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Errol, New Hampshire

errol new hampshire snowmobiling conditions, errol new hampshire androscoggin river
Errol is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 291 at the 2010 census1 It is located north of the White Mountains along Route 16 at the intersection of Route 26 It has a municipal airport with a single, unpaved runway airport code ERR2

Errol is part of the Berlin, NH–VT micropolitan statistical area


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Sites of interest
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


Main Street in 1914

Errol was granted by Governor John Wentworth to Timothy Ruggles and others in 1774, the name taken from Scotland's James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll In 1789, proprietors of the Errol grant petitioned the General Court that towns between Conway and Errol be required to pay for "a good connecting road" The legislature approved the measure in 1781, mandating what is today Route 16 A winter trade route to Andover, Maine was built in 1804, connecting Errol to Portland by what is now Route 26 The first settlers arrived at Errol in 1806, and by 1820 the population was 36 It was incorporated in 18363

Although the soil was considered generally poor, it was suitable for hay, oats and potatoes With vast forests, the town's chief occupation was lumbering By 1859, when the population was 130, the town had two sawmills, one gristmill and one clapboard machine4


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 698 square miles 181 km2, of which 606 square miles 157 km2 is land and 91 square miles 24 km2 is water, comprising 1307% of the town5 The Androscoggin River begins in Errol, where the Magalloway River joins the outlet of Umbagog Lake The town's elevation reaches 2,350 feet 720 m above sea level atop a bump above Signal Pond near the town's western boundary Errol lies fully within the Androscoggin River watershed6

The town is served by state routes 16 and 26


This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot and often humid summers and cold sometimes severely cold winters According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Errol has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps7


Historical population
1810 38
1820 26 −316%
1830 82 2154%
1840 104 268%
1850 138 327%
1860 178 290%
1870 178 00%
1880 161 −96%
1890 178 106%
1900 305 713%
1910 211 −308%
1920 241 142%
1930 293 216%
1940 235 −198%
1950 224 −47%
1960 220 −18%
1970 199 −95%
1980 313 573%
1990 292 −67%
2000 298 21%
2010 291 −23%
Est 2015 273 −62%
US Decennial Census9

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 298 people, 137 households, and 90 families residing in the town The population density was 49 people per square mile 19/km² There were 447 housing units at an average density of 73 per square mile 28/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9866% White, 034% Pacific Islander, 067% from other races, and 034% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 101% of the population

There were 137 households out of which 197% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 606% were married couples living together, 22% had a female householder with no husband present, and 343% were non-families 248% of all households were made up of individuals and 95% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 215 and the average family size was 256

In the town, the population was spread out with 164% under the age of 18, 34% from 18 to 24, 275% from 25 to 44, 352% from 45 to 64, and 174% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 47 years For every 100 females there were 1084 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1147 males

The median income for a household in the town was $35,625, and the median income for a family was $47,500 Males had a median income of $37,250 versus $20,250 for females The per capita income for the town was $22,440 About 98% of families and 131% of the population were below the poverty line, including 242% of those under the age of eighteen and 152% of those sixty five or over

Sites of interestedit

  • Androscoggin Wayside Park
  • Mollidgewock State Park
  • Umbagog Lake State Park


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Search Results" Abakan IATA search engine Retrieved 2007-05-24 
  3. ^ Androscoggin Timeline
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 487 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Errol town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Errol, New Hampshire
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 11, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Errol Public Library
  • Umbagog Snowmobile Association
  • Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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