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Erastus Brooks

erastus smith, erastus brooks
Erastus Brooks January 31, 1815 - November 25, 1886 was an American newspaper editor and politician from New York

Lifeedit

He was born on January 31, 1815, in Portland, then in the District of Maine, Massachusetts, the son of Capt James Brooks who commanded the privateer Yankee during the War of 1812, and was lost at sea near the end of 1814 At age eight Erastus left home and began work as a messenger boy and shop clerk in Boston Some time later he became a typesetter and later a printer

He attended Brown University for two years, at the same time working as a printer to support himself and pay for tuition, but due to his financial distress did not graduate He then taught school in Haverhill, Massachusetts, where he became editor of the Haverhill Gazette in June 1835 In 1836, his brother James Brooks 1810–1873 was one of the founders of the New York Daily Express and Erastus wrote articles and editorials for the paper

In 1836, he went to Washington, DC as a special correspondent In 1840, he returned to Portland and edited the Portland Advertiser a Whig paper campaigning for William Henry Harrison After the election, he carried the electoral vote of Maine to Washington, DC, where he remained again until 1843 when he traveled to Europe He returned on the packet ship Sheffield which was wrecked off Sandy Hook and lost his literary treasures picked up in Europe

On January 12, 1844, he married Margaret Dawes Cranch 1819–1895, daughter of Chief Judge William Cranch 1769–1855, and they had seven children

Erastus Brooks was a member of the New York State Senate 6th D, first elected as a Whig, from 1854 to 1857, sitting in the 77th, 78th, 79th and 80th New York State Legislatures

He was a delegate to the American Party national convention of 1856 in Philadelphia which nominated the Millard Fillmore/Andrew J Donelson ticket for the United States presidential election, 1856

At the New York state election, 1856, he ran on the American Party ticket for Governor of New York, but was defeated by Republican John A King

Brooks was a delegate to the Constitutional Union national convention of 1860 in Baltimore which nominated the John Bell/Edward Everett ticket for the United States presidential election, 1860

He was a member of the New York State Assembly Richmond Co in 1878, 1879, 1881, 1882 and 1883 He was the Democratic minority candidate for Speaker in 1878, 1879 and 1881; and Permanent Chairman of the Democratic state convention of 1881

He died on November 25, 1886, in West New Brighton, Staten Island, of "inflammation of the bladder, pleurisy, and pneumonia,"1 and was buried at the Moravian Cemetery in New Dorp, Staten Island

Sourcesedit

  1. ^ A VETERAN EDITOR GONE; ERASTUS BROOKS DEAD AT HIS STATEN ISLAND HOME in the New York Times on November 26, 1886
  • The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough pages 137 and 139; Weed, Parsons and Co, 1858
  • The Star of the West by Anna Ella carroll Boston, 1856; pg 161ff, bio and portrait
  • The Sheffield shipwreck at RootsWeb
New York State Senate
Preceded by
Edwin D Morgan
New York State Senate
6th District

1854–1857
Succeeded by
Richard Schell
New York Assembly
Preceded by
Kneeland S Townsend
New York State Assembly
Richmond County

1878–1879
Succeeded by
Oliver Fiske
Preceded by
Oliver Fiske
New York State Assembly
Richmond County

1881–1883
Succeeded by
Oliver Fiske

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Erastus Brooks


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