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Exome

ex ome sequencing, exomega a-derma
The exome is the part of the genome composed of exons, the sequences which, when transcribed, remain within the mature RNA after introns are removed by RNA splicing and contribute to the final protein product encoded by that gene It consists of all DNA that is transcribed into mature RNA in cells of any type, as distinct from the transcriptome, which is the RNA that has been transcribed only in a specific cell population The exome of the human genome consists of roughly 180,000 exons constituting about 1% of the total genome, or about 30 megabases of DNA Though composing a very small fraction of the genome, mutations in the exome are thought to harbor 85% of mutations that have a large effect on disease Exome sequencing has proved to be an efficient strategy to determine the genetic basis of more than two dozen Mendelian or single gene disorders

See also

  • Exome sequencing
  • Transcriptome
  • Transcriptomics

References

  1. ^ Ng, SB; Turner EH; Robertson PD; Flygare SD; Bigham AW; Lee C; Shaffer T; Wong M; Bhattacharjee A; Eichler EE; Bamshad M; Nickerson DA; Shendure J 10 September 2009 "Targeted capture and massively parallel sequencing of 12 human exomes" Nature 461 7261: 272–276 doi:101038/nature08250 PMC 2844771  PMID 19684571 
  2. ^ Choi M, Scholl UI, Ji W, Liu T, Tikhonova IR, Zumbo P, Nayir A, Bakkaloğlu A, Ozen S, Sanjad S, Nelson-Williams C, Farhi A, Mane S, Lifton RP 10 November 2009 "Genetic diagnosis by whole exome capture and massively parallel DNA sequencing" Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106 45: 19096–19101 doi:101073/pnas0910672106 PMC 2768590  PMID 19861545 
  3. ^ Bamshad MJ, Ng SB, Bigham AW, Tabor HK, Emond MJ, Nickerson DA, Shendure J 27 September 2011 "Exome sequencing as a tool for Mendelian disease gene discovery" Nat Rev Genet 12 11: 745–755 doi:101038/nrg3031 PMID 21946919 

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Exome Information about

Exome


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    Exome beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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