Farmington, New Hampshire


Farmington is a town located in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States The 2010 census reported that the town had a total population of 6,7861 Farmington is home to Blue Job State Forest

The compact town center, where 3,885 people resided at the 2010 census,2 is defined by the US Census Bureau as the Farmington census-designated place and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 75 and 153

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Abenaki Indians once used the Cochecho River for transportation, and had a camping ground on Meetinghouse Hill, where they built birch bark canoes Otherwise, the river valley was wilderness, through which Indians from the north traveled after crossing Lake Winnipesaukee on their way to raid settlements in and around Dover To stop the raids, in 1721 the Colonial Assembly in Portsmouth approved construction of a fort at the foot of the lake, with a soldiers' road built from Dover to supply it In 1722, Bay Road was surveyed and completed Along its course the town of Farmington would grow

The settlement began as the Northwest Parish of Rochester, which was chartered in 1722 The last Indian attack in the general region occurred in 1748, but by 1749, Native Americans had disappeared from warfare and disease Farmers cultivated the rocky soil, and gristmills used water power of streams to grind their grain Sawmills cut the abundant timber, and the first frame house at the village was built in 1782 In 1790, Jonas March from Portsmouth established a store, behind which teamsters unloaded on his dock the lumber he traded The area became known as March's Dock, Farmington Dock, and finally just The Dock

Inhabitants of the Northwest Parish were taxed to support both the meetinghouse and minister on Rochester Hill about twelve miles away, a distance which made attendance difficult A movement began in the 1770s to establish a separate township, and in 1783 a petition for charter was submitted to the state legislature It was denied, but another petition in 1798 was granted With about 1,000 inhabitants, Farmington was incorporated3 In 1800, a 40 by 50 foot, two story meetinghouse was erected on Meetinghouse Hill The same year, John Wingate established a blacksmithy He would also become proprietor of Wingate's Tavern

In the 19th century, the community developed a prime shoemaking industry, and was one of the first places to use automated machines instead of handwork In 1836, shoe manufacturing began at a shop on Spring Street built by E H Badger, although it was soon abandoned to creditors Martin Luther Hayes took over the business, and by 1840 was successful enough to enlarge the building The town would be connected by railroad to Dover in 1849, the line extended to Alton Bay in 1851 Shoes were shipped to Boston to be sold at semi-annual auctions for 50 cents a pair3

Following the Civil War, the shoe business boomed and numerous factories were built Despite a fire in 1875 which destroyed much of the center of town, Farmington was known as "The Shoe Capital of New Hampshire" Other factories produced knives, knit underwear, wooden boxes, wooden handles and carriages Brushes were manufactured by the F W Browne Company, from which Booker T Washington ordered twelve street brooms in 1915 for use at the Tuskegee Institute The town had five blacksmith shops But the Panic of 1893 closed all but two large shoe factories The industry faded in the 20th century, when most of the factories were demolished

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 375 square miles 971 km2, of which 372 square miles 963 km2 is land and 03 square miles 08 km2 is water, comprising 085% of the town4 The town center census-designated place has a total area of 64 sq mi 17 km2, all of it land

Farmington is drained by the Ela River, Mad River and Cochecho River Part of the Blue Hills Range, foothills of the White Mountains, is in the southwest The highest point in Farmington is Blue Job Mountain, at 1,350 feet 410 m above sea level Farmington lies almost fully within the Piscataqua River Coastal watershed, with the westernmost corner of town located in the Merrimack River watershed5

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 11, New Hampshire Route 75 and New Hampshire Route 153

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1800 1,029
1810 1,272 236%
1820 1,716 349%
1830 1,464 −147%
1840 1,380 −57%
1850 1,699 231%
1860 2,275 339%
1870 2,063 −93%
1880 3,044 476%
1890 3,064 07%
1900 2,265 −261%
1910 2,621 157%
1920 2,461 −61%
1930 2,698 96%
1940 3,095 147%
1950 3,454 116%
1960 3,287 −48%
1970 3,588 92%
1980 4,630 290%
1990 5,739 240%
2000 5,774 06%
2010 6,786 175%
Est 2015 6,832 07%
US Decennial Census7
Mad River Bridge in 1909

As of the 2010 census, there were 6,786 people, 2,592 households, and 1,813 families residing in the town The population density was 1808 people per square mile 698/km² There were 2,832 housing units, at an average density of 761 units per square mile 294/km² The racial makeup of the town was 968% white, 05% African American, 03% American Indian or Alaska Native, 05% Asian, 01% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 02% some other race, and 17% from two or more races 08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 2,592 households counted at the 2010 census, out of which 297% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 510% were headed by married couples living together, 126% had a female householder with no husband present, and 301% were non-families 220% of all households were made up of individuals, and 79% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 262, and the average family size was 301

In the town, the 2010 population was spread out with 239% under the age of 18, 85% from 18 to 24, 264% from 25 to 44, 302% from 45 to 64, and 111% who are 65 years of age or older The median age was 392 years For every 100 females there were 987 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 960 males1

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the town was $40,971, which was 9% below the county average, and 17% below the state average The median income for a family was $44,788 Males had a median income of $32,320 versus $24,527 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,574 95% of the population and 63% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 81% were under the age of 18 and 112% were 65 or older

Although the town has about the same percentage of population below the poverty line as does the county, the town has a disproportionate share of the county’s low income residents living just above the poverty line, and a disproportionately small share of the county’s affluent households This means that with changing socio-economic pressures, a larger portion of town's population is at risk of falling into poverty than is the case elsewhere in the countycitation needed

Town centeredit

Bird's-eye view in 1877

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,885 people, 1,510 households, and 1,000 families residing in the densely populated center of town, or census-designated place CDP The population density was 6070 people per square mile 2285/km² There were 1,645 housing units at an average density of 2570 units per square mile 968/km² The racial makeup of the community was 964% white, 04% African American, 03% American Indian or Alaska Native, 07% Asian, 02% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 01% some other race, and 19% from two or more races 09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 1,510 households, out of which 303% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 446% were headed by married couples living together, 150% had a female householder with no husband present, and 338% were non-families 253% of all households were made up of individuals, and 91% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 257, and the average family size was 301

In the community the population was spread out with 245% under the age of 18, 97% from 18 to 24, 265% from 25 to 44, 279% from 45 to 64, and 115% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 376 years For every 100 females there were 967 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 937 males2

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the village area was $35,313, and the median income for a family was $39,931 Males had a median income of $31,952 versus $24,617 for females The per capita income for the community was $15,048 127% of the population and 88% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 110% are under the age of 18 and 153% are 65 or older

Notable peopleedit

Street scene c 1880
  • Shirley Barker, writer
  • Harry Bemis, catcher with the Cleveland Naps
  • Nehemiah Eastman, lawyer and US congressman
  • Winfield Scott Edgerly, US Army brigadier general
  • LacyJane Folger, Miss New Hampshire USA 2011
  • Joseph W Furber, Minnesota legislator
  • Joseph Hammons, US congressman
  • Wingate Hayes, US Attorney, Speaker of Rhode Island House of Representatives
  • Alonzo Nute, US congressman
  • Raymond Pearl, biologist
  • Lawrence Lee Pelletier, college president
  • Mary Lemist Titcomb, librarian
  • Clara Augusta Jones Trask, writer
  • Henry Wilson, 18th Vice-President of the United States 1873–1875

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Farmington town, Strafford County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved February 24, 2012 
  2. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Farmington CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved February 24, 2012 
  3. ^ a b A J Coolidge & J B Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Farmington town, Strafford County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 15, 2011 
  5. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 permanent dead link
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 

Further readingedit

  • The Bicentennial History Committee, The History of Farmington, NH, from the Days of the Northwest Parish to the Present Time, The Foster Press, Farmington, NH 1976

External linksedit

  • Town of Farmington official website
  • Farmington Historical Society
  • Farmington Community Gardens
  • Goodwin Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile


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