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 Eppingen   is a town in the district of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany The town has the second-largest population in the district

Eppingen lies in the Kraichgau, a hilly region in southwestern Germany, close to the confluence of the Elsenz and Hilsbach Rivers


  • 1 History
    • 11 Population Change
    • 12 Mayors
    • 13 Coat of arms
  • 2 Economy and Infrastructure
  • 3 Transportation
  • 4 Landmarks
  • 5 Town partnerships
  • 6 Sports
  • 7 Sons and daughters of the city
  • 8 Notes
  • 9 External links


Eppingen was first mentioned in 985 when Otto III gave the settlement to the diocese of Worms The ending "-ingen" was common for towns colonised by the Alamanni clan in the 3rd and 4th centuries

Eppingen was owned by Salier in the 11th century, and by the Staufer in the 12th century In 1188, it became a fortified village and, in 1192, a town, elevated by Heinrich VI The town was distrained several times in the 14th century, but never lost the status of a town After the win of the Electorate of the Palatinate over margraviate Baden in 1435, it finally became a part of the Electorate of the Palatinate but was once more distrained to the knights of Gemmingen, from 1469 to approximately 1520 In the 15th and 16th centuries, Eppingen underwent an economic boom during which its Latin school was first mentioned 1421 In a time of the plague a part of the Heidelberg University moved to the Latin school in 1496

During the Palatinate wars of succession, Eppingen functioned as the main storage facility for the German army From 1695 to 1697, the Eppingen Lines Eppinger Linien, a string of earthwork fortifications and watchtowers, were built They served as large defending walls against French raids at that time One watchtower, called the Chartaque, is still accessible Eppingen was affiliated to Baden in 1803 It maintained the second oldest school of agriculture in Baden At the end of the 19th century, Eppingen was connected to the railway network; the Kraichgau Railway was opened to Karlsruhe in 1879 and to Heilbronn in 1880 and the Steinsfurt–Eppingen railway, which connected to Heidelberg, was opened in 1899

During 1971 and 1972, Eppingen annexed the six surrounding communities of Adelshofen, Elsenz, Richen, Rohrbach am Gießhübel, Kleingartach and Mühlbach In 2000, Eppingen's population exceeded 20,000; and it attained the status of a district town in 2002

Population Changeedit

Year Population
1778 1570
1809 2320
1825 2750
1852 3266
1871 3337
1880 ¹ 3621
1890 ¹ 3546
1900 ¹ 3467
1910 ¹ 3402
1919 ¹ 3372
1925 ¹ 3389
1933 ¹ 3506
Year Population
1939 ¹ 3416
1945 3863
1950 ¹ 4891
1961 ¹ 5501
1970 ¹ 6708
1975 14870
1980 14833
1987 ¹ 15462
1990 16418
1995 18688
2000 20257
2004 21017


  • 1808-1813: Heinrich Jakob Raußmüller
  • 1813-1816: Carl Morano
  • 1816-1831: Ludwig Lother
  • 1831-1844: Friedrich Hochstetter
  • 1844-1847: Johann Ludwig Raußmüller
  • 1847-1859: Wilhelm Lother
  • 1859-1866: Gustav Hochstetter
  • 1866-1870: Ludwig Lother
  • 1870-1878: Heinrich Raußmüller
  • 1878-1890: Paul Bentel
  • 1890-1894: Heinrich Schmelcher
  • 1894-1903: Philipp Vielhauer
  • 1903-1933: Albert Wirth
  • 1933-1937: Karl Doll
  • 1937-1945: Karl Zutavern
  • 1945-1948: Jakob Dörr
  • 1948-1966: Karl Thomä
  • 1966-1980: Rüdiger Peuckert
  • 1980-2004: Erich Pretz
  • 2004–Present: Klaus Holaschke

Coat of armsedit

The arms of Eppingen are: Or, a bend gules, impaling sable, an eagle displayed or, wings elevated, armed gules2 The city flag is red-yellow

Economy and Infrastructureedit

see: Dieffenbacher


Eppingen can be reached by A 6 Mannheim-Heilbronn Also, the B 293 Karlsruhe–Heilbronn goes through to town zone, however it acts as a bypass around the main town area

Eppingen station is on the Kraichgau Railway, and is served by line S4 of the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn running to Karlsruhe and Heilbronn It is also connected by the Steinsfurt–Eppingen line to Heidelberg, which is served by line S5 of the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn



The Pfeifferturm, a tower built in the 13th century, serves as the town's landmark The "Old University" German: Alte Universität was built in 1494 and 1495 in the style of a late medieval store Its name is a reminder of the year 1564, when a part of Heidelberg University was moved to Eppingen because of the plague The Baumann House German: Baumannsche Haus is one of the prettiest and most famous timbered houses in the entire area of northern Baden There are many beautiful timbered houses in downtown Eppingen, and because of this the city is a part of the German 'Fachwerkstraße' German route of the most beautiful timbered houses

Town partnershipsedit

Eppingen has official partnerships with:

  • Wassy France département Haute-Marne since 1967
  • Epping United Kingdom Essex since 19813
  • Szigetvár Hungary Baranya since 1992


The VfB Eppingen is a local football club

Sons and daughters of the cityedit

  • Johan Maurits Mohr 1716-1775, German-Dutch clergyman and astronomer
  • Alfred Beck 1889-1957, born in Richen, veterinary physician
  • Rosemarie Wenner born 1955, Bishop of the Evangelical-Methodist Church for Germany


  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30092016" Statistisches Bundesamt in German 2016 
  2. ^ On a shield divided vertically down the middle, to the left a red diagonal stripe on a gold field, to the right on a black field a gold spread-eagle with red beak and claws The red bend on a gold background is the arms of Baden
  3. ^ Epping-Eppingen Town Twinning Association

External linksedit

  • Stadt Eppingen website in German
  • Eppingen Local Portal in German

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