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Executive Yuan

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The Executive Yuan EY; Chinese: 行政院; pinyin: Xíngzhèng Yuàn; Wade–Giles: Hsing2-cheng4 Yüan4; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hêng-chèng Īⁿ; literally: "Executive Court" is the executive branch of the central government of Taiwan

Contents

  • 1 Organization and structure
    • 11 Ministries
    • 12 Councils and Commissions
      • 121 Independent Commissions
    • 13 Directorates General and Agencies
  • 2 Organizations no longer under Executive Yuan
    • 21 Dissolved or cease to function
  • 3 Ministers without portfolio
  • 4 Executive Yuan Council
  • 5 Relationship with the Legislative Yuan
  • 6 Leaders
    • 61 Executive Yuan Presidents
    • 62 Executive Yuan Vice Presidents
    • 63 Executive Yuan Secretary-Generals
  • 7 Transportation
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Organization and structureedit

Executive Yuan

It is headed by a president often translated as premier, and has a vice president vice premier, and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier3

Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China

Ministriesedit

Title Name Executive Ministry Minister
English Name Chinese Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Interior 內政 Nèizhèng Lōe-chèng/Lāi-chèng Yeh Jiunn-rong
Foreign Affairs 外交 Wàijiāo Gōa-kau David Lee
National Defense 國防 Guófáng Kok-hông Feng Shih-kuan
Finance 財政 Cáizhèng Châi-chèng Sheu Yu-jer
Education 教育 Jiàoyù Kàu-io̍k Pan Wen-chung
Justice 法務 Făwù Hoat-bū Chiu Tai-san
Economic Affairs 經濟 Jīngjì Keng-chè Lee Chih-kung
Transportation and Communications 交通 Jiāotōng Kau-thong Hochen Tan
Health and Welfare 衛生福利 Wèishēng-Fúlì Ōe-seng Hok-lī/Ūi-seng Hok-lī Chen Shih-chung
Culture 文化 Wénhùa Bûn-hòa Cheng Li-chun
Labor 勞動 Láodòng Lô-tōng Lin Mei-chu
Science and Technology 科技 Kējì Kho-ki Chen Liang-gee

Councils and Commissionsedit

Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier The committee members of the boards are usually a governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or b creditable professionals for their reputation and independence

  • Veterans Affairs Council
  • Hakka Affairs Council
  • Council of Indigenous Peoples
  • Mainland Affairs Council
  • National Development Council
  • Overseas Community Affairs Council
  • Financial Supervisory Commission
  • Council of Agriculture
  • Public Construction Commission
  • Atomic Energy Council
  • Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission

Independent Commissionsedit

There are, or would be, independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier However, the related organic laws are currently under revision

  • Central Election Commission
  • Fair Trade Commission
  • National Communications Commission

Directorates General and Agenciesedit

  • Environmental Protection Administration
  • Coast Guard Administration
  • Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics
  • Directorate-General of Personnel Administration
  • Central Bank
  • National Palace Museum

Organizations no longer under Executive Yuanedit

Former site of Executive Yuan in Presidential Palace Complex 1928-1937 Former site of Executive Yuan in Gulou District, Nanjing 1946-1949

Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:4

  • Aviation Safety Council, since 20 May 20125
  • Consumer Protection Committee, since 1 January 2012
  • National Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission: a task-force-grouped committee authorized by the law of Disaster Prevention and Protection1

Dissolved or cease to functionedit

  • National Unification Council on 27 February 2006
  • Government Information Office on 20 May 20123
  • Council for Economic Planning and Development on 21 January 2014
  • Research, Development and Evaluation Commission on 21 January 2014

Ministers without portfolioedit

In the Executive Yuan Council, the current ministers without portfolio are:6

  • Audrey Tang
  • Chang Ching-sen, also serving as Governor of Fujian Province
  • Chen Tain-jy, also serving as Minister of National Development Council
  • Hsu Jan-yau, also serving as Governor of Taiwan Province and Minister of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission
  • John Deng7
  • Lin Wan-i
  • Wu Hong-mo, also serving as Minister of Public Construction Commission
  • Wu Tsung-tsong

Executive Yuan Counciledit

The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" 內閣, is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan

Relationship with the Legislative Yuanedit

The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning

Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute

Leadersedit

Executive Yuan Presidentsedit

Main article: List of premiers of the Republic of China

Executive Yuan Vice Presidentsedit

Main article: List of vice premiers of the Republic of China

Executive Yuan Secretary-Generalsedit

  • Hsieh Shen-shan 27 January 1999 – 20 May 2000
  • Wea Chi-lin 20 May 2000 – 6 October 2000
  • Chiou I-jen 6 October 2000 – 1 February 2002
  • Lee Ying-yuan 1 February 2002 – 1 July 2002
  • Liu Shyh-fang 1 July 2002 – 20 May 2004
  • Authur Iap 20 May 2004 – 1 February 2005
  • Lee Ying-yuan 1 February 2005 – 19 September 2005
  • Liu Yuh-san 19 September 2005 – 21 May 2007
  • Chen Chin-jun 21 May 2007 – 20 May 2008
  • Hsueh Hsiang-chuan 20 May 2008 – 10 September 2009
  • Lin Join-sane 10 September 2009 – 5 February 2012
  • Lin Yi-shih 6 February 2012 – 29 June 2012
  • Chen Shyh-kwei 10 July 2012 – 18 February 2013
  • Chen Wei-zen 18 February 2013 – 25 February 2014
  • Lee Shih-chuan 26 February 2014 – 24 January 2015
  • Chien Tai-lang 24 January 2015 – 20 May 2016
  • Chen Mei-ling 20 May 2016 –

Transportationedit

The Executive Yuan building is accessible within walking distance east of Taipei Railway Station or west of Shandao Temple Station of the MRT

See alsoedit

  • Politics of the Republic of China
  • Government of the Republic of China

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Mao Chi-kuo named as premier update" focustaiwantw 
  2. ^ "Taiwan retains most Cabinet members in reshuffle" focustaiwantw 
  3. ^ a b "Executive Yuan, ROC-Structure & Functions" Eygovtw Retrieved 2014-05-07 
  4. ^ "Executive Yuan, ROC Taiwan-Ministries and Agencies" Eygovtw 2006-06-15 Retrieved 2014-05-07 
  5. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2014-05-24 Retrieved 2014-04-23 
  6. ^ "Premier-designate finalizes his Cabinet lineup - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS" 
  7. ^ http://focustaiwantw/news/aipl/201608090034aspx

External linksedit

  • Official website in Chinese

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