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Eulipotyphla

eulipotyphla characteristics, eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla "truly fat and blind"[1] is an order of mammals suggested by molecular methods of phylogenetic reconstruction, and includes the laurasiatherian members of the now-invalid polyphyletic order Lipotyphla, but not the afrotherian members tenrecs and golden moles, now in their own order Afrosoricida Lipotyphla in turn had been derived by removing a number of groups from Insectivora, the previously used wastebasket taxon

Thus, Eulipotyphla comprises the hedgehogs and gymnures family Erinaceidae, formerly also the order Erinaceomorpha, solenodons family Solenodontidae, the desmans, moles, and shrew-like moles family Talpidae and true shrews family Soricidae True shrews, talpids and solenodons were formerly grouped in Soricomorpha; however, Soricomorpha has been found to be paraphyletic, since erinaceids are the sister group of shrews[2][3][4]

Classification

  • Order Eulipotyphla = 'Lipotyphla' − Afrosoricida = 'Erinaceomorpha' + 'Soricomorpha'
    • Family Erinaceidae
      • Subfamily Erinaceinae: hedgehogs
      • Subfamily Hylomyinae: gymnures or moonrats
    • Family Soricidae
      • Subfamily Crocidurinae: white-toothed shrews
      • Subfamily Soricinae: red-toothed shrews
      • Subfamily Myosoricinae: African white-toothed shrews
    • Family Talpidae
      • Subfamily Desmaninae: desmans
      • Subfamily Talpinae: moles
      • Subfamily Uropsilinae: shrew-like moles
    • Family Solenodontidae: solenodons
    • † Family Nesophontidae: extinct West Indian shrews
    • † Family Amphilemuridae

Family-level cladogram of extant eulipotyphlan relationships, following Roca et al and Brace et al:[3][5]

   Eulipotyphla   



†Nesophontidae



Solenodontidae





Talpidae




Soricidae



Erinaceidae





References

  1. ^ Hassan, Mo 2009-10-11 "British Wildlife: N" The Disillusioned Taxonomist blog Retrieved 2015-11-26 
  2. ^ Douady, C J; Chatelier, P I; Madsen, O; de Jong, W W; Catzeflis, F; Springer, M S; Stanhope, M J October 2002 "Molecular phylogenetic evidence confirming the Eulipotyphla concept and in support of hedgehogs as the sister group to shrews" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25 1: 200–209 doi:101016/S1055-79030200232-4 
  3. ^ a b Roca, A L; Bar-Gal, G K; Eizirik, E; Helgen, K M; Maria, R; Springer, M S; O'Brien, S J; Murphy, W J 2004-06-10 "Mesozoic origin for West Indian insectivores" Nature 429 6992: 649–651 Bibcode:2004Natur429649R doi:101038/nature02597 PMID 15190349 
  4. ^ Bininda-Emonds, O R P; Cardillo, M; Jones, K E; MacPhee, R D E; Beck, R M D; Grenyer, R; Price, S A; Vos, R A; Gittleman, J L; Purvis, A 2007-03-29 "The delayed rise of present-day mammals" Nature 446 7135: 507–512 Bibcode:2007Natur446507B doi:101038/nature05634 PMID 17392779 
  5. ^ Brace, Selina; Thomas, Jessica A; Dalén, Love; Burger, Joachim; MacPhee, Ross DE; Barnes, Ian & Turvey, Samuel T 13 September 2016 "Evolutionary history of the Nesophontidae, the last unplaced Recent mammal family" Molecular Biology and Evolution Epub ahead of print 33: 3095–3103 doi:101093/molbev/msw186 PMID 27624716 


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Eulipotyphla Information about

Eulipotyphla


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    Eulipotyphla beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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