabic: فيصل عبد الرؤوف‎, born 1948 is a Kuwaiti American Sufi12 imam, author, and activist whose stated goal is to improve relations between the Muslim world and the West3 From 1983 to 2009, he served as Imam of Masjid al-Farah, a mosque in New York City45 He has written three books on Islam and its place in contemporary Western society, including What's Right with Islam Is What's Right with America, and founded two non-profit organizations whose stated missions are to enhance the discourse on Islam in society

He has condemned the 9/11 attacks as un-Islamic and called on the US government to reduce the threat of terrorism by altering its Middle Eastern foreign policy67 Author Karen Armstrong, among others, has praised him for his attempts to build bridges between the West and the Muslim world8 In 2010, Sufi Imam Rauf received national attention for his plans to build Park51, an Islamic Community Center, two blocks from Ground Zero in Lower Manhattan2

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Career
    • 21 Post-9/11
    • 22 Park51
  • 3 Rental properties
  • 4 Reception
    • 41 Views on Hamas
  • 5 Personal life
  • 6 Selected bibliography
    • 61 Books
    • 62 Other writings
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Early lifeedit

Rauf was born in Kuwait His father, Egyptian Imam and Sunni scholar Muhammad Abdul Rauf 1917–2004, moved with the younger Rauf to New York City in the 1960s The elder Rauf assisted with efforts to create the multimillion dollar Islamic Cultural Center of New York, the first building designed as a mosque in New York City, which took 25 years to complete and opened in 19919 His father, Abdul Rauf, was actively involved in the Civil Rights Movement with Malcolm X10 Rauf studied physics at Columbia University, where he earned his bachelor's degree in nuclear engineering in 1969,911 before earning a master's degree in plasma physics at Stevens Institute in Hoboken, New Jersey12

Careeredit

After finishing college, Rauf focused on religion, and became the leader of a New York City mosque12 Rauf has written three books on Islam and its place in contemporary Western society, including What's Right with Islam, later printed in paperback with the changed title What's Right with Islam is What's Right with America13 Rauf served as imam of Masjid al-Farah in New York City's Tribeca district between 1983 and 20093

Rauf is a friend of the Nur Ashki Jerrahi Sufi Order, and in 1983, he was appointed prayer leader at their Masjid al-Farah mosque14 In 1997, he founded the American Sufi Muslim Society ASMA,15 which has since been renamed the American Society for Muslim Advancement Rauf worked to improve relationships between American society, the American Muslim community and the wider Muslim world He founded the American Society for Muslim Advancement originally named the American Sufi Muslim Association16

The organization is now headed by his wife3 He is a member of the Council of 100 Leaders C-100 on West-Islamic World Dialogue at the World Economic Forum WEF1718 and has received both the Alliance for International Conflict Prevention and Resolution’s19 annual Alliance Peacebuilder Award and The Interfaith Center of New York’s annual James Parks Morton Interfaith Award 20062021 He was a major speaker at the 2009 Parliament of the World's Religions in Melbourne, Australia22 In 2003, Rauf founded the Cordoba Initiative, another registered nonprofit organization with offices in both New York and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia As CEO of Cordoba Initiative, Rauf coordinates projects that emphasize the bonds that connect the Muslim world and the West

Post-9/11edit

Following the September 11 attacks, Rauf conducted training and speeches for the FBI and US State Department12 However, some US politicians have voiced concerns about his views,23242526 referring to comments Rauf made when interviewed by Ed Bradley on CBS 60 Minutes on September 30, 2001 Rauf's website says he was referring to the US CIA in the 1980s "financing Osama Bin Laden and strengthening the Taliban"27 Columnist Jonathan Rauch wrote that Rauf gave a "mixed, muddled, muttered" message after 9/1128 Nineteen days after the attacks, he told CBS's 60 Minutes that fanaticism and terrorism have no place in Islam Rauch said that the message was mixed, however, because when then asked if the US deserved the attacks, Rauf answered, "I wouldn't say that the United States deserved what happened But the United States' policies were an accessory to the crime that happened"5282930 When the interviewer asked Rauf how he considered the US to be an accessory, he replied, "because we have been accessory to a lot of innocent lives dying in the world In fact, in the most direct sense, Osama bin Laden is made in the USA"72930 Although this CIA-Osama bin Laden controversy has been brought up by many others, Rudy Giuliani, Peter T King, Rick Lazio, and Sarah Palin expressed concern about these remarks when discussing Rauf as the driving force behind the Park51 project293132

Speaking at his New York mosque in 2004, Imam Feisal said: "The Islamic method of waging war is not to kill innocent civilians But it was Christians in World War II who bombed civilians in Dresden and Hiroshima, neither of which were military targets" He also said that there could be little progress in Western-Islamic relations until the US acknowledged backing Middle East dictators and give an "American Culpa" speech to the Muslim world, because there are "an endless supply of angry young Muslim rebels prepared to die for their cause and there is no sign of the attacks ending unless there is a fundamental change in the world"33

Responding to a question during an interview on New York WABC radio in June 2010 regarding the US State Department's designation of Hamas as a terrorist organization, Rauf said, "I'm not a politician The issue of terrorism is a very complex question I am a peace builder I will not allow anybody to put me in a position where I am seen by any party in the world as an adversary or as an enemy"34

Park51edit

See also: Park51 Rauf plans to build an Islamic center at this former Burlington Coat Factory, two blocks from Ground Zero

Sharif El-Gamal, chairman and chief executive of Soho Properties, bought 45 Park Place in July, 2009 "It’s really to provide a place of peace, a place of services and solutions for the community which is always looking for interfaith dialogue"35 Plans for the project include a mosque which would accommodate 1,000–2,000 Muslims in prayer Rauf won support from the local Community Board, and received both support and opposition from some 9/11 families, politicians, organizations, academics, and others The initiative was supported by some Muslim American leaders and organizations, including CAIR, and criticized by some other Muslims such as Sufi mystic Stephen Suleyman Schwartz, director of the Center for Islamic Pluralism in Washington36

Controversy over the location—in close proximity to Ground Zero—ensued, and in an interview with Larry King on September 8, 2010, Rauf was asked "given what you know now, would you have said, listen, let's not do it there Because it sounds like you're saying in retrospect wouldn't have done it" Rauf answered: "If I knew this would happen, this would cause this kind of pain, I wouldn't have done it My life has been devoted to peacemaking"37 On September 12, 2010 on This Week with Christiane Amanpour, Abdul Rauf repeated that if complaints had been raised in December 2009 when the project was front page news in The New York Times, he would have moved it, but at that time there was broad support for it, which did not change until May He furthermore expressed concern that a move would be used by radicals internationally to claim that "Islam is under attack in the Western world"38

On January 14, 2011, Park51 developer Sharif el-Gamal surprised Rauf by unilaterally announcing that Rauf would no longer speak for or raise money for Park51, replacing him with Imam Abdallah Adhami The split was attributed to a number of differences in vision for the project—Rauf had wanted a larger interfaith center named Cordoba House, but el-Gamal had changed the name to Park51, wanted it to primarily serve Muslims, and to have a local scope The removal of Rauf from this leadership role raised concerns that the project would be unable to raise the necessary funds to build the planned center39 On January 29, Rauf announced that he would move the Cordoba House to a different site if one were offered to him and if the new site was "on par, or even better" than the current Park51 site40

Rental propertiesedit

Building at 2206 Central Avenue in Union City, New Jersey, one of several in Hudson County owned by Rauf

Rauf owns several apartment buildings in Hudson County, New Jersey, including four in Union City, and one in North Bergen in which he lives By 2010, numerous residents of Ruf's properties in Union City had alleged that those properties have fallen into disrepair over the course of the prior several years, with some of the residents attributing this to time Rauf spends on his activities in Lower Manhattan12 On September 8, 2010, Union City Mayor Brian P Stack, who criticized Rauf as a "slumlord", announced court actions to have a custodial receiver take over management of these properties,41 and the creation of a Quality of Life Task Force to identify 15 apartment buildings in need of renovations, including Rauf's42

A September 15, 2010 hearing revealed that following a September 7 inspection that determined imminent hazards, police began monitoring two of Rauf's buildings, due to inoperable fire alarms and sprinklers, and failure on Rauf's part to hire a private fire patrol Judge Thomas Olivieri gave Rauf's lawyers until September 23 to produce plans and evidence of efforts to address these violations, lest Rauf face loss of control over the buildings43 On November 9, Judge Olivieri placed the Central Avenue property into temporary custodial receivership, with $7,000 in rent payments held in escrow from Rauf's attorney set aside to pay for the repairs4445

According to 2010 reports by the Bergen Record, Rauf met with US Senator Robert Menendez around 1991 when Menendez was Mayor of Union City, to request state funds to renovate three of his properties As a result, Rauf received $80,000 in city funds, $384,000 from the Union City Community Development Agency, $13 million in construction loans from Hudson County's Affordable Housing Trust Fund, and $630,900 from the state Rauf was also sued for fraud in 2008 by his one-time business partner, James Cockinos, over a $250,000 mortgage that Cockinos gave Rauf for his Central Avenue property, ownership of which Rauf then transferred to Sage Developments for a second $650,000 mortgage Rauf and his wife, Daisy Khan, made payments to Cockinos for 11 years, but ceased after a fire damaged the property The two parties settled out of court12

Receptionedit

Fareed Zakaria praised Rauf for speaking of "the need for Muslims to live peacefully with all other religions", for emphasizing the commonalities among all faiths, for advocating equal rights for women and opposing laws that in any way punish non-Muslims46

Walter Isaacson, head of The Aspen Institute, says Rauf "has participated at the Aspen Institute in Muslim-Christian-Jewish working groups looking at ways to promote greater religious tolerance He has consistently denounced radical Islam and terrorism, and promoted a moderate and tolerant Islam"47

Views on Hamasedit

During an interview on New York WABC radio in June 2010, Rauf declined to say whether he agreed with the US State Department's designation of Hamas as a terrorist organization Responding to the question, Rauf said, "Look, I'm not a politician The issue of terrorism is a very complex question I am a peace builder I will not allow anybody to put me in a position where I am seen by any party in the world as an adversary or as an enemy"48 Sarah Palin and Lazio criticized his refusal to agree with the assessment of the United States that Hamas is a terrorist organization, and former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani alleged that Rauf had supported radical causes that sympathized with Islamic terrorism374950505152

Personal lifeedit

Rauf's first wife was an American woman who converted to Islam Rauf later married a Malaysian woman Rauf has two children with each of his first two wives He has been married to his third wife Daisy Khan since the late 1990s9 Khan, a native of Kashmir, India is a professional interior architect, but since 2005 has worked full-time for the two non-profit organizations founded by Rauf,53 and at times functions as his spokesperson They live in North Bergen, New Jersey12

Selected bibliographyedit

Booksedit

  • Feisal Abdul Rauf, Moving the Mountain: Beyond Ground Zero to a New Vision of Islam in America Free Press, 2012 ISBN 9781451656015
  • Feisal Abdul Rauf, What's Right with Islam: a New Vision for Muslims and the West HarperCollins, 2004 ISBN 978-0-06-058272-2, reissued as What's Right with Islam Is What's Right with America HarperCollins, 2005 ISBN 978-0-06-075062-6 An Indonesian language edition was published in 2007, titled Seruan Azan Dari Puing WTC: Dakwah Islam di Jantung Amerika Pasca 9/11, which translates as A Call to Prayer from the WTC Rubble: Islamic Dawah from the Heart of America Post 9115455
  • Feisal Abdul Rauf, Islam: A Sacred Law Threshold Books, 2000 ISBN 978-0-939660-70-4
  • Feisal Abdul Rauf, Islam: A Search for Meaning Mazda Publishers, 1996 ISBN 978-1-56859-037-0
  • Feisal Abdul Rauf and Laleh Bakhtiar, Quran for Children Kazi Publications, 1985 ISBN 978-0-935782-08-0

Other writingsedit

  • "Building on Faith", The New York Times September 7, 2010
  • "Need for some cultural sensitivity", The Star Malaysia May 12, 2010
  • "Using Qur'anic Narratives in Pursuit of Peace", Common Ground News Service, March 4, 2010
  • "Putting the faith back", The Star Malaysia December 30, 2009
  • "Religion must be part of the Afghanistan solution", The Star Malaysia October 12, 2009
  • "Sharing the core of our beliefs", Common Ground News Service, March 31, 2009
  • "Religious organisations are key to Mideast peace", Common Ground News Service, March 5, 2009
  • "Preventing Chaos", The Star Malaysia March 9, 2008
  • "Asceticism in Islam", Cross Currents Winter, 2008, vol 57 No 4 ed by Pederson, Kusumita
  • "The Ideals We Share"permanent dead link, Newsweek July 31, 2007 with Khan, Daisy
  • "The End of Barbarism: The Phenomenon of Torture and the Search for Common Good", Pursuing the Global Common Good: Principle and Practice in US Foreign Policy Washington, DC: Center for American Progress 2007 with Schulz, William F, ed by Steenland, Sally, et al video
  • "What is Sunni Islam" in Voices of Islam: Voices of Tradition, vol 1 of 3, ed Cornell, Vincent J Westport: Praeger 2007
  • "Al-Qaeda's Greatest Fear may be US Leaving Iraq" Aspen Times October 11, 2006 with Bennett, John
  • "Arab Reform Final Report" New York: Council on Foreign Relations 2005 with Albright, Madeleine, et al
  • "Bringing Muslim Nations into the Global Century", Fortune October 18, 2004
  • "To wear scarf or not to wear scarf", The Star Malaysia August 19, 2014

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Dalrymple, William August 16, 2010 "The Muslims in the Middle" The New York Times p A27 Retrieved August 19, 2010 
  2. ^ a b Corbett, Rosemary R 2016 Making Moderate Islam: Sufism, Service, and the "Ground Zero Mosque" Controversy Stanford University Press 
  3. ^ a b c "People: Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf" American Society for Muslim Advancement Archived from the original on August 25, 2010 Retrieved August 28, 2010 
  4. ^ Godtalk: travels in spiritual America – Google Books Booksgooglecom June 23, 2009 Retrieved August 10, 2010 
  5. ^ a b Eisenberg, Carol June 8, 2004 "Man in the middle, Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf has devoted himself to rapprochement between the Islamic world and the West" Newsday Retrieved August 10, 2010 
  6. ^ Frank Walker March 21, 2004 "West must act to end jihad: Imam" Herald Sun 
  7. ^ a b "Prominent American Muslims denounce terror committed in the name of Islam" 60 Minutes IslamForTodaycom September 30, 2001 Retrieved July 22, 2010 
  8. ^ "What's Right with Islam: A New Vision for Muslims and" Amazoncom Retrieved August 9, 2010 
  9. ^ a b c Salazar, Cristian August 28, 2010, Imam behind NYC mosque faces divisions over center, Newsvine, Associated Press
  10. ^ "Growing up X: daughter tells about father", PressTV, October 31, 2010
  11. ^ "In the shadow of no towers", Columbia Magazine, Accessed November 18, 2010
  12. ^ a b c d e f Tirella, Tricia and Diaz, Lana Rose "'Ground zero mosque' imam is NB resident, UC property owner" The Union City Reporter September 5, 2010; Pages 3 and 8
  13. ^ What's Right with Islam Booksgooglecom Retrieved September 9, 2010 
  14. ^ Cristian Salazar August 28, 2010 "Imam behind NYC mosque faces divisions over center" Associated Press Archived from the original on September 3, 2010 Retrieved September 14, 2010 
  15. ^ Godlas, Dr Alan, Sufism, the West, and Modernity, University of Georgia Retrieved September 14, 2010
  16. ^ Godlas, Dr Alan, Sufism, the West, and Modernity, University of Georgia Retrieved August 22, 2010
  17. ^ about the Council of 100 Leaders C-100 on West-Islamic World Dialogue Archived 2010-11-05 at the Wayback Machine, World Economic Forum
  18. ^ Core Group and Members of the Council of 100 Leaders C-100 on West-Islamic World Dialogue Archived 2009-05-27 at the Wayback Machine, World Economic Forum
  19. ^ Alliance for International Conflict Prevention and Resolution
  20. ^ 2006 Awards Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine, Interfaith Center of New York
  21. ^ RAuf Biography at Council for a Parliament of the World's Religions Retrieved September 17, 2010
  22. ^ 2009 Program, Council for a Parliament of the World's Religions
  23. ^ Hernandez, Javier C July 13, 2010 "Planned Sign of Tolerance Bringing Division Instead" The New York Times Retrieved August 1, 2010 
  24. ^ Topousis, Tom June 19, 2010 "Muslim Imam leading push to build a mosque near Ground Zero wavers on questions about Hamas as a terror group" New York Post Retrieved August 2, 2010 
  25. ^ Shafey, Mohammed Al May 18, 2010 "Controversy Rages in NYC over Planned Mosque Near Ground Zero" Asharq Al-Awsat Retrieved August 2, 2010 
  26. ^ "Staff Bios" Cordoba Initiative July 31, 2007 Retrieved August 3, 2010 
  27. ^ Frequently Asked Questions The Cordoba Initiative Retrieved September 17, 2010
  28. ^ a b "Islam Has Been Hijacked, And Only Muslims Can Save It by Jonathan Rauch" Pressuchicagoedu Archived from the original on July 23, 2010 Retrieved August 7, 2010 
  29. ^ a b c Dean, Nick September 30, 2001 "NY Congressman Calls for Probe of Funding for Mosque Near Ground Zero and Its Promoter" CNS News Archived from the original on July 31, 2010 Retrieved August 1, 2010 
  30. ^ a b "Monument to Jihad; Ground Zero Mosque No Joke" Toronto Sun July 27, 2010 Retrieved August 1, 2010 
  31. ^ Gershman, Jacob August 2, 2010 "Sides Dig in Over Ground Zero Mosque" The Wall Street Journal Retrieved August 2, 2010 
  32. ^ Jeff Glor July 20, 2010 "Proposed Mosque Near Ground Zero Stokes Debate" CBS News Retrieved August 10, 2010 
  33. ^ Frank Walker 21 March 2004 "West must act to end jihad: Imam" Herald Sun 
  34. ^ Tom Topousis 19 June 2010 "Imam terror error" New York Post 
  35. ^ Muslim Prayers and Renewal Near Ground Zero, Ralph Blumenthal and Sharaf Mowjood, The New York Times, December 8, 2009
  36. ^ A mosque at ground zero
  37. ^ a b "CNNcom Transcripts" CNN September 8, 2010 Retrieved September 10, 2010 
  38. ^ "Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf on Islam in America" This Week ABC News September 12, 2010
  39. ^ Vitello, Paul January 14, 2011 "Amid Rift, Imam's Role in Islam Center Is Sharply Cut" The New York Times Retrieved May 7, 2011 
  40. ^ Tokasz, Jay January 30, 2011 "Cleric open to new site for Islamic center" The Buffalo News Retrieved May 7, 2011 
  41. ^ David Lee Miller September 14, 2010 "NJ Mayor Blasts Ground Zero Imam" Fox News Archived from the original on September 17, 2010 Retrieved September 14, 2010 
  42. ^ Diaz, Lana Rose "Stack puts landlords on notice" The Union City Reporter; September 12, 2010; Pages 3 and 7
  43. ^ "UC sues landlord and 'Ground Zero Mosque' imam" The Union City Reporter; Pages 2 and 5
  44. ^ "Receivership granted for neglected buildings in UC", The Union City Reporter, November 14, 2010, Pages 4 and 31
  45. ^ Mestanza, Jean-Pierre "Imam's building in receivership", Hudson Dispatch Weekly, November 18, 2010, pages 1 and 7
  46. ^ Fareed ZakariaAugust 06, 2010 August 6, 2010 "Fareed Zakaria: Build the Ground Zero Mosque" Newsweek Retrieved August 16, 2010 
  47. ^ Stein, Sam August 17, 2010 "'Ground Zero Mosque' Imam Helped FBI With Counterterrorism Efforts" The Huffington Post 
  48. ^ Tom Topousis June 19, 2010 "Imam terror error" New York Post 
  49. ^ Weaver, Carolyn July 22, 2010 "Muslim Group Faces Opposition Near New York's Ground Zero" Voice of America Retrieved August 1, 2010 
  50. ^ a b Baribeau, Simone; Levitt, David; Johnston, Nicholas; Servetah, Stacie; Schoifet, Mark August 3, 2010 "Ground Zero Mosque Plans Move Forward After Key Vote" San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved August 4, 2010 dead link
  51. ^ Haberman, Maggie August 2, 2010 "Rudy: GZ Mosque is a 'desecration,' 'decent Muslims' won't be offended" Politico Retrieved August 4, 2010 
  52. ^ Matthews, Karen; Fouhy, Beth August 3, 2010 "NYC panel clears way for mosque near ground zero" The Washington Post Associated Press Retrieved August 4, 2010 dead link
  53. ^ "People: Daisy Khan" American Society for Muslim Advancement Archived from the original on August 28, 2010 Retrieved August 28, 2010 
  54. ^ Book Review: What's right with Islam IS What's Right with America by Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf
  55. ^ "Seruan Azan Dari Puing WTC: Dakwah Islam di Jantung Amerika Pasca 9/11 – Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf" MizanCom Retrieved August 14, 2010 

External linksedit

  • New York City portal
  • Biography portal
  • Islam portal
  • Biography at the American Society for Muslim Advancement ASMA
  • Biography at Cordoba Initiative
  • Feisal Abdul Rauf "On Faith" column archives at Washington Post/Newsweek 2008 to present
  • Iman Feisal Abdul Rauf at Beliefnet, includes columns
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
  • Collected news and commentary at NPR
  • Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
  • Interview, Muslims, PBS Frontline documentary
  • Works by or about Feisal Abdul Rauf in libraries WorldCat catalog

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